Shamshir Sword from India dated around the 1830′s on display at the National Army Museum in London

This sword is thought to have belonged to Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the founder of the Sikh Empire in 1799. Ranjit reformed the organisation of the Sikh army to strengthen the infantry and artillery. During the 1830′s the army was made up of Sikhs, Muslims, Hindu and Christians. Ranjit made sure to employ officers from Prussia, Spain, Poland, Russia, France and Britain.

Despite these improvements in 1849, after his death in 1839, the Empire fell prey to the East India Company and was defeated during the Anglo-Sikh War.

Photographs taken by myself

Ottoman shamshir, 19th Century,  Iranian wootz steel blade, scabbard set with gold, diamonds, emeralds and pearls, jade handle, a ceremonial sword, used for an investiture ceremony, a perfect symbol of the luxury, extravagance and workmanship in the Ottoman Empire, said to have been made in 1876 for the investiture of the Ottoman sultan Murad V (reigned May 30–August 31, 1876). He suffered a nervous breakdown before the ceremony and was deposed and imprisioned until his death in 1904.                

Sword (Shamshir) with Scabbard and Belt

The hilt of this saber is mounted in enameled silver in a style associated with the north Indian city of Lucknow, in the Mughal province of Oudh. The blade of crucible (“watered”) steel is exceptionally rare, as it includes the name of the maker, Baqir Mashhadi, an Iranian swordsmith active in India, his patron, Safdar Jang Bahadur, an Iranian who ruled as nawab (governor) of Oudh from 1739 to 1754, and the date of its manufacture.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Accession Number:36.25.1304a, b