Mosa'ab Elshamy

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Jewish community of Djerba, Tunisia. Photos by Mosa'ab Elshamy.

When school lets out, the streets around the ancient synagogue on this Tunisian island fill with rambunctious boys wearing Jewish kippahs and girls in long skirts, shouting to each other in Hebrew, Arabic and French. The Jewish community in the resort island of Djerba traces its roots all the way back to Babylonian exile of 586 B.C., and is one of the few communities of its kind to have survived the turmoil around the creation of Israel, when more than 800,000 Jews across the Arab world either emigrated or were driven from their homes.

A father plays with his daughter after Friday afternoon prayers in Al-Azhar Mosque in the Islamic Cairo neighborhood, in Cairo, Egypt, Friday, June 5, 2015. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy)