Nazi-surrender

Getting heartily sick of the attacks being made on Dunkirk due to the lack of, for example, Indian or Muslim presence. The ethnically diverse elements of those involved on the beaches in 1940 was only around 1%. It’s all white dudes on-screen because, shockingly, it was almost all white dudes who were actually there.

The British empire was highly diverse and without the contribution of numerous different races and creeds it is almost certain Britain would have been forced to surrender to Nazi Germany. There absolutely should be films made about, for example, the millions of Indian soldiers (Muslim and/or Sikh) who served. But people saying they needed to feature prominently in Dunkirk are really just saying they wish a totally different film had been made. Sure, make a film about Indian involvement at Dunkirk, but don’t be surprised when a film that isn’t about them doesn’t feature them. Off the top of my head, I believe less than 1,000 Indian troops were involved in an evacuation consisting of over 330,000 people. Perhaps that does warrant a few cameos, but unless the film is specifically going to be about them from the start then repeatedly including them (or the other minorities involved) is a fetishisation that doesn’t have bearing in reality and is only designed to tick boxes/make us feel good about ourselves in 2017.

Heck, Nolan already had to relegate hundreds of thousands of French soldiers to off-screen description alone (including the African French regiments).

When I was in elementary school, there was an elderly teacher’s aide who was very strict but that I liked a lot because she talked to me about books.

When we were in third grade, and reading a book that touched on the Holocaust (I think it was Number the Stars), our teacher asked her to come and speak with us.

She came in, this strict but kind old woman, and she told us about being a little girl in Nazi Germany being raised by a single father, a professional bookbinder. She and her father, they sheltered Jews on their way out of the country. She told us about watching her father get beaten in front of her, and still the Nazis couldn’t find the Jews in their house. She told us this, and she cried. She told us she didn’t know if any of those people made it all the way out alive. Before the end of the war, her father was dead. And she was very proud of him.

I went home that day and told my parents about it. My dad told me about my grandfather, and his time in WWII. He was hard of hearing, bordering on deaf in later years, which made it very hard to get into the military, let alone advance. But he ended up an expert surveyor, planning out strikes with math because they didn’t have computers yet. He was often in an enemy zone before everyone else.

So my dad went into the closet and pulled out a sword. A German ceremonial sword. The advance squad had run into a town and my grandpa led the fight that ended in their surrender, taking advantage of the element of surprise. And that was the sword they surrendered to him. He, a man who could barely hear them, heard the Nazi surrender.

And as a kid, I held the sword and it was very heavy. These days, it still is. My brother calls me and tells me he has registered on an underground network as a safe house, for muslims, for gay kids. He asks me for resources.

I have seen a lot of posts lately about the bomb threats against temples and the desecration of Jewish buildings. And I want all my Jewish followers to know that if they want to know if the non-Jews in here would hide them, I am one. I’m not Jewish but standing against nazis is in my blood. It should be in everyone’s.

Please know that you are not alone. These neo-nazis have so many targets based on race, nationality, sexuality. But I won’t forget that their anti-semitism is at the root of so much.

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August 6th 1945: Hiroshima bombed

On this day in 1945, the first nuclear attack in history occurred when the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The American plane Enola Gay dropped the bomb called ‘Little Boy’, which killed around 70,000 people instantly. The effects of the radiation killed thousands more in later years, resulting in a catastrophic death toll of around 140,000 people. Three days later the ‘Fat Man’ bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, resulting in the loss of around 75,000 lives; in both cases, the majority of casualties were civilian. Whilst other Axis powers including Nazi Germany had already surrendered earlier that year, ending the war in the European theatre, Japan had continued to fight the Allied forces. The bombings were therefore deemed necessary by the United States to end the war and avoid a costly invasion of Japan. In the aftermath of the devastating attacks, Japan surrendered to the Allies on 15th August, thus ending the war in the Pacific theatre of World War Two. Today, 69 years on, the atomic-bomb scarred cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki provide a sharp reminder of the horrors of nuclear warfare.

“My God, what have we done?”
- Enola Gay’s co-pilot Robert Lewis upon seeing the impact

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August 9th 1945: Nagasaki bombed

On this day in 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, in the second nuclear attack in history. Whilst other Axis powers, including Nazi Germany, had already surrendered earlier that year - thus ending the war in the European theatre - Japan had continued to fight the Allied forces. Throughout the war, the United States had been working on the top-secret Manhattan Project, seeking to harness the destructive power of nuclear energy. The bomb was successfully developed, and nuclear attacks were deemed necessary by the United States government under President Harry Truman, to end the war and avoid a costly land invasion of Japan. On August 6th 1945, the American plane Enola Gay dropped the bomb called ‘Little Boy’ on Hiroshima, which killed around 70,000 people instantly. Three days later, the second bomb was dropped from the Bockscar plane. The initially planned second target was the city of Kokura, but poor visibility led to the ‘Fat Man’ bomb being dropped on Nagasaki instead, resulting in the loss of around 75,000 lives. In both Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the vast majority of casualties were civilian, and the effects of the radiation killed thousands more in later years. In the aftermath of the devastating attacks, Japan surrendered to the Allies on August 15th, ending the war in the Pacific theatre of World War Two. Today, the atomic-bomb scarred cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki provide a sharp reminder of the horrors of nuclear warfare.

70 years ago today

anonymous asked:

Have you ever found or written a Sabriel fake dating fic? I'm in severe lack.

I HADN’T YET BUT I’M ACCEPTING THIS AS A PROMPT HAVE A SHORT THING FROM ME

Just a day or so after returning from winter break his sophomore year, Sam’s confronted by Gabriel, who lives a floor below him and sometimes hangs out with his friend group. “Sam-I-am, good break, I assume?”

Sam shrugs. He’d run into his ex from last year, Jess, at a Christmas party in the neighborhood, which he should have seen coming, but the new guy on her arm was a subtle reminder that he was still single. “It was alright. Yours?”

“I maaaaay have run into a little problem-o with the relatives. They’ve got a party coming up, for my parent’s anniversary, which was discussed at Christmas, and I may have said some things that weren’t quite true…”

Sam lets out a little laugh. “What, you? Stretching the truth? Unheard of.”

"Look, I may have just been a little pressured by my mother’s ‘When is my baby going to bring someone home to meet the psycho fam’ talk, but…”

“What did you do?”

“I may have said it was no big deal, and… that I’d have someone drop-dead gorgeous with me at the party next month. In other words, I’ve got two days to find someone willing to pretend to be my devoted beau.”

Sam’s trying not to laugh. “You know there are people you can hire to-“

“Bitch please I’m broke.” Gabriel’s actually got his serious face on, so Sam tries to compose himself and actually help.

“You want me to ask Meg? She’d probably do it if I was the one to ask.”

Gabriel tilts his head, considering. “I was kinda hoping you’d go with me, Sam.”

Sam frowns. “No offense, but won’t your family be expecting someone a little more… female?”

“Nah. Family knows I’m into guys, girls, anything in-between… How about it, Sam?" 

He’s never thought about dating Gabriel before, because he’d been hung up on the whole Jess thing, and he’d thought Gabriel was straight(ish), and he’s just realizing now that this means Gabriel considers him to be “drop-dead gorgeous”.He glances down at the guy leaning in his doorway, taking in his anticipatory face and blond hair and Asia t-shirt. How had he literally never considered dating this guy?

"Sam.” Gabriel’s voice snapped him out of his trance. “It’s a fake date. Acting and all that. Your honor will be mostly intact.” Gabriel pokes Sam in the chest, and it takes him a second to remember he’s wearing a shirt from a production the school had just done. “Put all those acting skills to the test.”

Right. Pretending. Sam can do that. “Yeah, count me in then,” he nods.

——

“You know what would be fun?” Gabriel asks from where he’s sprawled over Sam’s bed. Ever since the fake date incident a week ago, Sam had started inviting Gabriel up to his single occupant room, because Gabe can’t stand his new roommate, a random placement at semester who goes by Al. Apparently, he’s homophobic, smells like athlete,  and insists on keeping the place ‘orderly’ (“-and he’s a bag of dicks who tries to contain my art.” “He said that about you and you’re complaining about him picking stuff up?” “He tries. To contain. My art.”)

“What’d be fun?”

“We should convince Al we’re dating.”

“What?”

Gabriel shrugs. “It’d piss him off. And maybe then he’d start not being in the room all the time.”

Sam mulls it over a little. He’s got plenty of things against Al, and… whatever this entails, he’d probably going to like it. His guiltiest thoughts now involve quite a bit of Gabriel. “Got any great ideas?”

This question is what leads to the two of them cuddled much closer than necessary on Gabe’s bunk to watch a movie when they know Al’s due back from hockey practice any minute. Gabriel’s a very good cuddler and takes it exceedingly well when Sam stage kisses him in front of Al. He’s not sure if the flutters in his stomach are stage fright or if he’s getting a little too into the role.

Either way, Al requests a room transfer, so they count it as a success.

——

Another week rolls by, and Sam’s alone studying on Valentine’s Day, which doesn’t actually bother him, but still feels like he’s maybe doing something wrong. Either way, when he answers Gabriel’s knock, he’s not expecting the classy clothes. He asks why with one raised eyebrow.

“Listen to me, Sam. The restaurant in town is offering a free dessert bar to couples because it’s v-day, and no, I don’t mean the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany, although I’m down for celebrating that with dessert as well.”

"So what you’re saying is-”

“What I’m saying is you’re my pretend-date, Sam. I’ll buy you a meal and everything, but we’re getting that free dessert.”

Sam stares for a minute, and finally asks, “Do you really think I don’t know what you’re doing?”

“Uh, I’m scoring myself a chocolate fountain and all the coconut fudge I can eat?” He makes a “duh” face. “Come on, Sam. Do you even know me?”

“Yeah, I do. And I also know this is the third time you’ve asked me out without actually asking me out.” Sam leans against the door frame so he’s a little closer to Gabe’s level. “I’m not totally ignorant.”

Gabriel’s shoulders visibly slump, and he folds his arms. The change in body language is the only response he’s going to give, obviously, because he’s standing quiet for once and gazing at the floor.

“Hey.” Sam says. Gabriel looks up, still looking guilty. “You could have just… asked me out.”

Gabriel snorts. “Like I was going to do that. You’re-” he waves a hand up and down in frustration. “You’re Sam.”

“You’re practically doing it right now.” Sam protests. “Just…”

Fine,” Gabriel huffs dramatically. “If it’s such a big deal to you…” he drags both hands down his face, but it does nothing to stem the blush rising to his face. “Sam. The restaurant in town is offering free dessert for-“

Sam stops him right there with a not-pretend kiss that Gabriel happily sinks into. “Yes, I’m going out with you, you dork,” Sam smiles as they separate. “There’s no way I’d pass this up, okay?”

“Okay.” Gabriel glances towards the hall door. “But all sappy confrontations and my wildest dreams coming true aside, there’s a cake buffet with my name on it. Can we?”

Sam kisses the top of Gabriel’s head. “We can.”

3

October 28th 1940: Greece rejects Mussolini’s ultimatium

On this day in 1940 during World War Two, the Greek government rejected Italian dictator Benito Mussolini’s demand that the Greeks allow the Italian army to enter and occupy the country. At 3 a.m. the Italian ambassador to Greece, Emanuele Grazzi, delivered Mussolini’s ultimatum to Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas. The Prime Minister replied with “Alors, c'est la guerre"  ("Then, it is war”). The people of Greece celebrated Metaxas’s defiant “Oxi” (Greek for ‘no’) and resisted when the Italian army crossed the Greek border. The Greeks fought valiantly in the subsequent Greco-Italian War, successfully pushing the Italian army back into Albania. Greece ultimately fell to the Axis powers, with Nazi Germany assisting Italy in Greece and eventually occupying the country. It has been suggested that had Greece surrendered, the Nazis would have made greater strides across Europe and thus Mataxas’s 'No’ prevented the war from lasting longer. By having to detour through Greece, Hitler’s Germany lost valuable time in the spring and had to delay the invasion of Russia until the winter, a decision that proved disastrous for the Axis war effort. This day is celebrated in Greece as 'No Day’, and is marked with military parades and displays of patriotism.

The War Ends in Europe

The massive swastika atop the Nazi party stadium in Nuremberg is blown up in dramatic fashion by advancing U.S. troops, ca. April 25, 1945, in the final days of the World War II in Europe.  Less than 2 weeks later, German forces surrendered unconditionally to the Allies on May 7, 1945.

Excerpted from “The War Ends in Europe
Motion Picture Films from “United News” Newsreels, 1942 - 1945

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Unconditional Surrender of German Forces, May 7, 1945

The unconditional surrender of the German Third Reich was signed seventy years ago in the early morning hours of Monday, May 7, 1945 at Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) at Reims in northeastern France. Present were representatives of the four Allied Powers—France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States—and the three Germany officers delegated by German President Karl Doenitz—Gen. Alfred Jodl, who had alone been authorized to sign the surrender document; Maj. Wilhelm Oxenius, an aide to Jodl; and Adm. Hans-Georg von Friedeburg, one of the German chief negotiators. Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, SHAEF chief of staff, led the Allied delegation as the representative of General Eisenhower, who had refused to meet with the Germans until the surrender had been accomplished. (via OurDocuments)

The Act of Military Surrender is available to be transcribed in the National Archives Catalog:

Today marks the 70th anniversary of Victory in Europe Day (VE Day). On this day in 1945, the Allies of World War II accepted Nazi Germany’s unconditional surrender of its armed forces, thus marking the end of World War II in Europe. We want to thank the men and women of America’s Navy, as their bravery at sea was key to winning many battles throughout World War II, including the gunfire support pictured here off the coast of Normandy in June 1944.

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1945 - After the fascist surrender in Milan, these Nazi officers quickly regret their insistence on exiting the city in a style befitting their rank; open topped luxury cars. While the rank and file soldiers left in the safety of their trucks, the luxury cars used by the officers gave the Italian people lining the road the chance to wish them a hearty goodbye. [video]