Some common words still used in Caribbean English[es] that come directly from the Igbo language or are influenced by it.
‘You [plural]’, the same in Igbo, únù, wunna may be used, in Nigerian pidgin English una is used.
‘Only’, ‘single’, in Igbo orthography it’s sọsọ [saw-saw] meaning the same. [Not to be confused with English so-so, meaning average or mediocre]
‘Is’, ‘presently’ / ‘positioned in’, in Igbo orthography dị [dih], also in Nigerian pidgin as de.
‘say’, ‘said’, also from English, Igbo sị.
‘chewing stick’, Igbo atụ [atuh]
‘White person’, in Igbo orthography bèké, meaning white person but also generally western or European, used in the French Antilles including Dominica [Roseau].
‘greedy’, ‘envious’, a calque of Igbo ányá úkwú [lit. ‘eye big’] meaning the same.
‘mud’, ‘muddy’, Igbo mkpọtọ mkpọtọ, meaning the same.
Igbo ọkrọ [aw-kraw] or ọkwụru, plant known to some as ‘lady fingers’.
‘shamanism’, ‘witchcraft’, in Igbo orthography ọbia [aw-bia] meaning ‘oracle’ or ‘doctoring’, practitioners in Igbo are known as dibia [di ọbia].
An exclamation, in Igbo it’s ewo and usually used in the same context. Ex: Ihe ị dere ebe a hikwara nne, ewo! [This list is quite long, ewo!]
[particle] ‘is’, ‘will’, in Igbo orthography á [alternating tone], gá in Igbo is ‘go’ in the example: ‘to go’, CE: ah go; Igbo: a ga. / ‘is he going?’, Caribbean English (CE): him ah go? Igbo: ọ na à ga?.
‘will not’, in Igbo nà is ‘is’, à at the end makes it negative, together it’s na with a long ‘a’, same meaning. Example: ‘I’m not going’ CE: Me nah go; Igbo: A na’m a ga.
‘going to’, ‘will’, Igbo ‘ga’, Example: ‘he will come’ CE: him ah go come; Igbo: ọ ga a bia [which is word for word if you switch around the ‘ah’ and ‘go’].
Source: Holloway, Joseph E. (2005). Africanisms in American culture; Cassidy, Frederic Gomes; Page, Robert Brock Le (2002). A Dictionary of Jamaican English; McWhorter, John H. (2000). The Missing Spanish Creoles: Recovering the Birth of Plantation Contact Languages; Menz, Jessica (2008). London Jamaican-Jamaican Creole in London.
Honestly, this beginning scene of Pirate’s of the Caribbean (At World’s End) is one of the scariest pieces of cinema I’ve ever seen??
These people are all being executed. Even the poor little singing boy. All because they MAY have had contact with a pirate… at some point? There isn’t really evidence of this? but lol, evidence does not matter anyway, because they have had all their legal rights stripped from them. They are not seen as human, they’re not worthy of having rights. All those rights listed (that have been taken away), are those which protect us all from wrongful imprisonment, protect those from both the law and the government from doing wrong by the people…. and they’re just taken?
By the looks of those people in line, they’re not rich. Many are not white - many are from the West Indies, which the British colonised. They’re the ‘dregs’ of society. They aren’t considered people, to those in charge. Essentially, the British are using the probability that they’re pirates, as an excuse to get rid of them. They’re being killed, because they can be. This is a genocide.
This has happened over and over, throughout history and I genuinely don’t think I’ve ever seen it be so overlooked as it was in this movie??
(Anyone else who knows more about the history of piracy, and the history of the west indies, pls add on any comments you think were missing.)
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