Goethes Gartenhaus in the Ilm Park in Weimar, Thüringen, Eastern Germany, was a place where famous German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe lived and worked. As part of the “Classical Weimar” sites, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998.
Antique white porcelain creamer / pitcher made by Weimar Germany.This
vintage creamer is decorated with a beautiful delicate floral pattern
around its entirety. It has a curvy scalloped edge and little bumps and
flowers stamped into the porcelain. Its curvy handle has a bow shape at the top with gold gilt edging (that is slightly worn in a few minor spots).Free of chips, cracks, crazing.This fine china German Pitcher is Stamped with the Weimar Germany Shield on the bottom.Measures 2 ½ inches tall by 4 inches wide (from handle to spout) and 2 ¼ inches wide across the bottom.
Another Nyotalia take on the Weimar Triangle College AU, where engineering student Luise somehow ends up being college housemates with arts students Marianne and Agniezska. According to my Facebook newsfeed, all of my friends going to or have already gone to one uni ball or another. I’m too broke/unsocial to go to any, so I lived vicariously through these three and used references as an excuse to go through dress shopping sites. Luise wasn’t planning to her university’s Annual Gala Charity Ball at first, but the other two convinced her so they’d have an excuse to give her a makeover. The dress Luise is wearing actually belongs to Marianne, they’re about the same size except that Luise is taller and wider at the shoulders, hence no straps. She also isn’t wearing heels because she doesn’t own any and she’s not the same shoe size as either of her roommates, which is why Marianne looks the same height as her.
This is the second part of two on Dolchstoß. The first part, describing the origins of Dolchstoß, can be found here.
As the myth of Dolchstoß continued to be perpetuated by people, the far right used it to justify their opposition to the new Weimar government, which they saw as the people who had stabbed them in the back and were causing all the hardships the country faced during the 20s.
People felt the government had betrayed them, so they turned to supporting more anti-constitutional parties on the far right and left, including the KPD (communist party) and the NSDAP (the Nazi party).
Dolchstoß also contributed to popular hatred of the Treaty of Versailles and anyone who wanted to continue following it, particularly in regards to the reparation repayments demanded by the Treaty. This was very complicated for the government, as they were hated for a treaty they had been unable to negotiate and they were told that if they refused to sign then the war would resume, something the country had been unable to afford.
Despite the lies and misconceptions surrounding Dolchstoß, it became a key reason that Hitler was able to gain a large popular following and eventually become the leader of the largest party in the Reichstag, which led to him becoming chancellor and eventually dictator.
Dolchstoß (alternatively spelled Dolchstoss) is a German word that literally translates to a ‘stab in the back’. The word is most commonly applied to how German people felt about their defeat in the First World War and applies to the Weimar period’s politics especially.
So, to explain the origin: during the First World War, the government (Germany was a constitutional monarchy with the Kaiser at its head) was primarily made up of the anti-war SPD (the social democrat party, aka the socialists). They made an agreement with the military called Burgfrieden, which meant that the country was essentially in a military dictatorship in this period, led by Hindenburg and Ludendorff.
However, as the war dragged on and the people became more discontented with what was going on (if you want more info, look up the Turnip Winter and the failed Spring Offensive of 1918), the pair realised that they couldn’t win. They stepped down from their positions of leadership while advising the government that victory was impossible.
However, this left the government in a tricky position. It was now left to them, the anti-war politicians, to negotiate a peace with the Entente powers (France and Britain, primarily). Because they were the ones negotiating, and the peace was very unpopular because of how harsh it was, the rumour started to spread that it had been possible for Germany to win the war, but they had been stabbed in the back by the politicians.