Architecture Meme –> Five Buildings 5/5 –> National Congress Building of Brazil
Located in the futuristic capital of Brasilia, Brazil, the National Congress Building is one of the most beautiful government buildings of the twentieth century. Designed by Brazilian native Oscar Niemeyer from 1957-1964, the National Congress building demonstrates the modernization of the country of Brazil in its brand new capital, which Niemeyer also helped design. This futuristic building with its simple rectangular forms and Le Corbusier-esque curves demonstrates the impact of Le Corbusier and the International Style on Niemeyer’s work. The two bowl-shaped objects represent the weights on the scale of justice, to demonstrate the intent of the government to work towards equality. This complex houses the House of Parliament office tower, the building with the overturned bowl is the Senate seat, and the building with the upturned bowl is the Chamber of Deputies. Niemeyer, a Rio de Janiero native, is probably Brazil’s most beloved architect, and became heavily influential in the works of later international architects such as Zaha Hadid and Tadao Ando.