Women-Suffrage

You might not have known much about Manchester before today. Please don’t focus on the images and videos you might have seen of the aftermath.

This is the place where the women’s suffrage movement was born, the home of the Co-operative movement, where computers and graphene were developed. Where most of the best music of the past 40 years was made, where the biggest gay area of Europe was created.

This is the place where people have spent all day driving stranded people home, where thousands offered spare beds to those who are stuck.

I grew up less than 15 miles from here, in a small town up in the hills where, on a clear day, we could see the skyscrapers on the horizon, could dream of the excitement of the city. I’ve lived down here for 12 years and I know people must think this about all kinds of places but it really is a special city. You’re a fucking lion, Manchester, and I’m so proud to call you home.

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As Susan B. Anthony’s name trends on Twitter — and as people blanket her Rochester, New York, grave in “I Voted” stickers — it’s worth remembering that Anthony’s legacy is a paragon of white feminism. Anthony’s pursuit of women’s rights came with a hefty dose of racism. On its website, the National Women’s History Museum is careful to emphasize that Anthony’s problem wasn’t with black men voting, per se.

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Women that have made history (and their signs)

Aries: Billie Holiday (African American jazz musician)

Taurus: Sandra Day O’Connor (first woman appointed to the United States Supreme Court)

Gemini: Chien Shiung Wu (Chinese American nuclear physicist that contributed to the Manhattan Project and is often recognized as the First Lady of Physics)

Cancer: Frida Kahlo (Mexican painter known for her powerful self-portraits and artwork)

Leo: Amelia Earhart (first female pilot to fly across the Atlantic Ocean solo)

Virgo: Mother Teresa (20th Century symbol of humanitarianism known for her charity work and dedication to the Catholic Church)

Libra: Eleanor Roosevelt (changed the role of the First Lady as an activist, politician, and diplomat)

Scorpio: Elizabeth Cady Stanton (early leader of the women’s rights movement and writer of the Declaration of Sentiments)

Sagittarius: Emily Dickinson (revolutionized the world of poetry with her unique and unconventional writing style)

Capricorn: Zora Neale Hurston (African American novelist and anthropologist that gained notoriety during the Harlem Renaissance)

Aquarius: Corazon Aquino (first female president not only in the Philippines but in all of Asia as well)

Pisces: Kate Sheppard (appears on New Zealand’s 10 dollar note as a result of being the country’s most famous suffragette)

Racist policies often kept African-American women out of the suffragist movement. The headquarters of Colored Women Voters, located in Georgia, was one of many early 20th-century organizations that fought for African-American suffrage.

Source: CUNY

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Women in Menswear, 1900

Mashable has a cool story about two Norwegian photographers and their gender bending experiments in the late 19th century. Between the years of 1895 and 1903, Marie Høeg and Bolette Berg operated a small commercial photography studio in Horten, a town in Vestfold county, Norway. During their off hours, they’d dress up in men’s clothing, or put on fake mustaches while wearing dresses, as a way to explore the boundaries of gender. An except:

Høeg was an active and outspoken suffragist, and used the studio as a meeting place for fellow activists and women interested in the suffrage movement. (Women won the right to vote in Norway in 1913.)

More than three decades after Høeg’s death in 1949, a box of the partners’ glass plate negatives marked “private” was discovered on a farm where they once lived.

[…]

Høeg’s defiant suffragist spirit shines through the images, her costume choices allowing her to occupy traditionally male roles and personas as she campaigns for women’s right to an equal place in society.

You can see the rest here. 

(story via Christina Binkley)

Fusae Ichikawa (1893-1981) was a key figure of the fight for women’s suffrage in Japan. Partly thanks to her efforts, the right to vote was extended to women in the country in 1945.

She studied to become a teacher, but in 1917 she started working with the Nagoya Newspaper, becoming the first female reporter in Japan. In 1920 she co-founded the New Women’s Association, which aimed to improve the status of women in society and offer them more rights and opportunities as citizens.