a journey to the modern classics

To everyone learning a language, who is getting frustrated and impatient and maybe even thinking of quitting: remember how far you have come (not how far you have to go), remember why you started and remember how fantastic the end product will be. Learning a language is difficult and the journey can be long but it is rewarding and it opens so many doors. You are capable of doing this, you can do this… don’t quit now

Ok, so I’ve been thinking a lot about Alien Covenant since I saw it 24 hours ago and I think I finally know what’s really going on here.


So, back when Prometheus came out five years ago, we wondered what was going to happen next. Were we getting a new spinoff franchise based on the Engineers/Space Jockeys? Or were we getting more actual Alien movies starring the good ol’ “xenomorphs”?

It really looked like it was going to be the later, I mean the movie flat out had “Alien” in the title and the publicity campaign made no secret that the classic aliens were in it…

But we were wrong.

This really IS a new spinoff franchise, but not in the way anyone expected. The Engineers are not actually the focus of these movies starting from Prometheus onwards…

It’s David. This is David’s franchise now. He was arguably the most beloved part of Prometheus, now he’s the main character, the villain, and the monster. An unstable super android in his journey to wipe out humanity and replace it with his own creations.

In fact, he’s the modern equivalent of Victor Frankenstein from the 60′s Hammer Frankenstein films (the one played by Peter Cushing). Like those movies, these are about the escapades of a wicked creator of monsters, now IN SPACE. And while the aliens may be present in these movies, so was the Frankenstein’s monster and derivatives in the Hammer movies. 

Alien: Covenant is actually a David movie, Prometheus is retroactively a David movie, and now we wait for the sequels.

This may actually be the new direction the series needed. A very different kind of central character to Ellen Ripley. We’ll see. For now, well played, Fox; you may not have Star Wars anymore, but at least you have space robot Victor Frankenstein played by Michael Fassbender.

A-Z Book Recommendations.

What a great idea from my friend at @macrolit :) Had to give it a go. I’ve omitted “A’s” and “The’s” from most of the titles for sake of flow.

  • A - American Gods by Neil Gaiman - A wandering modern “fantasy” that felt keenly poignant to me having grown up in the midwest. You’ll need patience for this one but this book is truly about the journey not the destination.
  • B - Bloody Jack by L.A. Meyer - I’ll be honest, I never finished this series. It got a little overblown but the characters are so genuine that I held out a lot longer than I would expect of myself. This first book though is the definition of a classic middle reader. Lot of Adventure and a lovable, fierce, albeit flawed, female protagonist. 
  • C - Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess - I used to read this book every summer. It’s a rough read with some explicit violence (sexual and otherwise) but an important one I think. I recommend reading the “British” publishing which has 21 chapters (the publishers took out the last one for American audiences, because apparently we don’t like character redemption and growth *eyeroll*). The real genius of this book is the vernacular Burgess created from scratch that is truly like reading another language at first. 
  • D - Darker Shade of Magic by V.E. Schwab - Not to be cliche but I find that a lot of the titles Booklr obsesses over in the YA genre to be par-baked at best. Not the case with this series! Well developed characters that exist beyond their actions and exhibit real emotional complexity without relying on tropes and a plot that kept me turning and turning pages!

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The Element of Air: The Breath of Relationship

In the natural zodiac wheel, the houses of relationship are the air houses. On first reflection, air is not an element that we would ascribe to relationship as it is can be separate, non-attached and distant. Its focus is more on the heavens than the earth, embracing lofty and transcendent ideals that inhibit commitment in relationship. Air is the spectator, not always the participant; the messenger but not necessarily the message. However, air encourages equality, individuality and consciousness, necessary in relationship to permit merger and union without the loss of self. Astrologically, this is represented by air preceding water in the zodiac. If there is a healthy sense of separateness, then this safeguards regressing to a union of total merger or surrender where the self is lost. Air encourages enough separateness to relate to someone different from ourselves. The houses of relationship provide a venue for this task, so that the merger into relationship can be conscious. Separateness and symbiosis, two polar instincts that underlie life, are continuously balanced by the element of air.

Airy qualities of detachment, non-attachment and witnessing are all important in the participation of equal relationship. In these houses we meet the witnesses of our life. The third house sibling witnesses our childhood years, shares the same history, the same culture and is the touchstone of our early life experiences. The seventh house partner witnesses in us the process of maturation and discovery in the world beyond the family. The eleventh house colleague and friend witnesses both our personal and professional experiences as we mature in the wider world. In these houses, the record of our personal developmental history is shared and witnessed by the significant others in our lives.

The air signs associated with these houses are Gemini, Libra and Aquarius. In the natural wheel, Gemini corresponds with the third house and is the restless search for the missing ‘twin’. Libra corresponds to the seventh house and is the quest for the ideal soul mate. Aquarius, the eleventh sign, is the journey towards social equality. The glyphs that represent these signs are dual, two lines detached from each other. Gemini and Aquarius are represented in human form while Libra is the only sign represented by an inanimate object – the scales. Duality, judging, weighing are all part of the process of relating.

The modern rulers of the air signs, Mercury, Venus and Uranus, as well as the classical ruler of Aquarius, Saturn, are the regents presiding over the territory of equal relationship. They are the deities we encounter in the archetypal process of individuation and relationship. Different forms of rulership also connect these signs together. Mercury rules Gemini and is also exalted in Aquarius or the eleventh house. Saturn, as the traditional ruler of Aquarius, is exalted in the sign of Libra. Venus rules Libra in traditional astrology and Gemini in esoteric astrology. Threads of amity run through these signs. Throughout the air signs and houses there are consistent symbols reminding us of the process of linking, connecting, bridging, as well as separation, duality and polarity.

anonymous asked:

I have a very important question. From which series should i start Doctor Who? Do I start from the 2005 series or do I have to find the first series and start from the first doctor? I am very confused. And please don't hate on me for starting this late 😁

Well, now. Big question. With the show in its 54th year, it must seem a little daunting? Classic Who will always be, well… classic, and is full of beloved characters. There are however other ways to jump aboard now. Let’s give you the lowdown… 

‘An Unearthly Child’ is where the greatest show on Earth began, back in 1963 with the incredible William Hartnell.  This would ultimately be the best possible starting point, though it’s a long, long journey to catch up. The classic era can always be revisited once you’ve joined our wonderful fandom, but this is one option for you. The classics are definitely unmissable! Oh we’ve got so much to talk about! *takes breath*. Okay, onwards… 

‘Rose’ is what is considered the first episode of ‘New Who’. We now have the fantastic Christopher Eccleston and Billie Piper at the helm, and Russell T Davies has brought the show back for modern audiences, back in 2005! This is honestly where we began, and after watching the first series, we were super excited to enjoy the classics! *let the massively huge DVD collection begin!* 

This is a wonderful starting point, and one we’d strongly recommend. You’ll get just one fantastic series with Christopher, and then three brilliant series with David Tennant (you’re going to love him too - Allons-y!).

David is lovable, charming, and to quote one of our favourite episodes, “He’s like fire and ice and rage. He’s like the night and the storm in the heart of the sun. He’s ancient and forever. He burns at the centre of time and can see the turn of the universe. And… he’s wonderful!” *squee!*

Matt Smith takes over for Series 5 (2010), with the Mighty Moff (AKA Steven Moffat) as the new lead writer. Word of warning: Cravings for fish fingers & custard and Jammy Dodgers will begin, and you might find yourself sporting a bow tie and fez! A totally unforgettable era! Geronimo! 

Eventually, it’s time for one last bow for the superb Matt Smith, as the keys to the TARDIS are handed over to the cosmic Peter Capaldi. You’re now bang up-to-date, and have three exciting series to enjoy with The Doctor’s latest incarnation… HOWEVER… one of Moffat’s latest decisions were to create an episode designed specifically for new viewers. A perfect “jumping-on point” for you. You might want to check out Series 10′s ‘The Pilot’. You need no knowledge of preview episodes, and can dive straight into a universe of space and time travel. This was last week’s episode in fact, so hop-on! If you decide to start here, you can always go back and enjoy the classics, and of course, the previous ‘New Who’ stories. They’re all so fabulous! 

To summarise, ‘An Unearthly Child’ is the first ever story. Right at the beginning. The very beginning! 

‘Rose’ is where it all came back for modern audiences in 2005 - an amazing starting point, and where we started ourselves! 

‘The Pilot’ is the first episode of the current series (Series 10) This is yet another brilliant jumping-on point for you. Older episodes will always be there to catch-up on someday! 

Now, we’re sure other fans have their own suggestions to add, so please be sure to check out their responses too. Oh, and… Welcome to the greatest fandom in the galaxy! 

CREA Magazine: Meeting unknown feelings inside him through reading

A young man carrying a paperback stands still in a pure white room. His serious black eyes delicately chase after the characters on top of the page, while his long and thin fingers carefully turn the page. It’s just a simple gesture, but when the young man changes position, the staff around him sigh “hooo~” in unison.

Amongst fans, Kai-san, who is a member of Asia-s top group EXO, is famous for being a bookworm. Because of his father’s frequent job transfers, Kai has changes school several times, leading to his habit of being completely absorbed in reading books.

“I transferred school a lot and I didn’t have a lot of friends so I immersed myself in books at the library when I was in elementary school. I think my habit of reading books might have developed during that time.”

His shy-looking smile that sometimes appears and his way of speaking that conveys sincerity. Somewhere in the Kai-san of today,  himself of that time slips in and out of view. With accomplishments in classical ballet and modern dance, he conveys loneliness and darkness, overwhelming his audience. At a young age, he embarked on journeys through the stories that he read. One can only wonder if that experience has brought upon beautiful shadows to his being as well. 

About 10 years ago, since stepping into the entertainment industry at 13, Kai’s passion for reading has not run cold. As a trainee, he has always read books while commuting.

“When I think about it, I think the time before I debuted was when I read a lot. When I had breaks or free time, I wouldn’t go out. I’d just stay in my room, away from everyone, and just read and read”(wary smile)

Becoming interested in mystery through Higashino Keigo

Remembering that time, Kai-san’s eyes looked a bit distant. “I really read a lot” he continues. As a big Higashino Keigo’s fan, he first read the widely acclaimed best masterpiece “The Devotion of Suspect X” as a trainee.

“I didn’t read a lot of mystery novels. But someone gave me the book as a present and told me that it was interesting. It was also my first time reading Keigo Higashino-san’s novels, but it was so interesting that I felt very drawn to it. From the intriguing mystery-solving, the development that grips at your chest, and how the composition of the story explains the meaning of “devotion” in the title… I was very moved by it all. It’s a story about the greatest love of all.” 

“The Devotion of Suspect X”  is such a perfect novel! I think I’ve read it about ten times now. Since then I’ve started to look more into Keigo Higashino’s novels. I’ve read “Journey Under the Midnight Sun” and “Hollow Cross” from cover to cover(the last part is cut-off  from the scan)

His passion when he speaks of his favourite author is the complete opposite of his stillness during the photo shoot. In EXO, Kai is regarded with emotional dancing. When he talks about personal information, such as the books he reads, one can come to understand how his “stillness” and “intensity” (from his dancing) coexist. Kai also owns all of Bernard Werber’s novels. “Les Thanatonautes” is his favourite. “It’s very good,” he says in nice Japanese. Does kai-san, who is an artist who deals with dancing stoically approaches reading in a similar way also? When asked if he was the type of person to get completely into things he likes, without even waiting for the translation, as if he got the meaning,

“Um, yes I think so.. in both dancing and reading If I find something that makes me think ‘’oh this is it!’’, I’m the type of person to delve into it.”

Through reading books, you come to discover the unknown feelings inside of you. Through dance, you expose the feeling you have that you already understand. Being able to tie together the imagination and reality he has, and expressing it through dance is Kai’s best strength.

Next year, kai-san will star in his first Japanese drama through WOWOW’s original drama “Spring has come” from Mukoda Kuniko’s masterpiece short story, the drama will explore the universal theme of “a family’s regeneration”.

“I had the chance to read the script and I really felt the human emotion from it. It was very interesting. The way they(a Japanese family) communicate with each other has some difference with how Koreans do, but the story is very heartwarming. I like it very much.”

When asked what kind of environment he’d like to be in, and what kind of book he’d read if he were to be given a long vacation, Kai answered:

“If I’d have free time, I think I wouldn’t read any book,”  says mischievously, laughing out loud. 

“But, if I were to think of an ideal reading environment in Japan, it would be relaxing while looking at the sea in Okinawa. I have a feeling it would be the greatest luxury.”

Trans cr. kimkaiph

A Fish Named Doggy

Summary: Michael and Jeremy want a dog badly but there dorms have a no dog rule so they go for the next best thing. A fish.

Warning: Like two cuss words

Genre: Fluff

Word count: 956

Author’s note: Sorry I was late and didn’t upload this till now. I was super busy Saturday and I completely forgot. Don’t worry though I plan the stay on my upload schedule. Once again sorry I was late, but hey it’s here now.

Michael handed Jeremy the tissue box as he wiped away his own tears.
“You ok dude?” Michael asked as he sniffled.
“ Damn,” Jeremy sighed as he took a tissue. “I forgot how much the beginning of Up fucks me up man.” Jeremy snuggled closer to Michael. They were sitting on the bed in their dorm having another one of their monthly Disney marathons. It was a tradition of theirs every since they became roommates in college. The last week of every month was Disney week where once they were done with their classes for the day they would get loads of snacks and binge Disney movies. Monday was classics starting with Snow White. Tuesdays was ninetys renaissance, like The Little Mermaid and Mulan. Wednesday was Pixar. Thursday was modern like Tangled and Moana. Fridays last but not least where Disney channel original movies. Jeremy didn’t know if it was impressive or embarrassing that his boyfriend knew all the High School Musical movies word for word by heart. But then again Jeremy knew all of the Lion King movies by heart so he couldn’t really judge.

The movie went on as Carl and Russell went on their journey to Paradise Falls. When finally the boys favorite character came on screen. Michael and Jeremy said in unison as he walked on,
“Hello my name is Doug and I love you!” They laughed and watched the cartoon dog chase squirrels and follow the boy on screen. Michael sighed, “Dude I want a dog so bad.”
“ If we could I would buy a dog in a heartbeat. I would buy so many dogs. All of them.” Jeremy joked.
“ And then what you end up like Charles Muntz in Up and live in a blimp filled with dogs?” Michael laughed.
“That’s the dream.” Jeremy chuckled.
“ This frickin sucks man. Why won’t they let us have a dog here? What’s up with this no pets policy? Pets bring love and happiness and can bring down stress!” Michael ranted.
“ Well technically it’s not a no pets policy. Just a no cats, dogs, birds, mice, hamsters, bunnies, guinea pigs, lizards, and turtles policy.” Jeremy said’.
“ What does that even leave us with?” Michael asked.
“ We could get a fish.” Jeremy suggested.
“ That could be cool.”

The very next day the two of them headed out to the nearest Pet Smart with their hearts set on a fish. They walked in and the smell of pet food and animals washed over them. They wandered around the aisles looking for the fish when the found them. A whole wall of fish tanks in the back of the store. Jeremy ran up excited and pressed his face against the glass and smiled. Michael darted up behind him and hugged him from behind. “ Sea anyone you like?”
“ Was that a god damned pun Mell?”
“ What are you talking about nothing fishy going on here.” Michael smirked.
“ Oh my God you dork.”
“ I’m shore you saw what I did there.”
Jeremy shook his head.
“ What’s the matter babe no need to,”
“ Michael don’t you dare.”
“ Clam up.” He snorted.
“ I can’t believe you. These jokes aren’t even funny. You could even say there below sea level.” Jeremy smirked.
“ I love you so much.” Michael giggled. They looked around at the tanks looking for the perfect fish. When Jeremy gasped and pointed in a tank.
“ What is it?” Michael asked.
“ Him. I love him. He’s the one.” Jeremy was pointed at a small gold fish swimming around in a tank by himself.

They got an employe to take the fish out of the tank and put him in a bag. Michael held the baggy as Jeremy looked for a tank. They picked out a small round classic bowl for their fish and got some colored rocks for the bottom and a plant. They picked out some fish food and went to buy their new fish and the supplies. They were in line for the register when Jeremy asked, “ So what are we gonna name them?” Michael eyes lit up.
“ I’ll be right back I have an idea.” And he darted off. He came back just as Jeremy reached the front of the line. In his hand was a dog collar with a name tag, engraved in the tag was the name Doggy. “ I know, I know. I’m a genius.” Michael smirked.
“ I approve of the name but what are we gonna do with the collar?” Jeremy asked confused.
Michael smiled as he hooked the collar around the top of the fish bowl, it fit perfectly.

Doggy was a setup in his bowl and was placed on Jeremy and Michael’s desk in there dorm. He happily swam around as they boys watched him smiling. “Hey I have an idea.” Jeremy said as he pulled out his phone. He texted the group chat him and all his friends where on.
“ Hey guys me and Michael got a doggy.” Jeremy’s and Michaels phones began to buzz.

From Jakes tiny boyfriend: Sick dude!
From Queen Bee Chloe: I thought dogs weren’t allowed on your campus?
From Player Two: He’s pretty cute.
From Player Two: Doggy that is.
From Player Two: But let it be said that Jeremy is also very cute.
From Jakes Tiny Boyfriend: Stop flirting with your boyfriend and show us your dog Mell!”
From Theater Girl: Please please PLEASE!!!!
From Player One: Ok.

Jeremy sent a picture of Doggy swimming in his bowl.

From Player One: His name is Doggy.
From Player Two: I thought of the name.
From Jakes Tiny Boyfriend: I should have known.

Out on a Limb

Annnnd here’s the next chapter! You guys seem to really be enjoying this fic, and I’m glad! King of the Squirrels is one of the originals, the old school, and he doesn’t get a lot of attention. He happens to be a favorite of a friend of mine too. uwu We still have quite a few chapters to go, with lots of surprises in store!

For now, let’s take a musical journey with everyone’s favorite jibberish singing ego!

That’s legitimate Simlish. @alcordraws

AO3 Mirror

Chapter 4: who let the squirrels out

Enjoy the music. uwu

Keep reading

DEVOURED is an exploration of the pleasure and the pain that can only come from love. This book was written for all the souls who wander with shattered hearts.

Let yourself hurt, shiver, breathe, and love. Let yourself be DEVOURED.

Sunshine’s seductive and provocative use of language blends influences from poets Rupi Kaur, Amanda Lovelace, Neil Hilborn, Lang Leav, and Ocean Vuong with the classics Sylvia Plath, Bukowski, Poe, Dickinson and Keats. Whether you are a fan of modern or classical poetry, or you’re just beginning your poetic journey - this raw, intimate collection of verse will satisfy your craving.

Pre-order your copy of DEVOURED now for 99 cents before it’s released at full price! Read 5 star reviews and checkout the paperback version here.

Y!!!OI Spread - AniWave (27th January 2017 Edition) Translations

Hi! I’m back with some translations! I just got back home at around 11:30pm on the 1st and I’ve been working on this since last night so yes, it’s finally here! It’s somewhat lengthier than the SAO translations due to this interview piece being around three pages long in the magazine. I just bought the latest copy yesterday afternoon and scans of the cover will be up by tomorrow. But for now, this is the Yuri!!! On Ice Interview with Toyonaga Toshiyuki (Yuuri), Suwabe Junichi (Viktor), Uchiyama Kouki (Yuri) and Hatano Wataru (Georgi Popovich)! The headline roughly reads Figure Skating Pretty Boys [下]. Since there was an interview with the first three voice actors mentioned last issue, this could be taken as a continuation / finale. 

The subtitle below the main header states that “last week’s article wasn’t enough to cover everything, so this week’s issue reveals the rest of the information!

This does not feature translations of every single question otherwise it would take an awfully long time for this post to be complete and I’m sure no one wants to read a three page long translation piece. If anybody else wants to add on to translations for questions and answers I did not include feel free to reblog this with your own additions. Note that I am not the best at Chinese despite being of that race myself, so please excuse my errors! I am a young student aiming to improve so this is good practice and hopefully this will appease you YOI fans.

Translations under the cut!

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Books and Coffee 47 @c.booksandberries

Trip no further, pretty sweeting.                           

Journeys end in lovers meeting,

Afro-Vegan: Farm-Fresh African, Caribbean, and Southern Flavors Remixed By Bryant Terry

Product Description:

“African, Caribbean, and southern food are all known and loved as vibrant and flavor-packed cuisines. In Afro-Vegan, renowned chef and food justice activist Bryant Terry reworks and remixes the favorite staples, ingredients, and classic dishes of the African Diaspora to present wholly new, creative culinary combinations that will amaze vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores alike.

 With more than 100 modern and delicious dishes that draw on Terry’s personal memories as well as the history of food that has traveled from the African continent, Afro-Vegan takes you on an international food journey. Accompanying the recipes are Terry’s insights about building community around food, along with suggested music tracks from around the world and book recommendations. For anyone interested in improving their well-being, Afro-Vegan’s groundbreaking recipes offer innovative, plant-based global cuisine that is fresh, healthy, and forges a new direction in vegan cooking.

Blending these colorful cuisines results in delicious recipes like Smashed Potatoes, Peas, and Corn with Chile-Garlic Oil, a recipe inspired by the Kenyan dish irio, and Cinnamon-Soaked Wheat Berry Salad with dried apricots, carrots, and almonds, which is based on a Moroccan tagine. Creamy Coconut-Cashew Soup with Okra, Corn, and Tomatoes pays homage to a popular Brazilian dish while incorporating classic Southern ingredients, and Crispy Teff and Grit Cakes with Eggplant, Tomatoes, and Peanuts combines the Ethiopian grain teff with stone-ground corn grits from the Deep South and North African zalook dip. There’s perfect potluck fare, such as the simple, warming, and intensely flavored Collard Greens and Cabbage with Lots of Garlic, and the Caribbean-inspired Cocoa Spice  Cake with Crystallized Ginger and Coconut-Chocolate Ganache, plus a refreshing Roselle-Rooibos Drink that will satisfy any sweet tooth.”

DEVOURED is an exploration of the pleasure and the pain that can only come from love. This book was written for all the souls who wander with shattered hearts. 

Let yourself hurt, shiver, breathe, and love. Let yourself be DEVOURED.

Sunshine’s seductive and provocative use of language blends influences from poets Rupi Kaur, Neil Hilborn, Lang Leav, and Ocean Vuong with the classics Sylvia Plath, Bukowski, Poe, Dickinson and Keats. Whether you are a fan of modern or classical poetry, or you’re just beginning your poetic journey - this raw, intimate collection of verse will satisfy your craving.

DEVOURED is available now on Amazon in paperback.

B.B. Sunshine’s writings and art have appeared in USA Today, MISC, Studio Visit Magazine, Bete Noir, The Adroit Journal, and The Anthologist. Sunshine is also the recipient of a Vermont Studio Center grant for Poetry.


Our staff pick this Friday is from Casey (@caseyingthings ) on the main floor! ✨ “2 words: Witches and Whiches. More words: The Phantom Tollbooth has adventure, humor, and more wordplay than The Mathmagician can wave his wand at. i recommend this modern classic to readers of all ages looking to get out of the Doldrums and take a journey through The Land Beyond! Plus there’s pictures!” Find it on the main or 2nd floor. •• #staffpickfriday #staffpick #bookstagram #readstagram #bookrecommendation #recommendedbook #book #phantomtollbooth (at Strand Book Store)

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anonymous asked:

hey jude i have a quick question... What sort of music do you listen to? that is all

The classics, my friend. 

For classic rock: 

The Beatles, Loop Zoop (Led Zeppelin), The Doors, Pink Floyd, Yes, Genesis, King Crimson, The Wings, Blue Oyster Cult, Frank Zappa, Mountain, Joe Walsh, The Moody Blues, Captain Beyond, Fleetwood Mac, Queen, Journey, and The Beach Boys

For modern rock (-ish): 

Pierce the Veil, Bring Me the Horizon, My Chemical Romance, My Darkest Days, Framing Hanley, Nothing More, and (older) Three Days Grace

For jazz: 

Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Ella Fitzgerald, Frank Sinatra, John Coltrane, and Michael Buble 

For classical: 

Wolfgang Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Frederic Chopin, Camille Saint-Saëns, Claude Debussy, and Antonio Vivaldi 

For pop: 

Michael Jackson and Prince

That just about covers it. My apologies! I love music, so I wanted to make it as detailed as possible. 

Jude, a.k.a. Paige Gilmar


And beneath that… darkness, there was another kind. It was… it was deeper, warm, you know, like a substance. I could feel, man, and I knew, I knew my daughter waited for me there. So clear. I could feel her. I could feel… I could feel a piece of my… my pop, too. It was like I was a part of everything that I ever loved, and we were all… the three of us, just… just fadin’ out. And all I had to do was let go… and I did. I said, “Darkness, yeah.” And I disappeared. But I could… I could still feel her love there, even more than before. Nothing… There was nothing but that love. Then I woke up.

Rust Cohle, True Detective “Form and Void”

Katabasis or catabasis (Greek κατὰ “down” and βαίνω “go”) is a descent of some type or a trip to the underworld: “In the ancient world, descent in search of understanding was known as katabasis”, thus endowing mythic and poetic accounts with a symbolic significance (kateben (“I went down”) - an allusion to Odysseus’ journey into the underworld). The term has multiple related meanings in poetry, rhetoric, and modern psychology. The katabasis must be followed by an anabasis (a going up) in order to be considered a true katabasis instead of a death.

The trip to the underworld is a mytheme of comparative mythology found in a diverse number of religions from around the world. The hero or upper-world deity journeys to the underworld or to the land of the dead and returns, often with a quest-object or a loved one, or with heightened knowledge. The ability to enter the realm of the dead while still alive, and to return, is a proof of the classical hero’s exceptional status as more than mortal. A deity who returns from the underworld demonstrates eschatological themes such as the cyclical nature of time and existence, or the defeat of death and the possibility of immortality.

For the extensive list of mythological characters who visit the underworld and return, more here.

Legit Tip #179

or - “Writing the Modern Bildungsroman”

The word itself may be a bit big and scary, but the concept isn’t. A bildungsroman is essentially a coming of age novel, and it’s rooted in classic literature. You’re sure to have read a few bildungsroman novels if you’ve had any sort of formal English literature training. Some of the most famous include:

  • Jane Eyre
  • Great Expectations
  • To Kill a Mockingbird
  • The Catcher in the Rye
  • Little Women
  • Tom Sawyer/Huckleberry Finn

However, these classics aren’t the only books with bildungsroman elements that you’ve probably read, In fact, if you’re a fan of YA literature, you’re sure to have read novels that align with the classic bildungsroman. Harry Potter, anyone?

The elements of the bildungsroman are essentially so ingrained in the novel writing form that knowing what they are and how to incorporate them into your writing can help you create stronger coming of age stories, allowing you to build on this classic form and use it to your advantage. 

The Separation from Home and Family

One of the first key elements of the bildungsroman is that it typically begins wherein the young hero experiences a separation from home and family. This isn’t always the case, especially with more modern iterations of the coming of age story - I’ll get to why this is the case in a second. 

However, a separation is important for a few reasons. Forcing the heroine or hero to have to make their own decisions and to be independent, even if they aren’t necessarily ready for that independence, is a key factor in the coming of age story. In the classic hero’s journey, the hero was thrust out into the wilderness to begin their journey.

In the bildungsroman, losing one’s parents, or being sent away to a boarding school, or simply having nasty and neglectful parents to start with is the thrust that starts the hero/heroine on their own journey toward adulthood and independence. 

Now, how do we modernize that? Unless you’re writing a fantasy story where your character does go to a magical boarding school or is raised by androids, they may not have this same situation. 

There’s a reason the “new kid at school” motif is so popular in teen fiction (…beyond the fact that it’s an easy way to start a story and introduce new things). Maybe a parent was recently unemployed and finances are tough at home, so they’re being forced into a situation where they’re not a “kid” anymore and they have to see the reality of the adult world for the first time. 

Reconciling Self with Society

Another key asset of the bildungsroman is the importance of society to the story. Not just that, but the character’s identity and the way that they must learn to fit in with society is incredibly important.

Now, this is where the past and the present bildungsroman diverge a bit. In the past - say, your classic Dickens novel - the story was all about your character learning to fit into society. Your character was a poor street urchin who had to grow up, learn the societal norms, and become a proper adult. 

These days, your character can be (and frankly should be) a bit more revolutionary. Rather than learn to fit in with society, your character can rebel against it - which is frankly awesome. This is especially important when you’re writing characters whose identities don’t neatly fit into societal “norms,” or norms as they’re typically portrayed - i.e., when you’re writing POC characters, LGBT+ characters, etc.

In these instances, the reconciling of your character to the society they live in can be about your character finding their place within the greater society - finding their niche, their community, and their people. 

The Process of Maturity

It’s important to show the process of gaining maturity in the coming of age story. As your character sets out on their journey, they’ll largely be driven by their own wants and needs, but as the story progresses, they’ll start to think more about their responsibilities - about what they MUST do rather than what they WANT to do.

This is another point where the traditional bildungsroman may diverge from more modern stories, I’ll point out. Traditionally, these stories showed these characters fully integrating into society. Which, frankly…ew.

Your character doesn’t have to do that. In some cases, depending on how you’re writing your story, they shouldn’t. Maybe in your story they’ll take on a greater sense of social responsibility. Maybe they’ll learn what it means to take care of a family. 

But this type of story is at its core about growth and learning, so remember that. Whatever other elements you bring in - romance, mystery, science-fiction, fantasy - the character’s maturation remains key. 


COLIN MORGAN by Farfetch

If this week’s homepage star, Colin Morgan, has caught your eye it’s probably not just because - as our shoot’s stylist put it - ‘he can really pull off a suit.’ More likely, you recognise the Northern Irish actor from his expansive work on stage and screen.

Words by Hollie Moat. Photography by Matt Irwin. Styling by Tony Cook.

‘For me, the ideal is variety’ says Colin, whose television C.V. voyages from the fantastical (Merlin) to the gritty (The Fall) via historical biopics in the cinema and Shakespeare at the Globe Theatre. This spring he’s busier than ever – with the release of The Huntsman: Winter’s War and The Living and the Dead, a spooky upcoming series set in the Industrial Revolution that’s loaded with potential to become the BBC’s next mega-hit.

Tell us a bit about your Huntsman: Winter’s War character, the Duke Of Blackwood.

‘He’s the lover of Freya, played by Emily Blunt, and essentially the catalyst for her powers coming to fruition in the way they do - unlocking another side of her that changes her forever.’

What was it like to work on such a big blockbuster movie?

‘If ever there was a film to experience what the “real deal” is all about, it felt right that this was the one. The producer Joe Roth is doing such strong work on these epic adventure movies and I especially enjoyed working with the director Cedric Nicolas-Troyan, he’s got such a great energy and positivity.’

Next up you’re playing the lead in the supernatural series The Living and the Dead – what makes that part so exciting?

‘Nathan Appleby is a complex and demanding man. Like all of my characters, he intimidated me and created an element of fear - that’s normally a good sign, it means I’ve no idea what that role’s journey will be but that I’m willing to go on it anyway.’ 

And can we expect an anti-hero or a more traditional leading man?

‘I wouldn’t like to spoil anything regarding Nathan and what type of man he is. I will say however, that he goes on a journey the likes of which I don’t think we’ve seen before, with regards to what you mention about heroes and anti-heroes being separate types of character.’

When you’re on set, how important is what you’re wearing?

‘Costume is vitally important for character - I can do as much preparation work as I need but sometimes it’s only when I put on a costume that it really all comes together. It’s about how the actual clothes feel to wear in contrast to what I’m used to wearing every day, it helps with the internal as well as the external.’

And what’s the best costume you’ve ever worn?

‘Nathan Appleby’s clothing is my favourite, the way he is reflected in such detail visually through his appearance and the clothes and hair and makeup really helped with that journey. I also loved the costumes of Victor Richardson - my character in the Testament of Youth movie - that Consolata Boyle created with such characterful elegance and detail.’


What’s your favourite designer label?
‘Dolce & Gabbana have wonderful suits and I think they have a real modern-classic style that really appeals to me.’

Your scariest horror movie?
‘I’m generally not easily unsettled by the horror genre. However I do remember the film version of Roald Dahl’s The Witches being terrifying as a child.’

What luxury item would you want on a desert island?
‘My entire music collection: I love my music - if you were to ask me to narrow it down to one album, I wouldn’t even know where to begin!’

The Huntsman: Winter’s War is in cinemas now.
The Living And The Dead will air on BBC1 in June and BBC America in October.