Spartacist Uprising

Street battles in Berlin - Spartacists behind a paper roll barricade. During Spartacist Uprising of German Revolution (November Revolution) of November 1918 - August 1919. Spartacus League (Spartakusbund), German Marxist revolutionary movement led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg.

German (November) Revolution in Berlin, Germany, 1918. Street battles - barricades in Schutzen Straße. In November 1918 Spartacist leader Karl Liebknecht declared the German Socialist Republic. In the following months, this led to a General Strike and Spartacist uprising. Liebknecht was murdered in the repression of the uprising. KL: German socialist and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany, 13 August 1871 - 15 January 1919.

January 5, 1919: Spartacist Uprising begins in Gemany. 

During the general strike and armed struggle in Berlin from January 5-12, the radical left, including the newly-formed Communist Party of Germany (KPD) and the Independent Social Democratic Party, called for the establishment of a soviet republic. 

The revolution was opposed by the counter-revolutionary Freikorps troops, formed from the former Kaiser’s army, under the direction of the old-guard Social Democratic Party, and ended in the defeat of the revolution that began in November 1918.

Rosa Luxemburg speaks at a rally, 1907.

January 15, 1919: Comrades Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, leaders of the revolutionary Spartacus League during World War I and founding members of the Communist Party of Germany, are murdered. 

The militarist right-wing Freikorps and the opportunist Social-Democratic government of Ebert and Noske collaborated in plotting their arrest and assassination as part of their effort to crush the revolutionary struggle known as the Spartacist Uprising (January 4-15, 1919).

January 15, 1919: Comrades Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, leaders of the revolutionary Spartacus League during World War I and founding members of the Communist Party of Germany, are murdered. 

The militarist right-wing Freikorps and the opportunist Social-Democratic government of Ebert and Noske collaborated in plotting their arrest and assassination as part of their effort to crush the revolutionary struggle known as the Spartacist Uprising (January 4-15, 1919).