Artist’s Sketch of a Pharaoh Spearing a Lion

20th Dynasty, New Kingdom

Ramesside Period, c.1186-1070 BC

In this lively hunting scene, an unidentified Ramesside pharaoh is represented symbolically slaying the enemies of Egypt in the form of a lion. The hieratic text reads: “The slaughter of every foreign land, the Pharaoh—may he live, prosper, and be healthy.”
This ostracon, a limestone chip used for sketching, was found in the Valley of the Kings during excavations conducted by Howard Carter on behalf of the Earl of Carnarvon, who received the piece in the division of finds. Although many of the figured ostraca discovered in this royal cemetery were clearly trial sketches made to facilitate an artist’s work, this scene is not found in royal tombs, nor do the figures conform to the strict proportions of a formal rendering.
The scene was drawn with great economy of line by the confident hand of a skilled artist who required no grid lines as a guide. It may have been done for the amusement of the maker, or it may graphically represent the artist’s hope that the ruler should be a strong protector of Egypt.

(Source: The Met Museum)

Mummy of boy king Tutankhamun to remain in Valley of the Kings

After much debate, the decision has been reached not to move the mummy of the boy king Tutankhamun to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The mummy will remain in the Valley of the Kings on the Nile’s west bank near Luxor.

Antiquities minister Mamdouh Eldamaty told Ahram Online that after technical discussions and a prolonged study the ministry has decided to keep the mummy inside the tomb, not in its current location at the tomb’s entrance hall, but in a side chamber.

This chamber, Eldamaty explained, will be restored by the Getty Foundation, and a new lighting set-up will lend a mysterious atmosphere to the mummy’s new home. Read more.

Egyptian Ostrakon, 19th or 20th Dynasty, 1292-1070 BC

From Deir el-Medina, painted on limestone, depicting an acrobat. An ostrakon is a piece of pottery (or stone), usually broken off from a vase or other earthenware vessel.

The ancient workmen’s village of Deir el-Medina is nestled in a small wadi north of the Valley of the Queens on the Theban west bank. The village was founded during or before the reign of Thutmose I (1504–1492 BC) and flourished until the end of the 20th Dynasty (c. 1070 BC). It was home to the workmen responsible for constructing the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings.

Tutankhamun’s tomb to be closed soon

The tomb of legendary boy pharaoh Tutankhamun in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings will close from October for restorations, the antiquities ministry said Sept. 20.

The pharaoh, who died aged 19 in 1324 B.C. after a reign of nine years, is best known for the treasures found in his burial chamber, which include an 11-kilogram solid gold funerary mask incrusted with lapis lazuli and semi-precious stones.

The authorities have decided to restore the tomb, discovered near the southern city of Luxor in 1922 by British archaeologist Howard Carter, to “preserve it and protect it” as it is “one of Egypt’s most important archaeological sites,” Antiquities Minister Mamduh al-Damati said in a statement. Read more.

Loincloth of the Nubian soldier Maiherpra

New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Thutmose III, 1479–1425 B.C.

Made of gazelle skin; found in the hollow of a rock over tomb KV 36 (Maiherpra) in the Valley of the Kings, Thebes, by Howard Carter in 1903.

Although primarily reserved for kings, the royal valley also sheltered the tombs of especially favored commoners. One of these tombs belonged to the “fanbearer on the king’s right” and “child of the inner palace,” Maiherpra. These titles indicate that he grew up in the palace and was a personal attendant of the king. Maiherpra’s tomb was discovered in 1899 with two sets of coffins, Maiherpra’s mummy, and a beautifully illustrated Book of the Dead, all now in Cairo. Three years later, another find was made in a hollow in the rock over the tomb: a small wooden box, painted yellow with hieroglyphic inscriptions in blue paint naming Maiherpra. The box contained two garments, each made of a single gazelle skin.

One of these was presented to the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, from which it was later stolen. The other, along with the box, is now in Boston. A remarkable piece of work, the entire gazelle skin (except for the border and a horizontal patch of leather left plain near the top) was made into a fine mesh by cutting it with staggered rows of tiny incisions, about forty to the inch, and then pulling the skin out to expand it. The resulting garment would have been light, breezy, and flexible when worn.

This garment was the source of much hopeful speculation when it was presented to the Museum in 1903, as its function was misunderstood. Its shape reminded students of Biblical archaeology of the ephod, described in the Old Testament (Exodus 28: 6- 12) as the ceremonial vestment of the Israelite high priest, and for many years thereafter it was vaunted as the only surviving example. As an ephod, it would have been worn like an apron, just as described in the Bible. But it is unquestionably a loincloth. Leather loincloths are often depicted in New Kingdom tomb paintings, and so we know how they were worn.

The top would have been tied around the waist with the patch covering the buttocks, the rounded lower portion pulled up between the legs and tied in front. Most often such loincloths are associated with soldiers and Nubians. Therefore it should come as no surprise that Maiherpra himself was both a soldier and a Nubian: his name means “lion on the battlefield.”

Source: Museum of Fine Arts Boston.  The plain cypress box the loincloth was found in is also in the MFA.

Archaeological sites in Luxor open to tourists at night to beat the heat

CAIRO: Archaeological sites in the west bank of Luxor, including burials at the Valley of the Kings, are now opened to the public at night for the first time ever, Antiquities Minister Mamdouh al-Damaty said in a statement Saturday.

“The Ministry of Antiquities has agreed to open the archeological sites of the Valley of the Kings, Al-Deir al-Bahari, Ramesseum, and Luxor Temples from 6 am to 11 pm in summer, and from 6 am to 9 pm in winter,” The official spokesman for the Ministry of Tourism, Rasha Azayzy said in a statement Friday.

Most of Egypt’s archaeological sites are open during the day from 7:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m. with some including the Egyptian museum and Luxor temple closing at 7:00 p.m. Read more.

Dark Souls 3 has so many cool boss fights, such as:

–Large Man in Armor
–Arnold Schwarzenegger’s Mr. Freeze
–Evil Treebeard
–Yur a Wizard Crow-Man
–The Entire Vatican
–The Wolf Furry Fanclub
–Mega Papyrus
–The Last Demon’s Soul’s Reference
–Lightsaber Pope & his Stand, Star Platinum
–Small Onion vs. Machete Giant
–The Very Hungry Caterpillar God Eater
–Mr. Freeze’s Ballerina Sister
–Evil Butterflies Seek Revenge Through a Piece of Armor
–Dragon Daddy & Revolver Ocelot
–Large Man in Armor (In the Dark)
–Sibling Comradery in its Weirdest Form
–Dragon with the World’s Softest Head
–Jesus Riding a Dragon
–You, but Cooler

Egyptologists identify tomb of royal children

Who had the privilege to spend eternal life next to the pharaoh? Close to the royal tombs in the Egyptian Valley of the Kings, excavations by Egyptologists from the University of Basel have identified the burial place of several children as well as other family members of two pharaohs.

Basel Egyptologists of the University of Basel Kings’ Valley Project have been working on tomb KV 40 in the Valley of the Kings close to the city of Luxor for three years. From the outside, only a depression in the ground indicated the presence of a subterranean tomb. Up to now, nothing was known about the layout of tomb KV 40 nor for whom it was build and who was buried there. Read more.