A rigid Puritan and cold-blooded English dictator. There is a rumor that her cold-hearted characteristic makes her iron armor colder even though she is always wearing it. She becomes terror by eliminating her opponents in the name of God and nation.
“No politician in history, and I say this with great surety, has been treated worse or more unfairly,” Donald Trump said this week as he heard the special prosecutor’s footsteps.
Thus did our assured head of state, equal parts narcissistic and uninformed, rank his treatment worse than that of Benito Mussolini (executed corpse beaten and hung upside down in public square), Oliver Cromwell (body disinterred, drawn and quartered, hanged and head hung on spike), Leon Trotsky (exiled and killed with icepick to the skull), William Wallace (dragged naked by horses, eviscerated, emasculated, hanged and quartered) and the headless Louis XVI, Mary Queen of Scots and Charles I.
A Parliamentarian battle flag, back after 350 years. This ultra-rare English Civil War battle standard, due to go on public display for the first time in three and a half centuries, was kept and preserved by 11 generations of the same English country family. It will be on permanent show at the National Army Museum in London as from this coming Thursday. (National Army Museum).
feat. Charles II, Catharine of Braganza, the Duke of Buckingham, the Earl of Rochester, Nell Gwyn, Barbara Villiers, the Duke of Monmouth, Samuel Pepys, James II, John Dryden, the Earl of Shaftesbury and Oliver Cromwell.
Remains of Scottish soldiers who died 400 years ago to be reburied
The remains of Scottish soldiers who died of starvation and disease almost 400 years ago, after a brutal forced march when they were taken prisoner by Oliver Cromwell, will be reburied with honour near the site where where their bodies were tipped into a mass grave in the shadow of Durham cathedral.
The discovery, after three years of research on bones found during building work within the Unesco world heritage site of Durham palace and cathedral, resolves a centuries old puzzle about what happened to 6,000 prisoners taken by the English parliamentarian army under Cromwell after the Battle of Dunbar in 1650.
Some of the men were so ill they were freed immediately, some were shot for trying to escape and others succeeded in getting away, while many died on the 100-mile march south to Durham. Read more.
Friends, it’s time once again to drop a coin in the THE WONDER EMPORIUM JUKEBOX, and dance the night away to another toe-tappin’ melody of years past.
Today’s selection is “Oliver Cromwell,” the only track recorded specifically for the 1991 compilation album Monty Python Sings. It was written and performed by John Cleese, who originally sang it on the British radio show I’m Sorry, I’ll Read That Again in 1969. The song consists of an encylopedia-style rundown of Cromwell sung to the unsingable tune of Chopin’s Heroic Polonaise.
The Siege of Gloucester, 1643, and the Origin of Humpty Dumpty
The Siege of Gloucester was an engagement in the First English Civil War between 10 August and 5 September 1643, between the defending Parliamentarian garrison of Gloucester and the besieging army of King Charles I.
On 10 August, the Royalist army arrived at Gloucester and promptly demanded that Colonel Edward Massey surrender. Massey refused and Royalist forces began digging in and setting up artillery batteries around the south and east gates of the city and also severed or diverted water pipes. The defenders burned houses and other obstacles outside the city walls. The bombardment of the city began.
However, over the next days, the defenders made several sallies from the gates, attacking and disabling Royalist artillery, taking prisoners and tools. Breaches in the wall were filled with cannon baskets and wool sacks. The Royalists made attempts to drain the city moat and fill it in at places.
As the siege was prolonged, the King requested his favourite, Prince Rupert, who was currently holding the newly captured port of Bristol, to acquire a newly built cannon from his friends and associates in the Low Countries. This was done post-haste and this huge cannon was shipped over to Bristol and escorted up the Severn Channel to Gloucester, to be positioned just outside the city walls (actually on the high wall of Llanthony Secunda priory in Hempsted), aimed at the cathedral itself.
Unfortunately for the King, his gunners had no experience of firing the brand new gun, especially one larger than they had ever used before, and, on its initial firing, the cannon exploded. With this failure and the excessive time spent trying to take Gloucester, the King had given Parliament enough time to gather huge London forces to march to its relief.
On 26 August the Earl of Essex left London with an army of 15,000 men to relieve the City. Meanwhile, the Royalist army began tunnelling to place a mine under the East Gate, but a sudden spell of bad weather flooded the tunnel, leaving enough time for the Earl of Essex to arrive and reinforce the city.
By the end of the siege, Massey had only three barrels of gunpowder left for the defence of the city.
It is claimed that the siege was also the origin for the rhyme Humpty Dumpty.
Humpty Dumpty was said to be the name of an unprecedentedly large mortar imported from Holland. It was mounted on the walls of Llanthony Secunda Priory where the Royalist forces were encamped during the Siege of Gloucester. It was apparently named (disparagingly) after a famously rotund MP of the day. As the artillerymen trained their sights on Gloucester’s cathedral, the cannon misfired. Another assertion was that Humpty Dumpty was a ‘tortoise’ siege engine that featured a series of covered bridges to enable King Charles I’s men to cross the defensive ditch and scale the city walls. This second theory was put forward by Professor David Daube in The Oxford Magazine in 1956, but like many other origin theories of the nursery rhyme, it was a case of fitting square pegs into round holes.