The time will come when diligent research over long periods will bring to light things which now lie hidden. A single lifetime, even though entirely devoted to the sky, would not be enough for the investigation of so vast a subject… And so this knowledge will be unfolded through long successive ages. There will come a time when our descendants will be amazed that we did not know things that are so plain to them… Many discoveries are reserved for ages still to come, when memory of us will have been effaced. Our universe is a sorry little affair unless it has something for every age to investigate… Nature does not reveal her mysteries once and for all.


“Imagine judging the Greeks by their philosophers, as Germans do, using petty bourgeois Socratism to try to learn what Hellenism is really all about! They were the decadent counter-movement to the ancient, noble taste! Socratic virtues were preached because the Greeks did not have them.”

—F. Nietzsche, Twilight of the Idols, “What I Owe The Ancients,” §3 (edited excerpt).

It is an illusion that youth is happy, an illusion of those who have lost it; but the young know they are wretched, for they are full of truthless ideals which have been instilled into them, and each time they come in contact with the real they are bruised and wounded. It looks as if they were victims of a conspiracy; for the books they read, ideal by the necessity of selection, and the conversation of their elders, who look back upon the past through a rosy hazy of forgetfulness, prepare them for an unreal life. They must discover for themselves that all they have read and all they have been told are lies, lies, lies; and each discovery is another nail driven into the body on the cross of life.
—  William Somerset Maugham, Of Human Bondage

Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Plato’s dialogues are among the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity, though it is unclear the degree to which Socrates himself is “hidden behind his ‘best disciple’, Plato”. Socrates did not write anything of his own. Understanding Socrates as an individual and appreciating his exact philosophical stand-point and views, therefore, relies upon these sources, but comparison of the details of the sources reveals contradictions, thus creating a conflictual problem in reliably knowing the actual Socrates, this issue is known as the Socratic problem, or the Socratic question. There are no straightforward histories, contemporary with Socrates, that dealt with his own time and place. For instance, those who prosecuted and convicted Socrates have left no testament. Historians therefore face the challenge of reconciling the various evidence from the extant texts I order to attempt an accurate and consistent account of Socrates’ life and work.


PHILOSOPHY - Soren Kierkegaard

Скажу вам вот что: мысли никогда не бывают честными. В отличии от эмоций. Не ищите правды в том, о чем думают люди; большая часть того, что они подразумевают под словом «думать», в любом случае, не несет никакой смысловой нагрузки, потому как вещи обдумываются снова и снова и становятся изощренными и неясными. Те, кто знают, как чувствовать, возможно, расскажут вам парочку интересных вещей, и на тот случай, если они сделают это, вы должны знать, как слушать.
Итак, учитесь слушать. Вы не сможете заставить человека раскрыть свои чувства, если он сам того не захочет. Но вы можете открыть себя для него, вдумчиво слушая; человек, возможно, захочет быть проще и поговорить о погоде, так позвольте же ему почувствовать простоту и непринужденность. Возможно, он пожелает бросить в вашу сторону трагическую метафору и прошепчет «черт возьми», а потом вновь замолчит. Тем не менее, чувство в нем останется.
Каждый раз, когда люди завлекают себя в процесс подлинного взаимодействия, эмоции ,так или иначе, выливаются наружу. Будьте настоящими. Будьте проще.

Альбер Камю