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chromadic  asked:

hi- what is your opinion on GMOs? i have friends in bioengineering who seem to pretty much agree on the consensus that they are all around better than non-GMO strains, except maybe when it comes to soy. basically what I'm wondering is are GMOs: - healthier? - better for the environment? - more agriculturally efficient? sorry this question is so long, thanks a million for answering it! (if you do)

from a scientific aspect: 

the facts are, GMOs are the future and the key to increasing crop production for our increasing population if your goal is to keep up food production for more people. remember, the goal right now in agriculture- the key goal that we’re throwing everything into because big yikes fam- is to produce more food off less. so like, vertical farming? good, saves space. smaller plants with bigger yield? great, saves space, can plant more and get more food. plants that are resistant to drought? to high temps? to low fertilizer? amazing, it means you have hardier plants that you can put in places that regular plants wouldn’t be able to stand.

so are they agriculturally efficient? hell yeah, because remember, it takes about 10 years for a crop in testing- GMO or not- to reach a point in development where it can be submitted for approval by the USDA for the market (something I’ve learned in my current job). imagine doing all breeding without GMOs. you would literally be able to do one cross a year, maybe two if you’re in a warmer area (this is why a lot of soybean breeding has been moved to South America, where they can do twice as much breeding). with GMOs, you can develop and test stuff faster, so by a monetary standpoint it’s awesome. 

lets not forget that GMO crops can withstand more because of the pure amount of precision put into them. like, lets say your corn breaks a lot. you can spend 3-4 years meticulously cross breeding your developing strain with a break-resistant variety to get that trait in, or you can just cut and paste in the gene. and get this: it doesn’t even have to be from the break resistant variety. you can pull it from another plant that might be better at not breaking, and get an even better resulting variety. 

another thing that we can’t forget about is that new GMO tech helps us keep up with pests and diseases. at work, i’ve seen experiments involving root pests; plants infected had root systems destroyed down to a single tap root. imagine that happening to a farmer’s field. like, all of it. that’s the kind of thing we’re up against here; to stop infestations and to solve new challenges quickly by developing technology quickly, while still improving the plant to commercial level. 

when talking to the breeders at work, they told me that the industry as a whole recently upped its goal from creating a crop that would give each farmer a 200 bushel harvest (200 bushels has been the goal for the past 30 years; they’ve recently reached it and exceeded it) to 300 bushels per harvest. they have to do this just by modifying the plants. they have no control over how much the farmer plants and/or how many fields they have.

to give some perspective here, one bushel is 60 pounds of grain. they’re aiming to have each farmer that buys their products be able to reliably harvest and sell 18,000 pounds of grain per year

the moral of the story is that the breeding and agri industries are under a lot of pressure here, and they have to work fast, because the population is rising. 

knock knock

whos there?

dwindling nitrogen supplies in farmland and unsustainable farming practices but im gonna save that for another time

are they healthier? it depends on what you believe. like, what we’ve found so far is that GMOs don’t hurt you. some of them have added vitamins that can help you (lets not forget the famous GMO golden rice, which uses a daffodil gene coupled with a soil bacterium gene to make a rice variety produce a huuuuuge amount of vitamin A. this has been so effective in solving vitamin deficiencies and health problems in 3rd world countries since it was introduced in 2005 that its won awards and been used as a universal case study for the whole “GMO plants” thing) but most are just like. idk. kind of there? they help the health of the plant and help the farmer bring in income, so???? idk???

are they better for the environment? i have no idea. i suppose indirectly, because like. if you have a heartier plant you have to clear less land for agriculture?? (can anyone weigh in here?). But if these got out into the wild, the effects could be DEVASTATING, which is why the USDA and related government organizations (depending on where you live) make it so you have to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that what you’re putting out into production won’t be crazy damaging if it magically gets out somehow.

ethically: i have no idea man. like im still super split on it. my scientist self says “you can literally buy everything to do it and modify plants to produce heat right in your own home right now” but then im like……………..idk man we just dont know. i dont want to hurt my plant friends. if this hurts our plant friends. idk

4

“Look at these lockers, they all look alike right? Not this one. This one is special… it belonged to a girl who killed herself. You see all these ‘don’t kill yourself’ posters up on the wall, they weren’t up before, they put them up because she killed herself.”

Will trying to seduce Nico with flowers?? idk?? Cookie for anyone who colours it for me

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Thirteen Reasons Why Aesthetics | Alex Standall

What, they think these are gonna save someone’s life? “Suicide’s not an option”? Yeah, you know what? Clearly it is an option, you know? Why don’t they put up a poster that says “Don’t be a dick”? Why don’t we put up that poster?  

Dating Moriarty Would Involve

Living with Jim Moriarty Would Involve

Originally posted by she-who-nailed-it


  • Jim would make it very clear to everyone (especially Sherlock) that you were his.
  • Anyone even remotely threatening to your safety wouldn’t get within ten metres of you.
  • Going out for extravagant, elegant dinners and dances when Jim had managed to clear a restaurant/location for the two of you. These dates would all be last minute so Jim would supply you with suitable attire.
  • “If someone pulls up in a car next to you, you must not get in, alright?”
    This backfires on him later when he picks you up and you ignore him just to annoy him.
    “(Y/n), get in the fucking car.”
  • Even though he would be possessive, it would be sort of behind the scenes possession. As in he would tell you you could do whatever you wanted but would keep an eye on you. If he wanted you in a specific place or to spend time with him he would someone manipulate you into doing so.
  • Calling him Queen or King. 
  • He would call you “Kitten” or “Jewel”
  • Sherlock would finally meet you when Jim sent you to 221b on a “diplomatic mission”. Really, it would be an exercise of Jim’s power, showing Sherlock that even in his own flat, no harm would come to you.
  • Sherlock would find you quite fascinating because you hadn’t bored Jim, which seemed unusual.
  • You would just smile slyly as Sherlock tried to deduce you, (this would annoy Sherlock even more).
  • Jim would kiss you with a lot of force. It would be exciting yet terrifying.
  • Whenever you made a sarcastic remark to Jim he would imitate you, 
    “Oh I’m outsmarting my boyfriend ohh”
    You’d laugh, sticking your tongue out at him. Jim would smirk, asking you if you wanted to put that tongue to better use.
    (Depending on his mood he may just pull out a lollipop.)
  • He would buy you a crown.
  • Jim would enjoy making you tea for some reason. Whenever you had to buy him a gift you’d get him fancy tea cups. 
  • When he was in a rage and smashing things he would usually hesitate to smash the teacups you gave him. This hesitation would cause him to calm down slightly.
  • “Am I dead.”

Masterlist

Nothing

Harry loves looking at you.

Whether you’re watching something or staring into a view, you’re always in his sight. Be it pictures or in real time, he loves it.

He loves watching you furrow your eyebrows on something you don’t get. On how you laugh when you find something funny that makes him do too. He loves it when you’re annoyed that served as the main reason he teases you playfully.

Harry loves looking at you on how determined you are to prove a point when it’s doubted; when you go straight to his arms the moment you see him and breathe him in.

When the time he looks at you sleeping, under the sheets and eyes closed and lips slightly parted, he’ll savor it in, or maybe even take a picture. He swears that you were the main reason he developed a lot more love for photography since he wants you to be the only focus, something he could see while you’re not beside himz

It hurts him to look at you every time you’re crying, especially when he’s the reason of it. His heart would sink and eyes would look at you in remorse, his fingers going over his rings as a habit when he’s nervous.

So by the time you stop what you’re doing and feel his eyes on you, you’d look at him with a smile on his face, his eyes grateful.

“What, love?”

He’ll chuckle, scratching the back of his head before putting a hand on your waist.

“Nothing.”

Logical

A/N What’s this? Three fics in one day? Watch me not write for three months pfft.

Pairing: Logince (Logic/Prince)

Genre: Fluff, smart people being idiots

Word Count: 920

Warnings: one (1) swear, ~jealousy~ (turning saints into the sea)

Summary:

Logan draws logical conclusions from everything. He’s never wrong either. Except, it seems, when it comes to Roman.


Logan was becoming increasingly agitated despite there being no logical reasoning behind his perplexing emotion. He was in the commons along with Patton, Virgil and Roman. Morality had an arm slung around the Prince, leaning heavily on him, and the regal trait was partaking in his usual raillery with Virgil. Nothing was amiss, and yet, Logan’s frustration only built.

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Not sure why it’s so easy to give a character that has only been around two episodes more compassion and understanding than a character whose journey we’ve been following for thirteen seasons.

Also, does it weird anyone else out how a lot of the fandom has just accepted Jack? “He’s so pure. He’s so innocent. Poor baby.” While I’m very wary. I completely understand Dean’s hesitance to trust and allow Jack into his heart.

I HATE when characters are infantilized by the show and its fandom. It’s one of the reasons I’ve mostly lost interest in Cas, and currently a part of the reason I can’t warm up to Jack.

Right now I’m neutral towards Jack, but if the show continues to use cheap, manipulative tricks -like having Jack exhibit Cas traits or mirror Dean’s actions and behavior- then they can put me in the “I can’t stand Jack” category. Because then he’ll just be an echo of characters I actually do like, have spent multiple years following their journey: characters who’ve earned my love, trust, and respect (I really only mean Dean at this point).

[long meta] the hidden depths of voltron S1 E6

part 1: lance’s literal awakening and keith’s metaphorical one 

(if you already know where I’m going with this, you might find part 2: an entire subtextual plot in S1 E6? - in this same post - more interesting)

I’ve been rewatching season 1, and I got to episode 5 with the bonding moment and was like yeahh but then I got to the beginning of E6, with everyone waiting for lance to be released from the healing pod, and I was like wait. I never really thought twice about the scene before, but this time around I was like…hold the phone. 

what is keith’s reasoning for being impatient in this scene, anyway? like, if everyone else can wait a few ticks for lance to wake up, why can’t you? 

is this just your Personality, to be an impatient nuisance sometimes, haha queue comedic intro? well, while keith is often impatient, it’s usually during situations involving life or death decisions. and since lance isn’t about to die, and the timing of his release from the pod doesn’t put anyone else’s life at risk…

since i trust the vld writers enough at this point (at least with keith, i guess…?) to not make characters do shit for no good reason, i don’t think keith was being impatient for the hell of it, especially to do with someone he’s made a point of *Shrug* Not Really caring about – that is, until shit went down in E5 and keith dropped that pretense like it was hot and didn’t hesitate to initiate the famed bonding moment.

my point here about this scene in E6, is that it’s directly linked to E5′s bonding moment, like 100%. maybe you’re like DUH OBVIOUSLY - and you’d be right, cause it’s obvious to me now and I was probably just being really slow on the uptake - but nevertheless, i don’t think we should hang up the the phone there…

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The Jocks Reaction To Jeff Atkins’ Baby Sister

Request: Omfg could you do a hc where Jeff has a baby sister (like age 2 or 3) and Justin, Zach, Monty and Alex’s reactions to meeting her because she’s so small and cute and Monty would act all annoyed by her but once they all left the room he would be super sweet to her and they would tease him about it and just ughhhh soooo cuuuute.

 

A/N: This was the most adorable request ever, thank you.

 

Warnings: Cuteness overload.

 

The Jocks Reaction To Jeff Atkins’ Baby Sister…

 


Alex
So Alex is actually really good with kids. The second he walks in the little girl adores him, and the feeling is absolutely mutual. While the other boys (Zach excluded) would have no idea what to do with her, Alex knows all the right games and movies to talk about. She also might have a mild obsession with his hair, and she won’t stop touching it and trying to ask Alex questions about it. The same goes for his septum piercing, which she totally doesn’t understand (like Jeff’s ear piercings) but loves the hell out of. Alex would just think she’s the cutest thing ever, and though he’d probably be cursing the sticky fingers all over him, he’d just have to forgive her.

 

Justin
He would think she was the cutest thing in the world. Justin would absolutely just want to cradle her all the time, but he forgets that at her age, all she wants to do if run off and play. He’d always be trying to pull her away from the toys and just hold her in his arms, and they’d probably have a fight for dominance over whether she stays with him or not. Justin never wins. She’s always yelling at him and hitting him gently, but it’s a game then, and he’ll pout and she’ll come running right back feeling guilty. It never fails to make Justin smile like an idiot, and he wishes he had a little sister of his own.

 

Monty
He would be the most in love with her of them all, but he would never admit that. Monty is amazing with kids, and her smile would just melt his heart. He’d totally be the one to sing all the hits of the week with her. He’d also be super good at doing her hair in so many different styles, and helping her put on some of her dress up stuff. Monty would also be super overprotective, not wanting her to climb anything or stand on anything. He wouldn’t like to share her either, he’d get jealous if he ever thought he wasn’t her favourite. Monty would literally give his life to protect that little girl.

 

Zach
After growing up with his little sister he’s a pro at taking care of kids. He’s much more of a Dad figure though, and doesn’t hesitate to tell her off of he has too. They have fun too though, Zach is someone she likes to climb all over, and he has to give her piggy back rides and crawl around acting like her horse, which he of course is used too. Zach doesn’t mind it though. When she puts her little hand on his cheek and smiles at him he sees so much of Jeff, and he knows that she’s going to grow up to be the kindest, most beautiful girl in the world. He honestly feels honoured to know her and watch her grow up to be a woman who will probably change the world.



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the school for good and evil professor august sader

no one knows if you will succeed, children. even me.
but the Storian chose you for a reason and it’s time to face it.
no more running. no more hiding.
the only way out is through your fairy tale.