Geometric diagrams can be contemplated as still moments revealing a continuous, timeless, universal action generally hidden from our sensory perception. Thus a seemingly common mathematical activity can become a discipline for intellectual and spiritual insight.
The Seal of Solomon is the six-pointed star, known more widely in the profane world as the Magen David, or Star of David.
The Seal of Solomon appears in examples from throughout Europe, as early as 1742, and up to and beyond the 1813 Lodge of Reconciliation. The same sigil - the Masonic Seal of Solomon - was known differently to the Pythagoreans. To them, the six-pointed star was known as the Hexad.
Pythagorean teachings held that numbers were not simply quantitative figures; rather, they possessed characteristics of the Divine. Further, the sigils associated with these numbers symbolized these same characteristics. The Hexad was interchangeable with 6, and hence went by a variety of different names, each a reflection of certain characteristics held by the number and the symbol.
Pythagoreans noted the harmony inherent in the “perfection” of 6. A number is “perfect” when the sum of its divisors, less itself, equals itself. With the case of 6, the divisors are 1, 2, 3, and 6; less itself, the divisors of 6 are 1, 2, and 3, the sum of which is 6. Thus, the Hexad represents Perfection.