U.S.-immigration

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Muhammad Ali’s family asks Congress to put a stop to Trump’s “insulting” Muslim ban

  • The family of late boxing champion Muhammad Ali headed to Capitol Hill on Thursday to meet with House Democrats and ask them to fight President Donald Trump’s Muslim travel ban.
  • In late February, U.S. immigration officers detained Muhammad Ali, Jr. and his mother, Khalilah Camacho-Ali, for several hours upon their arrival at Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport from Jamaica.
  • As U.S. citizens, they both provided proper travel documentation, ThinkProgress reported. But according to attorney Chris Mancini, Ali Jr. was repeatedly interrogated on his faith as a devout Muslim.
  • Ali Jr. and Camacho-Ali appeared before House Democrats at a forum on Capitol Hill titled “Ali vs. Trump: The Fight for American Values” to discuss their experience and views on the executive order. 
  • The duo also appeared to show their support for the End Racial and Religious Profiling Act of 2017, which would prohibit any law enforcement agency from profiling Americans based on race or religion. Read more (3/10/17 4:02 PM)

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In cities around America, thousands of construction companies, restaurants, and other businesses are bracing for “A Day Without Immigrants,” a combination boycott/strike that highlights the contributions of immigrants to U.S. business and culture.

The movement is a response to President Trump’s immigration agenda, which includes a pledge to seal the U.S. border with Mexico, and a travel ban on citizens of seven majority-Muslim countries (which is now on hold).

Some businesses are closing for the day; others are staying open and pledging to contribute a share of the day’s proceeds to non-profits that aid Latino communities. In a number of cases, business owners are abiding by their staffs’ wishes, after holding votes to decide whether to open.

‘A Day Without Immigrants’ Promises A National Strike Thursday

Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Oklahoma Republican wants to turn 82,000 non-English-speaking kids in to ICE to save money

  • A Republican Oklahoma lawmaker is being hotly criticized after proposing the state cut spending by rounding up its 82,000 non-English-speaking students and turning them over to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
  • Republican Rep. Mike Ritze is also being criticized by members of his own party for suggesting Oklahoma isn’t obligated to provide an education to undocumented immigrants.
  • The state is facing a $900 million budget gap and Ritze told local CBS affiliate KWTV that turning the kids over to ICE could save $60 million.
  • “Identify them and then turn them over to ICE to see if they truly are citizens,” Ritze said in a Wednesday news segment, adding, “Do we have to really educate non-citizens?” Actually, yes, you do.
  • In its 1982 Plyler v. Doe decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled states can’t deny students a free public education based on their immigration status, according to the Washington Post. Read more (5/12/17)

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If this was about immigration, then the undocumented Irish and European folks would be a part of the roundups. The people being deported are from Mexico, Central America, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. So this is about keeping America white, not making America great.
—  Tia Oso, an immigration activist, noting that there are about 50,000 undocumented Irish in the U.S.
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Newt Gingrich says America can’t “be multicultural and still be a single country”

  • Newt Gingrich went on Hannity Wednesday night to discuss the London attack. The discussion veered into America’s so-called “issues with refugees and migrants,” as host Sean Hannity described them.
  • Gingrich replied that Americans needed to get over the “mythology” that people from different cultures can coexist peacefully in the same country:
  • “[Part] of it is when people come here, we need to go back to teaching people how to be American — to assimilating them into an American civilization,” Gingrich said. “We absorb lots of people from lots of places. We can do it again, but part of that requires that we defeat this left-wing mythology that you can be multicultural and still be a single country.”
  • Gingrich assumes that there is one monolithic “American” culture — implying one centered on white Americans — that all others must conform to in order for the U.S to function properly.
    He frames the idea of different cultures living in harmony as a “myth” compounded by immigrants unwillingness to assimilate.
  • Yet it seems not to have occurred to Gingrich that maybe he is the problem, not immigrants. The U.S. has certainly had trouble getting people from different races to coexist peacefully. 
  • But most of that can be attributed to our centuries-long history of white supremacy. Read more (3/23/17 11 AM)

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Trump said he would only deport “bad hombres” — but noncriminal deportations have doubled

  • During the 2016 presidential campaign, Trump distanced himself from accusations of rank xenophobia by insisting the only immigrants he wanted to send home were the criminals: the “murderers,” “rapists” and “bad hombres.” Few will be surprised to learn that’s not the case.
  • Under Trump so far, the number of immigrants arrested without a criminal record has more than doubled, according to numbers obtained by the Washington Post
  • From January to mid-March, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement arrested 5,441 “noncriminal” immigrants; arrests of immigrants with criminal backgrounds only rose 15% during that same time. Read more (4/17/18)

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Texas family broadcasts ICE arrest on Facebook: “You Trump supporters happy?”

  • On Tuesday, Texas resident Robert Espino broadcast on Facebook as U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement, together with the DeSoto Police Department, arrested his brother and his brother-in-law.
  • Mundo Hispánico identified the two people arrested as Eduardo Díaz and Marín Márquez.
  • “My brother and brother-in-law were cuffed and taken away from their families,” Espino wrote. "They are not drug dealers, rapists, thieves, not even a traffic ticket. They leave behind wives, sons and daughters. This [is] what Donald J. Trump supporters wanted — to see families torn apart because of where you’re born.“ Read more.

The deaths of 10 people who were discovered in a tractor-trailer parked at a Wal-Mart in San Antonio have focused new attention on the dangers of crossing the southern border.

“Putting aside what you think politically on immigration, it was a human tragedy,” Democratic Rep. Joaquin Castro of Texas told NPR’s Morning Edition. “This is another example of desperate people who were seeking a better life trying to come here.”

Those who study the border say death is a constant peril for migrants — and the risk may be increasing.

Death At The Southern Border An Increasing Risk For Migrants

Photo: Guillermo Arias/AFP/Getty Images

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Under Trump, US immigration arrests are up 38% from last year

  • More than 41,000 undocumented immigrants have been arrested in the 100 days since President Donald Trump issued executive orders ramping up enforcement of immigration procedures, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement announced in a Wednesday press release.
  • According to the agency, that number reflects an increase of 37.6% over data from the same period in 2016.
  • A reported 75% of the 41,000-plus individuals arrested in 2017 had criminal records, according to the agency, but noncriminal arrests also skyrocketed in 2017, reaching more than 10,800 (from about 4,200 in 2016). Read more (5/17/17)

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Trump reportedly pulls Iraq from new travel ban, delays its signing

  • Late Tuesday, the Trump administration abruptly pulled Iraq from a list of seven majority-Muslim nations whose citizens were to be subject to a temporary travel ban to the U.S., the Associated Press reported.
  • Trump, despite strong opposition, defiantly vowed to forge on with a new order blocking travelers — including refugees — from the seven nations.
  • However, CNN’s Jeremy Diamond quoted a senior administration official saying the signing of the ban would be delayed until “later this week,” so it could have its own “moment.” Read more (3/1/17 6:57 AM) 

Trump’s VOICE is trying to paint immigrants as criminals. Heres why that’s wrong.

  • During his first speech to Congress Tuesday evening, Trump announced the creation of a Victims of Immigration Crime Engagement (VOICE)— an office dedicated to serving victims of violent crimes at the hands of undocumented immigrants.
  • Audible boos and loud groans followed his announcement.
  • While victims of violent crimes deserve support, Trump’s use of these limited examples to paint violent crime committed by undocumented immigrants as statistically significant risks stoking xenophobia. 
  • The epidemic he was trying to highlight, and the idea that immigrants steal Americans’ dreams, just isn’t the reality. 
  • Immigrants in the U.S., including undocumented immigrants, commit fewer violent crimes than the general population. 
  • Studies show that not only do immigrants commit fewer crimes than those born in the United States, but also they go to jail less, at a rate of about one-fifth of native-born Americans. Read more (3/1/17 7:16 AM)
washingtonpost.com
THIS IS NOT A TEST: Federal agents conduct immigration enforcement raids in at least six states
The raids mark the first largescale immigration action since President Trump’s Jan. 26 order to crack down on the estimated 11 million immigrants living here illegally.
By https://www.facebook.com/pages/Sandhya-Somashekhar/424900341023463

U.S. immigration authorities arrested hundreds of undocumented immigrants in at least a half-dozen states this week in a series of raids that marked the first large-scale enforcement of President Trump’s Jan. 26 order to crack down on the estimated 11 million immigrants living here illegally.

The raids, which officials said targeted known criminals, also netted some immigrants who did not have criminal records, an apparent departure from similar enforcement waves during the Obama administration that aimed to just corral and deport those who had committed crimes.

Trump has pledged to deport up to 3 million undocumented immigrants with criminal records. Last month he also made a change to the Obama administration’s policy of prioritizing deportation for convicted criminals, substantially broadening the scope of who the Department of Homeland Security can target to include those with minor offenses or no convictions at all.

Immigration officials confirmed that agents this week raided homes and workplaces in Atlanta, Chicago, New York, the Los Angeles area, North Carolina and South Carolina, netting hundreds of people. But Gillian Christensen, a spokeswoman for the Department of Homeland Security, which oversees Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), said they were part of “routine” immigration enforcement actions. ICE dislikes the term “raids,” and prefers to say authorities are conducting “targeted enforcement actions.”

Immigration activists said the crackdown went beyond the six states DHS identified, and said they had also documented ICE raids of unusual intensity during the past two days in Florida, Kansas, Texas and Northern Virginia.

That undocumented immigrants with no criminal records were arrested and could potentially be deported sent a shock through immigrant communities nationwide amid concerns that the U.S. government could start going after law-abiding people.

“This is clearly the first wave of attacks under the Trump administration, and we know this isn’t going to be the only one,” Cristina Jimenez, executive director of United We Dream, an immigrant youth organization, said Friday during a conference call with immigration advocates.

ICE agents in the Los Angeles area Thursday swept a number of individuals into custody over the course of an hour, seizing them from their homes and on their way to work in daytime operations, activists said.

David Marin, ICE’s field director in the Los Angeles area, said in a conference call with reporters Friday that 75 percent of the approximately 160 people detained in the operation this week had felony convictions; the rest had misdemeanors or were in the United States illegally. Officials said Friday night that 37 of those detained in Los Angeles has been deported to Mexico.

“Dangerous criminals who should be deported are being released into our communities,” Marin said.

A video that circulated on social media Friday appeared to show ICE agents detaining people in an Austin shopping center parking lot. Immigration advocates also reported roadway checkpoints, where ICE appeared to be targeting immigrants for random ID checks, in North Carolina and in Austin. ICE officials denied that authorities used checkpoints during the operations.

[The ‘sanctuary city’ on the front line of the fight over Trump’s immigration policy]

“I’m getting lots of reports from my constituents about seeing ICE on the streets. Teachers in my district have contacted me — certain students didn’t come to school today because they’re afraid,” said Greg Casar, an Austin city council member. “I talked to a constituent, a single mother, who had her door knocked on this morning by ICE.”

Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-Tex.) said he confirmed with ICE’s San Antonio office that the agency “has launched a targeted operation in South and Central Texas as part of Operation Cross Check.”

“I am asking ICE to clarify whether these individuals are in fact dangerous, violent threats to our communities, and not people who are here peacefully raising families and contributing to our state,” Castro said in a statement Friday night.

Hiba Ghalib, an immigration lawyer in Atlanta, said the ICE detentions were causing “mass confusion” in the immigrant community. She said she had heard reports of ICE agents going door-to-door in one largely Hispanic neighborhood, asking people to present their papers.

“People are panicking,” Ghalib said. “People are really, really scared.”

Immigration officials acknowledged that authorities had cast a wider net than they would have last year, as the result of Trump’s executive order.

The Trump administration is facing a series of legal challenges to that order, and on Thursday lost a court battle over a separate executive order to temporarily ban entry into the United States by citizens of seven majority-Muslim countries, as well as by refugees. The administration said Friday that it is considering raising the case to the Supreme Court.

Some activists in Austin and Los Angeles suggested that the raids might be retaliation for those cities’ “sanctuary city” policies. A government aide familiar with the raids said it is possible that the predominantly daytime operations — a departure from the Obama administration’s night raids — meant to “send a message to the community that the Trump deportation force is in effect.”

Frank Sharry, executive director of America’s Voice, a pro-immigrant advocacy group, said that the wave of detentions harks back to the George W. Bush administration, when workplace raids to sweep up all undocumented workers were common.

The Obama administration conducted a spate of raids and also pursued a more aggressive deportation policy than any previous president, sending more than 400,000 people back to their birth countries at the height of his deportations in 2012. The public outcry over the lengthy detentions and deportations of women, children and people with minor offenses led Obama in his second term to prioritize convicted criminals for deportation.

A DHS official confirmed that while immigration agents were targeting criminals, given the broader range defined by Trump’s executive order they also were sweeping up non-criminals in the vicinity who were found to be lacking documentation. It was unclear how many of the people detained would have been excluded under Obama’s policy.

Federal immigration officials, as well as activists, said that the majority of those detained were adult men, and that no children were taken into custody.

“Big cities tend to have a lot of illegal immigrants,” said one immigration official who spoke on the condition of anonymity because the official was not authorized to speak publicly due to the sensitive nature of the operation. “They’re going to a target-rich environment.”

Immigrant rights groups said that they were planning protests in response to the raids, including one Friday evening in Federal Plaza in New York City and a vigil in Los Angeles.

“We cannot understate the level of panic and terror that is running through many immigrant communities,” said Walter Barrientos of Make the Road New York in New York City, who spoke on a conference call with immigration advocates.

“We’re trying to make sure that families who have been impacted are getting legal services as quickly as possible. We’re trying to do some legal triage,” said Bob Libal, the executive director of Grassroots Leadership, which provides assistance and advocacy work to immigrants in Austin. “It’s chaotic,” he said. The organization’s hotline, he said, had been overwhelmed with calls.

Jeanette Vizguerra, 35, a Mexican house cleaner whose permit to stay in the country expired this week, said Friday during the conference call that she was newly apprehensive about her scheduled meeting with ICE next week.

Fearing deportation, Vizguerra, a Denver mother of four — including three who are U.S. citizens — said through an interpreter that she had called on activists and supporters to accompany her to the meeting.

“I know I need to mobilize my community, but I know my freedom is at risk here,” Vizguerra said.

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These undocumented Dreamers were outspoken before Trump. They’re going to stay that way.

  • Activist Erika Andiola is one of an estimated 1.8 million undocumented immigrants who entered the country as children. 
  • Called “Dreamers” — after the DREAM Act (Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors) — this group was granted temporary legal status under the Obama administration’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program.
  • Throughout President Barack Obama’s tenure, a handful of Dreamers like Andiola have become well-known critics of U.S. immigration policy, advocating on behalf of the estimated 12 million people in the country without authorization. 
  • As Trump cracks down on illegal immigration, the most visible among them fear retribution from the administration for speaking out.
  • They have reason to be wary. While Trump has said DACA recipients will not be targeted in his deportation crackdown, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has already arrested several Dreamers — at least two of whom remain in custody. 
  • Even if Dreamers are safe, almost all of them have family members in the United States who are eligible for deportation.
  • Despite those risks, several Dreamers with high profiles told Mic that they were not about to let his election keep them from speaking out. Read more (3/3/17 2:14 PM)

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ICE has released Daniela Vargas, the Dreamer detained after railing against deportation

  • On Friday, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement released 22-year-old Daniela Vargas.
  • Vargas is an undocumented Mississippi resident who was taken into custody earlier this month, according to Mississippi Today.
  • Vargas had been detained just moments after speaking at an immigrant rights event in Jackson, Mississippi, on March 1. 
  • She was speaking out about the detention of her father and brother who had been taken into custody by ICE two weeks earlier. Read more. (3/10/17, 5:53 PM)
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20 are arrested during protests against ICE’s detention of undocumented activists

  • A group of 20 activists and faith leaders were arrested in front of Boston’s South Bay Detention Facility on Monday, according to protest organizers.
  •  The 20 arrestees were part of a larger group of activists who staged a sit-in to protest the recent detention of an undocumented immigrant rights activist from Vermont.
  • “What we’re hoping to accomplish is to make it clear to the community that we’re going to be protecting every organizer — even if they’re undocumented,” said Maria Fernanda, an undocumented volunteer organizer and with the group the immigrant workers’ rights group Movimiento Cosecha, who came to America as a child.
  • In March, three Vermont-based immigrants and activists associated with the advocacy group Migrant Justice were arrested and detained by U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement. Read more (4/24/17)

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band10hut  asked:

Hey, do you know anything about Chinese immigration to America, especially paper sons and illegal immigration, before 1910, when Angel Island facility opened? I'm writing a story on a character who is Chinese and has to illegally emigrate from China to America by pretending to be a rich, legal man's deceased son to join his father in the late 1880s. Also, how much did the average Chinese farmer make in terms of wen and money? Thanks

Roughly speaking, you’re talking about 28 years between the Chinese Exclusion Act and the opening of Angel Island. This ask will be reblogged to @ushistoryminuswhiteguys, because it’s slightly better suited there, but I’ll answer here anyways.

That said: the larger influx of “Paper Sons” spikes after 1906. This is because in 1906, a fire sweeps San Francisco after the great Earthquake, and it’s the fire that destroys public birth records at the City Hall of Records. Because of this, Chinese men already living in the United States start to claim that they are born American citizens whose birth certificates were lost in the fire. 

 Chinese men already living in the SF area obtained U.S. birth certificates, claimed citizenship, and then claimed sons that were still in China. Because those men now had American citizenship, their paper “sons” could therefore also be eligible for American citizenship. 

Earlier “paper son” arrangements relied on testimonies and documentation that could be sold:

While trying to enforce the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the courts and U.S. Immigration documented the identities of existing Chinese in America.  Much of the documentation was based on oral evidence given by existing Chinese residents during court challenges.  Included in these documents were details of family history and village life.  This set of documentation became the first set of “paper son” certificates sold to people in China.

- My Father was a Paper Son

Those declared sons on paper would be sold as “slots” 

Prior to 1882, you don’t really need a paper son certificate, and prior to 1906, it’s not quite as easy to fake a paper son unless you’re referring to someone who was definitely born in the US. 

The first immigrants from China to California were in 1848, so you’re talking about someone who is an American born Chinese man who can’t be much older than 33ish in 1882, (so about 39-40 in 1888-1889)***, has the money/means with which to sponsor a paper son, and managed to meet all the requirements of the Exclusion Act, plus the 1888 Scott Act (prohibiting Chinese residents from being able to leave and then return to the U.S.). This rich man wouldn’t be able to leave to get his “son,” and the son wouldn’t be able to arrive without certification from the Chinese Government. 

***Naturalization would have been impossible due to the Naturalization Act of 1790, prohibiting Naturalization for non-white peoples in the U.S.  

The Exclusion Act outlined that the Chinese government would provide documentation stating that an immigrant was not a “laborer”:

That in order to the faithful execution of articles one and two of the treaty in this act before mentioned, every Chinese person other than a laborer who may be entitled by said treaty and this act to come within the United States, and who shall be about to come to the United States, shall be identified as so entitled by the Chinese Government in each case, such identity to be evidenced by a certificate issued under the authority of said government, which certificate shall be in the English language or (if not in the English language) accompanied by a translation into English, stating such right to come, and which certifi- cate shall state the name, title or official rank, if any, the age, height, and all physical peculiarities, former and present occupation or profession, and place of residence in China of the person to whom the certificate is issued and that such person is entitled, conformably to the treaty in this act mentioned to come within the United States. Such certificate shall be prima-facie evidence of the fact set forth therein, and shall be produced to the collector of customs, or his deputy, of the port in the district in the United States at which the person named therein shall arrive.

Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. [See also: US Nat’l Archives]

So in sum, it’s not really terribly likely from 1882-1906. Perhaps if this man was a merchant with documentation from the Chinese government who collaborated that the son was indeed his - pretty much only merchants had been able to bring both their wife and children to the U.S. 

The only exception I can think of would be this:

SEC.13. That this act shall not apply to diplomatic and other officers of the Chinese Government traveling upon the business of that government, whose credentials shall be taken as equivalent to the certificate in this act mentioned, and shall exempt them and their body and house- hold servants from the provisions of this act as to other Chinese persons.

Otherwise I’m not sure it’s very believable - just because it was so difficult outside of very specific circumstances like being in the employ of a government official, or pretending to be the son of a documented Chinese merchant. 

If you can push it back or forwards a few years (either pre-1882, or post-1906), then you have more wiggle room. I don’t have the average Chinese farmer’s salary of the time, except to say that Southern China (and the Qing dynasty as a whole) was suffering from the aftermath of two Opium Wars, the Nian Rebellion, the Taiping Rebellion, etc. 

Feel like that helped? Tips appreciated for Asian History - Keep History Diverse!

Trump announces support for immigration system that favors high-skilled, English speaking applicants

  • On Wednesday, President Donald Trump announced support for new legislation that would seek to curtail legal immigration to the United States by imposing a skills-based system that would prioritize immigrants based on current work-force needs.
  • If passed, the plan would reduce the number of immigrants the U.S. will allow into the country.
  • Trump said the legislation — known as the RAISE Act — will “favor applicants who can speak English, financially support themselves and their families and demonstrate skills that can contribute to our country.”
  • He added that the bill would ensure that immigrants cannot receive welfare benefits as soon as they come to the country — something that already exists in current law.
  • Trump called the legislation the “most significant reform to our immigration system in half a century.” Read more. (8/2/2017 1:01 PM)
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DHS opens VOICE, Donald Trump’s office for crimes committed by immigrants

  • The Department of Homeland Security on Wednesday opened President Donald Trump’s promised office dedicated to help — and draw attention to — victims of crimes committed by immigrants.
  • The Victims of Immigrant Crime Engagement, or VOICE, will be housed within U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the agency responsible for deportations, the New York Times reported.
  • “All crime is terrible, but these victims are unique — and too often ignored,” John F. Kelly, secretary of homeland security, told the Times
  • “These are casualties of crimes that should never have taken place because the people who victimized them oftentimes should not have been in the country in the first place.”
  • “Our mission is clear,” Kelly added, “and that is to acknowledge the exceptional damage caused by criminal illegal aliens and to support the victims of these preventable crimes.” Read more (4/26/17)

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Trump has motivated immigrants to apply for US citizenship in record numbers

  • President Donald Trump’s immigration policies compelled a record number of eligible immigrants to apply for U.S. citizenship in 2017, according to new research from one of the nation’s largest immigration and refugee advocacy groups.
  • A study by the National Partnership for New Americans examined naturalization applications sent to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services offices across the nation.
  • NPNA deputy director Tara Raghuveer said citizenship offices nationwide received nearly 290,000 naturalization applications in the second quarter alone — the most applications ever received in a single quarter, representing a 15% spike from the same time in 2016. Read more. (8/5/17, 4:21 PM)

Foreign-born workers have contributed $107B in income tax + 9 other stats on ‘Day Without Immigrants’

A nationwide strike dubbed a “Day Without Immigrants” has cast a spotlight on the role of foreign-born workers in the American economy.

The walkout at some businesses comes amid a feverish debate over undocumented immigration, foreign trade and President Trump’s temporary travel ban on people from several majority-Muslim nations.

There are 10 key things you should know about the impact of immigrants on the U.S. workforce.