The Torah scroll is put away at the Yusef Abad synagogue in Tehran. According to a 2011 census, fewer than 10,000 Jews live in Iran, down from between 80,000 and 100,000 before the Islamic revolution in 1979
From 1933 to 1941, Shanghai became a modern-day “Noah’s Ark” accepting around 30,000 Jewish refugees fleeing the Holocaust in Europe. In the “Designated Area for Stateless Refugees” in Tilanqiao area of Shanghai, about 20,000 Jewish refugees lived harmoniously with local citizens, overcoming numerous difficulties together.
By the time the Second World War ended in 1945, most of the Jewish refugees had survived. Dr. David Kranzler, a noted Holocaust historian, called it the “Miracle of Shanghai” and commented that within the Jewry’s greatest tragedy, i.e. the Holocaust, there shone a few bright lights. Among the brightest of these is the Shanghai haven.
In the “Tilanqiao Historic Area”, the original features of the Jewish settlement are still well preserved. They are the only typical historic traces of Jewish refugee life inside China during the Second World War.
The Ohel Moshe Synagogue is one of the only two synagogues in Shanghai built by Russian Jews where the Jewish refugees gathered for religious rites during the Second World War. In 2004, it was listed among the fourth set of architectural heritage treasures of Shanghai.
Mr. Yitzhak Rabin, the former Israeli Prime Minister, commented during his visit to Shanghai, “To the people of Shanghai for unique humanitarian act of saving thousands of Jews during the Second World War, thanks in the name of the government of Israel.”
In March 2007, the People’s Government of Hongkou District budgeted special funds for a full renovation of the synagogue in accordance with the original architectural drawings found in the city archives.
On April 30th, 1944 the Synagogue Council of America called on all Reform, Conservative, and Orthodox synagogues in the United States to hold services when the invasion of Europe by the United States and the United Kingdom began. On June 4th, 1944, when D-Day began, Jewish synagogues around the United States were open for 24 hours to allow people to pray for the success of the invasion and liberation of Europe from Nazi Germany.
The Yu Aw Synagogue is located in the Momanda neighbourhood of the old city of Herat, Afghanistan. The area was once known as Mahalla-yi Musahiya, or the “Neighbourhood of the Jews”. It is the only synagogue in Herat which has been preserved with most of its original characteristics, although it is currently in a state of disrepair. Researchers date the Synagogue to 1393. Click here to read more about the synagogues of Herat.
Selected photographs taken in January 1998 by Annette Ittig as part of a larger project to document and protect the historic Old City of Herat.
It’s ok and socially expected to initiate conversations with strangers at certain kinds of gatherings. If a lot of people who don’t know each other are at the same gathering, and there is a social element to the gathering, it’s considered normal to initiate conversations with strangers.
Some examples of this type of environment:
Kiddush after services at a synagogue
A script that usually works well for initiating conversation with a stranger:
You: Hi, I’m [Your name].
They will usually reply: I’m [their name].
Then the next thing you do is ask them a question that is slightly, but not very, personal based on the context
Then they usually answer and ask you the same question
This tends to result in you discovering something of mutual interest and having a conversation
Some examples of contextually appropriate questions:
If you’re at a party someone is throwing: “How do you know [host’s name]” usually works
(Even if they don’t actually know the host, this still usually works because they can answer something like “Actually, I came here with my friend.”)
If you’re at a conference: “What brings you here?” usually works. (And will usually get to an area of mutual interest quickly, since being at the same conference with someone implies that you care about some of the same things).
This is a better question than “What do you do?” because asking about someone’s job as an initial question is often interpreted as you asking them “Are you high status enough that I should bother talking to you?”. “What brings you here?” is more neutral
If you’re at a kiddush at a synagogue: “Are you a member here?” usually works, so long as you’re not asking it in an accusatory tone.
If there’s a bat or bat mitzvah, “Are you relatives of the bar/bat mitzvah?” usually works (even if you’re not and they’re not. The question works no matter what the answer is
At freshman orientation or similar: “Where are you from?” usually works well as an initial question.
If you’re not sure whether you’ve met before, you can still introduce yourself. This is a script that works:
“I’m not sure if we’ve met before - I’m kind of bad with faces. I’m [Your name]”.
Then, if they don’t know you, you can use the usual script.
And if they do know you, then they’ll usually explain the context you know them in.
And then you can talk about that.
tl;dr It’s ok (and can be fun) to initiate conversations with strangers at parties and conferences and suchlike. Scroll up for some scripts.
Anyone else want to weigh in? What are some initial questions that work in other contexts?
The German architecture office Kuehn Malvezzi has won a competition to design a space as unique as it is improbable. Three different religious communities in Berlin, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim, are joining together to commission a shared structure that serve not only as a house of worship, but a center for learning and dialogue between faiths. The House of One will be built on the Petriplatz, a site at the nucleus of the old city that contains the foundations of some of its oldest churches. Kuehn Malvezzi’s design incorporates the forms of these historical structures as well as a space for viewing what remains of them. Kuehn Malvezzi will be displaying models and drawings of the project at the Chicago Architecture Biennial this fall.