Sergey Kalmykov, b. 1891 Uzbekistan, d. 1967 Kazakhstan
I’m honestly unsure if this guy was ethnically Russian or Central Asian. Whatever the case, he’s celebrated as a vital figure in the history of Kazakh art.
Sergey Ivanovich Kalmykov (Russian: Серге́й Иванович Калмыков; 6 October 1891 – 27 April 1967) was a Russian painter, draughtsman, and writer. Barely known during his art career and abandoned at the end of his life, he is currently regarded as one of the most important figures of the Russian avant-garde art, an author of over fifteen hundred of paintings, drawings, illustrations, theater decorations, and numerous writings. During his life Kalmykov has developed an original style of painting and draftsmanship that can be described as ‘magical impressionism’.
His eccentric lifestyle matched the originality of his art works. He was walking on the streets wearing bright, burlesque dresses, had no furniture in his apartment except the piles of the newspapers bundled to resemble a bed, a table and some sort of chairs, and dedicated all his time and mental energy to produce the art works. He died in a psychiatric clinic where he was placed shortly before his death due to his presumed mental illness.