Monuments Men

Return of Leonardo Da Vinci’s “Lady with ermine” to Poland after World War II.

Monuments Man Lt. Frank P. Albright, Polish Liaison Officer Maj. Karol Estreicher, Monuments Man Capt. Everett Parker Lesley, and Pfc. Joe D. Espinosa, guard with the 34th Field Artillery Battalion, pose with Leonard da Vinci’s Lady with an Ermine upon its return to Poland in April 1946.

U.S. Soldiers examine the famous “Wintergarden,” by French Impressionist Edouard Manet, retrieved from the collection of Reichbank wealth along with gold and other treasures looted by the Nazis over the course of World War II.

Photo captured on 04/15/45, by Cpl. Ornitz

2

The Madonna of Bruges, sculpted by Michelangelo between 1501 and 1504, being excavated from an Austrian salt mine in 1945. The sculpture was smuggled out of the church, Our Lady of Bruges, Belgium in a Red Cross truck by Nazi troops in September 1944. The art conservationist,George Stout, head of the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program, more popularly known as the Monuments Men, recovered the priceless work in 1945. Hitler used the Altaussee salt mine to store over 6,000 pieces of stolen art including the iconic Ghent Altarpiece. More well known pieces were quickly returned to their respective churches and museums, but for art taken from personal collections (especially many Jewish families) restitution has been slow and ongoing. To this day, the Madonna remains the only sculpture by Michelangelo located outside of Italy.

7

The Greatest Art Heist of All Time

The upcoming movie The Monuments Men, which hits theaters February 7, is based on the untold true story of the small group of men and women working with the Allied armies to locate, protect and return to their rightful owners the countless works of art looted and confiscated by the Nazi forces, in addition to cataloguing and evacuating art works deemed to be at risk. Their mission was one of cultural protection and restoration, and they remained in Europe for up to six years after the war identifying stolen works, as well as organizing artistic events for the war-ravaged countries.

Keep reading

3

Harry Ettlinger is one of six surviving “Monuments Men,” whose art-saving exploits were recently featured in the film of the same title. Ettlinger is in the black and white photo, too: he’s the a 19-year-old GI (right) who, as a native German speaker, had been assigned to the Monuments Men.

The black and white photo was taken in one of the salt mines where the Nazis hid their stolen art. Ettlinger is looking a self-portrait of Rembrandt–a painting that was from his hometown of Karlsruhe, Germany. Ettlinger had never seen it when he lived there as a child–Jews were forbidden to enter the museum.

Ettlinger, along with author Robert Edsel, was a guest at the National Archives this afternoon to mark the donation of Hitler album number 6 to the National Archives.

This album was used by the Nazis to keep track of the art they stole, and was taken by an American soldier as a souvenir when he went into Hitler’s home in the Bavarian Alps. The soldier’s nephew inherited the album, but wasn’t aware of its significance until he met with Edsel, founder of the Monuments Men Foundation.

The National Archives also has custody of the 39 original albums discovered at the Castle of Neuschwanstein. The albums were used as evidence in the Nuremberg trials.

You can read more about the Monuments Men here: http://blogs.archives.gov/TextMessage/tag/monuments-men/

anonymous asked:

Hi Kristin! I'm in the mood for some historical films and was wondering if you had any film recs? (You seem like the kind of person whose film recs I would enjoy) P.S. I absolutely adore your aesthetic. It gives me hope for my own <3

OF COURSE, HERE IS MY SOMEWHAT COMPREHENSIVE LIST OF PERIOD DRAMAS (these are majority british because ..that is all i am, it’s also like up until the 1960s, in order of when they are SET)

1500s -1600s

  • The Other Boleyn Girl
  • Elizabeth
  • Elizabeth: The Golden Age
  • Anonymous 
  • Shakespeare in Love 
  • The Libertine
  • Bill
  • The Three Musketeers 
  • Lady Jane
  • The Girl Queen 
  • Stage Beauty

1700s

  • The Duchess
  • Marie Antoinette
  • Pride and Prejudice 
  • Sense and Sensibility 
  • Becoming Jane 
  • The Madness of King George 
  • Perfume: Story of a Murderer 
  • A Little Chaos 
  • Girl With A Pearl Earring 
  • Belle

1800s

  • Young Victoria 
  • Mrs Brown
  • Victoria and Abdul 
  • Jane Eyre 
  • Mr. Turner
  • Wilde
  • Dorian Gray    
  • The Woman in Black 
  • Jude
  • The Importance of Being Earnest 
  • Bright Star
  • Viceroys House 
  • Miss Potter
  • Creation
  • The Invisible Woman 
  • From Hell
  • The Limehouse Golem  
  • Hysteria
  • Effie Gray
  • Great Expectations
  • Far From The Madding Crowd
  • Anna Karenina

1900s

  • Maurice
  • Brideshead Revisited 
  • Suffragette
  • The Englishman Who Went up a Hill but Came down a Mountain
  • Enid 
  • Sunset Song
  • Finding Neverland 
  • War Horse
  • A Dangerous Method 
  • Another Country
  • Jimmy’s Hall
  • The Edge of Love
  • Their Finest 
  • Gosford Park 
  • Glorious 39
  • Easy Virtue
  • Dunkirk
  • The Danish Girl
  • Atonement
  • Queen & Country 
  • Private Peaceful 
  • The Book Thief 
  • Testament of Youth
  • Boy in Striped Pyjamas
  • The Others
  • Anthropoid 
  • Zoo Keepers Wife 
  • The Royal Night Out 
  • A United Kingdom 
  • Another Mother’s Son
  • The Woman in Gold
  • The King’s Speech
  • The Monuments Men  
  • The Wind That Shakes The Barley
  • The Man Who Knew Infinity 
  • Suite Française
  • The Theory of Everything 
  • The Imitation Game 
  • The Railway Man 
  • The Magdalene Sisters