Sustainable Solutions

Build Your Own Yurt Using Papercrete

By Michael Warren

This article was originally posted in Instructables and is reposted with permission from Michael Warren.

Papercrete is just what it sounds like: concrete made with paper. I tell people to think of it as industrial papier-mache. It’s inexpensive to make, amazingly sturdy, lightweight and insulating.

The price of wind and solar power continues to plummet, and is now on par or cheaper than grid electricity in many areas of the world. Solar, the newest major source of energy in the mix, makes up less than 1% of the electricity market today but will be the world’s biggest single source by 2050, according to the International Energy Agency.
The question is no longer if the world will transition to cleaner energy, but how long it will take.
LIFE CYCLE COSTING OF APPLIED SUSTAINABLE STRATEGIES IN DIFFERENT CLIMATE ZONES OF TURKEY

Solutions to Turkish Green Building Market Barriers

The aim of my project is to develop a sustainable building design guideline for developers, which includes a list of energy efficient technologies, natural and cost effective solutions or alternatives depending on climate conditions.

In my thesis, I tried to answer “What are the motivators and barriers of the Turkish Green Building Market?” by surveying practitioners in the sector.  The results of the survey revealed the barriers as high initial cost, lack of government support (no energy efficient regulations and incentives) and shortage of experienced professionals.  Hence, my individual project at the Transsolar Academy is to find specific ways to overcome these barriers with the assistance of Transsolar employees’ wide knowledge and experience. The core idea of the project is to find out the most economic, effective and natural design strategies for residential and commercial buildings located in Turkey, in terms of ventilation, heating, cooling, lighting, etc. I believe that these strategies will eliminate most of the barriers and contribute greatly  to the possible solutions shown on the daisy petals, and lead to the development of  the Turkish Green Building Market. © Handan Gündogan

Sustainable Music: Suck UK Cardboard Radio - via SHFTdotcom

Suck UK Cardboard Radio

Recycled paper audio device by designer Christopher McNicholl, $39

Via our friends at @SHFTdotcom

Recycled cardboard is becoming a favorite material for innovative sustainable design. The minimal, retro-looking Cardboard Radio from Suck UK and designer Christopher McNicholl is a case in point. It features an MP3 jack so you can listen to your iPod on the go. And when you’re finally ready to get rid of the radio, just remove the simple card structure that houses the electronic parts, and throw it in the recycling bin. We can’t vouch for its sound quality, but judging from this video, it seems to work pretty well. Just don’t get it wet!

READ THE FULL ARTICLE ON SHFT HERE.

Green Application For New Biodegradable Plastic (Blogpost for MediaBistro Class)

 

Green Application For New Biodegradable Plastic

  A new line of bottomless plantable pots mark the first commercial application using extruded cast sheet grades of Mirel biodegradable polymer from Telles of Lowell, Mass.

 Mirel PHA bioplastics are thermoplastic polyesters derived from microbial fermentation of plant sugars, principally from corn, though the process can be engineered to use other renewable feedstocks, such as palm oil. Telles produces the Mirel product line at a 110-million-lb/yr plant in Clinton, Iowa, which it opened in 2009. Telles is a joint venture formed by Metabolix and Archer Daniels Midland Co., to commercialize Mirel bioplastics.  According to Metabolix, Mirel reduces the use of fossil energy and provides a reduction in greenhouse gases compared to the production of conventional petroleum-based plastics. The new cast sheet and thermoforming grades, commercially available since November 2010, create opportunities for processors/convertors in the production of containers and other formed parts where renewable content and biodegradability are desired. For more details on how to process these new polymers view the full story as reported in the June issue of Plastics Technology.

 Bio-Degradeable Pots For Planting

Ball Horticultural Corp., West Chicago, Ill., a breeder, producer and wholesale distributor of ornamental plants and related products, says its new SoilWrap plantable pot holds a new plant in place during planting, then biodegrades in the soil. It replaces containers traditionally produced from polypropylene, polystyrene, or natural fibers.  Internal and commercial grower trials done by Ball have shown that the superior drainage and gas permitted by the bottomless SoilWrap design allows many species of plants to grow more quickly than in conventional pots. The design and material is said to also provide a more durable container than other natural fiber pots, and its physical properties allow it to be easily printed with brand messaging and UPC barcodes. SoilWrap is part of Ball’s range of sustainable solutions for horticultural projects. “This product is made quite differently than PS or PP plant pots so the traditional ways of making plant pots did not apply, thus their traditional converters were not equipped to produce this ‘sheet like’ product,” says Dan Gilliland, director of business development at Telles.

Telles has developed Mirel grades for other plastics processes including injection molding and blown film. The injection molding grades of Mirel has been used in the commercial development of biodegradable pens for PaperMate, according to a TIME magazine report,while blown film grades are being targeted in applications for industrial compostable can liners, retail bags, yard-waste bags, and stretch wrap. Mirel grades for film extrusion, extrusion coating, foam, non-woven fibers, monofilament, and blends and alloys are in development. A CNN report discusses the benefits and disadvantages of degradable plastics.

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It’s Getting Hot in Here: ‘How Thirsty is Your Food?’ & ‘Where Does Your Food Come From?’

When it comes to water use, not all plants are created equal.           

(Source: Mother Jones)

Related:

The Cure for the Not-for-Profit Crisis (via HBR.org)

The most important investment one can make in these times, is in their own karma. Below, an interesting read on Harvard Business Review this morning regarding solutions to the steeply declining support for not-for-profits. While many Americans struggle to cut back luxuries, more than one billion people are struggling to find their next meal but thousands organizations aren’t giving up hope.

The Cure for the Not-for-Profit Crisis

by Paul Leinwand and Cesare Mainard

There is a crisis in the not-for-profit sector. Since the great recession began, donations to the largest charities in the U.S. have dropped by billions — down 11% in 2010 alone, according to a recent report from the Chronicle of Philanthropy. This was the worst decline since the Chronicle began ranking its “Philanthropy 400” list of America’s largest fund-raising charities in 1990. Leaders of philanthropic and other non-profit organizations naturally blame the economy for this problem; and many expect things to get worse as the economic malaise drags on.

But the financial meltdown has not affected all charities and not-for-profits equally. It is the more versatile, general-purpose charities — including such well-known, diverse institutions as The United Way Worldwide and the Salvation Army — that are faring the worst. For more tightly focused not-for-profits, such as the Cleveland Clinic and the network of Food Banks around the country, the decline is not nearly as sharp.

CLICK HERE TO READ THE FULL ARTICLE ON HARVARD BIZ REVIEW HERE.

Hand Water Pumps Back in Style

By Linda Holliday

Less than 100 years ago, the most important site consideration for communities and homesteaders was whether an abundance of good water was easily accessible. With the introduction of electric power and drilled water wells, close proximity to clean water became irrelevant – or so we thought.

Our complacency regarding water is quickly changing, according to well pump installers I spoke with recently. Many are seeing an upsurge in interest among homeowners to learn about and install hand pumps on their wells. There are now numerous manually-operated water pumps to choose from, depending on considerations such as static water level and yield desired. [Keep reading…]

Canada is 5th happiest country on the planet, report finds

Canada is the fifth happiest country on the planet, according to a new report that attempts to determine the level of happiness in 158 different countries.

The 2015 World Happiness Report from the Sustainable Development Solutions Network includes analysis from the fields of economics, psychology, health, national statistics and public policy.

The countries included in the report are ranked in part on Gallup World Poll data, which asked respondents between 2012 to 2014 to rate their lives on a scale of zero to 10. A score of zero would represent the worst possible life, and a score of 10 would be for the best possible life.

According to that system the top five happiest countries are:

1. Switzerland (7.587)
2. Iceland (7.561)
3. Denmark (7.527)
4. Norway (7.522)
5. Canada (7.427)

Continue Reading.

New Post has been published on The Rakyat Post

New Post has been published on http://www.therakyatpost.com/letters-from-the-rakyat/2015/01/22/protecting-forests-cost-effective-way-curb-serious-flooding/

Protecting forests a cost effective way to curb serious flooding

Dear Prime Minister YAB Datuk Seri Najib Razak,

We the undersigned, in the aftermath of the devastating floods that ravaged many states and left in its wake a trail of destruction consisting of lost lives, homes and livelihoods, write you this open letter as a means of recommending feasible and sustainable solutions towards flood mitigation.

Firstly, we laud the decision by the YAB to award top most priority for flood mitigation projects under the 11th Malaysia Plan.

We also understand that it is requisite for the government to be quick and decisive in offering prescriptions that would mitigate floods occurrences and thereby placate increasingly worried and vulnerable Malaysians.

However, we as a group of concerned natural resource management professionals and conservationists, note with concern the recent pronouncements about building dams as a means to this end.

We would like to offer our views on the way forward based on our collective experience.

In general flood mitigation efforts can be in the form of structural and non-structural measures and would usually include the following:

• Avoidance — with proper land use planning, the state governments can control development in flood prone areas such as flood plains and riparian areas.

While there is not much we can do about existing development patterns, state governments need to be more disciplined with future development.

• Protect upland forests — forests in the uplands help to moderate the floods as their vegetation help to reduce the speed of water, allow water to seep into the soil better and reduce the volume of water moving downstream.

• Minimise run-off to downstream — the Department of Irrigation and Drainage has clear guidelines (Manual Saliran Mesra Alam or MASMA) on flood retention and measures to enhance permeability and reduce the speed of water running off from a development.

However, it is a pity that much of it is not well implemented.

• Improving river drainage — this is usually done by widening and deepening the river and constructing flood protecting bunds/levees.

This established practice for the past 50 years has its drawbacks as it often increases the speed of water which then causes other problems including higher flood peaks.

It may solve flooding in one place but could lead to problems in another place. River improvements often damage important habitats for fish and other river life-forms.

• Building more flood control dams – this is an expensive option and should ideally be the last option as further elaborated below.

The building of dams as a flood mitigation measure has negative implications that far outweigh the benefits of building them.

These include environmental, societal and economic effects such as:-

• The permanent loss of forests and the ecological functions that they provide.

• Significant contribution towards greenhouse gas emissions due to the decay of organic material in the reservoir inundation area.

Further greenhouse gas emissions will arise from the construction of the dam itself and all associated infrastructure building activities.

• The loss of wildlife habitats and consequent impediment of natural wildlife movement patterns and biological processes across the landscape.

• The inevitable displacement of local communities, in particular indigenous communities, from their traditional territories as well as loss of their livelihoods

• The disruption of the natural river hydrology leading to a reduction in the deposition of nutrients downstream of the dam.

The presence of dams without controlling deforestation in their catchment areas can be counter-productive, as evident in the Ringlet dam in Cameron Highlands, where the reservoir’s holding capacity has been severely compromised by sedimentation from forest clearing upstream.

As a result, emergency releases here have led to flash floods, which have claimed lives and property in the immediate areas downstream.

We therefore urge the government to move away from purely structural responses as primary solutions for flood mitigation and to move towards more holistic non-structural measures.

We ardently believe that improving forest and wetlands protection and management will be less costly than building dams, more sustainable in the long run and have many other benefits.

It is evident that widespread deforestation in catchment areas is one of the main contributing factors to the increasing severity of the floods in recent times.

When rivers are clogged up with huge amounts of silt and debris caused by forest clearing their capacities to channel floodwater are greatly reduced.

This necessitates the removal of such impediments from the rivers and the reforestation of deforested areas and rehabilitation of hill slopes, both of which are costly ventures.

It is crucial that the government acknowledges this so that all relevant policy level actions can be galvanised as soon as possible.

We herein outline a number of key measures that the government must undertake immediately as the means towards ensuring holistic, integrated, sustainable and adequately governed measures to effectively address the root causes of ongoing widespread deforestation and thereby reduce the severity of annual monsoonal flooding.

These measures include:-

i. Towards better protection and management of forests; to expedite the review of the National Forestry Policy of 1978 with a view to entrench environmentally sustainable principles and actions therein, including a fundamental principle that forest reserves should remain under natural forest cover and not be replaced with tree plantations (such as rubber) and other agricultural crops.

ii. Immediately direct the Attorney General’s Chambers to undertake a consultative legislative review of the National Forestry Act1984 with a view to prescribe stricter environmental safeguards.

We urge the inclusion of a provision that requires mandatory public participation in cases where forest reserves are being excised for whatever purpose.

iii. Provide full budgetary and political support for the implementation of the National Physical Plan and the Central Forest Spine Master Plan (especially at state level), and other equivalent plans in Sabah and Sarawak.

iv. Revive the initiative to develop a National Highlands Policy that was mooted more than a decade ago stemming from the National Highlands Study of 2003 commissioned by the Economic Planning Unit.

v. Action by the National Land Council to pass a resolution that calls for a moratorium on the further expansion of tree plantations within forest reserves.

vi. Ensure that all states implement the four core areas identified under the National Water Resources Policy (NWRP) 2010-2050, which has been approved by the Cabinet.

vii. Ensure in the 2015 Budget and beyond, that all enforcement agencies whether directly or indirectly involved in the protection and management of forests and their resources are adequately funded to carry out their functions.

Further to this, towards better coordinated and joint efforts in relation to enforcement of the aforesaid, to consider the establishment of a Forest Enforcement Agency (similar to the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency).

viii. Identify and consequently roll out within the 11th Malaysian Plan sufficient economic incentives to State Governments in order to reduce their continued dependence on the exploitation of forests and other natural resources for revenue generation.

What we collectively espouse above are all doable. It simply requires decisive and committed action on your part as the Prime Minister.

We look forward to YAB convening and subsequently inviting us to a constructive dialogue session with YAB, members of the Cabinet and Menteri Besar/Chief Ministers in which we hope to elaborate the recommendations contained herein and following that, collectively design action points towards better forest conservation and management.

Until such time, we respectfully call upon YAB to halt the plan to build more dams for flood mitigation purposes and give priority to forest protection and management efforts.

Sincerely, (the signatories in alphabetical order):-

1. Dylan Jefri Ong, Biodiversity Conservationist and founding director of Denai Bhumi;

2. Gangaram Pursumal, former head of Institut Perikanan Malaysia;

3. Henry Goh, president of the Malaysian Nature Society (MNS);

4. Professor Gurdial Singh Nijar, director, Centre of Excellence for Biodiversity Law (CEBLAW), Malaysia;

5. Gopinath Nagaraj, principal consultant, Fan Li Marine and Consultancy Sdn Bhd;

6. Haider Kamarudin, managing director, Cave Management Group Sdn Bhd;

7. Harjinder Kler, Chair, Tanjung Aru Action Group 2.0 and founding member of the Green SURF coalition;

8. Hymeir Kamarudin, former chairman of the Malaysian Karst Society and ecotourism operator;

9. Justine Jay Vaz, president, Persatuan Rimba Komuniti Kota Damansara;

10. Kevin Hiew, former conservation director, WWF-Malaysia;

11. Lanash Thanda, president of the Sabah Environmental Protection Association (SEPA) and founding member of the Green SURF coalition;

12. Lee Su Win, former executive director of MNS;

13. Dr Lim Boo Liat, recipient of the Merdeka Award;

14. Lim Teck Wyn, director of Resource Stewardship Consultants;

15. Dr Melvin Gumal, director of the Wildlife Conservation Society-Malaysia Programme and winner of the Whitley Award for Conservation in Ape Habitats;

16. Mano Maniam, former president of the Environmental Protection Society of Malaysia (EPSM);

17. Nithi Nesadurai, president of EPSM;

18. Nizam Mahshar, CEO of the Malay Economic Action Council and environmental activist;

19. Preetha Sankar, Advocate & Solicitor, and environmental columnist;

20. Dr Rahimatsah Amat, CEO & founder of the Sabah Environmental Trust, and founding member of the Green SURF coalition;

21. Tan Sri Dr Salleh Mohd Nor, former Director General of Forest Research Institute Malaysia and former president of MNS;

22. Puan Sri Shariffa Sabrina Syed Akil, president of Pertubuhan Pelindung Khazanah Alam Malaysia;

23. Datuk Dr Dionysius Sharma, CEO/Executive Director of WWF-Malaysia;

24. Surin Suksuwan, MNS Council Member and Member of the World Commission for Protected Areas; and

25. Yasmin Rasyid, president & executive director of EcoKnights and chairperson of the Malaysian Environmental NGOs (MENGO) group