Philippine-mythology

philippine myth creatures gothic
  • they talk of creatures lurking in the night, always reminding you of their ways whenever you do something bad. using your fear as a way for you to obey them.
  • they talk of the tiyanak, and how they attract travelers by imitating a baby cry and then attack the victim. you walk home late one night from school, you hear the baby crying, not so distant. you stop for a second, the hairs on your arms rising, a shiver running down your spine. you resume walking. you don’t turn back.
  • you remember the tikbalang one time you got lost with your friends. you drive and drive but you keep returning to that tree with the branches that look like arms and it feels eerie. you had your stereo on full volume and you turn it down. you tell your friends to keep quiet and to turn their shirts inside out. you keep driving and this time you get out. but it’s been five hours when it felt like five minutes.
  • you think of the manananggal when your mom gets pregnant. you think of it flying to your house and using its long proboscis-like tongue to suck out the heart and blood of your would-be sibling. you think of its severed torso, the upper doing the job while the lower just stands there. you sit up every night waiting for it. you don’t get much sleep, too scared to sleep in case it comes.
  • you wait for your friend one time. you hear, ek ek ek. it seemed very far so you don’t pay much attention to it. you tell your friend this and they say it was probably an ekek, similar to the manananggal. your friend also says that they fool people into thinking they were far when they were actually very close.
  • your mom tells you that your maid’s mother is an aswang, a vampire-like witch ghoul. your maid is probably one too. you remember what happened to your neighbor, how he didn’t seem like himself and then he became sick and died. you hear people saying it was your maid and that it was the way of the aswangs to replace their victims with doppelgangers only to become sick and die. you’ve been very nice to you maid ever since. you don’t know who’s real, you don’t know who’s a doppelganger.
  • these are some of the creatures you’ve been afraid of your whole life. they tell you to let go of it. they tell you it’s not real. but you can’t, you can’t, you can’t.
the signs as filipino deities
  • Aries: Inagunid (goddess of war and poisons), Lisuga (deity of the babaylans (religious leaders) and sailors), Apolaki (god of the sun, wisdom, and strategy)
  • Taurus: Meylupa (crow god of the earth), Lakambini (goddess of throat ailments), Makabusog (god of hunger)
  • Gemini: Anitun Tabu (goddess of wind and rain), Ampu (the weaver god), Galang Kaluluwa (the winged god who loves to travel)
  • Cancer: Balangaw (god of the rainbow), Suklang Malayon (goddess of homeliness), Uwinan Sana (god of the fields and forests)
  • Leo: Diyan Masalanta (goddess of love and childbirth), Santonilyo (god of graces), Hanan (goddess of the morning)
  • Virgo: Mapulon (god of seasons), Idiyanale (goddess of labor and good deeds), Alunsina (the virgin goddess of the eastern skies)
  • Libra: Laon (goddess of agriculture, creation, harvests, and time), Mayari(one-eyed goddess of the moon), Diwata (god who mediates between humanity and Ampu)
  • Scorpio: Nagmalitong Yawa Sinagmaling Diwata (goddess of empowerment, lust, and seduction), Lakapati (transgender deity of fertility and cultivated fields), Haliya (masked goddess of the moon)
  • Sagittarius: Dumakulem (guardian god of mountains), Ribung Linti (god of thunder and lightning), Bangun Bangun (god of time and cosmic movements)
  • Capricorn: Pandaki (goddess of redemption), Amanikabli (god of hunters), Saragnayan (god of darkness)
  • Aquarius: Tala (goddess of the stars), Lihangin (god of the wind), Anagolay (goddess of lost things)
  • Pisces: Kilubansa (god of healing), Magwayen (goddess of the sea and underworld) Pasipo (god of music)
10

The Tagalog Pantheon (Part I/2) 

The Tagalog pantheon consisted of many gods and goddesses adhering to various elements of nature and activities. They believed that the earth, sky, sea, and all living things were created by one god who was referred to by two names, Bathala Maykapal & Molyari/Malyari, “the creator and preserver of all things”. Under him were a number of different deities that served him and were directly prayed to by the ancient Tagalog, each with their own different responsibilities. There was Haik, the god of the sea, who they performed sacrifices of banquets and food asking him to protect voyagers out to sea from storms, granting them good weather and favorable winds. Then there was the goddess Idiyanale, the goddess of agriculture, who overlooked all activities of raising crops and animals. Aman Sinaya was the god who invented the art of fishing and was called upon by fishermen when casting their nets or preparing their fishhooks. The sisters Hanan, the goddess of the morning, and Tala, the goddess of the stars and the bright star, Venus. Laho, the naga deity who devoured the moon and sun, causing solar and lunar eclipses. People would scare Laho away by playing loud music and banging pots and gongs to free the sun and moon from the god. Mankukuktod was the god who protected coconut palms and was given offerings by tuba (a coconut alcoholic drink) tappers who wanted to climb up the tree to get the coconuts or else risk falling from the trunk of the tree. Then there was the god of hunters, Aman Ikabli, who the Tagalogs worshiped to help provide game such as deer and wild boars. Offerings of food were given to the god of the forests and fields, Uwinan Sana, who the Tagalogs prayed to when they passed through his domains, asking his permission to walk through and to not cause them harm as they do. These anito were only a handful of the old gods and goddesses the ancestors of the Tagalogs once worshiped and revered. The second half of the Tagalog pantheon will be in part two.

saetr3noora  asked:

hello! meron ka bang complete/accurate list of all the deities from the tagalog and bisayan pantheon? Also, i'm sorry if this question has been asked before ngayon ko lang nahanap blog mo and i'm only now really getting into ph mythology :)

Hi @saetr3noora​. I made one before though I don’t remember which blog I posted it in, this one, or my blog on reviving our old beliefs, practices, and on our general mythologies and folklore at @diwatahan​. Also its an old list that needed to be updated and corrected so I guess it gives me an opportunity to make another one. :)

But here is my complete list on them based on historical research, not modern takes on it. This list is from my notes for my book I am still currently writing and researching for. Any modern deities from recent stories such as Lidaga, Lihangin, Lisuga, etc. are not included on this list as there is not one mention of them in any of the oldest dictionaries or in any historical record accept in the 1900′s particularly during the U.S. colonial period and after and thus based on historical research, they weren’t traditionally worshiped. However this doesn’t mean they aren’t deities as some may just be but never mentioned in historical texts and only known orally, but for the purpose of listing all the deities that were believed and worshiped prior to the Spaniards I have excluded them from the list. I try to put info on each deity as much as possible based on what was written on them but there are a few who are only briefly mentioned in passing either with just the name of the deity alone or the name and the attribute they were known for.

Also note there are other Bisayan deities not listed here that are known to the Sulod of Panay island with the exception of Laon Sina/Alunsina as she was a prominent goddess known throughout the Bisayas. The deities known by the Sulod may possibly be deities that were known by the other ethnic groups in the West Bisayas and elsewhere in the region under different names locally but I have not looked into that intensively and done enough research on that subject so I have left those deities out of this list.

This is a pretty long list so I have cut it off here for those who don’t want to scroll so much on their dash. To read the entire list just press keep reading. 

Anyway I hope this helps all those who are interested in our mythologies and folklore, whether from mere curiosity, for the sake of creating art, or to actually join the movement of reviving our precolonial beliefs and practices to the modern day.

Keep reading

In ancient Philippine mythology, Mayari is the one-eyed moon-goddess of war, revolution, beauty and strength- daughter of the chieftain of the gods, Bathala, and a mortal woman, Mayari battled with her brother Apolaki, over who would rule the earth.  

She graces the night sky with her light, and she is said to be the loveliest out of all the gods. 

Philippine Myth Lore Hopping: The Moon and His Lover (plus a Jealous Dragon)

Strangely enough, Philippine myth personifies the moon as a beautiful adolescent boy named Bulan. Supposedly he is the seventh surviving moon to this day since the Bakunawa coveted the last six.

But more than that, Bulan’s lover is Sidapa, the god of death, or depending on the region, it is a warrior (i can’t find a name) or Malandok, the god of war. Bulan has also caught the attention of Luyong Baybay, the goddess of Tides and the Bakunawa, a sea serpent (or dragon in other legend).

Bulan didn’t notice the Bakunawa’s attentions so in a fit of jealousy the serpent began devouring the moons. The Supreme God (or, depending on the region, Sidapa, the god of death) interfered with the Bakunawa’s rage and whisked Bulan high up and away.

The stories don’t stop there but there are a lot of creatures of darkness trying to devour the last moon: a snake/ dragon, a giant bird, a horned creature with a mournful song, a giant spider (eeeck), and a lion (this one is strange, because we have no lions here. but we did mix cultures with Malays and Hindus).

Interesting.

But depending on which region you look, the moon is sometimes female or male, and are two different beings entirely. But this myth about two gods being lovers is interesting. It’s never brought up anywhere!

2

@fyeahmyths two weeks event: day twelve.

asian creature: [philippine] m a r i a  m a k i l i n g

in philippines, it is believed that there is a forest nymph who is the guardian spirit of the mountain - and a benefactor of the townspeople who depend upon the mountain’s resources. people claim that the mount makiling in philippines is itself shaped like the spirit - her face and two breasts being discernible in its various peaks.

FILIPINO MYTHOLOGY: APOLAKI AND MAYARI (Sun God and Moon Goddess)

Apolaki is also known as Adlaw, and he holds dominion over the sun. His sister, Mayari (whose Visayan equivalent is Bulan), rules over the moon, and is known to be the most beautiful goddess in Bathala’s kingdom.

According to one myth (generally believed to be Pampangan), when Bathala passed away, he did not designate the Earth to any of his children. Apolaki and Mayari both fought over the Earth’s dominion; the sun god wanted to be the sole ruler, but the goddess of the moon wanted an equal share. This resulted in a ferocious battle, Apolaki taking out one of his sister’s eyes. Regretting his actions, he conceded and ruled the earth with Mayari, only they would rule at different times. In the day, it was Apolaki’s moment, and at night, Mayari shone in the sky (though her luminescence is dimmer, due to the loss of one eye).

“there is no history of trans ppl existing more than 30 years ago” uh jsyk in ancient Philippine mythology, one of the rice gods named Lakapati chose to identify as neither man or woman..  in pre-colonial Philippines, there were priestesses called “babaylan” “catalonan”, “baetan” and “baliana” who were literally trans women.. they were not just religious leaders, they were also equal in status to political leaders.. stop erasing lgbt folk in history Perhaps

The Maharlika School of Magical Arts is a private research university in Calamba, Philippines. Founded in 1685 by a group of babaylan from various provinces in the archipelago, it is one of the country’s oldest magical universities. Its curriculum mainly focuses on the preservation and application of magical knowledge in the Philippines’ modern context.

Keep reading

tbh the idea of all the different pantheons existing at the same time has always appealed to me??? i imagine it as like being branch managers for a corporation. you have a death-related concern and you live in luzon? you go to sitan; good luck, he’s a tricky customer. you’re in luck if you live in visayas; you go to kaptan, who’s pretty reasonable as long as you’re respectful.

pls i want the different pantheons interacting with each other