Palillos-chinos

Spanish Vocabulary - La cocina

Just a note, this post is coming from a different one that was talking about restaurant vocab.

Many of these words are equally useful, but obviously you would need to worry less about knowing mesero/a or camarero/a if you’re talking about the kitchen.

  • el restaurante = restaurant
  • la cocina = kitchen
  • la sala = the room
  • el salón = the large room
  • el bar = the bar
  • la comida = food
  • comestible = edible
  • crudo/a = raw
  • poco hecho/a OR poco cocido/a = rare [meat]
  • medio hecho/a OR medio cocido/a = medium well [meat]
  • bien hecho/a OR bien cocido/a = well done [meat]
  • la comida rápida = fast-food
  • la comida basura = junk food [lit. “trash food”]
  • la mesa = table
  • la silla = chair
  • el plato = dish, plate
  • el tenedor = fork
  • el cuchillo = knife
  • la cuchara = spoon
  • los palillos chinos = chopsticks [lit. “little Chinese sticks”]
  • la servilleta = napkin
  • la copa = wine glass [goblet]
  • el vaso = water glass
  • la taza = coffee cup / teacup
  • la botella = bottle
  • la lata = can (of something) [lit. “tin”]
  • la bebida = drink / beverage
  • el agua (f.) = water [a feminine noun with a masc. article]
  • el alcohol = alcohol
  • el vino tinto = red wine
  • el vino blanco = white wine
  • la cerveza = beer
  • la soda / el refresco / la cola / la gaseosa = soda / pop
  • el café = coffee
  • el té = tea [té negro = black tea, té verde = green tea, té blanco = white tea]
  • el zumo = juice [typically Spain or Mexico]
  • el jugo = juice [typically Latin America]
  • el hielo / el yelo = ice
  • la leche = milk
  • la crema = cream
  • el azúcar = sugar
  • el desayuno = breakfast
  • el almuerzo / la comida = lunch
    [for some places la comida meaning “meal” or “food” is used for a midday meal, while almuerzo is “lunch” as well but less common in some places]
  • la cena = dinner
  • el apertivo = appetizer
  • el plato principal / el plato fuerte = entrée / main dish
  • el postre = dessert
  • el menú / la carta = menu
  • el precio = price
  • la cuenta = the bill
  • la propina = the tip
  • ¿Cuál…? / ¿Cuáles…? - Which…? / Which ones…?

Appliances / Furniture / Rooms

  • el horno = oven
  • la estufa = stove / stovetop
  • el gabinete, los gabinetes = cabinet, cabinets
  • el armario = closet OR cupboard
  • la alacena = cupboard
  • la despensa = cupboard OR pantry
  • la encimera = counter [Spain]
  • el mesón = counter [Colombia]
  • la mesada = counter [Argentina]
  • el tope = counter [Venezuela]
  • el refrigerador = refrigerator
  • la nevera / la heladera / el congelador = freezer / ice box
  • el lavaplatos = dishwasher
  • el microondas = microwave
  • el tostador / la tostadora = toaster
  • la toalla = towel
  • la olla = pot / pan
  • el sartén = skillet
  • la vajilla = silverware / flatware
  • el aparato = device / appliance
  • el electrodoméstico = device / appliance
  • el utensilio, los utensilios = utensils
  • los cubiertos, la cubertería = cutlery / silverware / place settings
  • la batidora = mixer (or potentially “blender”)
  • la licuadora = blender [Latin America mostly]
  • el comedor = dining room
  • la cocina = kitchen
  • poner la mesa = to set the table

Food

  • la carne = meat
  • las verduras = vegetables
  • el pescado = fish (to be eaten)
  • los mariscos = seafood
  • los lácteos = dairy (food group)
  • los granos = grains
  • agrio/a = sour
  • amargo/a = bitter
  • dulce = sweet
  • agridulce = bittersweet
  • sabroso/a = tasty / flavorful
  • salado/a = salty
  • picante = spicy
  • caliente = hot
  • frío/a = cold
  • tibio/a = lukewarm
  • asado/a = roasted
  • sofrito/a = sauteed
  • tostado/a = toasted
  • quemado/a = burnt
  • la grasa = fat
  • el pan = bread
  • el queso = cheese
  • la manteca / la mantequilla = butter [manteca or mantequilla depends on where you are]
  • el aceite = oil
  • el vinagre = vinegar
  • la salsa de tomate / la ketchup / la catsup = ketchup
  • la mostaza = mustard
  • la mayonesa = mayonnaise
  • la salsa = sauce OR salsa
  • la ensalada = salad
  • la carne de res = beef
  • el bistec = steak
  • el puerco = pork
  • la ternera = veal
  • el cordero = lamb
  • el carnero = mutton
  • el pollo = chicken OR poultry
  • el pavo = turkey
  • el jamón = ham
  • la salchica = sausage OR hot dog
  • el tocino = bacon
  • el huevo = egg
  • el camarón / los camarones = shrimp [sometimes seen as la gamba which may be used interchangeably, or for “prawn”]
  • la pasta = pasta
  • el espagueti = spaghetti
  • el macarrón / los macarrones = macaroni [also known as los coditos “little elbows”]
  • los fideos = noodles
  • la sopa = soup
  • la lechuga = lettuce
  • la espinaca = spinach
  • el tomate = tomato
  • la aceituna = olive
  • el ajo = garlic
  • el apio = celery
  • la cebolla = onion
  • la zanahoria = carrot
  • el calabacín = zucchini
  • la berenjena = eggplant
  • el aguacate = avocado
  • el pepino = cucumber
  • el pimiento (rojo/verde) = (red/green) pepper
  • el ají / el chile = pepper [often Bell peppers or spicier peppers]
  • el hongo, la seta = mushroom
  • los frijoles / las alubias / las habichuelas = beans
  • el haba / las habas = beans (bigger, usually) [fava beans OR el haba de cacao is “cocoa beans”, el haba de café “coffee beans]
  • las judías = green beans
  • el legumbre = legume
  • el maíz = corn
  • la papa, la patata = potato
  • las papas/patatas fritas = French fries
  • el arroz = rice
  • la manzana = apple
  • la cereza = cherry
  • la naranja / la mandarina = orange
  • la uva = grape
  • la frambuesa = raspberry
  • la fresa = strawberry [in some places it’s la frutilla]
  • el arándano (azul) / la mora azul = blueberry [in some cases arándano is “blackberry” as well]
  • la mora = blackberry
  • la lima = lime
  • el limón = lemon
  • el durazno / el melocotón = peach [Latin America / Spain, respectively]
  • el coco = coconut
  • la piña / el ananá = pineapple [Latin America / (sometimes) Spain, respectively]
  • la sandía = watermelon
  • la masa = dough (or corn masa)
  • la harina = flour
  • la levadura = yeast
  • la miel = honey
  • la torta / el pastel = cake
  • la torta = pie, cobbler (etc.)
  • el helado = ice cream
  • la tortilla = omelette OR tortilla
  • el cacahuete / el maní = peanut
  • la calabaza = pumpkin
  • la escarcha = frosting
  • glaseado / glacé = frosted / with frosting / glazed
  • la nuez / las nueces = nuts [in general, but also refers to “hazelnut”]
  • la vainilla = vanilla
  • el chocolate = chocolate

Spices

  • las especias = spices
  • las hierbas / las yerbas = herbs
  • la sal = salt
  • la pimienta = pepper
  • el salero = salt shaker
  • el pimentero = pepper shaker
  • el pimentón = paprika
  • la albahaca = basil
  • el orégano = oregano
  • el comino = cumin
  • el cardamomo = cardamom
  • el hinojo = fennel
  • la pimienta de Jamaica = allspice [Jamaican allspice]
  • la (pimienta de) cayena = cayenne pepper
  • la canela = cinnamon
  • el anís = anise
  • el clavo, los clavos = cloves
  • el jengibre = ginger
  • el enebro = juniper
  • la cúrcuma = tumeric
  • el cilantro / el coriandro = coriander
  • el eneldo = dill
  • el azafrán = saffron
  • el perejil = parsely
  • la salvia = sage
  • el romero = rosemary
  • el tomillo = thyme
  • la hoja/hojita de laurel = bay leaf
  • la menta = mint
  • la hierbabuena / la yerbabuena = peppermint

Alcohol

  • el alcohol = alcohol
  • alcohólico/a = alcoholic / with alcohol
  • la bebida alcohólica = alcoholic drink/beverage
  • el trago = shot
  • una copa = a glass (of wine / alcohol)
  • el vino tinto = red wine
  • el vino blanco = white wine
  • la soda = seltzer / club soda
  • el refresco / la gaseosa / la cola = soda / pop / cola
  • ___ con gas = sparkling ___
  • sobre hielo / con hielo = on the rocks / with ice
  • el ron = rum
  • la ginebra = gin
  • el jerez = sherry
  • la cerveza = beer
  • la cerveza negra / oscura = ale
  • la cerveza inglesa / la cerveza de malta = ale
  • la cerveza rubia / lager = lager
  • la cerveza tirada / de barril = draft beer
  • la tequila = tequila
  • la vodka = vodka
  • el sake = sake
  • el aguamiel / el hidromiel = mead
  • el whisky / el whiskey = whiskey
  • el (whisky) escocés = scotch
  • el Bourbon / borbón = Bourbon
  • el brandy = brandy
  • el coñac = cognac
  • el champán = champagne
  • la sidra = cider
  • el licor = liquor / liqueur
  • el cóctel = cocktail
  • la coctelera = cocktail shaker
  • agitar la coctelera = to shake the shaker
  • mezclar = to mix

Cuisines

*Note: Most cuisines also function as nationalities or ethnicities. The main difference is that cuisine is implied to be regional, and feminine.

I say feminine because the adjectives that follow are often in reference to la comida “food”, la cocina “cuisine / way of cooking”, or in very formal settings it's la gastronomía.

  • la cocina = cuisine / cooking style
  • la cocina buena = fine dining / good cooking
  • la gastronomía = gastronomy / cooking
  • gastronómico/a = related to food and dining / gastronomical
  • la comida china = Chinese food
  • la comida italiana = Italian food
  • la comida mexicana = Mexican food
  • la comida española = Spanish food
  • la comida francesa = French food
  • la comida india / hindú = Indian food
  • la comida japonesa = Japanese food
  • la comida rusa = Russian food
  • la comida griega = Greek food
  • la comida marroquí = Morroccan food
  • la comida vietnamita = Vietnamese food
  • la comida mediterránea = Mediterranean Food
  • la cocina francesa = French cooking / French cuisine
  • la cocina mexicana = Mexican cooking / Mexican cuisine
  • la gastronomía de Francia = French cuisine
  • [etc.]

Meals

  • la comida = meal
  • el desayuno = breakfast
  • el ayuno = a fast / fasting
  • ayunar = to fast / to go without eating
  • desayunar = to eat breakfast
  • *la comida = lunch
  • *comer = to eat lunch
  • *el almuerzo = to eat lunch
  • *almorzar = to eat lunch
  • la cena = dinner
  • cenar = to eat dinner
  • merendar = to snack
  • la merienda = a snack
  • *la merienda = tea time / high tea [dated, and very British]
  • *merendar = to take tea [dated, and very British]
  • el postre = dessert
  • la tapa, las tapas = tapas / bar food / food to be eaten with alcohol, usually at a bar
  • comer = to eat
  • beber = to drink
  • picotear = to snack in between meals / to nibble on something / to peck at
  • comerse = to eat up / to devour / to consume [more common in spoken Spanish in some places]
  • Provecho / Buen provecho / Que aproveche(n) = Enjoy the meal / Bon appétit

*Note: There are some places that will use comer or la comida to mean “lunch” rather than el almuerzo or almorzar.

This is considered a regionalism, but it can qualify as a partial false cognate in that someone would see comer and think “to eat”… not necessarily “to eat lunch”.

It’s really defined by context, but the way I list it is more how it shows up in a textbook.

People

  • alérgico/a = allergic
  • carnívoro/a = meat-eater
  • vegetariano/a = vegetarian
  • vegano/a = vegan
  • camarero/a = waiter / waitress [more Europe]
  • mesero/a = waiter / waitress [more Latin America]
  • el chef / la chef = chef
  • el cocinero, la cocinera = cook
  • panadero/a = baker [often bread; el pan]
  • pastelero/a OR repostelero/a = pastry chef
  • el restaurador / la restauradora = restaurant owner
  • el dueño / la dueña = owner
  • el jefe / la jefa = boss
  • el / la ayudante = helper
  • empleado/a = employee
  • repartidor / repartidora = delivery person
  • el/la recepcionista = receptionist / host(ess) / person answering the phones
  • cajero/a = cashier
  • [There isn’t really a word for a “host” or “hostess” in Spanish in the sense of someone who greets you and seats you. A “host” will be anfitrión / anfitriona but that’s more someone who invites you to their house]


Verbs

  • ser alérgico/a a algo = to be allergic to something
  • poner la mesa = to set the table
  • limpiar = to clean
  • comer = to eat
  • beber = to drink
  • tomar = to eat, to drink, to take
  • pedir = to ask for, to order [in the sense of making a request for food]
  • traer = to bring
  • servir = to serve
  • servir un vaso de agua = to pour a glass of water
  • poner un vaso de agua = to pour a glass of water
  • llevar = to carry
  • pagar = to pay
  • pagar en efectivo = to pay in cash
  • pagar 
  • ayudar = to help
  • recomendar = to recommend
  • hacer = to do, to make
  • cortar = to cut
  • quemar = to burn
  • helar, congelar = to freeze
  • enfriar = to chill
  • calentar = to heat up
  • cocinar = to cook
  • sofreír = to saute
  • asar = to roast
  • batir = to stir
  • hervir = to boil
  • mezclar = to mix
  • hornear = to bake in the oven
  • amasar = to knead dough
  • glasear / escarchar = to frost (something)
  • añadir = to add in
  • endulzar = to sweeten
  • gustar = to like
  • probar = to taste / to try
  • salar = to add salt
  • sazonar, aliñar, aderezar = to season, to add spices
  • reservar = to reserve
  • masticar = to chew
  • morder = to bite
  • lamer = to lick
  • tragar = to swallow
  • eructar = to burp
  • sorber = to sip
  • saber a = to taste like
  • oler a = to smell like
  • incluir = to include
  • llevar = for a dish to contain (something)
  • el plato lleva… = the dish contains…
  • ¿Qué lleva este plato? = What does this dish contain? 

Los fans de Star Wars y sobre todo de la comida china ya están de enhorabuena, menudo objeto de friki colector que tienen aquí. Ya puedes atrapar los arrocitos con estas monerías de espadas láser, y si se encima se iluminan ya es para fliparlo. Ah! Si no sabes comer con ellos… qué carajo importa, lo colocarás en tu habitación de todas maneras!!
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La homosexualidad en los roles es como la comida china, hay palillos chinos, una persona pregunta ¿Cuál es el cuchillo y cual es el tenedor? En la comida china no hay cuchillo ni tenedor, hay palillos chinos.
—  Federico Fredes esposo de Alejo, Escuela para maridos Argentina Temporada 2.