Happy Thanksgiving, friends! This year, I’m thankful for all my friends and wine and noms… I gobbled some turkey earlier with this awesome California Zin. Rich mix of cherries, tart cranberries, underripe red berries, and some crème brûlée crust. Lingering acidity on the palate despite the ripe fruit and alcohol. Tons of cherries, molasses, and cinnamon.
Now that I think about that part of my education, I often wondered what benefit my teachers thought I’d get from learning how to address a baroness or how to dance a late 18th century regency ball quadrille.
As it turns out, as I sit here writing a period style romance novel, quite a lot.
01.Explosions in the Sky - Your Hand in Mine 02.Markus Schulz - Let It Go (Monogato remix) 03.Blackmill - Sacred River 04.Hardwell - Spaceman 05.Gran Vitaly - Looming Hurricane 06.Milky Chance - Stolen Dance 07.Edward Sharpe & The Magnetic Zeros - Home 08.Say My Name (feat. Zyra) (Jai Wolf Remix) 09.Of Monsters and Men - King And Lionheart 10.Nirvana - Come As You Are (Unplugged In New York) 11.Atmosphere - The arrival 12.ODESZA - It’s Only (feat. Zyra) 13.Diplo - Revolution 14.Tove Lo - Stay High ft. Hippie Sabotage 15.Adventure Club - Gold 16.The Beatles - All You Need Is Love 17.Blackalicious - Make You Feel That Way 18.Ki-Theory - Open Wound (ODESZA Remix) 19.The Perishers-Nothing Like You and I 20.Vance Joy - Riptide 21.Two Steps From Hell - SkyWorld 22.Blackmill - Relentless 23.Creedence Clearwater Revival - Fortunate Son
24.Zhu - Fadded 25.Wildcat wildcat - Hero 26.Stand by me - Ben E King 27.My friends never die - Odesza
this is a mix of songs that Noel shares every Friday ((i will update each week’s new song)) i love the style of music that Noel shares :)here ♡
These are coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) in Humboldt Redwoods State Park, California. The park is home to the largest continuous block of old-growth redwood forest left on the planet- with some 10,000 acres.
The alluvial flats along its creeks and rivers are prime redwood habitats. The mix of rich soils, water, and fog rolling in from the ocean have produced the planet’s tallest forest. Of the 180 known redwoods greater than 350 feet, more than 130 grow here.
Coastal redwoods can be up to 379 feet (115.5 m) in height (without the roots) and up to 26 feet (7.9 m) in diameter at breast height.
Research now shows that the older such trees get, the more wood they put on- nice to see even trees go through a midlife spread.
Photograph by Michael Nichols, National Geographic
She - Tyler, The Creator [Luminate Mix]
Kill4u - Robb Bank$
Persian Rugs - PARTYNEXTDOOR x Solid - Robb Bank$ Mix
Sun Goddess - Hurt Everybody
Playah - Goldlink x Need Want - Lakim
Gettin’ Throwed - Two Fresh
Don’t Worry - PARTYNEXTDOOR x Nuri [MIX]
HML - Robb Bank$ x Nuri [MIX]
Planet Paradise - Goldlink
Since My Dog Died - Retch x O - Nuri
SOPA - Ab-Soul [LAKIM MIX]
Famous - PARTYNEXTDOOR
Nightmare On Figg St - Q [LAKIM MIX]
Aye - Rich Gang [LAKIM MIX]
Fuck Being Polite - Goldlink
Jus Know - PARTYNEXTDOOR
The place stinks, is the first thing the two young men notice. You could practically smell it before walking through the door. Beer, cigarette smoke, and vomit. A disgusting cocktail. Yet inside is worse. Someone could almost mistaken this as a seedy bar and nothing more. And in a way it is. But on certain nights, he serves another purpose.
That purpose is why the place is packed, filled with people of different statures. Rich are mixed in with the criminals. Only thing telling them apart is the clothes they wear. But they all have a singular goal in mind. To place a bid. Voices shout out numbers, each higher than the last until a mighty voice yells ‘sold’. There is some muttering for a few moments before it all starts over again.
The two men make it to a corner where they can see the stage where sometimes an open mic event is held. But no would be singer is singing tonight. Only now and then is there any sound besides the crowd and announcer and that is the sound of sobbing. For it is the auction of people, more precisely, mutants. The thought makes both men tremble in pure rage. If they could, they would bring this building to the ground and the mutants all sent to the only safe haven left, Genosha.
But they can’t. They are here on a mission. To see if any of these poor souls might be of any use for the Freedom Force concerning the unspoken war five years ago. Or if there are any of those that need immediate rescue, then they are allowed to step in and offer a price on behalf of the FF. They are not allowed to ste in other wise and disturb the proceedings no matter how badly they want to. So they are forced to stand there and watch a fellow mutant get dragged out in chains and when that golden word is spoken, they are dragged off to go to who knows where.
Nether man hope to be here long. The secret message said there is only nine being auctioned off tonight. They had agreed to save at least three souls which they have never had a problem with. So they watch the stage silently as three mutants were put on stage then taken off. The fourth one had them in sudden high alert. Both stood up from their seats and inched closer, needing to see if it was who they thought they were seeing. They ignore the voices, the shouts. They needed to look at it’s yellow eyes and confirm it’s him. When they do, one of them jumps on stage and goes directly for the announcer, pulling out his ID and papers while the other one calls out in a voice only loud enough to be heard by the poor creature in front of him, “Hey, stay still and we are going to get you out of here. Stay calm.”
Experiments Show Titan Lakes May Fizz with Nitrogen
A recent NASA-funded study has shown how the hydrocarbon lakes and seas of Saturn’s moon Titan might occasionally erupt with dramatic patches of bubbles.
For the study, researchers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, simulated the frigid surface conditions on Titan, finding that significant amounts of nitrogen can be dissolved in the extremely cold liquid methane that rains from the skies and collects in rivers, lakes and seas. They demonstrated that slight changes in temperature, air pressure or composition can cause the nitrogen to rapidly separate out of solution, like the fizz that results when opening a bottle of carbonated soda.
NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has found that the composition of Titan’s lakes and seas varies from place to place, with some reservoirs being richer in ethane than methane. “Our experiments showed that when methane-rich liquids mix with ethane-rich ones – for example from a heavy rain, or when runoff from a methane river mixes into an ethane-rich lake – the nitrogen is less able to stay in solution,” said Michael Malaska of JPL, who led the study.
The result is bubbles. Lots of bubbles.
The release of nitrogen, known as exsolution, can also occur when methane seas warm slightly during the changing seasons on Titan. A fizzy liquid could also cause problems, potentially, for a future robotic probe sent to float on or swim through Titan’s seas. Excess heat emanating from a probe might cause bubbles to form around its structures – for example, propellers used for propulsion – making it difficult to steer or keep the probe stable.
Magic Island Mechanism?
The notion of nitrogen bubbles creating fizzy patches on Titan’s lakes and seas is relevant to one of the more enchanting unsolved mysteries Cassini has investigated during its time exploring Titan: the so-called “magic islands.” During several flybys, Cassini’s radar has revealed small areas on the seas that appeared and disappeared, and then (in at least one case) reappeared. Researchers proposed several potential explanations for what could be creating these seemingly island-like features, including the idea of fields of bubbles. The new study provides details about the mechanism that could be forming such bubbles, if they are indeed the culprit.
“Thanks to this work on nitrogen’s solubility, we’re now confident that bubbles could indeed form in the seas, and in fact may be more abundant than we’d expected,” said Jason Hofgartner of JPL, who serves as a co-investigator on Cassini’s radar team and was a co-author of the study.
Freezing Fizz and Breathing Lakes
In characterizing how nitrogen moves between Titan’s liquid reservoirs and its atmosphere, the researchers also coaxed nitrogen out of a simulated ethane-rich solution as the ethane froze to the bottom of their tiny, simulated Titan lake. Unlike water, which is less dense in its solid form than its liquid form, ethane ice would form on the bottom of Titan’s frigid pools. As the ethane crystalizes into ice, there’s no room for the dissolved nitrogen gas, and it comes fizzing out.
While the thought of hydrocarbon lakes bubbling with nitrogen on an alien moon is dramatic, Malaska points out that the movement of nitrogen on Titan doesn’t just move in one direction. Clearly, it has to get into the methane and ethane before it can get out.
“In effect, it’s as though the lakes of Titan breathe nitrogen,” Malaska said. “As they cool, they can absorb more of the gas, ‘inhaling.’ And as they warm, the liquid’s capacity is reduced, so they 'exhale.’”
A similar phenomenon occurs on Earth with carbon dioxide absorption by our planet’s oceans.
Results of the study were published online in February by the journal Icarus.
Final Titan Flyby Nears
Cassini will make its final close flyby of Titan – its 127th targeted encounter – on April 22. During the flyby, Cassini will sweep its radar beam over Titan’s northern seas one final time. The radar team designed the upcoming observation so that, if magic island features are present this time, their brightness may be useful for distinguishing between bubbles, waves and floating or suspended solids.
The flyby also will bend the spacecraft’s course to begin its final series of 22 plunges through the gap between Saturn and its innermost rings, known as Cassini’s Grand Finale. The 20-year mission will conclude with a dive into Saturn’s atmosphere on Sept. 15.
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, ESA (European Space Agency) and the Italian Space Agency. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. JPL designed, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter.
TOP IMAGE…These images from the Radar instrument aboard NASA’s Cassini spacecraft show the evolution of a transient feature in the large hydrocarbon sea named Ligeia Mare on Saturn’s moon Titan.
Analysis by Cassini scientists indicates that the bright features, informally known as the “magic island,” are a phenomenon that changes over time. They conclude that the brightening is due to either waves, solids at or beneath the surface or bubbles, with waves thought to be the most likely explanation. They think tides, sea level and seafloor changes are unlikely to be responsible for the brightening.
The images in the column at left show the same region of Ligeia Mare as seen by Cassini’s radar during flybys in (from top to bottom) 2007, 2013, 2014 and 2015.
The bottom image was acquired by Cassini on Jan. 11, 2015, and adds another snapshot in time as Cassini continues to monitor the ephemeral feature (previously highlighted in PIA18430). The feature is apparent in the images from 2013 and 2014, but it is not present in other images of the region.
Cassini has observed similar transient features elsewhere in Ligeia Mare, and also in Kraken Mare (see PIA19047). These features are the first instances of active processes in Titan’s lakes and seas to be confirmed by multiple detections. Their changing nature demonstrates that Titan’s seas are not stagnant, but rather, dynamic environments.
The Cassini radar team plans to re-observe this particular region of Ligeia Mare one more time during Cassini’s final close flyby of Titan in April 2017. The results may further illuminate the phenomenon responsible for the appearance of the transient features.
The large image panel shows Ligeia Mare in its entirety. Ligeia is Titan’s second-largest liquid hydrocarbon sea, and has a total area of about 50,000 square miles (130,000 square kilometers), making it 50 percent larger than Lake Superior on Earth. This panel is a mosaic of five synthetic aperture radar images acquired by Cassini between 2007 and 2014. It shows a region approximately 330 by 305 miles (530 by 490 kilometers) in area.
An earlier version of the mosaic was released as PIA17031; the new version includes new data to fill in some gaps in coverage and to improve the quality of coverage in some of the previously imaged areas.
The images have been colorized and processed for aesthetic appeal. Labeled and monochrome versions of this image are also available.
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena,
manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, DC.
The Cassini orbiter was designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The radar instrument was built by JPL and the Italian Space Agency, working with team members from the United States and several European countries.
LOWER IMAGE…As it sped away from a relatively distant encounter with Titan on Feb. 17, 2017, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft captured this mosaic view of the moon’s northern lakes and seas.
Cassini’s viewing angle over Kraken Mare and Ligeia Mare was better during this flyby than previous encounters, providing increased contrast for viewing these seas. Because the spacecraft is peering through less of Titan’s haze toward Kraken and Ligeia, more details on their shorelines are visible, compared to earlier maps (see PIA19657).
This was one of several “non-targeted” Cassini Titan flybys in 2017 that allow the mission to image the moon’s north polar region and track clouds there. (“Non-targeted” means Cassini did not have to use any rocket-thruster firings to steer itself toward the flyby.)
Several prominent cloud streaks are visible at mid-latitudes between 45 and 55 degrees north latitude, on the right side of the image. Smaller bright clouds are seen just above the sea called Punga Mare (roughly at center). Scientists are seeing increasing cloud activity in Titan’s north polar region as the seasons continue to change from spring to summer there, though not as much as predicted by models of Titan’s atmosphere.
The images in this mosaic were taken with the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera using a spectral filter sensitive to wavelengths of near-infrared light centered at 938 nanometers.
The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 150,700 miles (242,500 kilometers) from Titan. Image scale is about 1.6 miles (2.6 kilometers) per pixel. The view is an orthographic projection centered on 68 degrees north latitude, 225 degrees west longitude. An orthographic view is most like the view seen by a distant observer looking through a telescope.
My first time participating in blackout day. Growing up mixed was always strange for me when I was younger. I didn’t know how to identify. My mom is Portuguese, Italian, and Irish and my dad is Hawaiian and African American but culturally more Hawaiian. My dad lives in Hawaii so I was mostly raised by my white mother’s side of the family in a wealthy white community. The majority of everyone around me was white. I grew up thinking it was strange I looked so unique compared to everyone in my family. My mom exposed me to as much of the missing piece of my identity as she could and I’m grateful for that.
98% of my friends growing up were Caucasian. My friends in high school always used to say, “Gianna. You’re not even black.” Because I didn’t fit into their stereotype of how someone “black” should act. I didn’t blame them for making those ignorant remarks because we all grew up in a significantly wealthy place called Alameda, CA next to Oakland, CA, where it’s hard not to notice the racial and wealth inequality between people of minorities and people of white privilege. Oakland is in a state of crisis. All they knew about black culture was from music, the media and driving from some of our 900,000+ dollar homes in alameda, locking their doors through the hood in Oakland (and seeing all the social/racial inequality, and wealth division) to go up into the Berkeley hills to our friends million dollar houses.
It took me a long time to make the effort to try and learn about the one piece of my identity that has always felt to be missing. And I’m still on that journey.