Abu Ayyub Ansari reported that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: If you were not to commit sins, Allah would have swept you out of existence and would have replaced you by another people who have committed sin, and then asked forgiveness from Allah, and He would have granted them pardon.
عن عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها قالت: كان رسولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يقولُ وهو صحيحٌ: “إنه لم يقبض نبيٌ قطُّ حتى يرى مقعدَه من الجنةِ، ثم يُخيَّرُ.” فلما نزل به ورأسُه على فخذي غُشِيَ عليه ساعةً، ثم أفاق فأَشْخصَ بصرَه إلى السقفِ، ثم قال: ”اللهم الرفيقَ الأعلى.” قلتُ : إذًا لا يختارُنا، وعَرَفتُ أنه الحديثُ الذي كان يحدثُنا به ، قالت: فكانت تلك آخرُ كلمةٍ تكلمَ بها النبيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قولُه: “اللهم الرفيقَ الأعلى.” صحيح البخاري حديث ٦٥٠٩ - صحيح مسلم حديث ٢٤٤٤
Narrated `Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) When Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was in good health, he used to say, “No prophet’s soul is ever captured unless he is shown his place in Paradise and given the option (to die or survive).” So when the death of the Prophet (ﷺ) approached and his head was on my thigh, he became unconscious for a while and then he came to his senses and fixed his eyes on the ceiling and said, “O Allah (with) the highest companions.” (See Qur'an 4:69). I said’ “Hence he is not going to choose us.” And I came to know that it was the application of the narration which he (the Prophet) used to narrate to us. And that was the last statement of the Prophet (before his death) i.e., “O Allah! With the highest companions.” (See Qur'an 4:69). Sahih al-Bukhari 6509 In-book reference : Book 81, Hadith 98 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 8, Book 76, Hadith 516
Sahih Muslim 2444 e In-book reference : Book 44, Hadith 127 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 31, Hadith 5990
Ghusl - a full ablution done after menstruation, sexual intercourse, impure discharges from the private area, post-partum bleeding, given to one who died, and some scholars believe it is obligatory for those who come into Islam [reverts] to do ghusl while others believe it’s recommended
Wudu - ablution done before prayer or reading/touching the Quran. Done after sleeping, passing wind, using the restroom, losing consciousness, bleeding (large amount), vomiting, rated-r touching
Zakat - charity
Ummah - the community of Muslims
Masjid - mosque
Shirk - associating partners with Allah
Ka’aba - “house of Allah;” built by Ibrahim (pbuh) and Ishmael (pbuh).
Hajj - pilgrimage to the Ka’aba
Hadith - traditions of prophet Muhammad (pbuh); Recorded actions and sayings of the prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Halal - permissible things and actions
Haram - impermissible things and actions
Quran - holy book of Islam
These are the basics! ☺️
You can find more here, but don’t stress yourself out! Learn what I posted, then go to the link if you wish to know more terms:
O’ People! Surely, the month of God has approached you. The month which, in the eyes of Allah, is the most virtuous of the months. Its days are the best of the days and its nights, the best of the nights and its moments, the best of the moments.