Physicists from the University of Cambridge and an
international group of researchers discovered evidence of a strange
state of matter that was first predicted 40 years ago, but never
tangibly observed. It’s called “quantum spin liquid” and it’s breaking apart the building blocks of life previously thought to be indivisible.
No matter what happens, no matter how far you seem to be away from where you want to be, never stop believing that you will somehow make it. Have an unrelenting belief that things will work out, that the long road has purpose, that the things that you desire may not happen today, but they will happen. Continue to persist and persevere.
It wrinkles my brain that “normal” matter—quarks, protons, electrons, photons, all the stuff with which we’re capable of interacting—makes up less than 5% of the universe. The rest of the universe consists of dark matter and dark energy, both of which remain total mysteries to us. We can’t hear, touch, smell, or see the stuff that makes up 95% of the cosmos… Considering this, would it really have been too much to ask for Donald Trump to have been made from that stuff?
Plasma is a state of matter that is often thought of as a subset of gases, but the two states behave very differently. Like gases, plasmas have no fixed shape or volume, and are less dense than solids or liquids. But unlike ordinary gases, plasmas are made up of atoms in which some or all of the electrons have been stripped away and positively charged nuclei, called ions, roam freely.
“A gas is made of neutral molecules and atoms,” said Xuedong Hu, a professor of physics at the University at Buffalo. That is, the number of negatively charged electrons equals the number of positively charged protons.
“Plasma is a charged gas, with strong Coulomb [or electrostatic] interactions,” Hu told Live Science. Atoms or molecules can acquire a positive or negative electrical charge when they gain or lose electrons. This process is called ionization. Plasma makes up the sun and stars, and it is the most common state of matter in the universe as a whole.
No matter what you do — stand up for who you are and be honest about your feelings. Even if it seems like you will be crucified for it; even if you think you will not be as successful or as liked — in the end, it’s only your honesty that will have mattered.