Romanian-mythology

Sânziene aesthetic

Romanian folklore creatures series - II

Sânziană is the Romanian name for gentle fairies who play an important part in local folklore, also used to designate the Galium verum or Cruciata laevipes flowers. Under the plural form Sânziene, the word designates an annual festival in the fairies’ honor, celebrated on June 24.

The folk practices of Sânziene imply that the most beautiful maidens in the village dress in white and spend all day searching for and picking Galium verum (Lady’s bedstraw or Yellow bedstraw) flowers, which in Romanian is also named “Sânziànă”. Using the flowers they picked during the day, the girls braid floral crowns which they wear upon returning to the village at nightfall. There they meet with their beloved and they dance around a bonfire. The crowns are thrown over the houses, and whenever the crown falls, it is said that someone will die in that house; if the crown stays on the roof of the house, then good harvest and wealth will be bestowed upon the owners. As with other bonfire celebrations, jumping over the embers after the bonfire is not raging anymore is done to purify the person and also to bring health.

During the Sânziene Eve night, the heavens open up, making it the strongest night for magic spells, especially for the love spells. Also it is said that the plants harvested during this night will have tremendous magical powers.

I know we always speak about the big Pantheons of the world, but I’ve been thinking of introducing the world to the romanian mythology and pantheon.

Romanian Mythology  >  Dragobete/ Dragobete Iovan/ Dragomir-Florea

Young god of the Romanian Pantheon, with a fixed date of celebration, patron of love and joy on the Romanian hills. He is often identified with Cupid or Eros.

One variant says that he is known as the son of Old Hag Dochia (pron. Dokia) and brother in law to the hero Lăzărică. He is a ‘mythic being’, 'young, strong, handsome and kind’. In folklore, this is considered the day when all the birds and animals mate. Another variant says that he is part human and part angel, a handsome, immortal young  man, who travels the world, but humans can’t see him, because the world has grown cruel and full of evil; in that version, he is the God of Love and Joy, the harbinger of love in souls and homes. In the third variant he was a shepherd who travelled with Old Hag Dochia in the mountains, as a symbol of spring.

In Moldavia he is seen as a protector of birds, since Dragobete is considered to be tightly bound to fertility, fecundation and the rebirth of nature. It is said that in this period (last days of February), the animals and the humans decided together to make everything like a wedding, a joyous occasion for celebrating love, life and rebirth.

Sometimes, he is also known as Cap de Primavara (Spring-Head); Cap de Vara (Summer-Head) or Logodnicul Pasarilor (the Bethroed/Fiance of Birds).

A Vârcolac (eng: werewolf) is, in Romanian mythology, a fabulous demon that eats the Sun and Moon, causing the lunar phases and eclipses this way. Multiple representations of this creature, from real animals(wolves, dogs) to the fantastic ones(zmei, balauri/dragons) led to a mystery of the demon’s form. The Vârcolac is the representation of evil which disturbs the natural order of the world, and any deviation from the established order of the community can generate a werewolf. Thus vârcolacii(pl.), just as Strigoii or Moroii, come from many sources, such as unbaptized children, babies with abnormalities, people who killed a brother or sister, and even an action contrary to a tradition can generate a werewolf. The wolfman turns into a werewolf during an eclipse, and most times, his soul is one who will ascend into heaven and eat the Sun or Moon. If the connection of the soul with the body is interrupted during the transformation, the soul is lost forever.

The Geto-Dacians mythology seems to have influenced the Romanian mythology as well, through the “cult of the wolf”, which is also linked to the werewolf creature. Most times it was enough for the Moon to have a reddish color for the Romanians to conclude that the werewolf is eating the Moon and its blood was dripping through the creature’s fangs.

9

Badass Mythical Women and Creatures → Vântoase

In Romanian folklore and mythology, the Vântoase is a female spirit (Iele) that causes wind and dust storms. They inhabit lakes, the air, or the forest and have a special wagon used only for travel. “Grass of the wind” is the only defense against the Vântoase, as she is known to steal away or frighten children. Vântoase are the Servants of God, in some legends.

Vântoase are creatures present in Romanian folklore, as a sort of female spirits (Iele). Popular beliefs describe them as capable of causing dust storms and powerful winds. They live in forests, in the air, in deep lakes, and use a special wagon for traveling. The Vântoase are also believed to be capable of attacking children, and the only protection against them is the mysterious “grass of the winds”. In other legends, they are believed to be servants of God.

Marțolea is a Demonic entity in Romanian mythology (especially in the regions of Bukovina and Maramureș). The entity’s gender is unclear, as it can shapeshift at will. It lives up in the mountains and descends on Tuesday nights to lure with its singing and punish the women caught working.

Called also Marț Sara (the old Romanian words for “Tuesday Evening”) is a malefic entity, who demands the semi-holy day of Tuesday to be respected and who forbids four women’s chores: spinning of the wool, sowing, boiling laundry and baking bread. This is a pagan being.

Marțolea’s punishments for these things are harsh like: killing by ripping, hanging the guts on nails to the wall and around the dishes, in the unmarried women cases. For the married women the punishments are killing or possessing their baby or their husband who is far from home.

Usually his form is of a goat with human like head, horns & hooves. He can shape shift into a big old woman dressed all in black, ugly, soldier/warrior or as a handsome man. To married women it shows as an old woman, to married men as a virgin and to unmarried women as a young charming man.

Marțolea repays the women who keep the Tuesday day sacred by leaving them eggs on their doorstep or flowers from the highest mountains in Bukovina. On the first night of March, women that wear March Trinkets (Mărțișor) are repaid by Marțolea with a silver coin that the girls will have to keep all year.

Romanian Folklore  >  Ileana  Cosânzeana

Ileana Cosanzeana is the female equivalent of Fat Frumos (Prince Charming). Even if it’s not always stated, she is a fairy, smart and mischievous, initiated in white magic; she often has as advisor and sidekick a stallion.

She is always very beautiful and brave, somehow like the Amazon women, but without their hatred for men. In some variants, she might be confused with the fairy or the Queen of Flowers, a Goddess of Spring (whom might be, at root, the Roman Goddess Flora).

She often has superior and complex mythic versions: the ones in which she lives on the Other Realm (a magical, paralel dimension), which can be reached only through a tunnel of darkness from the edge of the world.

In stories, she is often kidnapped by a dragon and locked away in a tower, castle or taken to the Other Realm. She is saved, in these versions, by Fat-Frumos, whom, on his way to Ileana, goes through a series of trials. In the end, he defeats the dragon, rescues her, marries her and they live happily ever after.

A Strigoi is, in Romanian mythology, an evil spirit of a dead which is believed to rise from the grave at night and turn into an animal or a ghostly appearance to hurt the living.

The word “strigoi” is derived from the Romanian word “strigă”, which is derived from the Italian word “strega”(meaning witch, enchantress).

The Strigoi has different names, depending of the region: strâgoi (fem: strigoaică), vidmă, vârcolacul (Eng: werewolf), Cel-rău (Eng: the evil one) or vampir (Eng: vampire) by the Meglenoromâni. Some even call it moroi, which even though is pretty similar, it isn’t the same creature. (See moroi here).

The Strigoi is born like any other child, but they have a distinct feature: a kind of veil, or a skin hat on their head. This sign appears when a pregnant woman drinks water mixed with demonic spit, or leaves the house at night bareheaded, which is believe to attract Satan and put her a red head piece just like his.

It is believes that you can recognize a Strigoi from his appearance and behavior: they are bald, don’t eat garlic or onion, they are reticent of incense and close to Saint Andrew’s day they sleep outside. Their spine is also extended in a tail that’s covered in hair.

Who can turn into a Strigoi? Children who die unbaptized, the dead who in their lives did a lot of evil, those who die hanged, drowned, shot (or any kind of premature death), patients who during convalescence remain unattended and a black cat (or any kind of cat or bird) goes over them (thus the Romanian tradition of guarding the dead).

The Strigoi can be either alive or dead. When it’s a new moon, they come out of their graves or leave their living body to dance and do any kind of evil. Their traditional night is that of Saint Andrew’s.

Căpcăun is a creature in Romanian folklore, depicted as an ogre who kidnaps children or young ladies (mostly princesses). It represents evil, as do its counterparts Zmeu and the Balaur. The Romanian word appears to have meant “Dog-head” (căp being a form of cap, meaning “head”, and căun a derivative ofcâine, “dog”). According to Romanian folkloric phantasy, the căpcăun has dog head, sometimes with four eyes, with eyes in the nape, or with four legs, but whose main characteristic is anthropophagy.

The term căpcăun also means “Tatar chieftain” or “Turk chieftain”, as well “pagan”. Some linguists consider to be the echo of Turkish term kapkan (kaphan,kapgan), that in some Turkic peoples in the age of migrations (for example at Eurasian Avars, Proto-Bulgars - kavhan - and Pechenegs) was a high noble or administrative rank.

Pricolici aesthetic

Romanian folklore creatures series - III

Pricolici, similar to strigoi (troubled spirits of the dead rising from the grave), are undead souls that have risen from the grave to harm living people. While a strigoi possesses anthropomorphic qualities similar to the ones it had before death, a pricolici always resembles a wolf or a dog. Malicious, violent men are often said to become pricolici after death, in order to continue harming other humans. Sometimes “sin children” (from incest) become pricolici after they die.

A Balaur is, in Romanian mythology, a fantastic animal of huge size that often takes the form of a serpent with wings, legs and heads of a snake (three, seven, or even twelve), representing an embodiment of evil and present in most Romanian fairy tales.

While the balauri(plural) resemble dragons in many ways, weavers of Romanian lore point out that they have several distinct traits. In many tales, they’re actually snakes transformed during long periods of isolation underground. The snake turned balaur grows one head for each year of isolation. Some legends accredit them with the common dragon ability of fire-breathing, but others ascribe to them the ability to influence weather and cause thunder, lightning, and hail. Even more unusual was the purported formation of  precious stones from the saliva of a balaur (a risky way to gain treasure). Almost universally, the balauri represented evil, being strong, wicked, and cruel. Though they acted according to their beast-like nature, in many accounts they also possessed human-like voices and ability to speak and reason.

While legends of dragons appear in many cultures, the balauri are distinct to Romanian folklore. As such, early accounts were primarily passed down through oral tradition. It wasn’t until later years that these tales began to make their way into print. Mythology collections by Petre Ispirescu in the 19th century captured many of the Romanian myths, including that of the balauri, and others followed in Ispirescu’s footsteps, creating books of various Romanian lore.

Most of the tales deal with the conflict between the balauri and their enemy, Făt Frumos, the Romanian equivalent of Prince Charming–a heroic, handsome figure of good. The balauri and Făt Frumos appeared in many different tales, but the various renditions followed similar themes, with the balaur a danger to the land and Făt Frumos a defender of the people. Făt Frumos most often acted to defend the beautiful maiden who would become his bride and usually defeated the balaur in question. Whether intended or not, there are some interesting Christian parallels present in the legends of the balauri with the evil serpent, the valiant hero, and the chosen bride, as well as parallels to tales that exist across various parts of the world.

Scientists recently discovered remains of a new type of dinosaur in Romania and dubbed it “balaur bondoc”, after the mythic creatures of old. While relatively small, the dinosaur balaur was a powerful and destructive beast.

Other photosets/info on Romanian mythology:

Ileana Cosânzeana aesthetic

Ileana Cosânzeana is a figure in Romanian mythology. This mythological personage is represented as a beautiful good-natured princess. In Romanian folklore, Ileana is the original concept of feminine beauty, the most beautiful amongst the fairies: her eyes look like the sun, her body is like the sea and her garments are made of flowers. Pearls and gold flow out of her mouth when she sings. She is also said to use her power of white magic to heal or revive. Ileana Cosânzeana signifies the most poetic imagination of Romanian genius. She personifies the beauty, the youth, and the angelic soul, in one word the perfection of humanity. She is a mythical character with supernatural powers and with symbolic features. 

In some tales she is a warrior, the amazonian type, with the independent spirit and military virtues of the amazons, but without their contempt for men, riding a horse which is also her best friend. Ileana Cosânzeana succeeds in defeating the evil forces only because she is very brave, smart, modest and diligent. In some tales “Ileana Cosânzeana” is the fairy of the Spring flowers, who gives each flower its perfume, although she also has the power to take it back. The elves love her, as do the flowers; even the wind loves Ileana, but he can never catch her.

anonymous asked:

On the 23rd February 1912, a man named Romulus Vulcănescu was born in Romania. The thing is, the suffix "escu" mean "son of ___" in Romanian. In conclusion, there once lived a man (who became an author and wrote mostly about Romanian mythology) called Romulus, son of Vulcan.

Originally posted by giantmonster

2

Mora and the Ştima Apei is gonna be live in a couple weeks!

The first seven pages are scripted and thumbnailed! I’m very excited.

Again, Mora and the Ştima Apei is going to be the story of a Witch and a Guardian in the Romanian countryside, meeting on rocky terms and learning to survive together. Heavily Fantasy with some science fiction elements and an in-depth lore and world, based on Romanian Mythology (no, not the westernized vampire kind).

The comic will be available to anyone pledging $1 and up, and concept art and developmental work will be posted for everybody!

And if you were wondering if my previous work will be reflected in the comic, yes, it’s gonna be pretty gay

Thanks to everyone for your support!

Iele

Iele are supernatural nymph-like creatures found in Romanian mythology.

Description

Iele tend live in secluded places, including the sky, in forests, in caves, on isolated mountain cliffs and in marshes, and reported to have been seen bathing in the springs or at crossroads.

They are usually invisible, but can be seen at night when they gather to dance and sing in open fields or the tops of trees. It is noted that they dance in a circle (horas). Then they appear as beautiful young women, and often said to appear naked. According to some sources, after the previous night, the next day the places where they dance appear scorched. When the vegetation grows back, it has a different colour such as red or dark green, (this can be compared to fairy rings). The animals would then not eat it, but instead mushrooms would thrive on it.

The Iele are said not to be solitary creatures, but gather in groups in the air, where they can fly with or without wings; they can travel with incredible speeds, either on their own, or with chariots of fire.

Iele are not malevolent spirits, but will seek revenge if offended. In many cases, the Iele abduct the offenders. Possible offences include:

  • Watching them dance without their permission.
  • Joining in their dance without their approval.
  • Drinking from a particular spring.
  • Sleeping beneath a certain tree.
  • Stepping over the (fairy ring) circle where they have danced.

Appeasement

To please the Iele, people dedicated festival days to them: the Rusaliile, the Stratul, the Sfredelul or Bulciul Rusaliilor, the nine days after Easter, the Marina etc. Anyone not respecting these holidays was said to suffer the revenge of the Iele: men and women who work during these days would be lifted in spinning vertigo, people and cattle would suffer mysterious deaths or become paralysed and crippled, hail would fall, rivers would flood, trees would wither, and houses would catch fire.

People have also found cures and preventions against the Iele:

  • Wear garlic and mugwort around the waist.
  • Hanging the skull of a horse on a pole in front of the house.

The most important cure is the dance of Călușari. 

Hailey isn't human

I think we’ve all figured this out, as it was first implied, then all but flat-out confirmed in ep 19. I also think I’ve figured out what she probably is.

Keep in mind, her name is Hailey Solomonari and her mother is Iele Solomonari.

An Iele is a feminine mythical creatures In Romanian mythology. They are often described as virgin fairies and air nymphs with great seductive power over men, with magic skills and attributes similar to Nymphs, Naiads and Dryads, but some characteristics change upon retelling. Similar to sirens, iele have tempting voices, like someone we know.

As far as Solomonari goes, the name comes from the mythical Romanian wizard Solomonar, who controls the clouds and rain. Solomonari are said to be able to control the movement of the cloud dragons and to call a hailstorm. They’re described as tall people, red-haired, wearing white capes on their shoulders and magic tools around their waists.

Verdict: Hailey is probably some sort of Romanian nymph-like creature, possibly tall, with red hair, and likely won’t have much difficulty climbing the corporate ladder when dealing with the exectopi. At least we know she’s Romanian.

Muma Pădurii aesthetic

Romanian folklore creatures series - VI

Muma Pădurii is an ugly and mean old woman living as a spirit of the forest . She is an evil witch, the opposite of fairies and literally means “the Mother of the Forest”, though “mumă” is an archaic version of “mamă” (mother).

She lives in a dark, dreadful, hidden little house or in the hollows of old trees, and sometimes goes to the huts of those living near the forest to scare them. If a brave man manages to catch and tie her, she will fulfill a wish. She is also thought to attack children, and because of this, a large variety of spells (descântece in Romanian) are used against her.

In the forest she is a sad mother, mourning, groaning, snorting, howling, because people are cutting her babies, the trees in the forest. She will punish every man whistling or singing through the woods, woodcutters who disregard the rules of the forest, those who collect berries, wild apples and pears, hazelnuts.

The raskovnik or razkovniche is a magical herb in Slavic (Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Serbian, Slovene, Russian) and Romanian (iarba fiarelor) mythology.

According to lore, the raskovnik has the magical property to unlock or uncover anything that is locked or closed. However, legends claim it is notoriously difficult to recognize the herb, and reputedly only certain chthonic animals are able to identify it.The raskovnik is believed to have been sought after by treasure hunters, sorcerers and herbalists who desired its magic powers for personal benefit. In Serbia, it was believed that there exist certain treasures, such as the Treasure of Tsar Radovan, which could not be unlocked in any other way but employing a raskovnik.

Iele - 

A female fairy from Romanian mythology, the Iele are often described as nymphs with great magical abilities. They typically appear as beautiful, naked, women with hair long enough to cover their breasts. They also wear bells around their ankles and carry candles. The Iele are said to live in the sky, forests, caves and marshes during the day but at night they are usually found bathing in springs or dancing at crossroads. It is believed that a patch of land that has been danced upon by an Iele will remain scorched forever and nothing will grow on it except grass, which will be tinged a dark red or green. In some tales the Iele are employed by god or the devil to punish evildoers. 

The Iele are generally not evil but they will seek revenge if they are provoked. Iele can become offended if a human witnesses their dancing, steps on the ground they once danced upon, sleeps under an Iele’s favourite tree or drinks from their springs. They will also inflict horrible punishments on anyone who refuses their invitation to dance or copies their dance moves. Typically they punish people using magic spells or by singing, because if a person hears the song of the Iele they will become a mute forever. They will also kidnap people in their sleep in order to dance around them until that person disappears. They also have the ability to drive people mad with their dancing. The Iele are also believed to cause mysterious deaths and natural disasters if their feast days are not celebrated correctly. 

There are many ways to protect yourself from the Iele. Garlic and mugwort worn somewhere around your body, usually at the waist or chest, are the main deterrents for Iele. Hanging a horse skull from a post in front of your house is also believed to ward them off. The most important cure for all Iele curses is the dance of the Călușari.