Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

Abu Ayyub Ansari reported that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: If you were not to commit sins, Allah would have swept you out of existence and would have replaced you by another people who have committed sin, and then asked forgiveness from Allah, and He would have granted them pardon.
—  Sahih Muslim, Book 50, Hadith 12

عن عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها قالت: كان رسولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يقولُ وهو صحيحٌ: “إنه لم يقبض نبيٌ قطُّ  حتى يرى مقعدَه من الجنةِ، ثم يُخيَّرُ.” فلما نزل به ورأسُه على فخذي غُشِيَ عليه ساعةً، ثم أفاق فأَشْخصَ بصرَه إلى السقفِ، ثم قال: ”اللهم الرفيقَ الأعلى.” قلتُ :  إذًا لا يختارُنا، وعَرَفتُ أنه الحديثُ الذي كان يحدثُنا به ، قالت: فكانت تلك آخرُ كلمةٍ تكلمَ بها النبيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قولُه: “اللهم الرفيقَ الأعلى.” صحيح البخاري حديث ٦٥٠٩ - صحيح مسلم حديث ٢٤٤٤

Narrated `Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) When Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was in good health, he used to say, “No prophet’s soul is ever captured unless he is shown his place in Paradise and given the option (to die or survive).” So when the death of the Prophet (ﷺ) approached and his head was on my thigh, he became unconscious for a while and then he came to his senses and fixed his eyes on the ceiling and said, “O Allah (with) the highest companions.” (See Qur'an 4:69). I said’ “Hence he is not going to choose us.” And I came to know that it was the application of the narration which he (the Prophet) used to narrate to us. And that was the last statement of the Prophet (before his death) i.e., “O Allah! With the highest companions.” (See Qur'an 4:69). Sahih al-Bukhari 6509
In-book reference : Book 81, Hadith 98
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 8, Book 76, Hadith 516

Sahih Muslim 2444 e
In-book reference : Book 44, Hadith 127
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 31, Hadith 5990

anonymous asked:

what are some basic arabic words/phrases an islam revert should know?

Expressions 

Greeting

Short version: Assalamu ‘Alaikum [Peace be upon you]

Longer, but better version: Assalamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
[May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon you]

Replying to the Greeting

Short version: Wa’alaikum Assalam [And peace be upon you]

Longer, but better version: Wa’alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
[And peace and mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you]

To Give Thanks

Jazakallahu khayran [May Allah reward you with goodness]

Saying goodbye

Fi amanillah [May Allah protect you]

Reply to Thanks/Saying Goodbye/Any Dua Given to you

Wa iyyak - to a male

Wa iyyaki - to a female

Wa iyyakum - to more than one person (plural)

Another Way to Reply to Thanks

wa ʾantum fa-jazākumu-llāhu khayran [And you too, may Allah reward you with goodness]

Other terms

Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim [in the name of God, the merciful and compassionate] - say before starting anything especially eating

Subhanallah [Glory be to Allah] - usually said when witnessing something in awe; when praising something; is also used to praise Allah for big/miraculous events

Alhumdulilah [Praise and thanks be to Allah] - say when thanking Allah, also said after sneezing 

Astaghfirullah [I seek forgiveness from Allah] - say to ask for forgiveness 

Mashallah [God willed it] - say when showing appreciation for something (usually in relation to another person)

In sha Allah [If Allah wills] - say when you say to do something

Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest] - said to praise Allah, showing Allah is greater than something; is also used to praise Allah for big/miraculous events

Examples: 

The sunset is beautiful subhanallah!

Alhumdulilah I got an A! 

Alhumdulilah for the food on my plate.

Astaghfirullah I took part in gossip. 

Mashallah you are beautiful. 

Mashallah Ayub made an A!

In sha Allah I will visit England in the summer.

In sha Allah I’ll see you in an hour.

Assalamualaikum Sara” “Wa’alaikum asalam or Wa’alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh Fatima”

“Assalamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh Sara” “Wa’alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh Fatima”

“Jazakallahu khayran for the gift Ahmed!” Wa iyyak Bilal.”

Jazakallahu khayran for helping me Zara.” “Wa Iyyaki Amna.”

Jazakallahu khayran Sameer for coming to our house!” “wa ʾantum fa-jazākumu-llāhu khayran”

Trump may be a threat but Allahu Akbar I can’t be bothered to pay attention to him

Did you hear about the snow in the Sahara Desert? Allahu Akbar.

Did you hear about the snow in the Sahara Desert? Subhanallah.

These are the basics we should know! 

Learn what I posted, then go to the link if you wish to know more terms: https://islamicink.wordpress.com/basic-islamic-phrases-terms/

Terms

Allah - God

Bid’ah - an innovation to the religion (saying for example “drinking 8 glasses of water is sunnah” is bid’ah. Drinking 8 glasses of water has nothing to do with Islam)

Khalifa - caliph

Hijab - head covering

Fard - obligatory duty/action

Sunnah - teaching of the prophet; recommended action

Fiqh - Islamic rules

Fatwa - Islamic ruling given by a scholar

Shair’ah: Islamic governance/laws

Adhan - call to prayer

Ayah - verse 

Fitna - multiple meanings - refer to https://islamqa.info/en/22899

Ghusl - a full ablution done after menstruation, sexual intercourse, impure discharges from the private area, post-partum bleeding, given to one who died, and some scholars believe it is obligatory for those who come into Islam [reverts] to do ghusl while others believe it’s recommended

Wudu - ablution done before prayer or reading/touching the Quran. Done after sleeping, passing wind, using the restroom, losing consciousness, bleeding (large amount), vomiting, rated-r touching

Zakat - charity

Ummah - the community of Muslims

Masjid - mosque

Shirk - associating partners with Allah

Ka’aba - “house of Allah;” built by Ibrahim (pbuh) and Ishmael (pbuh).

Hajj -  pilgrimage to the Ka’aba

Hadith - traditions of prophet Muhammad (pbuh); Recorded actions and sayings of the prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

Halal - permissible things and actions

Haram - impermissible things and actions

Quran - holy book of Islam

These are the basics! ☺️

You can find more here, but don’t stress yourself out! Learn what I posted, then go to the link if you wish to know more terms: 

http://www.cairchicago.org/pdf/glossaryofcommonmuslimtermsandphrases.pdf


Happy learning! May Allah make it easy for you, ameen! 🤗