#100Days100Women Day 66: Rabbi Regina Jonas

Regina Jonas was the first ordained female rabbi (though other women had performed rabbinical functions, none had been ordained). She practiced her ministry in Nazi Germany, where she ministered to many older people who had already sent their families away. It is believed she had opportunity to leave herself, but due to her commitment to a Jewish community on Germany she stayed. Eventually she was detained and sent to a concentration camp where she meet and consoled  people at the train in an effort to mitigate the shock and disorientation. In 1944 she was transferred to Auschwitz where she was murdered.
She was pretty much forgotten to history until 1991 where the opening up of East Germany allowed a small cache of her papers to be discovered.

Meet Victoria Woodhull, the first woman to run for president 144 years before Hillary Clinton’s nomination. 

Learn more about the history of women candidates for president in our new exhibition, Battle on the Ballot: Political Outsiders in US Presidential Elections

This carte de visite of Victoria Woodhull comes from the collections of @nypl

historymoodboard: maria skłodowska-curie (1867-1934)

physicist and chemist; conducted pioneering research on radioactivity; first woman to win a nobel prize, and the first person to recieve it twice; the first woman to become a professor at the sorbonne; amazing, passionate woman; when talking about her please include her maiden, polish name.

requested by @ee-void

The most successful pirate in history was a Chinese prostitute. Cheng I Sao commanded 80,000 sailors and a fleet bigger than most country’s navies, which is why the government had to give up and offer her a truce. She retired with her loot, opened a gambling house, and later died, peacefully, a 69-year-old grandmother. Source

“I found that I could say things with color and shapes that I couldn’t say in any other way.” Georgia O'Keeffe died 30 years ago today. Explore her works in our collection. 

[Georgia O'Keeffe. Evening Star, No. III. (1917). The Museum of Modern Art, New York. © 2016 The Georgia O'Keeffe Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York]

Dr. Justina  'The Lady Doctor’ Ford

b. 22 January, 1871, d. 14 October 1952

Dr. Ford was an American physician, most notably the first African American female physician in Colorado. 

She graduated from Hering Medical College in 1899, and worked briefly in Alabama before moving on to Colorado with her first husband, Rev. John Ford, in 1902. 

It was in Colorado that she was granted her medical license, though the examiner told her that he “didn’t feel comfortable taking a fee from her, since she already had two strikes against her, the first being a woman, and the second being colored”.  In spite of POC being barred form working in hospitals, Dr. Ford forged on, opening a private practice in her home. There she specialized in gynecology, obstetrics, and pediatrics. 

For over 50 years, she practiced medicine out of her home, delivering over 7,000 babies and catering to poor whites, POC, and non-English speaking immigrants who had been turned away from hospitals. Oftentimes, she worked in exchange for goods or services, rather than for cash. 

She practiced medicine until two weeks before her death in 1952. Four months before her death, she is quoted as saying, “…When all the fears, hate, and even some death is over, we will really be brothers as God intended us to be in this land. This I believe. For this I have worked all my life.

Her home in Five Points, Denver, was turned into the Black American West Museum in 1971. 

In 1985 she was indicted into the Colorado Womens Hall of Fame, and in 1989 she was named a Medical Pioneer of Colorado by the Colorado Medical Society. 


Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race (2016)

“Before John Glenn orbited the earth, or Neil Armstrong walked on the moon, a group of dedicated female mathematicians known as “human computers” used pencils, slide rules and adding machines to calculate the numbers that would launch rockets, and astronauts, into space.

Among these problem-solvers were a group of exceptionally talented African American women, some of the brightest minds of their generation. Originally relegated to teaching math in the South’s segregated public schools, they were called into service during the labor shortages of World War II, when America’s aeronautics industry was in dire need of anyone who had the right stuff. Suddenly, these overlooked math whizzes had a shot at jobs worthy of their skills, and they answered Uncle Sam’s call, moving to Hampton, Virginia and the fascinating, high-energy world of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory.

Even as Virginia’s Jim Crow laws required them to be segregated from their white counterparts, the women of Langley’s all-black “West Computing” group helped America achieve one of the things it desired most: a decisive victory over the Soviet Union in the Cold War, and complete domination of the heavens.

Starting in World War II and moving through to the Cold War, the Civil Rights Movement and the Space Race, Hidden Figures follows the interwoven accounts of Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson, Katherine Johnson and Christine Darden, four African American women who participated in some of NASA’s greatest successes. It chronicles their careers over nearly three decades they faced challenges, forged alliances and used their intellect to change their own lives, and their country’s future.”

by Margot Lee Shetterly

Order it here

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17-year-old Vinnie Ream got to meet with Abraham Lincoln every day for 5 months straight. Senators hired her to sculpt a bust of her choosing, and she picked Lincoln, who gave her his time each day. She was also hired to sculpt his memorial statue, despite a senator’s warning that her age and sex would cause her to fail. She was the first woman commissioned by the US government, and her work still stands in the Capitol Rotunda today. Source Source 2