Pythias

9

Delphic remnants.
The Oracle of Delphi was active for almost 2000 years, its Sanctuary was one of the richest of the ancient world, a small state of intricate structures and innumerable art treasures (coming from every corner of the ancient greek world) that were mostly looted during Roman and Christian times. Home of the worship of the Sun God Apollo and his mantic properties, Delphi was initially a place dedicated to Mother Earth Gaia and her holy female snake. Apollo claimed the Oracle by killing the sacred Pytho(n), a sacrilege…so he got exiled for seven years as punishment for his crime before he could come back as the ruler of Delphi, this was the only way he could become purified again after his terrible act. Even gods need purification and repentance from time to time as it seems. Herakles later on unsuccessfully demanded the Oracle for himself by trying to steal the Delphic tripod from Apollo, Herakles was a prevalent figure of ancient greek religion and not just the big muscular guy our modern times and popular culture believe. Time distorts so many things after all…

The order of the photos follows the actual path of the archaelogical site. Mount Parnassus, a symbol and an actuality, is breathtaking as well as the view from the Stadium.
Photos: Vera Bousiou

4

Back at the tent city, Jessica had brought a downtownie home, which didn’t matter much; but Guy Gergis walked by, so we pounced on him. His Swingin’ Bachelors household is an easy in to the established storylines - and is likely to need new blood soon, as breaking Guy and Camryn off into their own household is a logical thing to do once the baby’s born and housing becomes available.

Beings of the Ancient World; Oracle, from the Latin verb ōrāre, meaning ‘to speak’. 

“Servant of the Delphian Apollo
Go to the Castallian Spring
Wash in its silvery eddies,
And return cleansed to the temple.
Guard your lips from offence
To those who ask for oracles.
Let the God’s answer come
Pure from all private fault”

Fell into a wikipedia hole and somehow ended up on “ List of oracular statements from Delphi.” My fave so far is this one from 630 BC:

In 630 BC, the king of the island of Thera went to Delphi to offer a gift on behalf of his native city, and was told by the oracle:

that he should found a city in Libya.

Because the king did not know where Libya was, he did nothing.

anonymous asked:

my favourite friendship to learn about from the revolution was nathan hale and benjamin tallmadge. have you got any interesting, lesser known facts about them?

  • Nathan Hale and Benjamin Tallmadge first met Yale and they soon become VERY close boyfriends. 
  • They both got into trouble a lot and accumulated many fines for breaking bottles, windows and getting drunk. 
  • Hale and Tallmadge both led many debates in favor of women’s rights and education. They led debates also in question of the ethics of slavery. Apparently Hale was the better speaker. 
  • I felt like adding this in but Nathan Hale was six foot and two inches taller than Ben. 
  • Damon & Pythias were friends from Greek Legend who were willing to die for one another. They were also the pen names that Benjamin Tallmadge and Nathan Hale used when they wrote to one another. 
  • Other ways that Tallmadge addressed Hale in their letters was as “Friend Nathan”, “Brother Nathan”.
  • Benjamin and Nathan participated in theater of the Greeks and Romans and dressed up in ladies wigs and dresses as well as makeup. Apparently Nathan was a terrible actor. 
  • They both become teachers in Connecticut after they graduated. 
  • Tallmadge and Hale used to visit one another at each other’s homes over the summer. 
  • It was Tallmadge who convinced Nathan in a letter to join the American Continentals. 
  • Ben probably blamed himself for the death of Nathan Hale because he convinced him to join the army. 
  • It was the death of Nathan Hale that Tallmadge realized how crucial it was to create the Culper spy ring. 
  • According to Alexander Hamilton, one night in the company of John Andre and Benjamin Tallmadge, they were all discussing the consequences of spying. Tallmadge suddenly got silent and pretended to look out the window. Andre turned to Hamilton and asked him if Tallmadge was thinking of Hale again, Hamilton nodded mentioning that Tallmadge never mentions Hale because it is too painful. 
  • Ben thought it was too painful to mention Nathan. 
5

Temple of Apollo

Delphi, greece

330 BCE

21.6m x 58.2m


The ruins of the Temple of Delphi visible today date from the 4th century BC, and are of a peripteral Doric building. It was erected on the remains of an earlier temple, dated to the 6th century BC which itself was erected on the site of a 7th-century BC construction attributed to the architects Trophonios and Agamedes. 

The 6th-century BC temple was named the “Temple of Alcmonidae” in tribute to the Athenian family who funded its reconstruction following a fire, which had destroyed the original structure. The new building was a Doric hexastyle temple of 6 by 15 columns. This temple was destroyed in 375 BC by an earthquake. The pediment sculptures are a tribute to Praxias and Androsthenes of Athens. Of a similar proportion to the second temple it retained the 6 by 15 column pattern around the stylobate. Inside was the adyton, the centre of the Delphic oracle and seat of Pythia. The temple had the statement “Know thyself”, one of the Delphic maxims, carved into it (and some modern Greek writers say the rest were carved into it), and the maxims were attributed to Apollo and given through the oracle and/or the Seven Sages of Greece (“know thyself” perhaps also being attributed to other famous philosophers). The temple survived until AD 390, when the Roman emperor Theodosius I silenced the oracle by destroying the temple and most of the statues and works of art in the name of Christianity. The site was completely destroyed by zealous Christians in an attempt to remove all traces of Paganism

Eldred Family Portrait.  Photoshop.

In the intense heat of the weekend, Ananth and myself and cat sequestered ourselves into the air conditioned bedroom and didn’t come out until Monday.  I took the time to do a bit of noodly painting on the burning hot Cintiq in recompense for not braving the heat outside.

Pythias and his Dragon Family (Ame his wife, Quetzal their daughter).  He’s also that red dragon I posted the doodle of last week.  These folks are some of my very oldest characters, they’ve been following me around since late middle school/early high school.  I love them all dearly.

Pythia

Pythia, also known as the Oracle of Delphi, was the name of any priestess at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, located on the slopes of Mount Parnassus ( thought to be around 1400 BC). 

Theory

The Pythia was widely credited for her prophecies inspired by Apollo. It is said that she predicted the Trojan War (The Delphic Sibyl).

The usual theory has been that the Pythia delivered oracles in a frenzied state induced by vapors rising from a chasm in the rock, and that she spoke gibberish which priests interpreted as the enigmatic prophecies preserved in Greek literature.

To prepare for prophesying, the Oracle of Delphi would bathe in a spring of Castalia for cleansing. Then, she would drink from another stream. After that, to see if the Pythia was ready to foresee the future and accept Apollo’s powers, a priest would pour ice water over a goat. If the goat was to shake from being cold, then Apollo was present and had invested powers in her. If the water didn’t phase the goat at all, that meant the Oracle was not ready. Lastly, the Oracle of Delphi would inhale the gas emitting from the chasm near the temple, and after a frenzy, she was ready to give seekers their prophecies.

It is now believed that the vapours were hallucinogenic gases, while others say the hallucinations come from snake bites, or by burning bay leaves.. However, other scholars challenge this theory and state that the ancient sources show the Pythia speaking intelligibly, and giving prophecies in her own voice.

From a late myth that deviates from much older ones, when young, Apollo killed the chthonic serpent Python, named Pythia in older myths, but according to some later accounts his wife, Pythia, who lived beside the Castalian Spring, according to some because Python had attempted to rape Leto while she was pregnant with Apollo and Artemis. The bodies of the pair were draped around his Rod, which, with the wings created the caduceus symbolic of the god. This spring flowed toward the temple but disappeared beneath, creating a cleft which emitted vapours that caused the Oracle at Delphi to give her prophecies.

Prophecies

  • It is reputed that the last prophecy the Oracle gave predicted it would be her final one. A Roman emperor wanted to revive classic Greek culture. He went to the Pythia and she said:
    Tell to the king that the cavern wall is fallen in decay;
    Apollo has no chapel left, no prophesying bay,
    No talking stream. The stream is dry that had so much to say.

    That prophecy could be interpreted as a sign that Apollo has died and the time for reviving Greek culture is over.
  •  Another prophecy from the Oracle of Delphi was given in 594 BC, to an Athenian lawgiver; Solon. Solon wanted to capture the island of Salamis and so he asked the Pythia for her advice. She said:
    First sacrifice to the warriors who once had their home in this island,
    Whom now the rolling plain of fair Asopia covers,
    Laid in the tombs of heroes with their faces turned to the sunset.

    Following the advice of the Oracle, Solon was able to claim the island of Salamis, and gave much credit to the Oracle for her fulfilling advice.
  • The Oracle also told the Athenians that a wall of wood could protect them. They followed her advice, winning that battle, but it was hopeless for the Spartans. The Pythia told the Spartans before the battle of Thermopylae (in the words of Herodotus):
    Hear your fate, O dwellers in Sparta of the wide spaces;
    Either your famed, great town must be sacked by Perseus’ sons,
    Or, if that be not, the whole land of Lacedaemon
    Shall mourn the death of a king of the house of Heracles,
    For not the strength of lions or of bulls shall hold him,
    Strength against strength; for he has the power of Zeus,
    And will not be checked until one of these two he has consumed.

    Every last Spartan who fought in the battle that the Oracle foresaw as doomed died, making even the most skeptic of people become believers of the Pythia’s powers.
flickr

View down to the Temple of Apollo, Delphi by Steven Zucker
Via Flickr:
Sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi, Greece

Where do camp songs even come from? They’re almost uniformly terrible, nonsensical, and vaguely disturbing. It’s hard to imagine anyone writing the lyrics intentionally, even a young child. Are they composed organically, or are they received? Is there, like, a camp Pythia - an oracle counselor who sits in a cabin above a fissure and breathes the fumes from a subterranean chaos realm to receive otherworldly messages in the form of weird songs?