Plate armour

Mark VIII Errant Power Armour

The Mark VIII Errant pattern is an update to the Aquila Mark VII pattern armour, the first suit of new Power Armour produced by the Imperium since the Horus Heresy, thus illustrating the extreme stagnation of Mankind’s science and technology over the past ten millennia since the fall of Horus and the Ascension of the Emperor. Mark VIII armour is distinguished by a raised collar or gorget at the front, and enhanced armoured plating for the Mark VII’s torso power cables which were vulnerable to weapons fire. The new pattern also addressed the vulnerability issues of the Mark VII’s neck joint, which had been know to act as a “shell-trap”, (a round could hit the chest armour and deflect up into the neck joint). The new gorget required a new helmet design, which caused problems for backward compatibility with the earlier helmet types, which cannot be easily fitted to a Mark VIII neck joint without extensive modification. Mark VIII armour has gone into only limited production thus far, and is seen in limited numbers on the battlefields of the late 41st Millennium. Full versions of this armour are almost never seen; however, it is common to find parts of it being used by Space Marine officers. It has had limited deployment thus far, so tends to be reserved for Veteran Marines as a sign of their rank. Thus far, Mark VIII suits have mostly been issued to Sergeants and higher-ranking Astartes officers, and as such the appearance of the Mark VIII has taken on an air of authority amongst the Adeptus Astartes. The Mark VIII is not widespread in the galaxy yet and it will take quite a few Terran centuries before the Forge Worlds of the Imperium have brought every Chapter up to the new standard.

ロンドン塔 − ホワイト・タワーでロイヤル武器庫。

ジャイアント・アーマーはドイツの騎士プレートアーマーです。1540年。

子供の騎士アーマー。多分イギリス、1610年。

そして、両刀は儀式用な『ツヴァイヘンダー』です。『ベアリングの剣』と呼んだことができます。両手剣である。15世紀。

Tower of London - Royal armouries of the White Tower. 

This giants armour is a German field armour. 1540s.

Armour for a child. Probably English, 1610s.

The two swords are ceremonial “Zweihänders”. They can also be called bearing swords and must be held with two hands to wield. 15th century. 

[Re-edited to add “ceremonial”]

Today at the fair was awesome! I keept hearing behind my back people going “look, there is a female knight as well!” and all the small girls kept running up to me saying it was sooo cool that girls could be knights also, not just princesses. 😁❤️ Honestly, I think I pass better in my plate armour than my “normal” clothing lol. 😁

History Meme:
7/8 Objects » Plate Armour

Plate armour is a historical type of personal armour made from iron or steel plates. While there are early predecessors such as the Roman-era lorica segmentata, full plate armour developed in Europe during the Late Middle Ages, especially in the context of the Hundred Years’ War, from the coat of plates worn over mail suits during the 13th century. In Europe plate armour reached its peak in the late 15th and 16th centuries, with the full suits of Gothic plate armour worn on the battlefields of the Burgundian and Italian Wars. The most heavily armoured troops of the period were heavy cavalry such as the gendarmes and early cuirassiers, but the infantry troops of the Swiss mercenaries and the landsknechts also took to wearing lighter suits of “three quarters” plate armour, leaving the lower legs unprotected. [X]

ロンドン塔 − ホワイト・タワーでロイヤル武器庫。

ジャイアント・アーマー。ドイツの騎士プレートアーマー。1540年。大きいだよ!

Tower of London - Royal armouries of the White Tower. 

Giants armour. German field armour. 1540s.

ロンドン塔 − ホワイト・タワーでロイヤル武器庫。プレート・アーマー・ガルニチュールとハーフ・シャッフロン。ジョスト物。1570年。

Tower of London - Royal armouries of the White Tower. Plate armour guarniture and half shaffron. Jousting items. Around 1570s.

Plate Armour - Facts, Myths and Timelines

Origins

Armour (spelt armor to any of my American readers) has been used throughout history to protect soldiers on the battlefield. As weapons were adapted to better kill the enemy, so was armour adapted to better protect the soldier.



Ancient Greek (350 - 300 BC)  Chest plate



Some of the earliest recovered plate armour comes from Ancient Greece, dating between 350 - 300 BC. Most recovered pieces were made from copper or bronze, much softer than the steel used in later armour.

Romans (9 BC - 300 AD) Lorica segmentata

The Romans developed a set of laminar plate armour commonly called the Lorica segmentata, which consisted a series of steel strips that ran horizontal to the body and attached to leather on the inside of the armour. This armour proved effective in battle, and could be disassembled and stored flat to conserve space. Bronze rivets and fasteners were used to connect the pieces of the armour together at both the front and back.

Europe (13th Century) Plated Mail

By the 13th century armour consisting of a mail coat or hauberk covered with at least a single large plate was commonly used. Ideally the plate was worn were it would give the most protection to vital areas while the chain mail would assist in deflecting glancing blows, cut and arrows.

Europe (14th and 15th century) Large Plates and Mail

By the 15th century armour was being constructed with larger plates and less chain mail. This armour is the kind most people think of when they picture a Knight. Steel plates are much better at stopping a blade or deflecting an arrow than mail, giving the wearer a much better chance of surviving in battle.

Europe (16th century) Full Plate

By the 16th century full plate armour was at its peak. A series of custom made plates were worn together to form a near impregnable layer of armour  that could turn a blow from a sword and prevent penetration from most arrows.

The development of full plate armour saw the emergence of several new weapons of war which made their way onto the battlefield, such as war hammers and halberds. These new weapons were designed to negate full plate armour by inflicting a massive amount of force onto a very concentrated area, penetrating or buckling the armour.

Munitions Armour (16th century)

Soldiers and mercenaries who could not afford custom made armour could buy what became known as munition armour, or munition grade armour. This armour was constructed to be a one size fits all plate armour that was rarely a perfect fit, but still offered a deal of protection in battle.

End of an Era (17th century)

By the end of the 16th century firearms were beginning to make there way onto the battlefield. It was soon discovered that regardless of how expensive the armour, steel plate was no match for a projectile fired from a firearm. In most cases where the plate was thick enough to stop the projectile the impact alone caused enough trauma to kill the soldier.

As firearms became more common full plate armour declined as it was seen to be a poor investment. Three quarter armour that covered the torso, arms and head became was popular up to the mid 17th century. By the end of the 17th century plate armour was only used to cover vital areas such as the torso.

Myth: Plate armour restricted movement and was very heavy.

This is not entirely correct. A full set of plate armour usually weighed around 20 kilograms, far less than the soldiers of today carry into battle. Due to the fact that the weight was distributed evenly over the torso, head and limbs and not just on the back and hips mobility was quite good.

Myth: Only Knights wore armour.

Armour was available to whomever could afford to purchase it. Peasants were forced to fight wearing less favourable armours such as mail and leather. Professional soldiers and mercenaries could purchase munitions grade armour, or if they were particularly wealthy they might purchase a set of full plate armour.

Knights were usually sponsored by a royal,  and given a plot of land and peasants to care for. In return the Knight would defend the peasants and pay taxes back to the royal sponsor. This wealth not only made them important in feudal society but allowed them to purchase what many others could not, which is why knights are most often depicted in plate armour.

Myth: Plate armour could protect a knight from anything on the battlefield.

While plate armour was certainly good, it was not magical in its ability to protect the wearer. A knight could still be killed by a well aimed strike with a thin blade under the arm, or through the eye slit of the helmet. Plate armour did not always protect from arrows either. There are several instances that are recorded where arrows from long bows have penetrated full plate armour.

Writers note: The images used were sourced from the web. If i have made an error in the timeline of the plate armour, or missed something please leave a comment and I will make the change right away.