Stakhanov was a miner worker whose extraordinary productivity became an evidence of success of the socialist system and symbol of soviet people. Across the country workers tried to follow his example and to exceed their normatives. The monument behind is unrealized project of more than 400 metres in height Palace of Soviets (the figure on the top is of course Lenin).
opened in 1935 and
designed by Alexey Dushkin and Ya. Likhtenberg.
The station was originally planned to serve the enormous Palace of the Soviets (Dvorets Sovetov), which was to rise nearby on the former site of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. Kropotkinskaya was therefore designed to be the largest and grandest station on the first line. However, the Palace project was cancelled by Nikita Khrushchev in 1953, leaving the Metro station as the only part of the complex that was actually built.
Since it was to serve as the gateway to the Palace of Soviets, great care was taken to make Kropotkinskaya suitably elegant and impressive. The station has flared columns faced with white marble which are said to have been inspired by the Temple of Amun at Karnak.
открыта 15 мая 1935. Получила название по бывшей площади Кропоткинские Ворота и Кропоткинской улице, названных в честь Петра Алексеевича Кропоткина — географа и путешественника, теоретика анархизма, родившегося в этом районе.
До 8 октября 1957 года называлась «Дворец Советов». Рядом со станцией на месте снесённого в 1931 году Храма Христа Спасителя намечалось воздвигнуть грандиозный Дворец Советов. Станционный зал метро был задуман как подземный вестибюль Дворца. Строительство Дворца началось в 1939 году, но перед войной было прервано, а во время войны металлический каркас уже построенных семи этажей здания пустили на изготовление противотанковых ежей. Проект так и не был осуществлён. В дизайне станции использованы колонны, облицованные белым мрамором. На создание колонн архитекторов вдохновил храм Амона в Карнаке.
Nyzhni Sirohozy, Ukraine, April 2014 | Nokia Asha 200.
2. Lenin Monument
3. Palace of Culture
Unfortunately, the Soviet Union lives in the minds of many people in the south and east of Ukraine (this is the biggest problem of my country). But most young people do not feel any nostalgia for a bygone era, it gives me hope.
“I didn’t say the result was good. I said it was the best I could do.” -Franklin Roosevelt to diplomat Adolf Berle, Jr.
In the winter of 1945, Roosevelt met with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin for the last time. The setting was the Ukrainian town of Yalta.
The Big Three gathered to chart a course for final victory in World War II. But during the Yalta Conference, they also struggled to create the basis for post-war cooperation.
FDR received Stalin’s firm commitment to enter the increasingly bloody war against Japan three months after Germany’s defeat. With American casualties rising in the Pacific war— and the atomic bomb yet untested— this was a significant achievement for the President. The Big Three also formally agreed to another of FDR’s priorities—the establishment of the United Nations organization. But there were serious disagreements about the future of Germany and the fate of areas occupied by Soviet armies, especially Poland.
While at the Yalta Conference, Joseph Stalin presented President Roosevelt with this set of bear fur gloves and Dukat papirosa (unfiltered) cigarettes. Inside the box are 13 unused cigarettes.
As a memento of the trip, this short snorter was created using a one chervonitz Soviet bill. A short snorter was a bill, typically from the destination country, signed by fellow travelers of a transoceanic flight. While Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, and Steve Early’s names are handwritten on the edges of the bill, they did not sign the bill. The bill was signed by Edwin M. Watson (just days before he died), Ross T. McIntire, Edward Flynn, Harry L. Hopkins, James F. Byrnes, William Leahy, an unidentifiable signature, and Anna Roosevelt Boettiger.