You must understand the whole of life, not just one little part of it. That is why you must read, that is why you must look at the skies, that is why you must sing and dance, and write poems and suffer and understand, for all that is life.

Valentin Vigo - Oneness, 1695.

Alchemists held a vision of totality and connection of all elements. They sought to uncover the knowledge unlocked in the secrets of the elements. In  this worldview, transformation was the essence of the alchemical search for wisdom and power. All that is – is one inconceivable invisible connection of harmonies flowing, exchanging, and sharing their powers in infinite fields.  Chi Gong works in connection to all that holds Chi: earth, heaven, air, metal, wood, fire, water, etc. This image captures the beautiful alchemy of Chi and the orchestration that takes place all around us. It is so subtle that it is invisible to our eyes, but not to our energy bodies. The intelligence in nature is one of energy transformation and exchange in balance, enhancing feedback flows and minimizing waste.

5 things you didn’t know about Descartes

This August, the OUP Philosophy team honors René Descartes (1596–1650) as their Philosopher of the Month. Here are five cool facts about this legendary French thinker.

All facts below are taken from Oxford Reference Online: 

  1. Descartes enlisted at his own expense in the Prince of Orange, Maurice of Nassau’s army, in order to have the leisure to think.
  2. While shut away in a stove-heated room in Ulm, Germany, Descartes experienced a vision which he took for divine revelation of his work in life – the unfolding of a scientia mirabilis, or wonderful science. His interest in the methodology of a unified science is supposed to have begun with this vision.
  3. In 1620, Descartes was present at in the Battle of the White Mountain outside Prague, serving under Maximilian, Duke of Bavaria.
  4. Descartes’s The World offered a mechanistic account of the universe (a heliocentric system) and of human beings, their bodily motions, and sensations. The work was completed by 1633, but Descartes abandoned publication on hearing of Galileo’s condemnation by the church.
  5. On his death in 1650, Descartes’ last words are said to have been ‘Ça, mon âme, il faut partir’ (‘So, my soul, it is time to part’).

 For more information about Descartes, follow #PhilosopherOTM and @OUPPhilosophy on Twitter.

Image credit: “Portrait of René Descartes” by Frans Hals, Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

“Kant makes the epistemological skepticism of the English possible for Germans by enlisting it for the sympathy of their moral and religious needs, and by scholastically involuting and curlicueing it to make it acceptable for their taste regarding scientific form.”

—F. Nietzsche, The Will to Power, §101 (edited excerpt).

anonymous asked:

Do you need to worship a god to be a Druid?

No, you do not. Not even remotely.

Here’s the thing. Druidry has a number of expressions. I happen to be a polytheistic Druid, and I count, among my many allies, certain gods and goddesses. Most of my writings and devotional work, thus, speaks of deities.

That said, I know people whose Druidry is virtually atheist, a philosophy that they enjoy that enriches their life and brings them pleasure and fulfillment. I also know people who believe in all manner of Spirits in the world, but focus almost entirely on the Ancestors of the Spirits of Nature.

Druidry is, I feel, mostly about relationship: it’s about relationships with those things that you feel drawn to, that move you, that brighten your life.

Don’t get bogged down in the idea that you must or should “Druid in a certain way.” Druid in the way that moves you, that uplifts you, and that brightens your spirit.

And good luck.

[T]he contemporary obsession with white consumption of the dark Other has served as a catalyst for the resurgence of essentialist based racial and ethnic nationalism. Black nationalism, with its emphasis on black separatism, is resurging as a response to the assumption that white cultural imperialism and white yearning to possess the Other are invading black life, appropriating and violating black culture. As a survival strategy, black nationalism surfaces most strongly when white cultural appropriation of black culture threatens to decontextualize and thereby erase knowledge of the specific historical and social context of black experience from which cultural productions and distinct black styles emerge.

psychstudious  asked:

Hi! I'm taking an ethics class my first quarter of my freshman year of college and I'm wondering what topics in ethics I should prime myself on before I start school next month?

hi! that’s awesome - i fuckin’ love ethics and it’s my main focus! i sincerely hope you enjoy it :) if you’re taking an intro level class (which i’m assuming you are - usually you can’t take higher level ethics classes without fulfilling some prerequisites) then i don’t think you really need to do any studying beforehand - your professor will explain everything thoroughly and teach under the assumption that you don’t have a background knowledge of ethics.

however, if you wanna get ahead or whatever, a good place to start are the three main kinds of ethical theory:

i’ve provided a fuck ton of reading material here, none of which i think is necessary to be well-informed on prior to starting your introductory ethics class, so you can just pick and choose which topics sound interesting to you to get a little taste of what you’ll most probably be learning :)

additionally, throughout the course of your class if you ever have any questions i’m always happy to help ^_^

Immanuel Kant perhaps composed the longest list of defect in classical Greek “pure reason”. One that has received less publicity than most goes like this:

When an arrow gets fired from a bow toward a target it appears to move through space. However, at every instant the arrow actually occupies one position in space, not two or three or more positions. Thus, at every instant the arrow exists in one place, not in two or three or more. In other words, at every instant the arrow has a position. If the arrow has one and only one definition position at every instant, then at every instant it does not move. If it does not move at any of these instants, it never moves at all.
You cannot escape this Logic by positing instants-between-instants. In these nanotime units, the same logic holds. At each nano-instant, the arrow has some location, not several locations. Therefore, even in nano-instant, the arrow does not move at all.
It seems the only way out of this absurdity consists of claiming that the arrow does, after all, occupy two locations at the same time. Alas, this leads to worse problems, which I leave you to discover for yourself.

And that shows where Logic gets you, if uncorrected by observations. If we do not correct our Logic by comparing it with experience, we may go on for centuries elaborating our most ancient errors endlessly.

—  Robert Anton Wilson - Quantum Psychology