Move to Amend

When we think of the dialectic as purely formal object, unbounded, lacking its proper historical content, churning endlessly in an abstract process, we think of the identity of opposites, of comedy and tragedy, and the process of one forever becoming the other through the mediation of crisis, which can always be recuperated. A somewhat different understanding of the dialectic allows both for genre’s objectivity (which is to say its autonomy) and for its dialectical doubling. This one, its logical form situated historically, is premised on systemic expansion, with its breakings and reformations of societies and of humans, the very content that tragedy and comedy designate. If we arrived before at the formula that history is what moves itself, we must amend it once more. History is not what moves itself; history is what moves itself outward. And in this sense, to make the most capacious move, history as self-expanding whole is isomorphic with value itself, which must not only move but expand if it is to preserve its own existence. This dialectic is not itself transhistorical; rather it is the form of thought that arises with the systematic expansion of history enabled by the doubling of tragedy and comedy and that retains its analytic power within that movement.

Joshua Clover, “Genres of the Dialectic,” Critical Inquiry 43, No.2 (Winter 2017), pg.448

I think people hate Padme because they see her as just a love interest for anakin and lowkey the reason why he went darkside in the first place remember he did it to save her and their love story was awkward and forced, just adding to the hate for her character. But if you get rid of the love interest part, she really is a great female character. 

Padme was elected Queen of Naboo at a young age and she was so loved and well respected for her leadership that they moved to amend the constitution so she should could stay in office. She humbly declined. The next Queen knew she was a great politician and offered her a position in the senate to represent them.

While she was Queen she didn’t stand on the sidelines while the Jedi and an army of Gungans freed her planet. She fought with them to liberate her people from the trade federation, leading the infiltration of the capital. 

Heck, she managed to fool two Jedi into thinking she was just a handmaiden. 

She went to save Obi Wan on Geonosis, not Anakin.

She fought for peace while all the Jedi did was enable the war. Padme for President 2k16.

She watched as The Clone Wars ripped apart the galaxy and the Galactic Republic turned into the Galactic Empire. 

And while everything was burning around her, while I wouldn’t have blamed her for giving up on everything and joining Anakin, she told the person she loved the most in the galaxy that she could not follow him down his dark path.


Hell Yeah.

“While voting in the Irish marriage equality referendum yesterday it occured to me how much the United States could learn from Ireland about democracy.

First was the fact that this was a refrendum on changing our constitution, making that document a living, adaptable thing capable of change, growth and development. Contrast that with the rigidity of the US constitution, ever-fixed, unchanging and worshipped on it’s historical pedestal and incapable of progression within the current US politcal climate.

That political climate is also a major difference between Irish and US democracy. Ireland’s campaining and campaign-finance laws made this a fair competition, with both sides having fair access to the media and with special interests minimised. Perhaps as a result (and with a few, minor, exceptions), Ireland’s marriage referendum was conducted in an air of civility, respect and even humour, not just in the media, but in Facebook conversations and Twitter feeds. America can learn from this.

Finally, I was impressed by how easy and fair it is to vote in Ireland. Registration is easy and heavily promoted without regard to party, and even if you’re not registered you can just swear an oath that you’re elegible. There are almost no lineups at polling stations (media reported that SOME stations had lineups to the door at peak times). Everybody has access to the counts where votes are counted.

The ‘greatest country in the world’ could learn from this example.” GC

If corporations are people, can we...

…tax them at household rates (bring it),
…recommend them for counseling,
…sentence them to community service,
…mandate invasive diagnostic procedures when they cut jobs or sell off divisions?

Feel free to add to this list.


Several Occupy movements [Sacramento, Redwood City, Oakland, Nevada City and San Jose] came to show support of’s statewide rally to to End Corporate personhood.  (Sacramento,CA)


“It’s Viral!” The Movement to Overturn Citizens United Swamps the Internet (by jeharrisda3rd)


A 4 min. excerpt from the documentary _Legalize Democracy_
Move to Amend

American democracy is not about billionaires buying elections. The Koch brothers alone have funded 44,000 ads in the 2014 elections. Do you know what the Koch brothers’ definition of freedom is? Here’s David Koch’s platform from his 1980 VP campaign, reprinted from Senator Sanders’ website.

As a result of the disastrous Citizens United Supreme Court decision, billionaires and large corporations can now spend an unlimited amount of money to influence the political process.

Perhaps, the biggest winners of Citizens United are Charles and David Koch, owners of the second-largest privately run business in America Koch Industries.

Among other things, the Koch brothers own oil refineries in Texas, Alaska, and Minnesota and control some 4,000 miles of pipeline.

According to Forbes Magazine, the Koch brothers are now worth $80 billion, and have increased their wealth by $12 billion since last year alone.

For the Koch brothers, $80 billion in wealth, apparently, is not good enough. Owning the second largest private company in America is, apparently, not good enough. It doesn’t appear that they will be satisfied until they are able to control the entire political process.

“It is well known that the Koch brothers have provided the major source of funding to the Tea Party and want to repeal the Affordable Care Act.

What else do the Koch brothers want?

Here are just a few excerpts of the Libertarian Party platform that David Koch ran on in 1980:”

“We urge the repeal of federal campaign finance laws, and the immediate abolition of the despotic Federal Election Commission.”

“We favor the abolition of Medicare and Medicaid programs.”

“We oppose any compulsory insurance or tax-supported plan to provide health services, including those which finance abortion services.”

“We also favor the deregulation of the medical insurance industry.”

“We favor the repeal of the fraudulent, virtually bankrupt, and increasingly oppressive Social Security system. Pending that repeal, participation in Social Security should be made voluntary.”

“We propose the abolition of the governmental Postal Service. The present system, in addition to being inefficient, encourages governmental surveillance of private correspondence. Pending abolition, we call for an end to the monopoly system and for allowing free competition in all aspects of postal service.”

“We oppose all personal and corporate income taxation, including capital gains taxes.”

“We support the eventual repeal of all taxation.”

“As an interim measure, all criminal and civil sanctions against tax evasion should be terminated immediately.”

“We support repeal of all law which impede the ability of any person to find employment, such as minimum wage laws.”

“We advocate the complete separation of education and State. Government schools lead to the indoctrination of children and interfere with the free choice of individuals. Government ownership, operation, regulation, and subsidy of schools and colleges should be ended.”

“We condemn compulsory education laws … and we call for the immediate repeal of such laws.”

“We support the repeal of all taxes on the income or property of private schools, whether profit or non-profit.”

“We support the abolition of the Environmental Protection Agency.”

“We support abolition of the Department of Energy.”

“We call for the dissolution of all government agencies concerned with transportation, including the Department of Transportation.”

“We demand the return of America’s railroad system to private ownership. We call for the privatization of the public roads and national highway system.”

“We specifically oppose laws requiring an individual to buy or use so-called “self-protection” equipment such as safety belts, air bags, or crash helmets.”

“We advocate the abolition of the Federal Aviation Administration.”

“We advocate the abolition of the Food and Drug Administration.”

“We support an end to all subsidies for child-bearing built into our present laws, including all welfare plans and the provision of tax-supported services for children.”

“We oppose all government welfare, relief projects, and ‘aid to the poor’ programs. All these government programs are privacy-invading, paternalistic, demeaning, and inefficient. The proper source of help for such persons is the voluntary efforts of private groups and individuals.”

“We call for the privatization of the inland waterways, and of the distribution system that brings water to industry, agriculture and households.”

“We call for the repeal of the Occupational Safety and Health Act.”

“We call for the abolition of the Consumer Product Safety Commission.”

“We support the repeal of all state usury laws.”

“In other words,” says Senator Sanders, “the agenda of the Koch brothers is not only to defund Obamacare. The agenda of the Koch brothers is to repeal every major piece of legislation that has been signed into law over the past 80 years that has protected the middle class, the elderly, the children, the sick, and the most vulnerable in this country.

It is clear that the Koch brothers and other right wing billionaires are calling the shots and are pulling the strings of the Republican Party.

And because of the disastrous Citizens United Supreme Court decision, they now have the power to spend an unlimited amount of money to buy the House of Representatives, the Senate, and the next President of the United States.

If they are allowed to hijack the American political process to defund Obamacare they will be back for more.

Tomorrow it will be Social Security, ending Medicare as we know it, repealing the minimum wage. It seems to me that the Koch brothers will not be content until they get everything they believe they are entitled to.

Our great nation can no longer be hijacked by right-wing billionaires like the Koch brothers.

For the sake of our children and our grandchildren, for the sake of our economy, we have got to let democracy prevail.”