Paintings of the Nine Muses by 19th-century Italian artist Giuseppe Fagnani

Calliope, Muse of epic poetry - that’s apparently the Iliad written on the papers in front of her – if you look close you can see the title and the first word, possibly the first few lines if your eyes are keener than mine. The letters are all upper-case, if you want to see if you can read it.

Clio, Muse of history

Erato, Muse of lyric poetry

Euterpe, Muse of song and elegy

Melpomene, Muse of tragedy

Polyhymnia, Muse of hymns

Terpsichore, Muse of dance

Thalia, Muse of comedy

Urania, Muse of astronomy - see the stars on her crown? and the globe, which I guess is there because of astronomy’s usefulness in navigation? 

UPDATE: I have since been informed by Tumblr user mcgonagallstones that it’s a celestial globe – a star map, not a map of the Earth.


Daniel Adel has a particular fascination with drapery that he expresses in his dynamic oil paintings of sculptures wrapped in cloth. Working out of his studio in the village of Lourmarin in Provence, France, Adel creates his fantastical visions of drapery, where the folds of cloth seem to defy gravity as they wrap around classical-shaped busts. The depiction of drapery throughout history has been used to emphasize the contours of the human figure, especially in Greek Art, where it suggested lines of force and indicated the past and future actions of the figures it clings to. 

See more on Hi-Fructose.