“The first chapter opens up with Michael Brown and Ferguson,” says the textbook’s co-author, Macalester College Professor Duchess Harris. “And then we backtrack to do a historical overview of interactions that African Americans have had with police encounters, historically. Then we return to Trayvon Martin and go all the way up to Baltimore.”
This is what we did. We fought for our voices to be heard and this is what we got, I am so proud. #Love it!
August 9 marks the one-year anniversary of the death of #MichaelBrown. Activists marched the streets of downtown Brooklyn, NY to remember the past year of the #blacklivesmatter movement and commemorate the victims of police brutality.
Janelle Monáe has been a vocal supporter of the #BlackLivesMatter movement, joining forces with local activists, pushing for change with her powerful lyrics and even delivering an impromptu speech about the platform’s issue on NBC’s “Today” show (even if it was cut short).
Black People Killed by Police 2015 (as of Sept 28th):
UPDATE TO ADD (Oct 19th)
Corey Jones, 31, FL Paterson Brown Jr., 18, VA Dequan L. Williams, 28, PA Kaleb Alexander, 25, OH Jason Day, 40, OK Bernard Brandon Powers, 23, SC Jeffery McCallum, 31, IL Christopher LaShon Kimble Jr., 22, OH Brandon Johnson, 28, WV
— Junior Prosper, 31, FL James Anderson, 33, IL Ernesto Medina López, 42, FL Keith Harrison McLeod, 19, MD Jeremy McDole, 28, DE Bobby R. Anderson, 27, LA Tyrone Bass, 21 , LA Vincent E. Scott, 49, KS Carl Devince King, 52, NC Joseph Thomas Johnson-Shanks, 25, KY Clifford Butler, Jr., 67, OK Brandon Foy, 29, IN Tyrone L. Holman, 37, MO Angelo Delano Perry, 35, VA India Kager, 28, VA La'vante Trevon Biggs, 21, NC Cedric Maurice Williams, 33, WV James Carney III, 48, OH Felix Kumi, 61, NY James Marcus Brown III, 25, NV Bertrand Syjuan Davis, 43, TX Curtis Smith, 34, PA Thaddeus Faison, 39, NY Deviere Ernel Ransom, 24, MI Mansur Ball-Bey, 18, MO Frederick Roy, 35, TX Benjamin Peter Ashley, 34, CA Allen Matthew Baker III, 23, CA Asshams Pharoah Manley, 30, MD Garland Tyree, 38, NY Reginald Marshall, 27, OH Redel Kentel Jones, 30, CA Nathaniel Wilks, 27, CA Andre Green, 15, IN Tsombe Jashon Clark, 25, NC Shamir Terrel Palmer, 24, SC Derrick Lee Hunt, 28, CA Charles Bertram, 22, TX Christian Taylor, 19, TX Troy Robinson, 32, GA Keshawn D. Hargrove, 20, VA Darius D. Graves, 31, IL Filimoni Raiyawa, 57, CA Khari Westly, 33, LA Bryan Keith Day, 36, NV Sandra Bland, 28, TX Donatae L. Martin. 34, OH Andre Dontrell Williams, 26, OK Devon Guisherd, 26, PA Samuel Dubose, 43, OH Darrius Stewart, 19, TN Albert Joseph Davis, 23, FL Edward Foster III, 35, FL Chacarion Avant, 20, FL Salvado Ellswood, 36, FL Freddie Blue, 20, GA George Mann, 35, GA Anthony Dewayne Ware, 35, AL Jonathan Sanders, 39, MS Jason M. Hendley, 29, CA Maximo Rabasa, 52, FL Robert Elando Manlone, 42, OK Kawanza Jamaal Beaty, 23, VA Victo Larosa III, 23, FL Kevin Lamont Judson, 24, OR Alfontish Cockerham, 23, IL Spencer Lee McCain, 41, MD Damien A. Harrell, 26, VA Tyrone Harris, 20, PA Zamiel Kivon Crawford, 21, AL Kevin Bajoie, 32, LA Trepierre Hummons, 21, OH Jermaine Benjamin, 42, FL Deng Manyoun, 35, KY arles Allen Ziegler, 40, FL Fritz Severe, 46, FL Isiah Hampton, 19, NY QuanDavier Hicks, 22, OH Ross Anthony, 25, TX Demouria Hogg, 30, CA Andrew Ellerbe, 33, PA Sherman Byrd, 24, PA Usaama Rahim 26 Massachusetts Richard Davis 50 New York Kevin Allen 36 New Jersey James Strong 32 Colorado Kenneth Dothard 40 Georgia Dalton Branch 51 New York Anthony Briggs 26 Alabama Caso Jackson 25 Michigan Javoris Washington 29 Florida Jerome Thomas Caldwell 32 South Carolina Markus Clark 26 Florida Marcus D. Wheeler 26 Nebraska Anthony Quinn Gomez Jr. 29 Pennsylvania D'Angelo Reyes Stallworth 28 Florida Kelvin Antonie Goldston 30 Texas Lionel Young 34 Maryland Dedrick Marshall 48 Louisiana Nephi Arriguin 21 California Brendon Glenn 29 California Jason Champion 41 New Jersey Nuwnah Laroche 34 New Jersey Elton Simpson 30 Texas Alexia Christian 25 Georgia Jeffery O. Adkins 53 Virginia Terrance Kellom 20 Michigan Todd Dye 20 Colorado Samuel Harrell 30 New York William L. Chapman II 18 Virginia Daniel Wolfe 35 New Jersey Freddie Gray 25 Maryland Norman Cooper 33 Texas Thaddeus McCarroll 23 Missouri Darrell Lawrence Brown 31 Maryland Frank Ernest Shephard III 41 Texas Tevin Barkley 22 Florida Colby Robinson 26 Texas Karl Taylor 52 New York Don Oneal Smith Jr. 29 Indiana Dexter Bethea 42 Georgia Desmond Willis 25 Louisiana Paul Anthony Anderson 31 California Justus Howell 17 Illinois Walter Scott 50 South Carolina Darrin A. Langford 32 Illinois Donald “Dontay” Ivy 39 New York Eric Courtney Harris 44 Oklahoma Robert Washington 37 California Phillip White 32 New Jersey Ricky Shawatza Hall 27 Maryland Dominick R. Wise 30 Virginia Jamalis Hall 39 Florida Angelo West 41 Massachusetts Meagan Hockaday 26 California Jeremy Lorenza Kelly 27 South Carolina Walter Brown III 29 Virginia Nicholas Thomas 23 Georgia Denzel Brown 21 New York Richard White 63 Louisiana Brandon Jones 18 Ohio Kendre Omari Alston 16 Florida Askari Roberts 35 Georgia Jonathan Ryan Paul 42 Texas Terry Garnett Jr. 37 Maryland Jamie Croom 31 Louisiana Theodore Johnson 64 Ohio Terrance Moxley 29 Ohio Cedrick Lamont Bishop 30 Florida Anthony Hill 27 Georgia Monique Jenee Deckard 43 California Andrew Anthony Williams 48 Florida Naeschylus Vinzant 37 Colorado Bernard Moore 62 Georgia Tony Terrell Robinson Jr. 19 Wisconsin Tyrone Ryerson Lawrence 45 Wisconsin Shaquille C. Barrow 20 Illinois Fednel Rhinvil 25 Maryland Charley Leundeu Keunang, “Africa” 43 California Thomas Allen Jr. 34 Missouri Darrell “Hubbard” Gatewood 47 Oklahoma Ian Sherrod 40 North Carolina Cornelius J. Parker 28 Missouri Glenn C. Lewis 37 Oklahoma Calvon A. Reid 39 Florida A’Donte Washington 16 Alabama Terry Price 41 Oklahoma Stanley Lamar Grant 38 Alabama Janisha Fonville 20 North Carolina Lavall Hall 25 Florida Phillip Watkins 23 California Anthony Bess 49 Tennessee Desmond Luster, Sr. 45 Texas Natasha McKenna 37 Virginia James Howard Allen 74 North Carolina Herbert Hill 26 Oklahoma Markell Atkins 36 Tennessee Yvette Henderson 38 California Ledarius Williams 23 Missouri Dewayne Deshawn Ward Jr. 29 California Edward Donnell Bright, Sr. 56 Maryland Jermonte Fletcher 33 Ohio Darin Hutchins 26 Maryland Tiano Meton 25 Texas Demaris Turner 29 Florida Isaac Holmes 19 Missouri Dewayne Carr 42 Arizona Terence D. Walker 21 Oklahoma Rodney Walker 23 Oklahoma Kavonda Earl Payton 39 Colorado Mario A. Jordan 34 Virginia Donte Sowell 27 Indiana Marcus Ryan Golden 24 Minnesota Artago Damon Howard 36 Arkansas Andre Larone Murphy Sr. 42 Nebraska Ronald Sneed 31 Texas Hashim Hanif Ibn Abdul-Rasheed 41 Ohio Brian Pickett 26 California Leslie Sapp III 47 Pennsylvania Matthew Ajibade 22 Georgia
Black People Killed by Police in 2014
Jerry Nowlin 39 Oklahoma Travis Faison 24 North Carolina Michael D. Sulton 23 Mississippi Calvin Peters 49 New York Dennis Grisgby 35 Texas Thurrell Jowers 22 Mississippi Brandon Tate-Brown 26 Pennsylvania Xavier McDonald 16 Tennessee Antonio Martin 18 Missouri Carlos Davenport 51 Kansas Gregory Marcus Gray 33 District of Columbia Carlton Wayne Smith 20 Texas Terrence Gilbert 25 Illinois Aura Rosser 40 Michigan Quentin Smith 23 Florida Charles Emmett Logan 68 Minnesota David Andre Scott 28 Florida Jerame C. Reid 36 New Jersey Kevin Davis 44 Georgia David Yearby 27 New Jersey Eric Tyrone Forbes 28 Florida Christopher Bernard Doss 41 Texas Christopher M. Anderson 27 Illinois William Mark Jones 50 North Carolina Rauphael Thomas 29 Ohio Tanisha N. Anderson 37 Ohio Rumain Brisbon 34 Arizona Lincoln Price 24 Oklahoma John T. Wilson, III 22 Nevada Cinque DJahspora 20 Tennessee Darnell Dayron Stafford 31 New Jersey Cecil Chaney Tinker-Smith 37 Washington Akai Gurley 28 New York Keara Crowder 29 Tennessee Myron DeÕShawn May 39 Florida Leonardo Marquette Little 33 Florida Tamir E. Rice 12 Ohio Eric Ricks 30 Texas Lashano J. Gilbert 31 Connecticut Qusean Whitten 18 Ohio Latandra Ellington 36 Florida Elisha Glass 20 Ohio OÕShaine Evans 26 California Tracy A. Wade 39 Kentucky Miguel Benton 19 Georgia Balantine Mbegbu 65 Arizona Iretha Lilly 37 Texas Vonderrit Myers Jr. 18 Missouri Aljarreau Cross 29 Nevada Adam Ardett Madison 28 Alabama Ronnie D. McNary 44 Ohio Alphonse Edward Perkins 50 California Terrell Lucas 22 Indiana Zale Thompson 32 New York Shawn DeCortez Brown, II 20 New Jersey Darrien Nathaniel Hunt 22 Utah Kaldrick Donald 24 Florida Christopher Mason McCray 17 North Carolina Kendrick Brown 35 Ohio Elijah Jackson 33 Tennessee Naim Owens 22 New York Ricky Deangelo Hinkle 47 Alabama Carrey Brown 26 Washington Kashad Ashford 23 New Jersey Ceasar Adams 36 Louisiana Michael Willis Jr. 42 Missouri Charles Smith 29 Georgia John Jolly Jr. 28 Kentucky Cameron Tillman 14 Louisiana Nolan Anderson 50 Louisiana Oliver Jarrod Gregoire 26 Texas Ronald Singleton 45 New York Jeremy Lewis 33 Florida Warren Robinson 16 Illinois Darius Cole-Garrit 21 Illinois Eugene Williams 38 Missouri Marlon S. Woodstock 38 Florida Arvel Douglas Williams 30 Maryland Anthony Callaway 27 Georgia Javonta Darden 20 Georgia Ennis Labaux 37 Louisiana Robert Baltimore 34 Louisiana Anthony Lamar Brown 39 Florida Dominique Charon Lewis 23 Michigan Eugene N. Turner III 28 Mississippi Cedric Stanley 35 Florida Jacorey Calhoun 23 California Briant Paula 26 Massachusetts Michael Laray Dozer 26 California Daniel Row 37 Ohio John Crawford III 22 Ohio Eddie Davis 67 Texas Michael Brown, Jr. 18 Missouri Corey Levert Tanner 24 Florida Frederick R. Miller 38 Maryland Ezell Ford 25 California Dante Parker 36 California Andre Maurice Jones 37 California Luther Lathron Walker 38 California Michelle Cusseaux 50 Arizona David Ellis 29 Pennsylvania Kajieme Powell 25 Missouri Roshad McIntosh 18 Illinois Cortez Washington 32 Nebraska Vernicia Woodward 26 Georgia Desean Pittman 20 Illinois Jerry Dwight Brown 41 Florida Jacqueline Nichols 64 Michigan Icarus Randolph 26 Kansas Christopher Jones 30 Missouri Charles Goodridge 53 Texas Tommy Jackson 39 Florida Tyshawn Hancock 37 Ohio Tommy Ray Yancy 32 California Lawrence Campbell 27 New Jersey Eric Garner 43 New York Donovan Bayton 54 Maryland Vamond Arqui Elmore 37 South Carolina Jonathan L. Williams 25 Arizona Harrison Carter 29 Florida Charles Leon Johnson, II 29 Georgia Briatay McDuffie 19 Maryland Patrick Small 27 South Carolina Frank McQueen 34 Pennsylvania Thomas Dewitt Johnson 28 Florida Lonnie Flemming 31 Tennessee David Latham 35 Virginia Michael Reams 47 California Steven Thompson 26 Florida Roylee Vell Dixon 48 Alabama Broderick Johnson 21 Georgia Frank Rhodes 61 Mississippi John Schneider 24 Georgia Jason Harrison 38 Texas Devaron Ricardo Wilburn 21 North Carolina Ismael Sadiq 30 Texas Samuel Shields 49 Maryland Denzell Curnell 19 South Carolina Antoine Dominique Hunter 24 California Juan May 45 Texas Lavon King 20 New Jersey Paul Ray Kemp Jr. 40 California Samuel Johnson 45 California Rodney Hodge 33 Texas Dennis Hicks 29 Delaware Quentin Byrd 21 Georgia Londrell Johnson 31 Wisconsin Nyocomus Garnett 35 Texas Eddie Macon Jr. 39 Michigan Pearlie Golden 93 Texas Armand Martin 50 New Mexico Jerome Dexter Christmas 44 Louisiana Devante Kyshon Hinds 21 Alabama Jonathan Lee Asuzu Alabama Joseph Givens 34 Ohio Justin Griffin 25 Mississippi George V. King 19 Maryland James Renee White Jr. 21 California Charles D. Broadway Jr.24 Kansas Howard Wallace Bowe Jr. 34 Florida Jovon Allen 21 Arkansas Shiquan M. Krouser 27 New York Damion Foster 37 Florida Dominique Franklin, Jr 23 Illinois Jermassioun Viondrey Rodgers 20 Florida Michael Myers 62 Illinois Quintico Goolsby 36 Indiana Montez Dewayne Hambric 26 North Carolina Duane Erick Strong 18 Florida Jose Valerio 17 Louisiana Terry Darnell Heath 45 Ohio Sandy Jamel McCall 33 North Carolina Etoine Baucum 44 New Jersey Dustin Keith Glover 27 Texas Jameel Kareem Ofurum Harrison 34 Maryland Gregory Towns 24 Georgia Daniel Christoph Yealu 29 California Matthew Walker 55 Florida Emmanuel Wooten Mississippi Joe Huff 86 Illinois Adrian Williams 29 Pennsylvania Dontre H. Hamilton 31 Wisconsin Tyrone Davis 43 Mississippi Emerson Clayton Jr. 21 Alabama Treon “Tree” Johnson 27 Florida Gabriella Monique Nevarez 22 California Kenny Clinton Walker 23 California Daniel Martin 47 Oklahoma Douglas Cooper 18 Rhode Island Winfield Carlton Fisher III 32 Maryland Deosaran Maharaj 51 Florida DeAndre Lloyd Starks 27 Oklahoma Earnest Satterwhite 68 South Carolina Anneson Joseph 28 Florida Raason Shaw 20 Illinois Anthony Bartley 21 Florida Zikarious Jaquan Flint 20 Georgia Alton Reaves 31 South Carolina D'Andre Berghardt Jr. 20 Nevada Stephon Averyhart 27 Missouri Yvette Smith 45 Texas Keith Atkinson 31 Alabama Kenneth Christopher Lucas 38 Texas Cornelius Turner 19 Wisconsin McKenzie Cochran 25 Michigan Kendall Alexander 34 Louisiana Jordan Baker 26 Texas Gregory Vaughn Hill Jr. 30 Florida Henry Jackson 19 Oklahoma Jeffrey Ragland 50 New York Marquise Jones 23 Texas Paul Smith 58 California Eldrin Loren Smart 31 Louisiana
Notes 1-This was put together on Sept 28th using information fromwww.killedbypolice.net. This is my favorite source because it only takes names from confirmed news sources. 1.5-About half of reported civilian deaths by police officers do not include the race. There are most definitely more that we do not know of. 2-Police are not required to report the people they kill, so we know that there has to be more than this that is not reported. Currently the best government data we have on police killings is from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting but these killings are self-reported by law enforcement and participation in the database is voluntary – only about 750 agencies contribute to it, a fraction of the 17,000 law enforcement agencies in the United States. 3-This passes no judgment on guilt or innocence, just a full list. I am sure some of these names are actual criminals, but the world will never know other than taking the police’s word. Police are not the judge, jury and executioners and these people should be alive to face their crimes or prove their innocence in a court of law. (We have also learned from Walter Scott that police lie on the reports and plant evidence) 3.5-IF they were criminals, does not excuse the police from violating these people’s Fifth Amendment Rights. They were deprived of life without due process of law. Many of these people are shot in the back or unarmed (see below). The major problem is we have violent White criminals like Ted Kaczynski, Timothy McVeigh, James Eagan Holmes, Jared Lee Loughner, Dylann Storm Roof who are all terrorists who collectively killed hundreds of people and were apprehended without being shot. Meanwhile, black people are being shot for non-violent crimes like jaywalking, having a busted taillight and so on. 4-This does not include police brutality cases like Floyd Dent, Martese Johnson or so many more. 5-This not include people like Travon Martin or Jordan Davis, who were killed by “stand your ground” laws by civilians. 6-This also does not include people like Lennon Lacy and Otis Byrd in what looks like lynchings 7-I also did not include anything pre-2014 since that is when the whole “black lives matter” movement started. This is not a new occurrence. 8-yeah, yeah … not all cops. I am sure they have a hard job, but it does not excuse this list or especially how long it is. There were 127 total police deaths in 2014, including unrelated car accidents, heart attacks and even one 9/11 related illness. It is MUCH more dangerous to be black than a police officer. 9-Yes, there were plenty of white people killed by police. “All lives matter”, BUT black people are 4x more likely to be killed by police than whites. Only 16% of white people killed were unarmed while 47% of black people killed were unarmed. There are deep racial disparities that come from a system of oppression.
However, this list is important. Sure Michael Brown, Eric Garner, Tamir Rice, Freddy Gray get the headlines, but every name needs to be remembered.