Rsv

anonymous asked:

There is Bible symbolism. The signs of the times is part of the New Testament Matthew 16:2b–3, When it is evening, you say, "It will be fair weather; for the sky is red." And in the morning, "It will be stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening." You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times. Like red sky on the photo. it´s about Jesus and people arguing, demanding sing from heaven, not heavy religion but applicable to current society

From Wiki:

Gospel of Matthew 16:2b–3 (the signs of the times), the passage describes a confrontation between Jesus and the Pharisees and Sadducees over their demand for a sign from heaven. It is one of several passages of the New Testament that are absent from many early manuscripts. The authenticity of the passage has been disputed by scholars since the second half of the 19th century.

Translation (RSV)

When it is evening, you say, “It will be fair weather; for the sky is red.” And in the morning, “It will be stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.” You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times.

Interesting.

Saya suka dan merupakan salah satu paporit saya karena menurut saya Dr Zakir Naik itu cerdas… Semoga Allah selalu menjaga Beliau dan keluarganya

Dr Zakir Naik mengungkapkan bahwa jumlah misionaris saat ini mencapai satu juta orang.
Di antara mereka, ada yang tugasnya berkeliling untuk mendangkalkan aqidah umat Islam.

Salah satu caranya, memulai dengan mengajukan pertanyaan-pertanyaan ini.

Pertanyaan Pertama

“Apakah dijelaskan dalam Al Quran bahwa Injil adalah firman Tuhan?”

Biasanya muslim yang ditanya demikian akan langsung menjawab, “Ya, disebutkan”

“Kalau begitu mengapa engkau tidak mengikuti Injil?”

Pertanyaan Kedua

“Berapa banyak nama Nabimu (Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) disebutkan dalam Al Quran?”

Muslim yang tahu akan menjawab, “Lima kali. Empat kali dengan nama Muhammad dan satu kali dengan nama Ahmad”

“Berapa banyak nama Yesus Kristus (Isa ‘alaihi salam) disebutkan dalam Al Quran?”

Muslim yang tidak tahu, akan diberitahu oleh misionaris yang mempelajari Al Quran itu.
Bahwa Isa disebutkan 25 kali.

“Mana yang lebih besar, Muhammad yang disebutkan lima kali atau Yesus yang disebutkan 25 kali dalam Al Quran?” demikian pertanyaan misionaris berikutnya.

Pertanyaan Ketiga

“Apakah Nabi Muhammad punya ayah dan punya ibu?”

“Ya”

“Apakah Isa (Yesus) dilahirkan dengan ibu dan ayah?”

“Isa memiliki ibu tetapi tidak memiliki ayah”

“Mana yang lebih hebat, orang yang dilahirkan dengan cara biasa dengan adanya ibu dan ayah atau yang terlahir tanpa ayah?”

Pertanyaan Keempat

“Apakah Nabi Muhammad memiliki mukjizat?”

“Ya”“Apakah Nabi Muhammad bisa menghidupkan orang mati?”

“Tidak” (Karena dalam Al Quran dan hadits tidak disebutkan mukjizat itu)

“Apakah Isa bisa menghidupkan orang mati?”

“Ya” (salah satu mukjizat Nabi Isa, dengan izin Allah, bisa menghidupkan orang mati)

“Mana yang lebih hebat, yang tidak bisa menghidupkan orang mati atau yang bisa menghidupkan orang mati?”

Pertanyaan kelima

“Apakah Nabimu Muhammad sekarang secara fisik meninggal atau hidup?”

“Meninggal”

“Apakah Yesus (Isa) sekarang meninggal atau masih hidup?”

“Masih hidup” “Mana yang lebih hebat, yang sudah meninggal atau yang masih hidup hingga sekarang?”

Pertanyaan-pertanyaan itu membuat banyak muslim yang tidak memahami Al Quran menjadi bingung.
Namun, sebenarnya semuanya hanya pertanyaan licik misionaris. Jawabannya sudah ada dalam Al Quran.

Jawaban atas Pertanyaan Misionaris (1)

Di antara cara untuk mendangkalkan aqidah, bahkan sampai memurtadkan, misionaris menggunakan sejumlah pertanyaan.

Dr Zakir Naik membeberkan lima pertanyaan utama yang biasa dipakai para misionaris.
Berikut ini pertanyaan tersebut dan jawabannya:

Pertanyaan Pertama

“Apakah dijelaskan dalam Al Quran bahwa Injil adalah firman Tuhan?”

Biasanya muslim yang ditanya demikian akan langsung menjawab, “Ya, disebutkan”

“Kalau begitu mengapa engkau tidak mengikuti Injil?”

Jawaban atas Pertanyaan Pertama

Al Quran memang mengatakan Injil adalah kitab Allah sebagaimana Taurat juga kitab Allah.
Al Quran membenarkan keduanya, sebagaimana tercantum dalam Surat Ali Imran ayat 3.

نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنْجِيلَ

“Dia menurunkan Al Kitab (Al Quran) kepadamu dengan sebenarnya; membenarkan kitab yang telah diturunkan sebelumnya dan menurunkan Taurat dan Injil”
(QS. Ali Imran: 3)

Jadi Injil dibenarkan Al Quran sebagai kitab yang telah diturunkan sebelumnya.
Bukan berarti harus diikuti, sebagaimana Taurat juga dibenarkan sebagai kitab yang telah diturunkan sebelumnya tetapi tidak untuk diikuti.
Bahkan seharusnya, orang yang percaya pada Taurat dan Injil, mereka mengikuti Al Quran sebagaimana orang yang berpegang pada sesuatu akan mengikuti update terbaru dari sesuatu itu.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ آَمِنُوا بِمَا نَزَّلْنَا مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا مَعَكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ نَطْمِسَ وُجُوهًا فَنَرُدَّهَا عَلَى أَدْبَارِهَا أَوْ نَلْعَنَهُمْ كَمَا لَعَنَّا أَصْحَابَ السَّبْتِ وَكَانَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ مَفْعُولًا

“Hai orang-orang yang telah diberi Alkitab, berimanlah kamu kepada apa yang telah Kami turunkan (Al Quran) yang membenarkan kitab yang ada pada kamu…”
(QS. An Nisa’: 47)

Selain itu, Injil yang dibenarkan Al Quran adalah Injil yang otentik.
Injil pada zaman Nabi Isa sebelum diubah oleh para pemalsu.
Adapun Injil yang ada sekarang, telah beberapa kali mengalami perubahan, misalnya pada Persidangan Nicea pada tahun 325 M.
Pada tahun 1881 dirilis Injil King James Version (KJV) yang merevisi beberapa hal yang dianggap bertentangan.
Pada tahun 1952 dirilis Revised Standard Version (RSV) atas dasar ditemukannya beberapa cacat pada KJV.

Pertanyaan Kedua

“Berapa banyak nama Nabimu (Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) disebutkan dalam Al Quran?”

Muslim yang tahu akan menjawab, “Lima kali.
Empat kali dengan nama Muhammad dan satu kali dengan nama Ahmad”

“Berapa banyak nama Yesus Kristus (Isa ‘alaihi salam) disebutkan dalam Al Quran?”

Muslim yang tidak tahu, akan diberitahu oleh misionaris yang mempelajari Al Quran itu.
Bahwa Isa disebutkan 25 kali.

“Mana yang lebih besar, Muhammad yang disebutkan lima kali atau Yesus yang disebutkan 25 kali dalam Al Quran?” demikian pertanyaan misionaris berikutnya.

Jawaban atas Pertanyaan Kedua

Nabi Isa ‘alaihis salam memang disebutkan dalam Al Quran lebih banyak daripada Nabi Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam.
Namun, penyebutan yang lebih banyak itu tidak menunjukkan siapa yang lebih besar atau lebih agung.

Nabi Musa, bahkan disebutkan lebih banyak lagi.
Nama Nabi Musa disebutkan sebanyak 124 kali dalam Al Quran.
Di Surat Al Baqarah 13 kali,
di Surat Ali Imran 1 kali,
di Surat An Nisa’ 2 kali,
di Surat Al Maidah 3 kali,
di Surat Al An’am 2 kali,
di Surat Al A’raf 18 kali,
di Surat Yusuf 7 kali,
di Surat Hud 3 kali,
di Surat Ibrahim 3 kali,
di Surat Al Isra’ 2 kali,
di Surat Al Kahfi 2 kali,
di Surat Maryam 1 kali,
di Surat Thaha 16 kali,
di Surat AL Anbiya’ 1 kali,
di Surat Al Hajj 1 kali,
di Surat Al MU’minun 2 kali,
di Surat Asy Syu’ara’ 8 kali,
di Surat An Naml 3 kali,
di Surat Al Qashash 17 kali,
di Surat AL Ankabut 1 kali,
di Surat As Sajdah 1 kali,
di Surat Al Ahzab 1 kali,
di Surat Ash Shafat 2 kali,
di Surat Ghafir 5 kali,
di Surat Fushilat 1 kali,
di Surat Az Zukhruf 1 kali,
di Surat AL Ahqaf 2 kali,
di Surat Adz Dzariyat 1 kali,
di Surat An Najm 1 kali,
di Surat Ash Shaf 1 kali, dan
di Surat An Naziat 1 kali.

Nah, jika karena disebutkan lebih banyak dalam Al Quran kemudian otomatis lebih agung, apakah orang-orang Nasrani mau mengakui bahwa Nabi Musa lebih agung daripada Nabi Isa?

Bahkan, jika karena disebutkan lebih banyak dalam Al Quran kemudian dianggap menjadi Tuhan, apakah orang-orang Nasrani mau mengakui bahwa Musa adalah Tuhan?

Satu hal lagi, Al Quran hampir selalu menyebut Nabi Isa lengkap dengan bin Maryam.
Hanya 4 kali nama Nabi Isa disebut sendirian tanpa bin Maryam yaitu pada Surat Ali Imran ayat 52,
Ali Imran ayat 55,
Ali Imran ayat 59, dan
Az Zukhruf ayat 63.

Selebihnya selalu disebut Isa bin Maryam.
Untuk menegaskan bahwa Isa adalah anak Maryam, bukan anak Tuhan sebagaimana klaim kaum Nasrani.

Pertanyaan Ketiga

“Apakah Nabi Muhammad punya ayah dan punya ibu?”

“Ya”

“Apakah Isa (Yesus) dilahirkan dengan ibu dan ayah?”

“Isa memiliki ibu tetapi tidak memiliki ayah”

“Mana yang lebih hebat, orang yang dilahirkan dengan cara biasa dengan adanya ibu dan ayah atau yang terlahir tanpa ayah?”

Jawaban atas Pertanyaan Ketiga

Nabi Isa memang tidak memiliki ayah. Namun, bukan berarti lebih hebat daripada Nabi Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam.
Apalagi jika kemudian dijadikan tuhan, sama sekali keliru.

Sekarang saya tanya, mana yang lebih hebat, Isa yang lahir tanpa ayah atau Adam yang tanpa ayah dan tanpa ibu? Jika Isa lahir tanpa ayah kemudian dijadikan tuhan, seharusnya Adam lebih berhak untuk dijadikan tuhan karena tidak memiliki ayah dan tidak memiliki ibu.

Al Quran menjelaskan penciptaan Isa dan Adam sebagai berikut:

إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَى عِنْدَ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ آَدَمَ خَلَقَهُ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ

“Sesungguhnya misal (penciptaan Isa di sisi Allah adalah seperti (penciptaan) Adam.
Allah menciptakan Adam dari tanah kemudian Allah berfirman kepadanya: “Jadilah” (seoang manusia), maka jadilah ia”
(QS. Ali Imran: 59)

Karena lahir tanpa ayah, orang Kristen juga menyebut Yesus anak Tuhan. Dalam Yohanes 6:67-69, Yesus disebut anak tuhan oleh Petrus. Karena disebut anak tuhan, lantas dituhankan.
Padahal ada banyak orang yang disebut “anak Tuhan” dalam Injil. Adam adalah anak Tuhan,
Efraim adalah anak Tuhan,
Ezra adalah anak Tuhan.
Semua orang yang dituntun Tuhan adalah anak-anak Tuhan.
Jadi anak Tuhan adalah kata yang digunakan dalam Injil yang artinya seseorang yang mengikuti ajaran Tuhan.
Jika orang Kristen masih ngotot menjadikan Yesus sebagai Tuhan, carilah di Injil pernyataan Yesus yang mengatakan “Akulah Tuhan” atau “Sembahlah aku.”
Niscaya tidak akan pernah ketemu.

Pertanyaan Keempat

“Apakah Nabi Muhammad memiliki mukjizat?”

“Ya”

“Apakah Nabi Muhammad bisa menghidupkan orang mati?”

“Tidak” (Karena dalam Al Quran dan hadits tidak disebutkan mukjizat itu)

“Apakah Isa bisa menghidupkan orang mati?”

“Ya” (salah satu mukjizat Nabi Isa, dengan izin Allah, bisa menghidupkan orang mati)

“Mana yang lebih hebat, yang tidak bisa menghidupkan orang mati atau yang bisa menghidupkan orang mati?”

Jawaban atas Pertanyaan Keempat

Salah satu mukjizat Nabi Isa ‘alaihis salam adalah menghidupkan orang mati.
Sebagaimana firman Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala:

وَرَسُولًا إِلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِآَيَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ أَنِّي أَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ فَأَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَأُحْيِي الْمَوْتَى بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَأْكُلُونَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُونَ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآَيَةً لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ

“Dan (sebagai) Rasul kepada Bani Israil (dia Isa berkata), "Aku datang kepadamu dengan sebuah tanda (mukjizat) dari Tuhanmu, yaitu aku membuatkan bagimu (sesuatu) dari tanah berbentuk seperti burung, lalu aku meniupnya, maka ia menjadi seekor burung dengan izin Allah.
Dan aku menyembuhkan orang buta sejak lahir dan orang yang berpenyakit kusta.
Dan aku menghidupkan orang mati dengan izin Allah, dan aku beritakan kepadamu apa yang kamu makan dan apa yang kamu simpan di rumahmu. Sesungguhnya pada yang demikian itu terdapat suatu tanda (kebenaran kerasulanku) bagimu, jika kamu orang beriman.”
(QS. Ali Imran: 49)

Namun ingat, yang menghidupkan orang mati itu adalah Allah.
Nabi Isa mengakuinya sendiri.
Demikian pula dalam Injil, Yesus mengakui bahwa yang menghidupkan orang mati adalah Allah.
Bukan dirinya.

Sahabatku Lazarus mati, maka kembalikanlah ruh kepadanya Tuhan “. Allah memperkenankan doanya dan berfirman, “Mintalah, sesungguhnya engkau akan memperoleh apa yang engkau minta”.
Ketika Yesus menyeru Lazarus agar keluar kepadanya, ia berkata, “Bapa, Aku mengucap syukur kepadamu, karena engkau telah mendengarkan aku.
Aku tahu, bahwa engkau selalu mendengarkan aku”
(Yohanes 11: 41-42)

Lalu besar mana mukjizat Nabi Isa dengan mukjizat Nabi Muhammad? Jika dikatakan bahwa menghidupkan orang mati adalah mukjizat terbesar Nabi Isa, ternyata dalam Injil disebutkan ada lima orang yang bisa menghidupkan orang mati.
Selain Nabi Isa (Yesus), mereka adalah Nabi Ilyas (Elia),
Nabi Ilyasa (Elisa),
Yehezkiel (seorang nabi di kalangan Nabi Israel menurut Injil), dan
Petrus.

Apakah dengan begitu, mereka semua juga dianggap sebagai Tuhan karena menurut Injil bisa menghidupkan orang mati?
Sungguh lucu.

Nah, berbeda dengan Nabi-Nabi sebelumnya yang mukjizatnya kadang serupa dengan Nabi yang lain, Rasulullah Muhammad memiliki banyak mukjizat dan yang terbesar adalah Al Qur’an.
Jika mukjizat yang lain sudah tidak bisa dilihat lagi bekasnya, Al Quran tetap ada hingga hari kiamat.

Dan Al Quran sendiri menantang siapapun di dunia ini untuk menandinginya, dan hingga saat ini tidak ada yang bisa menerima tantangan ini.

وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ فِي رَيْبٍ مِمَّا نَزَّلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِنَا فَأْتُوا بِسُورَةٍ مِنْ مِثْلِهِ وَادْعُوا شُهَدَاءَكُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ . فَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلُوا وَلَنْ تَفْعَلُوا فَاتَّقُوا النَّارَ الَّتِي وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْكَافِرِينَ

“Jika kamu (tetap) dalam keraguan tentang al-Qur’ân yang Kami wahyukan kepada hamba Kami (Muhammad), buatlah satu surat (saja) yang semisal al-Qur’ân itu dan ajaklah penolong-penolongmu selain Allâh, jika kamu orang-orang yang benar. Maka jika kamu tidak dapat membuat(nya), dan pasti kamu tidak akan dapat membuat(nya), peliharalah dirimu dari neraka yang bahan bakar nya manusia dan batu, (neraka itu) telah disediakan bagi orang-orang kafir.”
(QS. Al Baqarah: 23-24)

Anda berani menerima tantangan ini, Pak Misionaris?

Pertanyaan Kelima

“Apakah Nabimu Muhammad sekarang secara fisik meninggal atau hidup?”

“Meninggal”

“Apakah Yesus (Isa) sekarang meninggal atau masih hidup?”

“Masih hidup”

“Mana yang lebih hebat, yang sudah meninggal atau yang masih hidup hingga sekarang?”

Jawaban atas Pertanyaan Kelima

Pertanyaan ini justru akan meruntuhkan doktrin terbesar Kristen.

Dalam Al Quran memang dinyatakan bahwa Nabi Isa ‘alaihis salam tidak disalib.
Yang disalib adalah orang yang diserupakan dengan Nabi Isa.

وَقَوْلِهِمْ إِنَّا قَتَلْنَا الْمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَكِنْ شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِنْهُ مَا لَهُمْ بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلَّا اتِّبَاعَ الظَّنِّ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينًا

Dan karena ucapan mereka: “Sesungguhnya Kami telah membunuh Al Masih, Isa putra Maryam, Rasul Allah”, padahal mereka tidak membunuhnya dan tidak (pula) menyalibnya, tetapi (yang mereka bunuh ialah) orang yang diserupakan dengan Isa bagi mereka. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang berselisih paham tentang (pembunuhan) Isa, benar-benar dalam keragu-raguan tentang yang dibunuh itu.
Mereka tidak mempunyai keyakinan tentang siapa yang dibunuh itu, kecuali mengikuti persangkaan belaka, mereka tidak (pula) yakin bahwa yang mereka bunuh itu adalah Isa.
(QS. An Nisa’: 157)

Jika orang Kristen mengatakan Yesus masih hidup, berarti yang disalib bukan Yesus.
Sama seperti firman Allah dalam Al Quran tersebut.
Namun jika Yesus tidak mati disalib, tidak ada konsep penebusan dosa sebagaimana yang dijadikan pijakan gereja saat ini.
Jadi Anda meyakini yang mana?
Yesus masih hidup karena tidak disalib atau Yesus mati disalib?
Anda pasti akan bingung sendiri.

Adapun pertanyaan siapa yang lebih hebat, orang yang meninggal atau orang yang masih hidup, bukanlah pertanyaan yang tepat.
Anda masih hidup, Nabi Musa telah meninggal.
Siapa yang lebih hebat?

Khusus untuk Nabi Isa yang diangkat Allah dan nanti akan diturunkan menjelang hari kiamat, itu bukanlah kehebatan Nabi Isa atas Nabi Muhammad namun semata-mata atas kehendak Allah dalam rangka menegaskan kesalahan orang-orang yang menganggapnya sebagai Tuhan.

لَيْسَ بَيْنِى وَبَيْنَهُ نَبِىٌّ – يَعْنِى عِيسَى – وَإِنَّهُ نَازِلٌ فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمُوهُ فَاعْرِفُوهُ رَجُلٌ مَرْبُوعٌ إِلَى الْحُمْرَةِ وَالْبَيَاضِ بَيْنَ مُمَصَّرَتَيْنِ كَأَنَّ رَأْسَهُ يَقْطُرُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُصِبْهُ بَلَلٌ فَيُقَاتِلُ النَّاسَ عَلَى الإِسْلاَمِ فَيَدُقُّ الصَّلِيبَ وَيَقْتُلُ الْخِنْزِيرَ وَيَضَعُ الْجِزْيَةَ

“Tidak ada nabi (yang hidup) antara masaku dan Isa.
Sungguh, kelak ia akan turun, jika kalian melihatnya maka kenalilah.
Ia adalah seorang laki-laki yang sedang (tidak tinggi dan tidak terlalu pendek), berkulit merah keputih-putihan, beliau memakai di antara dua kain berwarna sedikit kuning.
Seakan rambut kepala beliau menetes meski tidak basah.
Beliau akan memerangi manusia hingga mereka masuk ke dalam Islam, beliau akan menghancurkan salib, membunuh babi dan menghapus jizyah”
(HR. Abu Daud; shahih)

You’ve almost certainly encountered human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), even if its name doesn’t sound familiar. Its viral ‘cousins’ include mumps and measles, although RSV is distinct in that it goes straight for the lungs. Most people have been exposed to it by the age of three, with mild cases being indistinguishable from the common cold. In vulnerable infants and the elderly, however, it can lead to bronchiolitis and pneumonia.

One distinct feature of RSV infection is that infected cells (tagged in green in this image) fuse together forming giant cells or syncytia, like the one in the centre. Each has more than one nucleus (nuclei of infected and healthy cells are stained blue). By culturing bronchial epithelial cells on special protein-coated surfaces researchers have created a laboratory model to mimic the lining of the lungs. This will be used to study RSV infection - which is important, since there’s currently no treatment or cure.

Image: Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV).

doctorwhom456  asked:

So glad your ask is open! Is there any disease that could have someone coughing up blood and kill them within a few days? The timeframe of my story is short, so tuberculosis with its long incubation period wouldn't work. And the character isn't injured in any way, it's an attempt of biological warfare. Thanks!

Note: I initially missed the “biological warfare” portion of this ask. 

Hmmmm. So hemoptysis – bloody sputum – is a symptom of a few things. 

One of those is arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of vasculature in the pulmonary system. If that’s the cause, and the AVM is a symptom ob a bigger vascular problem, they could cause a fairly sudden death. I wouldn’t throw the book across the room if that’s explained in the story. 

The major causes of hemoptysis I’m aware of are pulmonary edema – blood flow backing up into the pulmonary vasculature until it floods the lungs – and tuberculosis, which is legendary for it. 

Perhaps your character had a heart attack, and they can’t clear their pulmonary vasculature, and they die fairly quickly of it. However, this would come with other unwanted side effects. A pulmonary artery aneurysm is possible but honestly fairly unlikely, because the pulmonary arteries are low-pressure systems. 

One other cause: it’s really rare, but an aneurysm of the aorta can cause a fistula with the tracheobrochial tree (the physical space in which air passes), causing blood to enter the airway, and this could be rapidly fatal. 

My issue in general with the bloody cough trope is that it’s… kind of misguided. Sure, it’s visually dramatic and so forth, but, if I’m honest, basing a disease around one symptom is backwards. Bloody cough is what you want. What you seem to need is a rapidly fatal disease to give your character. 


NOW THAT I’VE REREAD THE QUESTION LIKE A NOT-MORON, let me take this down the biowarfare tack. (I’m leaving what I’d already written because other people might have questions about bloody coughs.) 

Biowarfare is interesting, and I honestly don’t know too much about it. Fortunately, in modern times it hasn’t been used much; chemwar is much more common and much easier to control and target. 

Biowar weapons typically include difficult-to-kill viruses (such as ebola) or bacteria (like anthrax). 

However, if you’re willing to make up a disease, you could realistically have a genetically engineered virus that attacks the lining of the lungs and airways, and they basically have bloody asthma to death. You’d get a fever, wheezing, swelling in the airways, cough, then bloody cough, then death. Your evil bioweapon-maker characters could probably, in fact, modify a version of [RSV – Respiratory Syncytial Virus] – to suit their evil plans. (They’d have to modify it so that it’s extremely aggressive and also doesn’t “look” like RSV to the immune system; adults are typically immune to RSV as we know it, but kids under 2 can have really bad cases of it. In fact, maybe this disease is special-built to target children…) eRSV (for Engineered) as a name, perhaps? 

Sorry I don’t have anything realistic off-hand to give you as a bioweapon, but in all honesty, I feel a lot safer knowing that, too :) 

Hope this helped! 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

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Croup vs. Epiglottitis (Peds.)

Pediatrics (neonates to school age; adolescence is another topic) is probably my least favorite specialty to deal with and they are one of the hardest to help at times with all the elements that go with the patient. Whether it is dealing with the sick child or the distraught parents, we must sift through the physical findings and the information from the parents to understand what is going on. This gets especially sticky when it comes to some upper airway complications in the younger group.

Two very common upper airway problems in the younger populations include Croup and Epiglottitis. Both can be dangerous, but require different management when treatment is concerned. This article will give you a brief overview of the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, treatments, and key points to remember.

Croup

Pathophysiology: Commonly a viral infection (RSV, adenovirus, influenza A and B, etc.) of the upper respiratory system for ages 6 to 36 months. Major inflammation has occurred in the larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and lung parenchyma; causing obstruction of the airway. As the swelling progresses supraglottic the patients with begin show signs of respiratory distress. Further along, the patient’s lower airway may begin to begin having atelectasis, due to the lack of air keeping the alveoli open.

Croup is a slow progression of inflammation. Noticing early that the patient has upper respiratory issue is key in the management. Due to the smaller airway of children, we must not hesitate to seat

Signs and Symptoms: The most common sign of croup will be the seal like bark with inspiratory stridor. With this means that the patient is in respiratory distress and quickly heading to failure. If you hear the seal like bark, check the lower lung fields for crackles, because possible atelectasis may have begun.

Commonly more serious during night, awakening them from sleep. Other signs to know include:

  • Tachypnea
  • Retractions
  • Cyanosis
  • Shallow respirations
  • Fever

Treatment: Emergency treatment for croup is a humidified air and a dose of corticosteroids. If in further destress, racemic epinephrine will assist with edema. ETCO2 and O2 readings will help determine if there is retention of gasses, which may lead to acidosis. ABGs will be needed to confirm this as well.

Usually, patients will be able to return home to be monitored. Family should watch for difficulty breath and be using humified air. Antipyretics will assist in keeping fevers down as well.

Epiglottitis

Pathophysiology: Influenza type B, streptococcus pneumoniae or aureus may cause epiglottitis. The epiglottis is a small flap above the glottic opening, which is used to prevent foreign objects entering the trachea. When the epiglottis is infected, with will swell, narrowing the airway for the patient. Increased work of breathing may occur and soon my might have a patient in respiratory failure.

Epiglottitis is a more acute problem, with sudden onset and quick changes to mentation form the restriction of airflow.

Signs and symptoms: As the epiglottis swells, the child may begin to develop stridor. When stridor occurs, we must ask the question is this an object or is this medical. Other signs that might point you towards epiglottitis will be:

  • Sore throat
  • fever
  • Odynophagia
  • Drooling
  • Irritability
  • Cyanosis
  • Tripoding or nasal flaring

Treatment: The most important thing with these patients is to ensure they have an airway. Do not try and examine the patient, especially if you are a paramedic on scene (Load and go). When gathering a medical history, it is especially important to ask for vaccination in the pediatric population. Today, Influenza vaccinations are given to children, but we do have a set population now that do not vaccinate their children. X-rays of neck will be done and a visual examination may be performed. Keep the patient calm at this time, further agitation may cause the airway to swell more.

Patient will commonly receive an antibiotic, such as ceftriaxone, to help with the bacteria. ET tubes may be places in severe cases and usually remain for 24 to 48 hours. Trachostomes may be required, if a ET tube cannot pass the glottic opening.

Key Points

  • Both Croup and Epiglottitis can be dangerous to pediatric patients. If you have a child that has stridor and any signs of distress, they will need immediate attention.
  • Out of hospital, assume epiglottitis and rule it out when you can. This load and go for you
  • Croup X rays may show steeple sign, but epiglottitis won’t

Written by: MEDDAILY

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I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well. Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia. Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.
— 

Romans‬ ‭16‬:‭1-7‬ ESV

This entire passage is an awkward one for Christians who do not permit women to have positions of authority in the church. It is not surprising that this translation, the English Standard Version, obscures the controversy. One of the original reasons the ESV translation project was begun was to create a contemporary translation that emphasized traditional gender roles to compete against the trend toward gender neutrality in other contemporary translations.

Of the first seven persons that Paul mentions by name at the end of his book for commendation or special greeting, four are women.

The first person, Phoebe, a woman, is called “a servant of the church”. This may seem to suggest a menial or unimportant role, until we remember that Paul frequently uses the word “servant” to describe himself in his letters, even right beside the word “apostle”. She is mentioned first, and given a lot of ink compared to many others in the list. Without an application of the belief that her gender would not allow the position, one could easily interpret this commendation and description as a pastoral or preaching role.

“Prisca” and Aquila are named “Priscilla” and Aquila in Acts. In Acts 18:2 (and elsewhere) they are described as married, and Priscilla is called the wife. Whether they pastored the church in their house together, or only hosted, we cannot be sure. However, we do know Priscilla and Aquila are an important couple to Paul in the account of Paul’s ministry in Acts. In Acts 18:26 the two of them together take Apollos* aside and teach him correct doctrine, giving a clear example of a woman in scripture teaching theology to a man, and even a man who would later become a respected minister along with Paul. In that same verse, as here in Romans, Priscilla, the wife, is mentioned first. Paul calls them “fellow workers in Christ”. We know that they, like Paul, made tents, but we also know from Acts 18:26 that they taught scripture together as well. Paul likely regarded them as fellow workers on both accounts, and in so doing called a woman a peer.

The final two sentences are some of the most problematic of any New Testament passage to Christians who deny women authority in the church. The ESV’s bias is most obvious in this verse. Compare the ESV’s translation to the NIV, and also to the RSV, the original source that was revised to create the ESV:

“Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.”
- Romans 16:7 ESV

Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was.
- Romans‬ ‭16‬:‭7‬ NIV

Salute Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners; they are men of note among the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.
- Romans‬ ‭16‬:‭7‬ RSV

Both the NIV and RSV differ significantly from the ESV with their use of the word “among”. In both of these translations, these partners are clearly apostles, not just “well known to the apostles". Notice how the much older RSV solves the problem of gender by simply reinterpreting Junia’s name as masculine, and then inserting the wholly unnecessary “men”, just in case we might have missed it. This was once a common way to solve the controversy of this woman clearly being called an apostle, which would demonstrate a position and responsibility of authority and teaching to a woman in the early church. Modern scholarship has largely abandoned this idea, and most newer translations and Greek scholars recognize Junia as a female name.

The NIV, with no agenda to promote, has no problem using Junia’s female name, and has no need to insert a gender as does the RSV. I am glad to see the team behind the ESV at least have the integrity to drop that old argument. However the ESV, with its explicit mission to promote an all-male view of church authority, has to aim its reinterpretation of the passage elsewhere, so Junia and Andronicus (by association) are both demoted for the sake of the teaching.

Even upon reading the ESV’s interpretation, one is still left to wonder why this couple has been jailed together, along with Paul, if not for preaching about Jesus? It seems unlikely he’d describe them this way if it were another reason, and unlikely that Junia would have also been arrested unless she was also involved.

I don’t expect any of these arguments to end this controversy. I haven’t said anything new here. I offer it especially for those who have been raised in churches where these damaging “male only” teachings are just assumed, who have hoped there is another side of the story, but have not yet been exposed to it.

ps. All of the scholars involved in the translating of the RSV and ESV were men. The 1984 translation of the NIV had only men on the translation committee. The translation committee for NIV’s 2011 update had one woman among them, and a female secretary. Progress!

*An earlier version of this post mistakenly named the teacher of Acts 18:26 Barnabas instead of Apollos.

Welcome!

What is Rumbelle Summer Vacation?

It started with this post! Rumbelle Summer Vacation is a fan event planning to run through the month of August. Rumbelle got their Happily Ever After at the end of season 6, and as we know, Belle has always wanted to see the world. And so, through the month of August, the idea is for thirty-one (or more!) Rumbelle fans to each pick a day and a location, and then post about somewhere Rumbelle went on their travels!

What kind of works are accepted?

Anything! Literally anything! As long as it’s complete and has not been posted before, is set post-season 6, and is about Rumbelle travelling. Fanfiction is great, so are edits, comics, drawings, videos, whatever you can think of!

Do I have to post on the day I pick?

One of the (very few) downsides to one-day fic events and exchanges, is that some awesome works get lost in the deluge. The idea of RSV is to spread it out, so everyone gets a day when their work is the centre of attention. Ideally, since it’s nearly two months away, everyone should post on their chosen day. 

However, we can accommodate closer to the time if there are problems! Remember, queuing is a thing if you’re busy the day of posting, and this blog is capable of posting submissions if you really can’t be around to post on a free day! In the end if you can’t post, no worries :D

Do I have to choose a new location?

Again, the idea is to put the spotlight on whoever posts that day, so it makes sense for each fic to be a new variation. You have the whole world at your disposal - if you’re really stuck, have Rumbelle visit your home town! 

If you have a really excellent idea, but the location is already chosen, then at least try and narrow it down. But please try and make this a last resort!

Are Anyelle and/or smut allowed?

Smut is most definitely allowed, so long as its appropriately tagged! Unfortunately this is supposed to be a Happy Ending post-s6 Rumbelle event, so Anyelle stories don’t really fit the bill. However, if you want to have another Bobby show up in your story, by all means go for it!

How about if I’m an angst-lord and want to make readers cry?

I mean, I can’t stop you, but this is about celebrating our hard-won happy ending! So if you make the babies cry, you gotta try and fix it by the end. 

How do I sign up?

The sign-up sheet is HERE - please fill in your name and location next to your chosen date!!!!

Please don’t edit beyond that, or move anyone else’s entry! - anyone who does tamper with it beyond that risks ruining the event for anyone, and so Ru will hunt you down and murder you.

It’s my day: how do I post?

Either submit your work to this blog, or post it to your blog and send us the link so we can reblog it! Or both! Just make sure and tag #rumbellesummervacation in the first four tags so we can find it!

I wanna help!

Awesome! Hopefully this event will basically run itself, I could do with a few people who’re willing to keep an eye on the spreadsheet, provide encouragement to entrants who need help, or make sure this blog is up-to-date, please send me an ask! - @rufeepeach

List of Spiritual Books

So here’s the books I’ve found (or they found me) to be helpful along in my faith. I’m going to try to list them in somewhat chronological order, but I may fail at that. What’s in parenthesis is what I haven’t finished & what’s in brackets I’m currently reading. If you have any questions on any of them, let me know. I can try to give a little explanation of them.

. Blessed are the Bored in Spirit - Mark Hart
. (Ignatius The Holy Bible RSV)
. YouCat
. Diary of St. Maria Faustina Kowalska
. Story of a Soul - St. Therese of Lisieux
. The Imitation of Christ - Thomas á Kempis
. (The Imitation of Mary - Thomas á Kempis)
. 33 Days to Morning Glory – Fr. Michael Gaitley M.I.C.
. (Mother Angelica’s Private & Pithy Lessons from Scriptures)
. Consoling the Heart of Jesus – Fr. Michael Gaitley M.I.C.
. The ‘One Thing’ is Three – Fr. Michael Gaitley M.I.C.
. Poor in Spirit – Gabriel-Marie Cardinal Garrone (about St. Jean Jugan, founder of the Little Sisters of the Poor)
. The Secret of the Rosary - St. Louis de Montfort
. (Catechism of the Catholic Church)
. Christ in His Mysteries – Blessed Columba Marmion
. Christ The Life of the Soul – Blessed Columba Marmion
. Praying for Priests – Kathleen Beckman L.H.S.
. Under the Mantle – Fr. Donald Calloway M.I.C.
. (The Interior Castle - St. Teresa of Avila)
. You Set My Spirit Free - St. John of the Cross paraphrased by David Hazard
. The Cross and the Beatitudes - Fulton Sheen
. (Life of Christ - Fulton Sheen)
. Finding God Through Meditation -St. Peter Alacantara
. (Manual For Spiritual Warfare - TAN Books)
. [30 Days with Teresa of Avila - Daniel Burke & Anthony Lilles]
. [The Redeemer’s Call to Consecrated Souls]
. (St. John Paul the Great: His Five Loves - Jason Evert)
. Divine Mercy Minutes with Jesus - Rev. George W. Kosicki C.S.B.
. Thoughts of St. Therese

and the book by St. Louis de Montfort about total consecration to Mary, that I don’t remember the name of. Lol