A Filipino civilian looks over the bodies of those killed in the Ermita district during the Battle of Manila. The one month battle fought from 3 February to 3 March 1945 between American and Filipino forces against the Imperial Japanese, culminated in a terrible bloodbath and total devastation of the city, was the scene of the worst urban fighting in the Pacific Theater, and ended almost three years of Japanese military occupation in the Philippines. Manila was officially liberated on 3 March 1945, but large areas of the city had been leveled. The battle left 1,010 U.S. soldiers dead and 5,565 wounded. An estimated 100,000 Filipinos civilians were killed, both deliberately by the Japanese forces and accidentally from artillery and aerial bombardment by the U.S. military. Over 16,000 Japanese troops were killed. Manila, Luzon, Philippines. March 1945.
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