A list of supernatural beings in the British Isles, from the Denham Tracts, 1892-5 (pictured).
~from The Penguin Book of English Folktales, Neil Philip, 1992

The author notes that this is where Tolkien found the creature name: Hobbits. I also see Fire Drakes. And I’d add that since this was published, there are at least two recognizable creature/character names J.K. Rowling may have gotten from it.

I made this guide for my mom because she is trying to eat more plant based! I hope this helps you too :)

Vitamins:
 
- B1 (Thiamine)
 - B12 (Cobalamin)
 - B2 (Riboflavin)
 - B3 (Niacin)
 - B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
 - B6 (Pyridoxine)
 - B7 (Biotin)
 - Folate
 - Vitamin A
 - Vitamin C
 - Vitamin D
 - Vitamin E
 - Vitamin K

Minerals:
 
- Calcium
 - Copper
 - Iron
 - Magnesium
 - Manganese
 - Phosphorus
 - Potassium
 - Selenium
 - Sodium
 - Zinc

B1: Maintains healthy hair, nails and skin and aids in mental focus and brain function.
-Nutritional yeast, pine nuts, soymilk, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, green peas, asparagus, most beans, rice bran, watermelon, whole grains, macadamia nuts, artichokes, coriander.

B12: Red blood cell production, needed for optimal brain function to prevent depression and mania. Aids in digestion and improves iron uptake.
-Fortified almond milk, fortified cereals, spirulina, vegan protein powder and nutritional yeast. I just take a B12 tablet J

B2: Converts food to energy, maintains healthy hair, nails and skin. Aids in mental focus and brain function.
-Whole grains, almonds, sesame seeds, spinach, fortified soy milk, mushrooms, quinoa, buckwheat and prunes.

B3: Converts food to energy, maintains healthy hair, nails and skin. Aids in mental focus and brain function.
­-Chili powder, peanuts, peanut butter, rice bran, mushrooms, barley, potatoes, tomatoes, millet, chia seeds, whole grains, wild rice, buckwheat, green peas, avocados, and sunflower seeds.

B5: Converts food to energy, maintains healthy hair, nails and skin. Aids in mental focus and brain function.
-Nutritional yeast, paprika, mushrooms, sunflower seeds, whole grains, broccoli, avocados, tomatoes, soy milk, rice bran and sweet potatoes.

B6: Aids in maintaining homeostasis, prevents anxiety by helping the amino acid tryptophan to convert to niacin and serotonin for healthy nerve function. Also helps ensure a healthy sleep cycle, appetite, and mood. Helps with red blood cell production and immune function.
- Almonds, chia seeds, peanuts, sweet potatoes, peanut butter, onions, oats, tomatoes, carrots and walnuts.

 B7: Converts food to energy, helps reduce blood sugar by synthesizing glucose, helps make and break down fatty acids needed for healthy hair, skin and nails.
- Almonds, chia seeds, peanuts, peanut butter, sweet potatoes, oats, onions, tomatoes, carrots and walnuts. 

Folate: Merges with B12 and Vitamin C to utilize proteins and is essential for healthy brain development and for healthy red blood cell formation.
- Spinach, beans, lentils, asparagus, lettuce, tomatoes, broccoli, avocados, mangoes, oranges, whole grains, basil, peanuts, artichokes, peanut butter, cantaloupe, walnuts, flax seeds, sesame seeds, cauliflower, sunflower seeds, peas, celery, hazelnuts, and chestnuts.

Vitamin A: Keeps skin healthy, improves immune system function and aids in the production of healthy blood and cellular function.
- All leafy greens, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, carrots, winter squash, wheatgrass, grapefruit, cantaloupe, red bell peppers, orange bell peppers, and goji berries.

Vitamin C: Helps fight inflammation, improves your mood, and helps fight off diseases and colds. Beneficial for skin, hair and nails and supports natural collagen function in the body.
- All leafy greens, all vegetables, all fruits, chestnuts, goji berries. Oranges, lemons, limes and fortified orange juice are the best sources.

Vitamin D: Helps with bone health, digestive health, overall metabolic health, and important in preventing muscle weakness, cancer and depression.
- All types of mushrooms, fortified cereals, almond milk, soy milk and the sun!!

Vitamin E: Protects your skin, fights the look of aging. It’s a powerful fat soluble antioxidant that helps protect cell membranes against damaged caused by free radicals. Helps with cholesterol.
- All nuts, all seeds, avocado, spinach, rice bran, wheat germ, whole grains, broccoli, mango, tomatoes, kiwi fruit, swiss chard, olives, mustard greens and asparagus.

Vitamin K: Helps with blood clotting to prevent excessive bleeding. Also helps prevent blood clots. Important for protecting our bones and prevents easy breaks and fractures.
-Kale, spinach, romaine lettuce, swiss chard, parsley, Brussel sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, blueberries, prunes, grapes and raspberries.

Calcium: For bone building, as well as responsible for proper muscle contraction, maintenance of the heartbeat and transmission of nerve impulses.
-Broccoli, Brussel sprouts, butternut squash, carrots, cauliflower, kale, sweet potato, chickpeas (hummus), lentils, pinto beans, black beans, kidney beans, fortified almond milk, fortified soy milk, whole wheat, fortified orange juice, orange and raisins.

Copper: Helps with bone and connective tissue production. Also helps produce melanin. Without it you can cause osteoporosis, joint pain, lowered immunity and helps absorb iron.
-Kale, mushrooms, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, cashews, sesame seeds, chickpeas, prunes, avocado, and tofu.

Iron: Needed to make proteins, such as hemoglobin and myoglobin in the blood. It helps carry oxygen from our lungs to our tissues. Iron rich foods should be eaten with foods high in Vitamin C to help with absorption.
-Molasses, dark leafy greens like kale and spinach, tofu, whole grains, beans, nuts and seeds.

 Magnesium: Important nutrient for a host of regular enzymatic functions throughout your body. Helps with energy, insomnia, irritability, anxiety, lack of energy and fatigue, joint pain, low blood sugar, lack of concentration and PMS. 
-Oats, almonds, cashews, cocoa and cacao, seeds, all leafy greens, bananas, sweet potatoes, whole grains, beans and brown rice.

Manganese: Required by the body for proper enzyme functioning, nutrient absorption, wound healing and bone development.
-Hazelnuts, pecans, walnuts, almonds, cashews, pistachios, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, sesame and flax seeds, whole wheat bread, tofu and beans.

Phosphorus: Required for proper cell functioning, regulation of calcium, strong bones and teeth, making of ATP, and helps with anemia, muscle pain, bone formation and weakened immune system.
-Pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, chia seeds, sesame seeds, flax seeds, Brazil nuts, tofu, beans and lentils.

Potassium: Important mineral for the proper function of all cells, tissues and organs in the human body. Helps with your nervous system and shin splints or locked toes.
-Lima beans, swiss chard, sweet potato, potatoes, soy milk, spinach, avocado, lentils, pinto beans and coconut water.

Selenium: Mineral that is needed in small amounts by the body to help regulate the thyroid hormones and support a healthy immune system. It is also an antioxidant that protects cells from damage due to free radicals.
-Mushrooms, couscous, whole wheat pasta, rice, oats, Brazil nuts, sunflower seeds, tofu and beans.

Sodium: Needed for proper muscle contractions, nerve transmissions, maintaining pH balance and hydration.
-Everything has sodium, don’t worry about this one. If you use table salt, you are good. (But don’t use too much or it will cause bloating). Drink lots of water when consuming sodium.

Zinc: Helps your body with carbohydrate metabolism, efficient production of testosterone to prevent estrogen dominance, helps enhance skin and nails, helps enhance your sense of smell, healthy growth, healthy eyesight, wound healing and your immune system. 
-Beans, legumes, nuts, seeds, oats, wheat germ, and nutritional yeast.

10

James, a deeply feeling man who began his working life as an auxiliary psychiatric nurse, shakes his head.

Many of the younger people who present at gender clinics have a history of mental health issues such as self-harming, social anxiety, eating disorders and so on. They see transitioning as their panacea.’

In addition, James says that the proportion of people attending gender clinics who are on the autistic spectrum is approximately six times higher than the general population.

‘The activist line is, 'Oh that’s because they’re trans so if they weren’t discriminated against and could just be themselves and transition they wouldn’t have mental health issues.’ That’s far too simplistic. I wanted to try to find the truth.’

In November 2015, James submitted his first proposed Masters Research title, 'An examination of the experiences of people who have undergone reverse gender reassignment surgery’, which was accepted.

'I had some people contacting me who said, 'Yes we’ve reversed our gender reassignment, but we’re so traumatised we don’t want to talk about it.’ It made me realise how very important the research is.

'Then a group of young women in the U.S. contacted me. They’d transitioned from female to male, had double mastectomies, then re-transitioned back to female.

'They’d stopped the hormone treatment that had been suppressing their menstrual cycles, but didn’t want reconstructive surgery to rebuild their breasts.

'I wanted to include them in my research, particularly as some of the women said they thought their original decision to transition to male had come from social and political pressure, not for psychological reasons.’

He submitted a revised title in October 2016: 'An examination of the experience of people who have undergone Gender Reassignment Procedure and/or have reversed a gender transition.’

James accepted the research might not be 'politically correct’, but felt it was important.

The next month the university rejected his proposal on the basis that 'the posting of unpleasant material on blogs or social media may be detrimental to the reputation of the University’.

'All I wanted to do with my research was listen to what people were saying and report it,’ James says.

'Society is changing so rapidly that a lot of people feel uncertain of their place in it and they’re looking for something. The fact is, the idea of trans identities is now being brought into the classroom and is all over the internet.

'I really think it’s good people who have transitioned have rights and they’re legally recognised in their gender. People fought for years for that and it’s very important.

'Some people need to transition and benefit from it. It’s a complex field, which is why we need to be able to have a healthy discussion about it and not feel afraid to do so.

This has all become a kind of Kafkaesque weird tangle. Somebody needs to call it out.’


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4979498/James-Caspian-attacked-transgender-children-comments.html#ixzz4vXKDo9Xz

Reminder that only 3% of the decision-making in media is made by women. Which means that 97% of how women are portrayed is decided by men. 

It also means that 97% of how men are portrayed in media is decided by men. So, men who blame feminism for the standards of hypermasculinity they are forced to live up to are just using that paper thin shield to try and disguise their rampant sexism and misogyny. 

anonymous asked:

People have been eating animals since they were created??? Why should we stop now??? Cause they're are a lot dying everyday? That's not a farm problem that's an over production problem

Created? By who? Are you suggesting that independent, intelligent, sentient beings were created by some deity purely so that we could pack them in factory farms and slit their throats? If your argument rests on that assumption then you’re not going to convince very many people; certainly not me. That something has been practised a long time is not morally relevant to whether or not we should continue to do it today, that’s a fallacy. It’s not an “overproduction problem” either, we breed so many animals into existence because people create demand by buying animal products; people like you. 

I’d hope that the fact that animals are suffering horrifically purely for purposes of taste, convenience and tradition would be enough of a reason to stop eating them, but if you really need more reasons to stop eating animals, then here, have a whole bunch:

Considering the only honest reason most meat eaters can give in favour of eating animals is “because they taste good,” that should be plenty.

7

1. Fabergé, First Hen Egg or Jeweled Hen Egg, 1885

2. Fabergé, Danish Palaces Egg, 1890

3. Fabergé, Rosebud Egg, 1895

4. Fabergé, Blue Serpent Clock Egg, 1895

6. Fabergé, The Winter Egg, 1913

5. Steel Military Egg, 1916

6. The Pearl Egg, 2015

Listen to Full Episode Here 

Subscribe on iTunes

French sources (for intermediate or advanced learners)!

Hi :)
Some time ago I asked my followers to suggest me some films/books/tv series/general sources to improve my French, and a lot of you (more than I excpected) answered.
If you have other suggestions, please reblog this post and spread the knowledge!
So, here you are the list of all the books/films/singers you suggested, I hope it will help some of you, too:

Books:

  • L'étranger, Camus
  • Si c'était vrai…, Marc Levy
  • Comment je suis devenu stupide, Martin Page
  • Huis clos, Jean-Paul Sartre
  • Mateo Falcone, Prosper Mérimée
  • Monsieur Ibrahim et les fleurs du Coran, Éric-Emmanuel Schmidt
  • Le blé en herbe, Colette
  • Le petit prince, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  • Le petit Nicolas, René Goscinny
  • Cyrano de Bergerac, Edmond Rostand

Grammar book: “Action Grammaire” (for any level)

Films:

  • Les intouchables (2011)
  • Entre les murs (2008)
  • Amélie (2001)
  • Un Prophète (2009)
  • La Règle du Jeu (1939)
  • Des Hommes et des Dieux (2010)
  • Le Scaphandre et le Papillon (2007)
  • Au Revoir, les Enfants (1987)
  • Le passé (2013)
  • La vie d'Adèle (2013)
  • Les choristes (2004)
  • Jeune et jolie (2013)
  • L'Auberge Espagnole (2002)
  • Ne le Dis à personne (2006)
  • Chaos (2005)
  • Delicatessen (1991)

TV series:

  • RIS police scientifique
  • Les revenants
  • Extra French avec sous-titres (YouTube)

Music:

  • Stromae
  • Louise Attaque
  • Dionysos
  • Coeur de Pirate
  • Yelle

minimalista-amor  asked:

¡Hola! I absolutely love your blog and I use it for almost everything. Thank you for the time you personally take to compose word lists and explain a whole lot of stuff:)💕💕 + I'm planning to do my Spanish GCSEs next year but I started learning Spanish like 2 months ago. Do you have any tips on making this learning process faster? +Where can I watched telenovelas with English subs.(Ps. The telemundo website doesn't work for me)? AGAIN THANK YOUUUUUUUJU💕💕💕💘

¡Hola!
Thank you for the lovely message ♡

1)

I think one of the best ways to boost your Spanish is talking with people. Even if you’re a beginner, this will give you a lot of work to do. You will discover what kind of vocabulary, grammar and common phrases you need so you can be more objective on your learning plans. And it will encourage you to keep learning.

Apps to find people:

Make it part of your life. Just like brushing your teeth or taking a shower, spend at least 5 minutes everyday learning, reading, listening, writing or saying something in Spanish. 

Vocabulary is important. You can speak without grammar, but you can’t speak without words. I’m sharing with you vocabulary lists of the most common words in Spanish.

Vocabulary Memrise courses:

Other Memrise courses:

Learn words in context. So I gave you lists of common words and you can find them in SpanishDict or Linguee and see many examples of these words used in phrases.

Another good app to learn Spanish in context is: Clozemaster

Read a lot. This is another way to learn vocabulary in context. Here are some recommendations.

Listen to songs or podcasts. Here are some podcasts for you with transcriptions :)

Ask people. I recommend you HiNative. This is an app where you can ask many kind of things, as translations, meanings, examples and you can even record your voice and ask if it sounds natural. You can also request voice recordings from native speakers. 

If you want to learn fast, I don’t recommend you to stop a lot on grammar things. But I’ll leave you some websites where you can look in grammar quickly. 

2)

It’s hard to find Spanish telenovelas or series with English subtitles. 

But I think you can find some in Netflix. There are some series with English subtitles. 

I found some other websites where you can see TV shows, telenovelas and series in Spanish, but unfortunately they don’t have English subtitles. 

I tried to find more websites, but they either have spam and virus or they’re not available outside the country. 

Positives of BPD

(Borderline personality disorder/emotional regulation disorder).
I made a post like this a while ago when I first started to use tumblr. It was pretty brief and choppily written (in my opinion) so as I’ve said, I decided to remake this with more explanation/research included for more understanding and since lots found it and really liked it. Might as well start 2015 off focusing on these positives.

This is important for awareness/understanding and for those of you who have it, as it really helped me overcome feelings of guilt towards having BPD/ERD and the horrible stigma. It helped me gain self-acceptance. That is why I decided to share it here.

Emotional Regulation Disorder (BPD) is a chronic mental disorder of emotional hypersensitivity and dysregulation.
In BPD, neurobiological emotion and systematic reactions fire off rapidly, longer, easily, and with more intensity as they are hypersensitivity and do not regulate, balance out, or process well and the same as others.
This results in its many symptoms in such behavior, moods, reactions, identity, perception, dissociation, thought patterns, etc.
(The fight/flight system is easily triggered, while the system responsible to regulate that is underactive. There are brain structural differences that are responsible for emotions, decisions, behavior, learning, instincts thoughts, perception, stimuli, relations, etc. Additionally, emotions have been shown to fire off longer and hormones, chemicals, transmitters, all play its part in the hypersensitivity and dysregulation. And so on).
It then causes a wide range of symptoms (depressive, dissociative, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, anger, aggression, suicidal ideations, extreme reactions to real or perceived rejection, abandonment and criticism, etc.) as there are hundreds of ways to recognize ERD/BPD reactions, symptoms, and features.

As the condition influences ‘all’ emotional reactions and functioning, and there is such a wide range of symptoms, it is often described as a version of multiple mental disorders combined. (borderline of multiple conditions)
However, these neurobiological reactions mean the hypersensitivity can affect positive reactions as well.
-For those of you who read this and suddenly think that you have a chronic condition because it says something positive and you say you have them all, stop. It is incredibly disrespect to those of us that have it. You can’t just tell you have it from being able to relate to a post because it says something positive. Posts aren’t some checklist.

Some of the main symptoms of BPD may generate some positive responses or features.
Specifically, with research, analysis, and observations, some hallmark features may be:

-Passionate: As the level of psychological reactions highly differ in those with BPD compared to those without, individuals with the condition experience a higher extremity scale and baseline. For instance, this includes: Depression instead of sadness, humiliation instead of embarrassment, panic instead of nervousness, rage instead of anger, and euphoria instead of happiness, to name a few. Individuals with BPD have been observed to be especially very passionate and reactive as they often react and express this passion and euphoria.

-Lively:
Intense reactions may also result in high euphoria and engaging/active behavior and energy.

-Insightful: Studies on BPD indicated that because of their own hypersensitivity and pain, some people with BPD may easily connect to what is around them. For instance, they were able to easily read facial expressions, behavior, and emotions of those around them in an expression test. People with BPD may take experiences like these and emotions and turn it into insight and understanding, for one example.

-Curious: Observations and studies show unusually high curiosity is common in some people with BPD from the hypersensitivity and connectivity with their emotions, senses, and surroundings.

-High awareness: As a result of being hypersensitive and easily connected to surroundings and outside stimuli, some people with BPD have been observed have high awareness.
Such strong emotions and connections may call for or reinforce high awareness.
For other examples, Marsha Linehan also states they may have higher levels of spiritual experiences more often. Furthermore, people with BPD have been observed to have a high level of comfort, security, and connection to nature and animals, such as pets, as stated by the DSM.

-Compassionate/empathetic: As a result of their own hypersensitivity and pain, many with BPD may portray a high level of empathy and understanding to others.

-Dependent: Dependency is a hallmark symptom of BPD. One main reason for this is the extremity of the hypersensitive emotions, which often generate a huge fear of being alone and abandonment and rejection. Identity symptoms, such as a lack of sense of self, may also result in dependency. Yet, dependency can be a good thing with the proper balance, like for support, closeness, affection, and interconnectivity.

-Protective: This reaction may be common as a result of the intensity and care someone with BPD feels towards a situation or person. It also relates to the high aggression noted in BPD symptoms. Aggression isn’t always a bad thing- aggression can mean protective of someone or the self.

-Loving/appreciative:
Idealization is a main symptom of BPD. Some people with BPD may idealize and glorify another individual in their life because of such strong emotions, reactions, and needs, and they may also be very appreciative because of hypersensitivity and painful experiences.

-Loyal: Idealization, dependency, hypersensitivity, etc- such reactions and features may prompt strong loyalty and devotion.

-Creative: The intensity and hypersensitive highs and lows may generate creativity and expression. An unusually high amount of writers have BPD. High levels of creativity were linked to some individuals with BPD in research cases- new ideas, artistic or musical ability, writing, or other areas of creativity. Fantasizing is a common feature in BPD as well as daydreaming.

-High nociception (pain tolerance): Studies indicate alterations between pain processing in over half of those with BPD, as opposed to individuals without. It has shown an alteration in acute pain processing- they have a higher tolerance for such. Individuals with BPD were far more likely to tolerate it, despite being hypersensitive psychologically. The result of this comes from different systematic responses and antinociception and may be a result of long-term self harm behavior in some cases.

-Discipline: Obsessive compulsive features are on a spectrum amongst many disorders, and some are quite common in BPD. This includes intrusive thoughts in the thought pattern/processes, repetitive behavior as a result of anxiety and distress, and perfectionism, to name a few.
Research observes that with the proper balance and use, people with BPD may also display high levels of self-discipline, work orientation, and drive connected to these features of perfectionism, repetition, etc.

-Sarcastic/funny:
The DSM and other observations state some people with BPD may often express sarcasm and humor.

-Bold:
One of the main symptoms of BPD is impulsiveness; however, research states this may be tied to a positive trait in some individuals with BPD- boldness, bravery, and ability to speak their mind.

-Spontaneous: Living free, acting on the moment, open minded, adventurousness, which is all related to the connections, reactions, and impulsiveness.

-Alluring/Interesting: Such extreme reactions and expressions are shown or felt to others. Because of the intensity, many people note the interesting and/or alluring behavior or energy of someone with BPD in observation.
There are books and other psych writings noting individuals with BPD as “sirens”- Interesting and intense, yet, impulsive, aggressive, and hypersensitive.
Other studies have stated foundings of “physical attractiveness” patterns-however, not entirely realistic, hormonal differences found amongst BPD individuals may relate.

-Individualistic: BPD is a complex disorder that has hundreds of symptoms and features. There is a lot of depth, changeability, intensity, and reactions.
Furthermore, some features may allow one to cultivate such individuality.

-Strong: On a psychological level, people with BPD are often described as feeling the some of the most intense, agonizing reactions, and one needs to be quite strong to handle them.

-Intense: Overall, people with BPD are intense and hypersensitive individuals. The listed^ features may be noted with intensity.  BPD is also called, “Emotional Intensity Disorder.”

Marsha Linehan
states, “Although it is likely that emotion dysregulation is most pronounced in negative emotions, borderline individuals also seem to have difficulty regulating positive emotions and their sequelae.”

aureumtheory  asked:

Hello. I saw your "dark triad" post, can you recommend books about it? Thanks.

hi! That post came from our friends at @psychology-science: go give them a follow if you’d like!

There is this book by Zeigler-Hill and Marcus, The Dark Side of Personality:Science and Practice in Social, Personality, and Clinical Psychology however, it’s expensive so I’ll try to find you some things that are free or low-cost.

“The Dark Triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy” 

 [free through google] a study by Paulhus and Williams about this subject 

The dark triad and normal personality traits

[free through google]  a study by Jakobwitz and Egan about this subject

6

Episode 40: Hilma AF

1. Hilma af Klint at the Royal Academy of Arts, Stockholm, 1885.

2. Hilma af Klint, The Swan No. 1, 1915.

3. Hilma af Klint, Parsifal Series No. 1, 1916. 

4. Hilma af Klint, Altarpiece, No. 1, Group X, 1907.

5. Hilma af Klint, Svanen (The Swan) No. 17, Group IX:SUW, The SUW:UW Series, 1914-1915.

6. Hilma af Klint, Group IV, No. 3. The Ten Largest, Youth, 1907.

Listen to Full Episode Here

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Tips on Writing a Research Paper

As I usually state in my posts this is just what I do to make the process easier, it is not going to work for everyone.  This is the process I use when writing a paper (yes it takes some time to do the organizing part, but I have found that writing is much less daunting when done in this way).  Start your paper as early as you can.  Usually, since I suffer from A-motivational syndrome as well, do your paper piece by piece and it will seem less daunting and stressful. 

1.)  Review your syllabus:  Look for requirements including page number requirements, paper format (APA vs. MLA), number of resources needed, what type of information to include, and list any questions you have regarding the paper.  If you have any questions, ask your teacher MONTHS BEFORE it is due.  You do not want to be stuck writing your paper with no direction and waiting on a response from your teacher the night before it is due. 

2.)  Identify your topic:  Get a simple, basic idea for the topic of your paper.  Have some idea of what you want, but be open-minded to changing it as you do your research and find more information. 

3.) Searching for Sources:  I always start the writing process for a research paper with actually finding the sources I want to use.  If you start your paper and then look for sources, you may find yourself changing various aspects of your paper and having to eliminate some of the previous work you’ve done.  By doing your research fist, you can give yourself direction on where you want to go with your paper and get ideas of various things you can include in your paper.  I will do another post on finding sources in the future, but there are tons of studyspo blogs that have this information.

4.) Type your notes:  I know that some people love taking hand-written notes when doing research, if you prefer this then I guess you could write then type it out.  I found it easier to type because a) I type fast than I write and b) some PDF files and other sources allow you to copy the quote you want to use and paste it into a word document so you don’t have to type it out. 

5.)    Format: (title – citation – each quote followed by in-text citation)  For each source I find, I format it in the word document in the following way:

           Title of the Article/Source – Author

           Citation (done in MLA or APA format depending on requirements)

           “First Quote” (Author(s), Page Number)

           “Second Quote” (Author(s), Page Number)

I do it in the above way with (Author(s), Page Number) because usually my papers are supposed to be in APA format.  This way, it is quoted and cited in a way that I can copy and paste it into my paper where I need it and it is already cited in the proper way for in text citations. 

6.) Note page numbers: It is so much easier to note the page numbers as you are taking notes (whether it be hand written or typed).  Trust me, if you have 15 sources and don’t note the page numbers as you take notes you will spend hours searching through your previously read research trying to find a page number just to cite it properly and it will be frustrating.  It is much easier to just quickly note it in case you use it later. 

7.) Assign a color to each different source:  I do this so that the next few steps are easier.  You will see in a minute as you continue reading that I combine my research by topic, so keeping it color coded allows me to know which source it originally came from.  I am a visual learner, if you are too this step can help you tremendously.  If you aren’t a visual learner and you find this step to be futile, then feel free to skip it.  (I’ve included pictures below, but in this paper did not color-code as I was unfortunately racing against a time limit). 

8.) Open another word document

9.) Outline: Now that you have done your research and notated your sources, it is time to start an outline of your paper.  Personally, I find it easier to outline my paper by paragraph or by topic (sometimes each topic will need to be broken into 2 paragraphs).  This is an example of how I do it:

       I. Introduction:

       II. “Topic 1”:

       III. “Topic 2”: (and so on with as many paragraphs/topics you have)

       IV.  Conclusion:

After each “topic” I have sub-points of what information I want to include in that specific topic/paragraph. 

10.) Copy and paste: Now that you have an outline, open both word documents and line them up so that they are side-by-side so that you can see both documents.  Below I have included a screenshot of a previous paper that I have done and how I set it up.  Go through your notes and copy and paste each quote under the topic you want it to be included in in your final paper.  You can also see an example of this in the screenshot if this is confusing. 

11.) Add any more points you want to add:  If there is more information you want to touch on in a specific topic, make a brief bullet point of the information you want to add. 

12.) You are now ready to begin writing!!:  Start typing, I usually do this under the list of bullet points in the outline.  By doing this you will not be totally concerned about your page/word limit while you are composing your paper (which I feel adds so much unneeded stress).  As I write each paragraph, I include the quotes noted.  As I include the quotes I use the “strikeout” font in word to remind myself that I used it already.  Once I have written all of my paragraphs, I copy and paste them into a third word document (your final paper) in the order that I want them to be in, then fix the formatting (double spaced, 12 inch, times new roman, etc.).  If you are under the word limit you can then read through your paper and add information where needed, or you can identify a part of your paper where you can add a new paragraph and explain something further.  If you are over the word limit, congratulations, just take out the information that is the least necessary. 

13.) Avoid Fluff: No one likes to read useless information.  Don’t waste your time or your professors time.  If you find yourself “fluffing up” your paper to reach a word/page number limit go back, rethink your subtopics, and do some more research. Including fluff usually means that you need to go into more detail or have more subtopics instead of repeatedly explaining the same thing over and over and simplifying something you already said. 

If you have questions, shoot me an ask at TheOrganizedCoyote at http://theorganizedcoyote.tumblr.com/