Sourwood

🍯 Honey Varieties 🍯

A short list of honey varieties in case you want to experiment with your recipes. Some have herbal remedy hints, and pairing ideas.

Acacia :Very popular with a mild flavor. The color is usually light yellow, but can range to brown or purple. Goes well with toast or tea. Medicinally, it is used to calm anxiety or help sleep.

Avacado :A warm, dark brown honey that is excellent for recipes that call for brown sugar. It doesnt actually taste like avocados, but mollasses or burned sugar.

Blueberry :Medium amber color with a medium aroma, blueberry honey tastes slightly buttery, with toasted almonds. Great for fruit pastries, it’s usually not difficult to find this variety.

Buckwheat :Dark brown, with a strong, distinct flavor of mollasses. A staple in southern BBQ recipes or other meats. Also used for coughs and sore throats.

Chesnut :This honey is usually too strong for recipes. It is very dark, with a slightly pungent smell and sweet, almost musty taste. It’s quite unpopular, so it isn’t easy to find.

Clover :Very common, known as “table honey”, clover honey is a light, sweet honey that can be used universally.

Cranberry :Medium-red colored and fruity, it tastes like figs or dates. Use cranberry honey for fall fruit dishes.

Eucalptus :Suprisingly, eucalptus honey tastes sweet, with notes of rose petals. It smells strong, almost smokey, and is very dark in color. Goes well with meats or potatoes.

Forest :Also known as Honeydew honey, it is produced by aphid excretion from trees in the area, such as pine. It tastes woody and sweet, and pairs with just about anything.

Hawthorn :Hawthorn honey has a natural calming effect, so it’s usually stirred into chamomile tea. The flavor is strong so it doesnt take too much to sweeten.

Lavender :Ranging from bright to dark colors, the smell is intense just like the flowers. However one spoonful can help with seasonal allergies, and it’s a good source of calcium.

Mountain :Bees collect pollen from wild herbs and flowers in non-polluted mountain areas so the flavor and color can vary. Excellent for coughs and flu.

Orange Blossom :Light yellow with a mild floral smell, it is readily avalable in early spring when orange trees bloom. It has a sour citrus flavor, so it is best used in citrus recipes.

Rasberry :Rasberry honey is slightly bitter, but still tastes like brown sugar or toffee. It smells almost woodsy, and pairs well with fruits or especially coffee.

Sage :Sage honey tastes sweet with hints of rose petals. The color can be light yellow to purple, and it smells mildly floral. It also has a light violet aftertaste. It has so much body it is one of my favorites!

Sourwood :Slightly rare, it’s only available in June or July before its all bought up. It tastes a bit like cloves or nutmeg and smells like cinnamon.

Sunflower :As yellow as it’s petals and smells just as exceptional. It can crystallize easily, if that happens just heat up the jar in some hot water. It can help with sinus problems and allergies.

Tulip Poplar :Tulip Polar honey can be used for almost any dish. It is dark orange, and smells like cooked fruits. It tastes buttery like toffee and a bit like caramel.

Tupelo :Comes from the ogeechee tree in Florida and Georgia. It is slightly rare, and doesn’t crystalize easily. Tastes light buttery and sweet, use with vegetable or chicken recipes.

Daily Lines

#DailyLines #BookNINE #GoTELLTheBEESThatIAmGONE #comingalongnicelythankyou #nobabynewsyet

I broke off a small chunk of bread, carefully spread a dab of the pale honey onto it, and handed it to Jamie.

“Taste that. Not like that!” I said, seeing him about to engulf the bite. He froze, the bread half-way to his mouth.

“How am I meant to taste it, if I’m not to put it in my mouth?” He asked warily. “Have ye thought of some novel method of ingestion?” He lifted the morsel to his nose and sniffed it cautiously.

“Slowly. You’re meant to savor it,” I added reprovingly. “It’s special.”

“Oh.” He closed his eyes and inhaled deeply. “Well, it’s got a fine, light nose.” He raised his eyebrows, eyes still closed. “And a nice bouquet, to be sure…lily ‘o the valley, burnt sugar, something a wee bit bitter, maybe…” He frowned concentrating, then opened his eyes and looked at me. “Bee shit?”

I made a grab for the bread, but he snatched it away, stuffed it in his mouth, closed his eyes again and assumed an expression of rapture as he chewed.

“See if I ever give _you_ any more sourwood honey!” I said.
He swallowed, and licked his lips thoughtfully.

“Sourwood. Is that no what ye gave Bobby Higgins last week to make him shit?”

“That’s the leaves.” I waved at a tall jar on the middle shelf. “Sarah Ferguson says that sourwood honey is monstrously good and monstrously rare, and that the folk in Salem and Cross Creek will give you a small ham for a jar of it.”

“Will they, so?” He eyed the honey-pot with more respect. “And it’s from your own wee stingards, is it?”

“Yes, but the sourwood trees only bloom for about six weeks, and I’ve only the one hive. That’s why it’s so—“

A thunder of feet coming onto the porch and the bang of the front door drowned me out, and the air was filled with excited boys’ voices shouting, “Grand-da!” “_Grand-pere_!” “ _Maighister_!”

Jamie stuck his head out into the corridor.

“What?” he said, and the running feet stumbled to a ragged halt, among exclamations and pantings, in the midst of which I picked out one word: ‘Redcoats!’

Day 75: Cures and Remedies: from Arthritis to Croup

Harley Carpenter holds a yellowroot plant he has just pulled up from a stream bank near his home.

Here’s the first part of some traditional Appalachian cures and remedies listed in “Foxfire One”. NOTE that all cures and remedies using turpentine, kerosene, pokeweed, and sulfur are not recommended as these items are toxic.

ARTHRITIS
Drink a mixture of honey, vinegar, and moonshine.
Make a tea from either the seeds or leaves of alfalfa.
Drink powdered rhubarb dissolved in white whiskey.
A magnet draws it out of the body.

ASTHMA
In one pint of gin, place several pieces of the heartwood of a pine tree. Leave them in the gin until they turn brown. Then take one teaspoonful of the mixture twice a day.
Suck salty water up your nose.
Smoke or sniff rabbit tobacco.
Swallow a handful of spider webs rolled into a ball.
Keep a Chihuahua dog around the house.
Smoke strong tobacco until you choke.
Drill a hole in a black oak or sourwood tree just above the head of the victim, and put a lock of his hair in the hole. When he passes that spot in height, he will be cured. (Another person told us that if the person died, the tree would also.)
Drink a mixture of honey, lemon juice, and whiskey, using about a tablespoon of each.
Gather leaves from ginseng, dry and powder them. Put the powder in a pan, place a hot coal on top of it, and inhale the smoke.

Harv Reid with one of the ginseng plants from the patch near his home.

BLEEDING
Place a spider web across the wound.
Apply a poultice of spirit turpentine and brown sugar to the wound.
Apply lamp black directly to the wound.
Use a mixture of soot from the chimney and lard.
If the cut is small, wet a cigarette paper and place this over it.
Use kerosene oil, but be careful not to add too much or it will blister the skin.
Use pine resin.

BLOOD—BUILDERS
When the sap is up, take the green bark of the wild cherry and boil it to make tea.
Take leaves of the lady’s slipper, dry them, and beat them to a powder (you can wrap them in a rag to do this). Put this powder into a can, add water, let sit, and then give a spoonful three times a day.
Take the young leaves of the poke plant, parboil them, season, fry, and then eat several “messes.”
Make sassafras tea, using the roots of the plant.
Put some yellowroot in a quart can of whiskey, and let the root soak it up. Add some cherry bark for flavor.

BROKEN ARM
Make a mixture of red clay and water. Put splints on each side of the arm and plaster it up with the clay. When the clay dries, put the arm in a sling.

BURNS
Put hot coals on the burned place and pour water over them. The steam will draw the fire out.
Powder hot coals and put this warm powder on the burn.
Boil chestnut leaves and place the resulting ooze on the burn.
Take table salt and dissolve it in warm water. Wrap the burn in gauze and keep it constantly warm and moist with applications of the salt water.
Bind castor oil and egg whites around the wound with a clean cloth.
The scrapings of a raw white potato will draw the fire.
Linseed oil will draw the fire out.
Scrape the inside of a white potato. Put the scrapings on the burn and leave them there until they turn black and the sore turns white.
Then add a salve made of talcum powder and Vaseline.
If the person has never seen his father, he can draw the fire by blowing on the burn.
Use lard and flour.
Use a mixure of Sloan’s salve and Japanese oil and petroleum jelly.
Put axle grease on the burned area.

CHEST CONGESTION
Make a poultice of kerosene, turpentine, and pure lard (the latter prevents blistering). Use wool cloth soaked with the mixture. Place cheesecloth on chest for protection, and then add the wool poultice.
Heat mutton tallow and apply it directly to chest.
Place a large quantity of rock candy in a little white whiskey to make a thick syrup. Take a few spoonfuls of this several times a day.
Apply a mixture of camphor, mutton tallow, soot, pine tar, turpentine, and lard to chest.
Make an onion poultice by roasting an onion, then wrapping it in spun-wool rags and beating it so that the onion juice soaks the rags well. Apply these rags to chest.
Eat raw honey.
Render the fat of a polecat. Eat two or three spoonfuls. This brings up the phlegm.
Mix up hog lard, turpentine, and kerosene. Rub it on chest.
Rub groundhog oil and goose oil on chest. Then cover with a hot flannel cloth.
Wear a flannel shirt with turpentine and lard on it all winter.

COLDS
Make a tea from the leaves of boneset. Drink the tea when it has cooled. It will make you sick if taken hot. Leaves of this plant may also be cured out and saved for use in teas during the winter months.
Make a tea from powdered ginger, or ground up ginger roots.
Do not boil the tea, but add the powdered root to a cup of hot water and drink. Add honey and whiskey, if desired.
Boil pine needles to make a strong tea.
Take as much powdered quinine as will stay on the blade of a knife, add to water, and drink.
Parch red pepper in front of a fire. Powder it, cook it in a tea, and add pure white corn liquor.
Put goose-grease salve on chest.
Drink lamb’s tongue and whiskey tea.
Drink whiskey and honey mixed.
Drink red pepper tea.
Eat onions roasted in ashes (good for children).
Eat a mixture of honey and vinegar.
Make a tea by putting some pine top needles and boneset in boiling water. You can sweeten it with honey or syrup.
Drink tea made from wintergreen fern.
Make a combination tea from boneset leaves and horsemint leaves.
Take a three-pound can of pine twigs and rabbit tobacco. Boil together and strain. Drink some every three hours, taking no more than one full juice glass within a twelve-hour period.
Drink some of the brine from kraut put up in churn jars. It makes you thirsty, and you drink lots of water.

COLIC
Tie an asafetida bag around a baby’s neck for six months to keep away six months’ colic.
Take one pinch of soda in a spoon of water.
Drink Sampson’s snake root tea.
Feed the baby breast milk with one drop of kerosene or one drop of asafetida in it.
Chew some camel root and swallow the juice.
Massage stomach lightly with warm towels or warm castor oil.
Chew ginseng root.
Drink some asafetida and whiskey mixed in milk or water.
Boil two or three roots of ginseng in a pint of water, then strain and drink.

CONSTIPATION
Gather the roots of mayapple, cut out the joints, and dry the middle of the root. Place in a cloth and beat to a powder. Add a few drops of castor oil and roll into pills. They keep very well. You can also put a pinch of powder in food, or put in some syrup.

COUGH
Mix one teaspoon of white whiskey with a pinch of sugar, heat over a fire, and drink.
Eat a mixture of honey and vinegar.
Put some ground ginger from the store in a saucer and add a little sugar. Put it on the tongue just before bedtime. It burns the throat and most of the time will stop coughs.
Take some rock candy with tea.
Take a teacup of roots and stems of red horsemint, boil in a pint of water for two or three minutes, strain, and drink.
Dissolve four sticks of horehound candy in a pint of whiskey and take a couple of spoonfuls a day. This is also good for TB.
Boil one cup of wild cherry bark in a pint of water. Add some syrup and cook until it gets thick.
Make a cough syrup using the roots of about six lion’s-tongue plants. Boil them in about a teacup of water, sweeten with syrup, then simmer until thick. Take a spoonful a few times a day until your cough is gone.
Boil a handful of mullen roots and leaves in a pint of water to make a light tea. Add sugar or syrup to sweeten. Take only a spoonful at a time.
Parch leaves of rat’s vein and grind them to a powder. Put a pinch on your hand and snort it.
Make a cough syrup by boiling a handful each of wild cherry bark, black gum bark, and whole rat’s vein plants in a half a gallon of water. Simmer for one to two hours; strain, add one pint of sugar, and boil again until it makes a thin syrup.

CRAMPS
To cure cramps in the feet, turn your shoes upside down before going to bed.

CROUP
Squeeze the juice out of a roasted onion and drink.
Render out some mutton tallow, add beeswax to this, and place it on the back underneath the victim’s shirt.
Add a little vinegar, lemon, or onion to honey and eat.
Put a drop of turpentine in a spoonful of sugar and eat.
Drink a thick syrup made of onion juice and honey.
For a baby pour a mixture of turpentine and white whiskey into a saucer and set it afire. Hold the baby over the smoke until he breathes it deeply. This loosens him up.
Take homemade lard, turpentine, and kerosene and make a poultice which is bound in a wool cloth over the chest and around the neck.
Put some groundhog oil on some hot flannel rags and place the rags on the child’s chest.
Boil an onion, some turpentine, and some lard together. Pour the juice on a cloth and put it on the chest.
Get a pine knot, split it up fine, and light it. Hold fat meat over the fire. Take the resin and fat to cure the cough.

My Sourwolf *Derek Hale x Reader*

fiesty-kitten123 : Hiiiii! Again with a request, can you do a Derek×reader and he’s a big jerk but likes her and doesn’t know how to act and she a sexy badass vampire who just as bad as him and much sourwood please! Thanks!?

A/N: omg tsundere derek i like (google it if you dunno what that means!). even though i totes suck this was mega fun to write and i’m actually proud of this one? XD  hope you enjoy it ! xxx

(Y/N) (L/N). Someone you most definitely did not want to provoke. She just moved to Beacon Hills, something she ends up doing a lot. She was helping Derek, Scott, and Stiles find their newest threat, a vampire. So, since (Y/N) herself was a vampire, they thought that that’d be their best bet of finding their threat.

‘To get one vampire, you gotta use another vampire’ as Stiles worded it.

Keep reading

bicycling by the sea, driving with the windows rolled down, roadside produce stands, quiet natural-lit museums,  strawberry ice cream straight from the carton, cats lying in in the sun, freckles, moles, and scars, sourwood honey, thunderstorms,  reading old books by open windows, catching fireflies in august, orange slices with cinnamon, skyscrapers painted gold by the setting sun, waking up next to her

The Poetry of Common Names

I love common names.

I’m not talking about human names (though I confess a fondness for the name Bob, used as a suffix) but the common names of species. The non-Latin ones. I love flipping through seed catalogs and seeing “Good Mother Stallard Beans” and “Moon and Stars Watermelon.” I was utterly delighted to find out that one of the slime molds lurking in my mulch is known as “Wolf’s Milk,” and when I discovered that a type of gelatinous fungus was known in Norway as “Troll Butter” I had to go sit down and fan myself for a few minutes.

Common names are awesome. They are little fragments of poetry. They tell us that somewhere, at some point, somebody lived right up next to this thing and saw it often enough to give it a name. 

In North Carolina where I live, we have insects called Ebony Jewelwings, Red Velvet Mites, and Eastern Pondhawks.

There are native orchids called Rattlesnake Plantain, Crippled Crane-fly, Green Fly and Water Spider. I have been hunting for years for Rabbit Tobacco, with no success, but I manage to grow Sourwood, Little Brown Jug, and Duck Potato, and if only my pond were large enough, I would plant Flying Hedgehogs in a heartbeat.

Endangered plants get no love, compared to animals. People who will rally behind snail darters and endangered mussels get a bit vague when plants come up. (Except orchids. If you’re going to be an endangered plant, try to be an orchid.) But I can’t think that the world wouldn’t be a sadder place if we lost Raven’s Seedbox, Florida Adder’s-Mouth, Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus, Spiked Medusa and Bigleaf Scurfpea.

Seriously, Scurfpea. What is not to love about the name “Scurfpea”? It sounds like a My Little Pony from the wrong side of the tracks.

Sigh. I worry that as we lose contact with nature, among all the other things we lose (and they are many and important) perhaps we’re also losing a store of weird, lyrical little names. And that’s sad. It’s hard to get excited about Stenathium leimanthoides, but I think we could all agree that the Pinebarren Death-Camas is pretty damn awesome.

Maybe not as awesome as Scurfpea, but you can’t have everything.

Autumn is in full swing, and the Northeast US is a riot of colors. What causes this seasonal change? We’ve got the answers to all of your fall foliage questions here:

WHERE DO LEAF COLORS COME FROM?

Leaves are green in the summer because they contain a great deal of the pigment chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is necessary for the process of photosynthesis, which plants use to make food.

Chlorophyll is not the only pigment in leaves, but during the summer there’s so much of it that no other colors can be seen. Leaves also contain carotenoids—yellow, orange and brown pigments that give color to such foods as carrots and bananas. In the fall, some leaves produce red pigments called anthocyanins, which are also found in fruits like cranberries and blueberries. 

WHAT TRIGGERS A LEAF TO CHANGE COLOR?

As autumn approaches, days become shorter and nights grow longer. Trees respond to the decrease in sunlight by slowing down production of the green pigment chlorophyll. As the amount of chlorophyll drops, yellow, orange and brown pigments (carotenoids) become visible. In some trees, dwindling light levels cause other changes inside the leaf. For instance, the concentration of sugars often goes up, which causes the formation of red pigments (anthocyanins).

DOES WEATHER AFFECT AUTUMN COLORS?

Only a little bit. Although some people assume that leaves change color in response to cooler weather, it’s really the shorter days of fall that signal to trees that it’s time to prepare for winter. But weather does affect the intensity of leaf color. Seasonably warm and sunny fall days combined with cool (but not freezing) nights seem to produce the most stunning autumn colors. In addition, fall colors can be delayed by a severe summer drought.

DO LEAVES ON ALL TREES CHANGE COLOR?

No. Trees like pines, spruces and firs are “evergreens”—their leaves are always green. These trees generally have tough needle-shaped leaves that can withstand cold weather. In fact, individual leaves on evergreens can stay on the tree for several years.

ARE CERTAIN COLORS ASSOCIATED WITH A PARTICULAR KIND OF TREE?

Yes. The chart below lists some common trees and their typical fall leaf colors.

 ASPEN:                Golds

BEECH:               Yellows and Tans

DOGWOOD:        Deep Reds

ELM:                    Browns

HICKORY:            Golds

OAK:                   Reds and Browns

RED MAPLE:        Bright Reds

SOURWOOD:       Deep Reds

SUGAR MAPLE:    Orangish Reds

Can’t get enough fall foliage? Check out our Pinterest board Autumn at the Museum

Herb (tree) of the Day

Sorrel (Sourwood) Tree 

Oxydendrum Arboreum

While lore on the Sorrel Wood tree is limited, it is a wonderful addition to any magical practice.  As a medicinal the leaves are cardiac, diuretic, refrigerant and tonic. A tea made from the leaves has been used in the treatment of asthma, diarrhoea, indigestion and to check excessive menstrual bleeding. It is diuretic and is a folk remedy for treating fevers, kidney and bladder ailments. The bark has been chewed in the treatment of mouth ulcers. And as I always say, be sure to check with your primary care physician or licensed Holistic Practitioner before using any natural or folk remedies.

Sorrel wood is a great choice for wands or ritual tools.  It promotes healing and health, balance and beauty.  It’s use in any ceremonial magic or ritual for blessings and good health is a good choice, especially those that have chosen a healing path.  Ritual cups, wands can be used in handfastings, crossings and baby blessings as all require healing, good health and the ability to grow and accept.  

Flowers can be worn on the head, or offered on the altar, and used to dress tables and receiving areas.  Branches may be offered as a healing gift and used in charm bags and amulets.  

Sourwood Honey

Sourwood honey is so rare that a good crop sometimes only surfaces once every decade. Yet, its deep, spicy flavor makes it sought after by honey connoisseurs everywhere. The honey’s scarcity can be attributed to the very small amount of sourwood trees currently growing. The medium-height tree is indigenous to the United States and grows from southern Pennsylvania to northern Georgia. It is also known as sorrel and lily-of-the-valley. It typically blooms from June to August, providing a small window of time in which beekeepers can bring their colonies to collect nectar from the flowers.