This is a humble post on some castle and fortification architectural terms - specifically, walls. When writing, sometimes I cannot find the right word for a… *flails hands* thing, and I like to be accurate, when possible. This is notThe Definitive Post on Castle Architecture. I’m sure someone else has made such a thing and they deserve applause.
A balustrade is a railing piece along a bridge, stair or balcony. It is supported by balusters, which are short, typically decorative columns. Balustrade may also refer to the entire column/railing construction. Balusters along a stairway are often called bannisters.
A parapet is a short, protective barrier, usually no more than head-height, along a terrace, balcony or roof. When a parapet is crenellated, meaning it has indentations at regular intervals, it is called a battlement. The gaps in a battlement are called crenels or embrasures; the solid upright sections (the not-gaps) of a battlement are called merlons.
A bulwark is any kind of defensive wall or embankment. A bastion is a structure projected outward from a castle or fortification. The connecting wall between bastions or towers is a curtain wall.
A rampart is a thick defensive wall with a broad top, which is often crowned with a parapet or battlement. A chemin de ronde is a protected walkway atop a rampart and behind a battlement, sometimes called a wall-walk if you don’t want to sound too fancy.
There are many more parts to castles and other fortifications. Explore them and enjoy. But if this helps anyone just a little, I will be pleased.
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As the Founder/CEO/Creative Director of future-forward bodywear label Chromat, I believe strongly in acceptance and inclusivity on the runways at NYFW (and was just in the new documentary Straight/Curve about the negative effect that fashion has on teen girls), I’ve had the opportunity to collaborate with Intel on fashion technology, and I’m so excited because we JUST released a new collaboration with MAC Cosmetics!!!
I’m from Virginia originally and could have never dreamed that I would be here now, working in fashion. I studied architecture at UVA, volunteered in the Peace Corps, worked as a day laborer with a construction crew and now I live in Brooklyn with my amazing wife Christine McCharen-Tran!
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Hey archy, in your opinion what are some of the funniest well known architecture projects done. Funny is your interpretation. As always I love your blog and I appreciate all the info and words you share. Also I got accepted into my unis program and started last monday!!
I don’t like ridiculous or kitschy architecture. Architecture meant to look like animals or giant objects offend me. I guess the only architecture I find funny is the imaginary surreal work of some artists, like the following: