This sketch depicts a king wearing the “blue crown,” a collar, and two strings of gold beads. His stubble beard is a sign of mourning. The features of the king make it likely that Seti I is represented. The elaborate execution of the royal image, which is without doubt the work of a master painter, differs from the depiction of the two hands. This sketch was probably a model for trainees, and was later reused for other training purposes by an experienced artist. It is interesting that the painter of the royal head has chosen the topic of a stubble-bearded king, which was not part of the official motifs.
Photograph by Mary Harrsch
Piece on view at Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland.


Prince of Egypt director’s commentary: “Here we went back and forth in this sequence of whether or not how sympathetic Seti was going to be. And we finally decided that we had to make him have more of an edge. And that’s when we added the last lines where he says that “They were only slaves.”” (2/?)


Menmaatre Seti I (or Sethos I as in Greek) was a pharaoh of the New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt, the son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre, and the father of Ramesses II. As with all dates in Ancient Egypt, the actual dates of his reign are unclear, and various historians claim different dates, with 1294 BC to 1279 BC and 1290 BC to 1279 BC being the most commonly used by scholars today.
The name ‘Seti’ means “of Set”, which indicates that he was consecrated to the god Set (also termed “Sutekh” or “Seth”). As with most pharaohs, Seti had several names. Upon his ascension, he took the prenomen “mn-m3‘t-r‘ ”, usually vocalized as Menmaatre, in Egyptian, which means “Established is the Justice of Re.” His better known nomen, or birth name, is transliterated as “sty mry-n-ptḥ” or Sety Merenptah, meaning “Man of Set, beloved of Ptah”.

Statue of Seti I
Period: New Kingdom, Ramesside
Dynasty: Dynasty 19
Reign: reign of Seti I
Date: ca. 1294–1279 B.C.
Geography: Made for Northern Upper Egypt, Abydos.
Medium: Granodiorite

“Seti I, second king of Dynasty 19, was, like his father Ramesses I, very conscious of his role in establishing a new dynasty and restoring the power and stature of Egypt among its neighbors. He campaigned in the Levant and his battle reliefs decorate the exterior walls of the huge hypostyle hall that he added to the temple of Karnak. He also reopened the gold mines in the eastern desert and Nubia. He built a beautiful mortuary temple for himself at Abydos in which was carved the famous kinglist of Abydos, as well as a mortuary temple at Thebes. In the Valley of the Kings, he built one of the most beautifully carved and decorated tombs ever made there.
This kneeling statue of the king shows him making offerings to Osiris and was probably intended for his temple at Abydos. The same high artistic standards that are seen in the reliefs of Seti I are evident in this statue and the face seems to be reminiscent of earlier kings of Dynasty 18 such as Thutmose III. “

This is the boat of Re during its journey through the underworld in the tomb of Seti I of the 19th dynasty.. The day sun idepicted in the boat surrounded by the coils of Mehen (a serpent) and accompanied by Hw Sia who are the personifications of creation and wisdom. The  day sun was depicted as a scarab whilst the night sun was depicted as a ram. Both represented the cycle from dawn to dusk.