The Jackrabbit Homesteads of Wonder Valley, California (just north of Joshua Tree) were first established by the Small Tract Act of 1938, wherein the federal government leased (and ultimately sold) 2-5 acre desert plots to the public for $5, if built upon within 3 years.
Most of the shacks & early pre-fab cabins now sit derelict, though some have been restored and others are for sale.
Rome wasn’t built in a day, but a village of 10 houses created out of 3D printed concrete parts has been constructed in just one day in Shanghai, China. And the even better news? Each one only cost around $5000. Oh, and they’re partly made out of recycled waste, too.
Jean Prouve, Prototype of the Demountable Barrack Units for the Engineering Corps of the 5th Army. (1939)
For this project, Prouve made use of a production principle that he had previously employed for the barracks of a young peoples vacation resort in Onville: The barracks’ load bearing structure was a perimeter frame, lined with wooden panels. At the test run for assembling the units, conducted in Berkenwald in Alsace before the general staff, the time needed to build each structure amounted to no more than three hours. The French army ordered 275 of these barracks, but production had to be stopped due to the German invasion.
Pre-fab Cottage is a modern, modular pre-fabricated structure based on a 14 foot square module. The cottages are built using structural insulated panels for floor, walls and roof, creating an extremely energy efficient building envelope. The 14′ x 14′ cottage base module can be assembled in several combinations and is adaptable to many different site conditions aided by its unique precast concrete foundation system.