Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)

Nicolaus Copernicus was an astronomer and mathematician from Poland who changed many peoples worldview on the universe. He was the son of a wealthy merchant who was able to go to many elite universities for his education thanks to his wealth. He became a very skilled mathematician and astronomer thanks to his education. Copernicus used his math skills and careful observation to make new theories about the universe. Based on research by Islamic scholars, he proved that the sun was the center of the universe and other planets like Earth revolved around it. He also proved that the earth rotated on its axis once a day. The Roman Catholic Church, however, did not approve of his work. The Roman Catholic Church thought that Earth was the center of the universe, so when they saw that Copernicus had a different view, they thought of it as heresy, and his findings were banned by the Roman Catholic Church. It took almost 100 years for his views to be accepted, but eventually he changed the view of the universe for many people around the world.

Sources: Wikipedia, Textbook

Mark Few On Przemek Karnowski's Journey From Poland

Gonzaga head coach Mark Few talked about why he let Przemek Karnowski cut the net down first after winning their Elite Eight game over Xavier. Few talked about Karnowski’s ups and downs since arriving in Spokane from his native Poland.

like is pogrom as charged a word in poland as it is outside of it or does poland just deal w that kind of crap enough that it’s just regular vocabulary?

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OLIO TÄHTIEN TAKANA - Neocosmos EP

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Eltechserwis odwołuje zimę.
#eltechserwis .
#warszawa,#wiosna #buety #birds #birdwatching #follow4follow #follows #like4like #love #serwis

(w: Warsaw, Poland)

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The European Union

I’ll be honest, I never knew much about the European Union before I went to Europe. I had heard of it before but never really thought much of it. When you think of Europe, you generally think of the individual countries within it, not the EU. 

When I visited Italy in May, I fell in love with the European Union. I can’t describe the feeling but the freedom of movement and all the diversity within the EU was mind blowing to me. The fact that I could travel from Italy to Germany within an hour and a half without showing my passport baffled me. I saw first hand how beneficial the European Union was to its member citizens and the idea of growing up in a place like Spain and being able to live and work freely in Sweden, Poland, Romania, Greece, etc. was amazing to me. 

I often think about how much I would like to be an EU citizen. It’s not easy to obtain citizenship within one of the EU countries but I love how progressive the EU is. They maintain peace, promote democracy and encourage freedom of movement of their residents. I was heartbroken to see the United Kingdom leave the EU and it didn’t make sense to me why anyone would want to leave such a great union. I know as an outsider, you generally only see the good things of a place you visit. You don’t usually see their struggles. 

I wish I could describe to you all the way I felt when I was traveling throughout Europe in those few short weeks. The EU is what made it possible and I hope someday to become an EU citizen. It’s part of the reason I picked up French and I feel like maybe one day I will end up living in France. One can only hope. 

Our Universal Mother - Part 28

Our Lady of Czestochowa - Czestochowa, Poland - Date Unknown- Feast Day: May 3 rd

O Mary, our dear Lady of Czestochowa, look graciously upon your children in this troubled and sinful world, embrace us all in your loving and Motherly protection. Protect our young from Godless ways; assist our dear ones grown old with age to prepare for their journey home; shield our defenseless unborn from the horrors of abortion, and be our strength against all sin. Spare your children from all hatred, discrimination and war. Fill our hearts, our homes and our world with that peace and love which comes only from your Son, whom you so tenderly embrace. O, Queen and Mother, be our comfort and strength! In Jesus’ name we pray. Amen.

The origin of this miraculous image is unknown, but a charming legend has prevailed through the ages. It reveals that after the Crucifixion, when Our Lady moved to the home of St. John, she took with her a few personal belongings—among which was a table built by the Redeemer in the workshop of St. Joseph. When pious virgins of Jerusalem prevailed upon St. Luke to paint a portrait of the Mother of God, it was the top of this table that was used to memorialize her image. While applying his brush and paints, St. Luke listened carefully as the Mother of Jesus spoke of the life of her Son, facts which the Evangelist later recorded in his Gospel.

Legend also tells us that the painting remained in and around Jerusalem until it was discovered by St. Helena in the fourth century. Together with other sacred relics, the painting was transported to Constantinople where her son, Emperor Constantine the Great, erected a church for its enthronement.

The portrait of Mother and Child was revered by the people, but not so by the Saracen tribes who besieged the city. History records that during the siege the senators and citizens carried the precious image in procession through the streets and around the dikes. The Saracens are said to have been frightened by what they saw and fled in dismay.

Later, during the dreadful reign of Emperor Izauryn, who was embittered against holy objects and destroyed many by fire, the image was saved by his wife, the Empress Irene. She displayed remarkable cunning by hiding it in the palace of the Emperor—the very place where Our Lady’s enemies would never think of searching for it.

The portrait remained in Constantinople for 500 years, until it became part of several dowries and eventually found its way to Russia and the region of Russia that later became Poland.

After the portrait came into the possession of Polish prince St. Ladislaus in the fifteenth century, it was installed in a special chamber of his castle at Belz. Soon afterward, when the castle was besieged by the Tartars, an enemy arrow entered the chapel through a window and struck the painting, inflicting a scar on the throat of the Blessed Virgin. The injury remains to this day, despite several attempts through the years to repair it.

Chroniclers tell us that St. Ladislaus determined to save the image from the repeated invasions of the Tartars by taking it to the more secure city of Opala, his birthplace. This journey took him through Czestochowa, where he decided to rest for the night. During this brief pause in their journey , the image was taken to Jasna Gora (meaning “bright hill”). There it was placed in a small wooden church named for the Assumption. The following morning, after the portrait was carefully replaced in its wagon, the horses refused to move. Accepting this as a heavenly sign that the portrait was to remain in Czestochowa, St. Ladislaus had the image solemnly returned to the Church of the Assumption. This occurred on August 26, 1382, a day still observed as the feast day of the painting. Since it was St. Ladislaus’ wish to have the portrait guarded by the holiest of men, he ordered the building of a church and monastery for the Pauline Fathers, who have devoutly ensured the security of their charge for the last six centuries.

Having escaped the rampage of Emperor Izauryn, and damaged by a Tartar’s arrow in the area of the Blessed Virgin’s throat, the portrait was next placed in peril by the Hussites who embraced extravagant heresies. They invaded the monastery of the Pauline Fathers in 1430 and plundered the richly decorated sanctuary. Among the items stolen was the portrait of Our Lady.

After placing it in a wagon the Hussites proceeded only a short distance before the horses refused to move. Recalling that a similar incident had occurred to Prince Ladislaus some 50 years before—and realizing that the portrait was the cause—the heretics threw it to the ground. It broke into three pieces. One of the robbers drew his sword, struck the image and inflicted two deep gashes.

While preparing to inflict a third gash, he fell to the ground and writhed in agony until his death.

The two slashes on the cheek of the Blessed Virgin, together with the previous injury to the throat, have always reappeared—despite repeated attempts to repair them.

The portrait again faced danger in the year 1655. At that time 12,000 Swedes confronted the 300 men who were guarding the sanctuary. Though vastly outnumbered, Our Lady’s defenders were successful in bitterly defeating the enemy. The following year, the Holy Virgin was acclaimed Queen of Poland.

Closer to our own time, on September 14, 1920, when the Russian army assembled at the River Vistula and prepared to invade Warsaw, the people had recourse to Our Lady. It is recorded that the following day, the feast of Our Lady of Sorrows, the Russian army quickly withdrew after the Image of Our Lady appeared in the clouds over the city. In Polish history this victory is known as the Miracle at the Vistula.

Unlike the Russian army, which failed to take the city, the Germans proved more successful in invading and capturing Poland. After they had claimed the city of Warsaw, one of Hitler’s orders was the suspension of all pilgrimages. In a demonstration of love for Our Lady and their confidence in her protection, a half million Poles secretly journeyed to the sanctuary in defiance of Hitler’s orders. Following the liberation of the nation in 1945, a million and a half people expressed their gratitude to the Madonna by praying before the miraculous image.

Twenty—eight years after the Russians’ first attempt at capturing the city, they successfully took control of the entire nation in 1948. During that year more than 800,000 brave people pilgrimaged to the sanctuary on the feast of the Assumption, one of the three feast days of the portrait, even though they passed under the gaze of Communist soldiers who routinely patrolled the streets. Today, the people continue to honor their beloved portrait of the Madonna and Child, especially on August 26, the day that has been reserved for its celebration since the time of Prince Ladislaus.

Because of the dark coloration of the Madonna’s face and hands, the image has been affectionately called the Black Madonna, a phrase reminiscent of the Canticle of Canticles, “ I am black but beautiful.” The darkness is ascribed to various conditions, of which its age is primary. During its existence it was hidden for safekeeping in many places which were far from ideal for the storage of works of art; furthermore, countless candles were burned before it, causing it to be almost constantly embraced by smoke. Additionally, it was handled innumerable times, resulting in unintentional abuse.

Without the frame, the painting is approximately 19 inches high by about 13 inches wide and is almost a half inch thick. A cloth stretched across the back depicts scenes and designs representing the history of the painting and some of the miracles performed through the intercession of the Madonna.

The miracles attributed to Our Lady of Czestochowa are numerous and spectacular. The original accounts of these cures and miracles are preserved in the archives of the Pauline Fathers at Jasna Gora.

Papal recognition of the miraculous image was made by Pope Clement XI in 1717. The crown given to the image by the Pope was used in the first official coronation of the painting, but this symbol of Our Lady’s Queenship, unfortunately, was stolen in 1909. The crown was replaced by one of gold encrusted with jewels, a gift of Pope Pius X.

Among the most distinguished visitors to the shrine can be counted Jan Casimir, King of Poland, who journeyed there in 1656. After placing his crown at the foot of the Virgin’s altar he vowed, “I, Jan Casimir, King of Poland, take thee as Queen and Patroness of my kingdom; I put my people and my army under your protection…”

May 3, the day on which this vow was made, was designated by Pope Pius XI as the feast of Mary under the title “Queen of Poland.”

In modern times, Pope John Paul II, a native son of Poland, prayed before the Madonna during his historic visit in 1979, several months after his election to the Chair of Peter. The Pope made another visit to Our Lady of Czestochowa in 1983 and again in 1991. 

anonymous asked:

JD is afraid of flying. Mostly because of stories and conspiracies he always hears. But V doesn't know this until they go to take a plane somewhere and she has to comfort him. Very cute scenario

“Veronica I’m just saying that at any time someone could plant a bomb in the engine”
“JD that will not happen”
“Okay but they didn’t think Germany would invade Poland either did they?? Exactly”

Reuters Sports Schedule at 0001 GMT on Sunday, March 26

Reuters sports schedule at 0001 GMT on Sunday:

SOCCER
World Cup qualifying (1945 unless stated)
Azerbaijan v Germany (1600)
San Marino v Czech Republic (1600)
Northern Ireland v Norway (1845)
Armenia v Kazakhstan (1600)
Montenegro v Poland (1845)
Romania v Denmark (1845)
England v Lithuania (1600)
Malta v Slovakia (1845)
Scotland v Slovenia (1845)
England bid to increase lead with victory over Lithuania
LONDON - England, two points clear at the top of Group F, will be captained by goalkeeper Joe Hart as they seek to increase their lead with victory over Lithuania at Wembley. (SOCCER-WORLDCUP-ENG-LIT/ (PIX) expect by 1800 GMT/2 PM ET, by Martyn Herman, 400 words)
We will also carry short match reports on selected matches.

MOTOR RACING
Australian Formula One Grand Prix, Melbourne (0500)
Hamilton on pole at Albert Park
MELBOURNE - Briton Lewis Hamilton will hope to fend off the challenge of Ferrari driver Sebastian Vettel and win the season-opener for Mercedes. (MOTOR-F1-AUSTRALIA/ (PIX), expect by 0700 GMT/3 AM ET, by Ian Ransom, 500 words)

CRICKET
India v Australia, 4th test (to 29)
India plot strong reply to Australia’s 300
DHARAMSALA - Having restricted Australia to 300 in their first innings, India will hope to mount a strong reply when openers Murali Vijay and Lokesh Rahul resume what could be a decisive second day in the contest. The four-test series is level at 1-1. (CRICKET-INDIA/(PIX), expect from 0630 GMT/2:30 AM ET, by Amlan Chakraborty, 450 words)
New Zealand v South Africa, third test (to 29)
South Africa resume after rain disrupted first day
WELLINGTON - South Africa captain Faf du Plessis resumed his partnership with Temba Bavuma as the visitors restarted their innings on 123 for four after rain washed out most of the first day’s play of the third test against New Zealand. (CRICKET-NEWZEALAND/, expect by 0015 GMT/8:15 PM ET, 400 words)

TENNIS
ATP/WTA: Miami Open (to 2)
Federer moves on in Miami
Roger Federer continued his impressive 2017 campaign with a straight-sets, second-round victory at the Miami Open in Florida on Saturday. (TENNIS-MIAMI/MEN (TV), moved with updates to follow, 400 words)

Pliskova takes on Putintseva
Second seed Karolina Pliskova faces Yulia Putintseva in a third-round match. (TENNIS-MIAMI/WOMEN (TV), expect by 0300 GMT/11 PM ET, 400 words)
GOLF
PGA Tour: WGC-Dell Match Play, Austin (to 26)
Johnson stays on track at Match Play
World number one Dustin Johnson stayed on track to become the first player to win all four World Golf Championships events when he advanced to the semi-finals at the WGC-Dell Match Play in Texas on Saturday. (GOLF-MATCHPLAY/ (TV), moved, 400 words)

PGA Tour: Puerto Rico Open (to 26)
Stroud looks to seal the deal in Puerto Rico
Chris Stroud took a one-stroke lead after the third round at the Puerto Rico Open on Saturday, declaring it was time to win a PGA Tour event. (GOLF-PUERTORICO/, moved, 200 words)

CYCLING
Valverde defends lead in final stage
BARCELONA - Spaniard Alejandro Valverde defends his 53-second lead over compatriot Alberto Contador on the final stage. (CYCLING-CATALONIA/, expect by 1630 GMT/12:30 PM ET, 200 words)

ATHLETICS
World cross country championships
KAMPALA - Kenya and their east African middle and long-distance running rivals Ethiopia will come face-to-face again at the 42nd world championships in the Ugandan capital Kampala. (ATHLETICS-WORLD/CROSSCOUNTRY (PIX), expect by 1530 GMT/11:30 AM ET, 300 words)

MOTORCYCLING
Qatar MotoGP season-opener
Vinales on pole for Yamaha, champion Marquez starts third
Spaniard Maverick Vinales starts on pole position on his Yamaha debut, with Honda’s triple world champion Marc Marquez also on the front row and hoping for better weather after Saturday’s storms that swept the Losail circuit. (MOTOR-MOTOGP-QATAR/ (TV), expect by 2000 GMT/4 PM ET, 300 words

NBA
Cavs try to stay atop the East
The LeBron James-led Cleveland Cavaliers (46-24), back home after a three-game western swing, try to increase their tenuous lead in the East when they play the Washington Wizards in one of four games on the National Basketball Association schedule. (BASKETBALL-NBA-HIGHLIGHTS/, expect by 0530 GMT/1:30 AM ET, by The Sports Xchange, 800 words)

NHL
Blues and Flames tune up for playoffs
The 40-28-5 St. Louis Blues, winners of four straight, meet the Calgary Flames (41-29-4) in a contest between two seemingly playoff-bound teams, one of 12 games on the National Hockey League schedule. (ICEHOCKEY-NHL-HIGHLIGHTS/, expect by 0530 GMT/1:30 AM ET, by The Sports Xchange, 400 words)

NORTH AMERICAN SPORTS
Roundups of off-field developments in the major North American professional sports leagues. (expect by 0000 GMT/8 PM ET, by The Sports Xchange, 500 words)

(Asia desk editor: Peter Rutherford)

Eurovision 2017 song titles in the lead vocalist's main language
  • <p> <b>Albania:</b> Botë<p/><b>Armenia:</b> թռչել ինձ հետ (t’rrch’yel indz het)<p/><b>Austria:</b> Auf Luft rennen<p/><b>Australia:</b> Don’t come easy<p/><b>Azerbaijan:</b> Skeleti<p/><b>Belgium:</b> Lumières de la ville<p/><b>Bulgaria:</b> Красива бъркотия (Krasiva bŭrkotiya)<p/><b>Belarus:</b> Гісторыя майго жыцця (Historyja majho žyccia)<p/><b>Switzerland:</b> Apollo<p/><b>Cyprus:</b> Βαρύτητα (Varýtita)<p/><b>Czech Republic:</b> Můj tah<p/><b>Germany:</b> Perfektes Leben<p/><b>Denmark:</b> Where I Am<p/><b>Estonia:</b> Verona<p/><b>Spain:</b> Hazlo por tu amante<p/><b>Finland:</b> Mustarastas<p/><b>France:</b> Requiem<p/><b>United Kingdom:</b> I Will Never Give Up On You<p/><b>Georgia:</b> შეინარჩუნე რწმენა (sheinarch’une rtsmena)<p/><b>Greece:</b> Αυτό είναι αγάπη (Aftó eínai agápi)<p/><b>Croatia:</b> Moj prijatelj<p/><b>Hungary:</b> Origo<p/><b>Ireland:</b> Dying to try<p/><b>Israel:</b> אני מרגיש חי<p/><b>Iceland:</b> Pappír<p/><b>Italy:</b> Occidentali’s Karma<p/><b>Lithuania:</b> Lietus revoliucijos<p/><b>Latvia:</b> Līnija<p/><b>Moldova:</b> Hey Mamma<p/><b>Montenegro:</b> простор (Prostor)<p/><b>Macedona:</b> танцуваат сами (Tancuvaat sami)<p/><b>Malta:</b> Breathlessly<p/><b>The Netherlands:</b> Licht en schaduwen<p/><b>Norway:</b> Grip øyeblikket<p/><b>Poland:</b> Latarka<p/><b>Portugal:</b> Amor pelos dois<p/><b>Romania:</b> Yodel-l<p/><b>Serbia:</b> Предубоко (Preduboko)<p/><b>Russia:</b> Пламя горит (Plamya gorit)<p/><b>Sweden:</b> Jag kan inte fortsätta<p/><b>Slovenia:</b> Na poti<p/><b>San Marino:</b> Spirito della notte<p/><b>Ukraine:</b> час (Chas)<p/></p>

princessal  asked:

Can u do one where Cole is so shy boy and he's in love with also shy girl. One day he comes to her to tell her about it but her mom says she's not home so he goes under her window and throws a stone in it. When she open the window he start recite Shakspeare. U know.. "But soft! What light through yonder window breaks?It is the east, and Juliet is the sun." etc. Ily and I'm so sorry for my English and repetition.. Greetings from Poland ♥

It’s added to my list! :) Also, hello Poland! 🤗❤️