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Useful Words

네 - Yes
아니요 - No
누구 - Who
뭐/무엇 - What
어디 - Where
언제 - When
왜 - Why
어느 - Which
어떻게 - How
그렇게 - So
여기 - Here
거기 - There
다시 - Again
모두 - All
쉬운 - Easy
나쁜 - Bad
좋은 - Good
좋아하다 - To like
싫어하다 - To dislike
오늘 - Today
가끔 - Sometimes
항상 - Always
사람 - Person
말 - Words/Speech
그래 - So/Yeah/That’s right
저기요 - Excuse me
죄송합니다/ 미안해요 - Sorry
끝 - End
한 - One/Single (하나 is 1)
괜찮다 - To be ok
하다 - To do
이다 - To be

A&R 

Originally posted by ghibli-forever

Learning Hangeul ( the Korean alphabet ) is really easy! It is also really important as to be able to read and write you need to know it, if you get the chance to go to Korea everything will be written in Hangeul without romanisation. So if you want to learn Korean a good starting place is the alphabet!

Vowels - vowels can be split into two categories, basic and double. Let’s start with the basic vowels:

ㅏ (a) - similar to the a in “want”

ㅓ (eo) - similar to the o in “done” 

ㅣ (i) - similar to the ee in “keep”

ㅗ (o) - similar to the o in “tow” (to help you remember this, I think of the vertical line being Over the horizontal line)

ㅜ (u) - similar to the u in “rude” (to help you remember this, I think of the vertical line being Under the horizontal line)

ㅡ (eu) - similar to the u in “push”

And that was all the basic vowels, if you learn those learning the double vowels will be super easy!!

ㅑ (ya) - similar to the ya in “yahoo”

ㅐ (ae) - similar to the e in “pet”

ㅒ (yae) - similar to the ye in “yes” 

ㅕ (yeo) - similar to the yo in “young”

ㅔ (e) - similar to the e in “pet”

ㅖ (ye) - similar to the ye in “yes” 

ㅛ (yo) - similar to the yo in “yodel”

ㅠ (yu) - similar to the yu in “yule”

ㅘ (wa) - similar to the wa in “want” 

ㅙ (wae) - similar to the we in “wet” 

ㅚ (oe) - similar to the we in “wet”

ㅝ (weo) - similar to the wo in “worry”

ㅞ (we) - similar to the we in “wet”

ㅟ (wi) - similar to the wee in “week”

ㅢ (ui) - similar to the u in “push” plus the ee in “keep”

And thats all the vowels!! So lets move onto consonants, these can also be split into categories - basic, double and strong. We’ll start with the basic:

ㄱ (g,k) pronounced similar to k at the beginning of a word and end of a syllable, in other positions, it is closer to g

ㄴ (n)

ㄷ (d,t) pronounced similar to t at the beginning of a word and end of a syllable, in other positions, it is closer to d

ㄹ (r,l) pronounced similar to l at the end of a syllable, in other positions, it is closer to r 

ㅁ (m)

ㅂ (b,p) pronounced similar to p at the beginning of a word and end of a syllable, in other positions, it is closer to b

ㅅ (s,sh) pronounced similar to sh before the vowels ㅣ , ㅕ , ㅑ , ㅠ , ㅛ in other positions it is closer to s 

ㅇ (no sound, ng) has no sound when it comes at the beginning of a syllable, but is close to ng when it is at the end of a syllable

ㅈ (j,ch) pronounced similar to ch at the beginning of a word, in other positions, it is closer to j

Let’s move onto double consonants, these consonants pronunciation is harder than their singular, basic version:

ㄲ (kk)

ㄸ (tt)

ㅃ (pp)

ㅆ (ss)

ㅉ (jj)

And finally strong consonants! When you speak these they should make a forceful sound:

ㅋ (k)

ㅌ (t)

ㅍ (p)

ㅎ (h)

ㅊ (ch)

Thats the Korean alphabet!! It’ pretty simple and despite the fact it looked a bit daunting, I hope this helps in your studies and good luck!!

Extra:

The word hangeul 한글 is made up of 2 syllables and 6 characters, a syllable will never start with a vowel which is why ㅇ makes no sound when its in the first position as it acts a place holder so that the first sound made in the syllable can be a vowel sound. 

A

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