Canadian civilians of Chinese ancestry watch Victory over Japan Day celebrations in Vancouver’s Chinatown. One man cries with joy as two little boys seem more intrigued with the photographer taking their picture. Vancouver, 14 August 1945.
this day in 1848, the Manifesto of the Communist Party - now known as
The Communist Manifesto - was published. It was written by Karl
Marx and Friedrich Engels, often considered the founding fathers of
communism, on behalf of the London-based Communist League. Engels laid
the foundations for the theory, and had been drafting a treatise on
communism for some years until he collaborated with Marx who developed
his work and proposed the leading principles. The main ideas expressed
in the manifesto are chiefly that capitalism and class struggle (between
the proletariat and bourgeoisie) have been the chief concerns of
society throughout history. Marx and Engels theorised that capitalism
would be replaced by socialism and then communism, fulfilling their
vision of global communism. Their work has been incredibly influential,
communism has become the ideological basis of several states including
the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China.
Simone (1933-2003) is one of the most recognizable
voices in jazz – a famous and prestigious singer, songwriter, and pianist,
earning the nickname “High Priestess of Soul”. She was also active in the civil
rights movement in the United States.
Despite a well-received audition at the Curtis
Institute of Music in Philadelphia, she was ultimately rejected, an incident which
she blamed on racial prejudice. She gained popularity by singing and playing
piano in bars, and was soon recording both studio and live albums. She
routinely included messages in support of civil rights in her performances.