a little book of language

Religious and philosophical views of Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein’s religious views have been widely studied and often misunderstood. Einstein stated that he believed in the pantheistic God of Baruch Spinoza. He did not believe in a personal God who concerns himself with fates and actions of human beings, a view which he described as naïve. He clarified however that, “I am not an atheist”, preferring to call himself an agnostic,  or a “religious nonbeliever." When asked if he believed in an afterlife, Einstein replied, "No. And one life is enough for me.”

Einstein responded to a question about whether or not he defined himself as a pantheist. He explained:

Your question is the most difficult in the world. It is not a question I can answer simply with yes or no. I’m not an atheist, and I don’t think I can call myself a pantheist. We are in the position of a little child entering a huge library filled with books in many languages. The child knows someone must have written those books. It does not know how. It does not understand the languages in which they are written. The child dimly suspects a mysterious order in the arrangement of the books but doesn’t know what it is. That, it seems to me, is the attitude of even the most intelligent human being toward God. We see the universe marvelously arranged and obeying certain laws but only dimly understand these laws. Our limited minds grasp the mysterious force that moves the constellations. I am fascinated by Spinoza’s pantheism, but admire even more his contribution to modern thought because he is the first philosopher to deal with the soul and body as one, and not two separate things

He also stated

I believe in Spinoza’s God, who reveals himself in the harmony of all that exists, not in a God who concerns himself with the fate and the doings of mankind.

(Source)

People need to fall in love more. We spend too much time caring about others’ opinions that we forget about our own feelings.

Fall in love with art. The way a photographer captures the little light in someone’s eye when they laugh. How they scrunch up their nose while lifting their hand to their mouth and turning away from the lens. The way you can see a painter’s brush strokes when you stare at a painting too long. How something the artist thought was wrong, is so innately beautiful. Fall in love with art.

Fall in love with music. The way a singer’s voice starts to shake during an emotional song. How they start to loose their breath during live versions. The way the drums start to match your heart beat and calm you down. How the musician will laugh when they messed up because they were so invested in the song. Fall in love with music.

Fall in love with language. The way the speaker sounds like they are singing to a silent song. How you start to pick up words in foreign languages you never learned. The way one word can have thousands of pronunciations and sounds. How accents and dialects make ordinary words lovely. Fall in love with language.

Fall in love with reading. The way the author put in too many run ons. How it’s repetitive or drastic or horrifying or captivating. The way old books smell and the feeling of turning a page. How you have to change the brightness on your phone because you stayed up too late invested in that story. Fall in love with reading.

Fall in love with people. The way a stranger looks around before picking up a heads up penny. How they quirk their head to the side to read the poster you’ve passed a million times. The way your best friend rambles about their interests and hobbies. How people feel comfortable enough to put their legs on you and fall asleep. Fall in love with people.

We need to take a moment and appreciate things that we’ve forgotten about. Care about the little things and forget about others’ opinions. We need to fall in love more.

—  KJS // Excerpt from the book I’ll never write #49

“I—I always wanted a friend, too,” he admits, just barely above a whisper. “You’ll be my friend?”

The two most precious cinnamon-rolls from reverse by @blackkatmagic ft. my favourite book in my native language.

(I drew this little thing for you after what happend on ff.net. You’re the best author in our fandom and you deserve everything ♥)

Part of my reverse!fanart series:

Kurama - Kurama & Naruto - Kushina

Here are three elements we often see in town names:

If a town ends in “-by”, it was originally a farmstead or a small village where some of the Viking invaders settled. The first part of the name sometimes referred to the person who owned the farm - Grimsby was “Grim’s village”. Derby was “a village where deer were found”. The word “by” still means “town” in Danish.

If a town ends in “-ing”, it tells us about the people who lived there. Reading means “The people of Reada”, in other words “Reada’s family or tribe”. We don’t know who Reada was, but his name means “red one”, so he probably had red hair.

If a town ends in “-caster” or “-chester”, it was originally a Roman fort or town. The word comes from a Latin words “castra”, meaning a camp or fortification. The first part of the name is usually the name of the locality where the fort was built. So Lancaster, for example, is “the Roman fort on the River Lune”.

—  A Little Book of Language by David Crystal, page 173.

anonymous asked:

How do you argue the idea that "if god created everything who created god" because there seems to be a contradiction with people who say everything had a creator

This argument is a simple one in my opinion. But before I show you how this doesn’t cause a contradiction for theists, I’ll show you how this question actually leads to a contradiction for atheists.

We’ve all heard of the Big Bang Theory, however not many people actually have an accurate understanding of what it is. Normally, we think that this theory means that there was nothing, then a “Big Bang” happened and then everything came into existence etc etc. This isn’t 100% true. What the Big Bang Theory states is not how the universe began, but rather, how it expanded. So this theory starts off with a super small, condensed sphere known as the ‘singularity’ which, for one reason or another, expanded super quickly and eventually led to the universe we have today. Notice, this doesn’t answer, nor does it attempt to answer, the actual issue of creation. The super small dense singularity exists beforehand in the theory. No where in the theory does it say this ball popped into existence, it simply states that it already existed. Likewise, other theories like evolution fall under the same misunderstanding. Evolution itself is NOT a source of creation. It cannot create itself, rather, evolution describes a method of creation. A cell had to have formed before evolution occurs. It’s not the other way around. Evolution needs DNA, and a replicating DNA at that (along with suitable proteins, enzymes, etc). So here is where the contradiction occurs for the atheist…When they ask a theist, “well if you say everything needs a creator, then who created God?” they themselves believe in a theory were a magic dense singularity already existed, only later to have magically expanded. So if they ask who created God, I ask who created that singularity? If they can accept that this singularity existed without a creator then what’s the issue of thinking God exists without a creator….

Another interesting point. Scientists tell us that they believe the universe is about 13 billion years old. The way they got that number is through their estimates of when the Big Bang occurred. This means that they believe that time was created along with space in something called space-time. But what is time? (and no, time really does exist, it is NOT man made). This is question now leaves the realm of science and enters the realm of philosophy. After reading the different arguments as to what is time, I believe the best definition of time is that it is simply a measurement of change. Therefore, if nothing changes, then there is no time. For example, I believe that if everything in the universe reaches 0 Kelvin, or absolute zero, (at this point even the atoms almost stop vibrating), then time pretty much stops because nothing can really change anymore (think of the Big Freeze, aka the Death of the universe). Likewise, if scientist believe that time began with the Big Bang, they must believe in God. Why? Because if they say time didn’t exist beforehand, then that means there was no change, and no change can ever occur. This is because No change + No change = No change. For example, idk about you, but sometimes I could be sitting home alone, but then something randomly just falls or something weird like that. That act of sudden movement of that object is not random, there had to have been slight changes or small forces acting on it until it gave way and fell. Point being that there was slight changes taking place along the way which eventually led to this occurring. However, if time truly did being with the Big Bang, then nothing could have built up before hand to have led to trigger the universe’s expansion because nothing can change. Thus, you would need God to not only create that small dense ball to begin with, but to initiate it’s growth.

Okay, so that is one way to answer the question, but here is another.

This question is usually posed because everything we see and everything that exists in our universe needs a cause. And this is part of the nature and law of our world. However, a distinction needs to be made between our world and God. God isn’t bound by our world, it’s laws, or it’s norms, and this is a vital point. This concept of cause and effect, creator and created, only applies to this universe. But I understand that wrapping your head around this notion is difficult, so I’ll give you an example of how there are things that our minds simply cannot understand because these concepts seem too strange to us. For example, think of a 2D object. Most likely you thought of a stick person or shadow or something. Now think of a 3D object…. Easy. Now think of a 4D object. Can’t? How about 5D? You man say, well they don’t exist. However, according to String Theory, it is theorized that up to 11 Dimensions are out there. The only problem is we have no way of detecting them…. the point is, we can’t comprehend things outside our realm of reality which is why the question of “Well, if God exists, who created Him?” is not necessarily a valid question. In our created realm, the reality of cause and effect exists, but this law was created by Allah (SWT), not the other way around. And again, anyone who objects to this would have to also reject the Big Bang Theory as well.

Lastly, I’ll just include this bit. We live in an age were it seems that most scientists are atheists/anti-religion, however this simply isn’t true. A study done by Elaine Howard Ecklund, from Rice University between 2005-2008 showed that out of 1700 scientists about 50% of them believed in some form of God. Of the remaining 50%, only 30% of those scientists considered themselves to be atheist, leaving the other 20% being agnostic. What’s even more surprising is that out of the 30% of scientists which said they are atheists, One-Fifth of them considered themselves “spiritual atheists.” Furthermore, she found that out of the atheist scientists, only a very small percentage were anti-religion or felt that science and religion weren’t comparable. She also went on to speak about how most scientists don’t feel comfortable letting other people know they believe in God bc they felt that if people know that the believe in a creator, they might question their work. The reason I state this is bc we are fed this false idea that most scientists are atheists…that is simply not the case. Included in this research was what you would call “elite” scientists, or the big name scientists, who fell on both ends of the spectrum. Some believed in God while others didn’t. But the point is the same, don’t believe this narrative that scientists or people of knowledge are atheists, that isn’t true. I currently have a Biology professor who studied at Harvard and has his PhD (in the biological field, forgot what it was exactly) who openly says he believes in God…use your own judgment, don’t look for other’s to think for you.

Just some fun facts: Albert Einstein, also held some sort of belief in God, although he believed in Spinoza’s God. But in an interview published in George Sylvester Viereck’s book, Glimpses of the Great, he was asked if he considered himself to be a pantheist. Einstein said,

“Your question is the most difficult in the world. It is not a question I can answer simply with yes or no. I’m not an atheist, and I don’t think I can call myself a pantheist. We are in the position of a little child entering a huge library filled with books in many languages. The child knows someone must have written those books. It does not know how. It does not understand the languages in which they are written. The child dimly suspects a mysterious order in the arrangement of the books but doesn’t know what it is. That, it seems to me, is the attitude of even the most intelligent human being toward God. We see the universe marvelously arranged and obeying certain laws but only dimly understand these laws. Our limited minds grasp the mysterious force that moves the constellations. I am fascinated by Spinoza’s pantheism, but admire even more his contribution to modern thought because he is the first philosopher to deal with the soul and body as one, and not two separate things.”

-Albert Einstein

Another leading scientist, Dr. Michio Kaku, who is the co-founder of String Field Theory, also believes in God. He has said,

“Personally, I think there’s much wisdom in the God of Einstein…The universe is gorgeous. The universe is very simple, and it didn’t have to be that way. The universe could have been random. It could have been ugly. It could have been a random collection of electrons and photons. No life, no vitality, nothing interesting at all. Just a random collection of a mist of electrons and photons. That could have been the universe, but it isn’t. Our universe is rich; it is beautiful, elegant. And you can summarize most of the laws of physics on one sheet of paper. Amazing.”

-Dr. Michio Kaku

But like I said, don’t believe in something because others do or don’t. You are intelligent enough to piece together your reality, so don’t give that right to anyone else. You will come across people who believe in God and don’t believe in God and still, others who fall somewhere in-between, but all that doesn’t matter because their beliefs aren’t yours. Imam Jafar Sadiq (as), the 6th successor of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAWS), has a lovely saying where he says,

“The one who enters this religion through men will exit it through men just as they caused him to enter it. And whoever enters this religion through the Book and the prophetic practice, mountains will move before he does [in his faith].”

In other words, you must believe on your own account. Don’t look at who follows what and say, well Richard Dawkins is super anti religion therefore so am I. At the same time, also don’t say, “well Albert Einstein believed in a creator, therefore so will I.” That isn’t having faith in God, it’s having faith in man. Moral of the story, think hard, ask questions, come up with your own conclusion.

I wish you clarity in your pursuit

I left the Pompeii exhibit thinking: how strange that museums are so quiet when history is anything but. 
The next room was littered with remnants of wars waged 2000 years ago. 500 years ago. 100 years ago. Dull blades and rock stuff. Metals, chains, rusting guns each beneath a sheet of glass. 
Small descriptions of artifacts that stitch them to centuries before our time. Other civilizations. In other parts of the world. So unlike us: our connection with them has eroded over time. 
We are intrigued by their brutality. Savagery. Inhumanity. 
We are repulsed by the intimacy of daggers: warfare where one had to be as close to their prey as they would their lover. 
We look at their weapons and we raise our brows and nod and point and press our hands against the glass.
We do not think of the weapon that has been killing us since we first began sharing our thoughts. We do not ask where the most dangerous weapon of all is displayed—the one that defines us yet punctures our hearts without touch. “Where are the books that have brought us to our knees?” “I’m looking for the labels that have bred prejudice and hate.” “Could you help me find the words that make the back of my throat feel like it’s on fire?”
Where I am from, it is impossible to speak without giving yourself away. Dialects have created borders with heavy security. Employed weak men with strong words. I am from a place where words are bullets: where a single language and community tore into three. We left home because there are still whispers. 20 years after the war and there are still whispers. Pompeii remains quiet.
I once heard a story about a Yugoslav man that was shot dead in a café because of the way he pronounced the word ‘coffee.’ Language danced in smoke.
Listen: Some mouths are like fat cannons. Tell me again how ‘Hitler was a great speaker.’ Stones have broken the bones of an adulterous woman, but the words of the law have killed her. We spill ink, unaware that we are spilling blood. 
In a room littered with remnants of war, I think of echoes. Language dances in smoke. 
Every time I go to the museum, the display glass seems thinner. I look at the daggers and think of tongues. People still point and press their hands against the glass. 
My mother left a country that doesn’t exist anymore. 20 years later, she is still covered in ash.
I do not pity the people of Pompeii: they are lucky to be frozen in time with their home, forever silent.

@jacklackolantern tagged me and @angelwolf98 tagged my art blog @neorukixart but decided to do it here :3c, thanks for the tags dudes~~~ Love you UwU

RULES: Tag 9 people you want to get to know better. But guess who should be doing homework instead of this so I ain’t tagging people, sorry guys :3

  • Relationship Life Status: Single married to Himekawa Maki and will protect her ‘till the end of ages
  • Last song I listened to: “MIND CONDUCTOR” by YURiKA aka 2nd OP of Little Witch Academia~
  • Last book I read/listened to: “Posters, history and language” by John Barnicoat since it’s the book I’m using for this semester as reference and I haven’t been reading for fun lately *but I might have checked some lap*dot fics on ao3 idk*
  • Favorite color: Blue, black, red and green and all their shades :3c
  • Top 3 Shows: ahhhhh please don’t make choose!! Guess I’ll go with Digimon series (yah I ain’t chosing just one), We Bare Bears and Little Witch Academia but yall know I have tons more that I love UwU
  • Top 3 Characters: boi… guess I’ll go with my Oririn trio~ Kuchiki Rukia, Makino Ruki and Yagyuu Kyuubei ‘cuz I’m an Oririn nerd UwU and special mention to Lotte Yanson
  • Top 3 Ships: BOI!! The ones that gives me more feels rn are Nishihime/Makinishi (Digimon Adventure Tri), Kyuutae (Gintama) and Lapidot (SU) but overall nishihime

So, guess that’s all folks~ thanks for the tags :3

anonymous asked:

Wait. Magnus. Is it possible that your father could be lurking? He started acting weird and started saying something close to Asmodeus. Are you sure you checked /every little thing/ from your spell book on Alec? Even in ancient languages?? -K

Magnus - He- Please don’t bring him up. He has nothing to do with this.

As a way to pass the time, Henbane found a little chore in the library. Translating books of languages extinct millenniums ago to one people this time period could understand. Hopefully during this process, he’ll find something that would be beneficial to him in the near future. So he began working diligently for a few hours until eventually, he felt a presence stand behind him. Without looking up, he quickly dismissed the man and pointed him to the staff at the front desk. “The librarian is over there, sir.”

anonymous asked:

For the language meme, can you do 🌟, but instead of "song" put the first lines of your favorite book in your language?

sure. the little prince :)

Jednom, kad mi je bilo šest godina, vidiosam jednu veličanstvenusliku u nekoj knjizi o prašumi koja se zvala ‘Istinite priče’. Slika je predstavljala zmijskog cara kako guta neku zvijer. Evo kopije tog crteža. U knizi je pisalo: ‘Zmijski car guta svoj plijen u jednom zalogaju, ne žvačuči ga. Nakon toga se više ne može micati i prospava šest mjeseci dok ga ne probavi.’

Hysterical

Ship: Nalu?

Story Type: Oneshot, Fluffy

Characters: Natsu Dragneel? Lucy Heartfilia?

Summary:  “Why do you always forget to close my door”? She asked. “I leave it open so it’s easier for you to chase after me- a guy can’t do all the work around here, you know.”

Birthday present for @skydrill


Keep reading

Imagine you’re in a cafe and someone asks you whether you want a coffee. In English, the conversation might go like this:

“Do you want a coffee?”
“Thank you.”

And a few minutes later you’d have a coffee in front of you. But if you said this is French, the result would be very different:

“Voulez-vous un café?”
“Merci.”

No coffee would arrive. Because ‘merci’ on its own like that means “thanks but no thanks”. You’re refusing. If you want to say “yes”, you would have to say “yes” (“oui”) or “please” (“s'il vous plaît”) or “yes thanks” (“oui merci”) or the like.

—  A Little Book of Language by David Crystal, page 123.
How to do Well in Languages at School:

Hey everyone, here are my tips on how to improve your grade in your language class.

1)    Practise your skills frequently

Do not wait until the night before the exam to review your grammar and vocabulary. I believe that you can’t study languages, as they have to be learned. Try to set aside time each week to revise concepts.

2) Do some independant learning  

Schedule in some time to do some independant learning on a regular basis. Perhaps read a book in your target language or go on Duolingo. Little by little you will notice improvement.

3) Ask questions

Fix your problems early on- trust me, you’ll be thankful for it. You can’t memorise a set formula for grammar/vocab. Languages are often trial and error, so make note of your errors and ask for help.

4) Know what your teacher/ professeur/ examiner is looking for.

What do they want in your written/ speaking responses? Do they like humour? Opinions? Anecdotes? If you know what they want/value it will help you substantially.                                                                                                                  

4

11-05-15 // I completely bullshitted my History Of Art test but while I was waiting for my doctor appointment I came across an Hoepli and… Well, I just couldn’t go out with nothing. And I had to leave behind too many good books for language learning, I felt my heart dying a little everytime ;-;

anonymous asked:

Hello, any books on linguistics you know that do not require much brain work? eg one to read before sleeping but still gives a lot of info, because it is written like a story? I want to learn something but most journals are not simple enough for me when I'm dead tired

Hello there! I’m not sure how helpful I will be, as I hadn’t done a lot of reading on linguistics before applying to uni. But let me see.

Very first book that came to mind when I read your message was “A Little Book of Language” (x) by David Crystal. The book is meant as a very basic introduction for beginners, and intended for pretty young readers, so it can be good as a light read before bed. Not a lot of terminology, he’s more about introducing basic concepts. David Crystal’s my babe in general. If you fancy a big book, you should definitely get his “Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language” (x). It definitely has lots of information, but never too deep. So you can read it beginning to end, or skim through, or pick random sections every day. Just an all around dreamy book that you’ll like having, but of course, has an English language focus. I would probably go for books written by linguists but intended for the general public for a light reading (Steven Pinker’s The Language Instinct springs to mind).

Edit: Come to think of it, “The Etymologicon” (x) by Mark Forsyth is also a cute little read!

These are the first two that came to mind, and I’m sorry for not being more useful, but I will open up the question to followers!