On This Day: April 17
International Day of Peasant Struggle
- 1797: The Spithead Mutiny begins, also known as the “Floating Republic”, which spread to 16 ships of England’s Channel Fleet.
- 1854: Benjamin Tucker was born in South Dartmouth, Massachusetts.
- 1864: Bread riots in Savannah, Georgia, during US Civil War as it created food shortages.
- 1905: US Supreme Court rules maximum hours law for New York bakery workers unconstitutional.
- 1912: The Lena Massacre of striking gold miners in Siberia.
- 1925: First nationwide anarchist organization in Korea established in Seoul, the Black Flag Alliance (Heuk Ki Yun Maeng). Main figures are Seo O-sun, Seo Sang-kang and LeeChang-shik.
- 1960: 150 African-American students form Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), inspired by the lunch counter sit-ins.
- 1965: The first major anti-Vietnam War rally in the US is organized by the SDS in Washington, DC. 25,000 attend.
- 1969: FBI agents carry Vietnam War draft resister Robert Eaton after he had chained himself to 13 others.
- 1969: Czechoslovakian Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubček, who attempted reforms as part of Prague Spring, is deposed.
- 1972: Students at University of Maryland protesting the resumption of bombing in Northern Vietnam, battle with police and National Guard are sent in.
- 1996: Brazilian police kill 19 landless workers. The massacre is now commemorated as the “International Day of Peasant Struggle.”
- 2003: British anarchist artist Clifford Harper’s exhibition “Graphic Anarchy” opened at the Guardian newsroom.