Meeting with you now, in front of one of the newest and most beautiful buildings in Washington, it is fitting that we re-dedicate ourselves to the peaceful progress of all men under God.

And I should like to assure you, my Islamic friends, that under the American Constitution, under American tradition, and in American hearts, this Center, this place of worship, is just as welcome as could be a similar edifice of any other religion. Indeed, America would fight with her whole strength for your right to have here your own church and worship according to your own conscience.

The concept is indeed part of America, and without that concept we would be something else than what we are.

—  President Dwight D. Eisenhower, speech at the opening of the Islamic Center Mosque, Washington, D.C., June 28, 1957.

Ike Signs the NASA Act - Today in History

On July 29, 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).  Woot!


The National Aeronautics and Space act of 1958. 

President Eisenhower Presents NASA Commissions to Dr. T. Keith Glennan as the first administrator for NASA and Dr. Hugh L. Dryden as deputy administrator. Courtesty of NASA.

Statement by the President regarding H.R. 12575, the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, July 29, 1958.

Explore the Early History and Development of NASA from the Eisenhower Library


Little Rock Central High School Becomes a National Historic Site On This Day in 1998

On November 6, 1998, in a ceremony at the White House, President Clinton signed the bill that made Little Rock Central High School a National Historic Site.

There’s a brand new exhibit on the Google Cultural Institute about the Little Rock Nine and the events that led to desegregation at Central High.  Walk through the historic moments here:

Images: Two Arkansas National Guard members face Terrence Roberts at Little Rock Central High School. Courtesy of Central High Museum Historical Collections/UALR Archives and Special Collections.

President Eisenhower, White House Press Secretary James Hagerty, and Captain Evan P. Aurand leaving Newport after meetings with Governor Faubus to return to Washington, D.C.

National Guard Troops lined up along Park Street in front of Little Rock Central High School.  Courtesy of Central High Museum Historical Collections/UALR Archives and Special Collections.

President Clinton holds open the doors of Little Rock Central High School for Elizabeth Eckford, one of the Little Rock Nine at the 40th Anniversary of the Desegregation of Little Rock Central High School.

Little Rock Central High School, ca 1999.

President Clinton signs the Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site Bill, S. 2232, on the South Lawn of the White House. The days participants include: Senator Dale Bumpers, Representative Bennie Thompson, and Ernest “Ernie” Green, one of the Little Rock Nine.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U.S. president to travel on official state business by airplane on January 14, 1943. Far from the luxury of the modern Air Force One, Roosevelt took a 17,000-mile round trip in a Boeing 314 Flying Boat nicknamed the ‘Dixie Clipper’ across the Atlantic to a meeting with Winston Churchill and Charles de Gaulle in Morocco. 

The journey to Casablanca took four days to complete with frequent stops for refueling and a chance for Roosevelt to rest. Upon his arrival in North Africa, the leaders set about formulating the Casablanca Declaration, which announced that the Allies would accept nothing but an unconditional surrender from the Axis powers. 

After enduring his first long and uncomfortable flight, President Roosevelt soon became accustomed to flying and being the very first jet-setting president! He is pictured here on a plane later that year.

Image: “President Franklin D. Roosevelt with Dwight D. Eisenhower aboard an Airplane Enroute from North Africa to Sicily, 12/8/1943

Today in history, President Eisenhower warns of the “military-industrial complex.”

President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Farewell Address, famed for its reference to the “military-industrial complex,” is one of the most famous speeches in American history. Its meaning has been analyzed and debated by historians ever since. President Eisenhower delivered the speech today in history, on January 17, 1961.

Image: President Eisenhower’s reading copy of his Farewell Address, page 16.  You can see the entire reading copy with Eisenhower’s handwritten notes, watch the speech, and more at the Eisenhower Library.

Before it became seemingly mandatory for Republican political figures to condemn Planned Parenthood, many were enthusiastic supporters. In a step that would be unheard of today, Dwight D. Eisenhower, a former Republican president, agreed in 1965 to to co-chair an honorary Planned Parenthood board along with Harry Truman, a former Democratic president. The conservative icon Barry Goldwater and his wife, Peggy, were stalwart supporters of the Planned Parenthood chapter in Arizona. Sen. Prescott Bush was a strong advocate of the organization and of contraceptive services in general, as was his son, George H.W. Bush, during his time as a Texas congressman, though the latter had to renounce his support in order to become acceptable as a vice-presidential candidate for Ronald Reagan in 1980 (who himself had some years earlier signed a bill liberalizing abortion in California). Mitt Romney, who famously said in the 2012 presidential campaign that he would ‘get rid’ of Planned Parenthood, had attended a fundraiser for the organization with his wife some years earlier, where she had made a donation. And of course it was a Republican president, Richard Nixon, who in 1970 signed into law the aforementioned Title X, the nation’s only legislation specifically for family planning services. Planned Parenthood became a significant grantee of this new program.
Some General Facts on the USA
  • Some fear that interest groups may control parts of the government ghrough financial mens. President Dwight D. Esenhower warned in his farewell address of the increased power of the ‘millitary industrial complex’ that endagered the  operation of the government.
  • The view that the USA is unique amoung nations, marally superiaor, and should use its military power in preemtive wars, is called 'American Exceptionalism.’
  • The study of population characteristics is called “demographics.”
  • A major difference between US and other countries is that the USA has a large amount of immigration.
  • Alexis de Tocqueville observed the USA in the 1830’s and concluded that the USA was unique in that it had no experience at a great war, because it lacked powerful neighbors on its borders.
  • The distinctive elements that were unique to the USA- Alexis Tocqueville - American Exceptionalism
  • Demographic Data: South and Midwest are the most rural. West and North are the most urban. Large movement to urban areas. West: young. South : old.
  • Deciding Boundaries: * Tax revenues *Zoning Laws *Governmental Priorities*legislative Representation.
  • Since 1960 Republican Party started to increase in votes. 30 %
  • US Bureau Census says non-Hispanic white American will decline to 50% of our population 2050.
  • 2050 Hispanic: 24% Asian 9.3%
  • Hispanics are still not as politically involved as whites.
  • Highest poverty is found in Native Americans.
  • After Hurricane Katrina Population number of New Orleans is 50% less.

Photograph of Mamie Eisenhower reading, 1913. National Archives. 

Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower (1896-1979) was the wife of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and First Lady from 1953 to 1961. Mamie married Eisenhower at age 19 in 1916. The young couple moved frequently between military quarters in many postings, from Panama to the Philippines. As First Lady, she entertained a wide range of foreign dignitaries, who reacted well to her confident style and splendid costumes.

Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed.

This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 population. It is two fine, fully equipped hospitals. It is some fifty miles of concrete pavement. We pay for a single fighter with a half-million bushels of wheat. We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people… . This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron.

—  President Dwight D. Eisenhower, April 16, 1953
The Signs as Presidents
  • Aries: Harry S. Truman
  • Taurus: Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Gemini: George W. Bush
  • Cancer: Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Leo: Barack Obama
  • Virgo: Theodore Roosevelt
  • Libra: George Washington
  • Scorpio: Ronald Reagan
  • Sagittarius: Bill Clinton
  • Capricorn: Beyoncé
  • Aquarius: Abraham Lincoln
  • Pisces: John F. Kennedy