Sure, but before talking about TA-form, i think it would be useful to some readers to talk about Verb form & Verb group type first for a more basic reader (๑•̀ㅂ•́)و✧ ………………………….. Verb Form In English we have plurals. When we say ORANGES, the additional S means that there is more than 1 orange. In similar ways, in Japanese, the verbs have many kinds of forms, one of them is Ta-form. The form affect/give more information about the meaning of the word.
Here’s some basic forms and its purpose: TABERU is dictionary form : to eat (very casual) TABEMASU is masu form : to eat (polite use) TABENAI is nai form : to not eat (negative of dictionary) TABETA is ta form : ate (action has been done)
………………………….. Verb Group The different type of forms have different formula for different type of group. There are 3 groups. Group 1 called Godan, Group 2 called ICHIDAN, and Group 3 is IRREGULAR group
1.Godan literally means 5 steps , it means that the last kana in the word change to the 5 vowel forms (A , I , U, E, O) . Since it change to different forms when conjugate, it require a bit of memorization. *Its kinda similar like when you need to memorize the word change in English (eat -> ate -> eaten / see -> saw -> seen)
3. Irregular verb There are only a few of irregular verb and you just need to memorize and get used to it.
Some basic irregular verb you will often encounter: Iku (to go), suru (to do), kuru (to come)
Alright, that’s all the basic of verb conjugation. Now Finally, to the Ta - form… ｡ﾟ✶ฺ.ヽ(*´∀`*)ﾉ.✶ฺﾟ｡
Notes: Learning verb conjugation requires a mastery of Hiragana. If you’re still working out to read hiragana, it’s best to skip the section below until you’ve mastered hiragana and learned the easier verb form like masu/nai.
The た-form, is used to express that the action has been completed, something has been done. In たべた, it means, he/she/it already ATE. The た-form can be used alone or combined with another word to express a more complex things. such as -たり (conjugation used when giving examples of many actions)
た - Form Formula If you already know how to conjugate て - Form , た - Form is easy. Just change て –> た and で –> だ and you’re done! Wohoo!!
If you don’t know how to conjugate て - Form … well… let’s learn it together!
The Formula To learn Japanese form formula easier, we need to use KANA instead of romaji. So it is best that you master the Hiragana first. Since in conjugation, the important thing to notice is LAST KANA. Last Kana is the last Japanese alphabet in the word. in verb よむ (to read), the last kana is む. In およぐ (to swim), itsぐ
With this formula below, you can conjugate from other type of form. The masu form last kana use I-row 「いきぎしちにびみりい」 While the dictionary last kana use U-row 「うくぐすつぬぶむるう」
When you try to conjugate from masu form , for example, かきます. You know the last kana is き. Or from the dictionary form, かく, The last kana is く. You see… only the vowel change. Now that you know its from the K-row, you can use the K-row formula to conjugate. I hope it make sense…
GROUP A ——————— Last Kana U 「う」 Last Kana T-row「たちつてと」 Last Kana R-row「らりるれろ」
–> change the last Kana into little つ and add た (言う) いう –> いった (立つ) たつ –> たった (帰る) かえる –> かった
GROUP B ——————— Last Kana M-row「まみむめも」 Last Kana B-row「ばびぶべぼ」 Last Kana N-row 「なにぬねの」
–> change the last kana into ん and add だ (読む) よむ –> よんだ (遊ぶ) あそぶ –> あそんだ (死ぬ) しぬ –> しんだ
GROUP C ——————— Last Kana K-row & G-row 「かきくけこーがぎぐげご」 –> change the last kana to い and add た for K-row / だ for G-row (書く) かく –> かいた (脱ぐ) ぬぐ –> ぬいだ (話す) はなす –> はなした
GROUP D ——————— Last Kana S-row「さしすせそ」
–> make sure the last kana become/is し and add た (話す) はなす –> はなした
*Above formula is for Godan. For Ichidan, simply add た from the stem form. (食べた) たべた (見た) みた (教えた) おしえた
**For irregular verb, you need to memorize it… する〜した くる〜きた いく〜いった
Oh my… its very long… But i hope it will be clearer for the basic reader. Hope this helps!! °˖✧◝(⁰▿⁰)◜✧˖°
We’re planning to build a grammar section and it is currently under development, might take a few weeks but we’ll publish it soon! (ﾉ^ヮ^)ﾉ*:・ﾟ✧ Please look forward to it! 楽しみにしてください~
BASIC - EASY HIRAGANA
Let’s get to the basics~
We hope this card helps you to remember the kana better.
Use the sound file in this post to learn how it sounds like: https://www.tumblr.com/post/138737519523
Let us know your feedback!