ELI5: How do people solve rubik`s cubes in <10 seconds?
Rubik’s cubes are actually solved with a formula, or simple set of rules. Once you know those rules by heart, it just becomes a matter of applying them in the most efficient way (to minimize the number of moves required) and then moving your hands very, very quickly. Those with good memories for images can actually look at the cube once then put on a blindfold and solve it from memory.
Fun fact - every possible (valid) permutation of a Rubik’s Cube has a solution which is no larger than 20 moves. This is called “God’s Number” and it took about 30 years to determine this number. Over 99% of all possible permutations require 16-19 moves to solve.