Maryland history

19th century postcard depicting Baltimore Harbor, with the steamboat Chester in the center of the image. Collections of the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum.

On this day, May 31, in 1872, a Chesapeake steamboat was the object of one of the earliest pre-Jim Crow cases in Maryland. Josephine Carr, an African-American school teacher from Kent County, sued the steamboat Chester for an assault. The incident had taken place on May 14, when Carr sat in the steamboat’s main cabin- a space reserved for white passengers. When Carr refused to move, the captain and crew dragged her to the black-only forward cabin, where Carr declined to wait. Instead, she moved to the bow, where she stood until the Chester reached Chestertown and Carr disembarked. She would later file a libel suit against the Chester for her mistreatment.

Carr won her landmark case, and was awarded $25 damages. Carr’s case was one of several in which 19th century courts ruled in favor of blacks on transportation accommodations- a precursor to many such standoffs, which Rosa Parks would someday make famous.

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Mount Royal Station
1400 Cathedral Street, Baltimore, Maryland
circa 1907
John Dubas (fl. 1905-1973)
(Possibly 5x7 inch glass negative)
Arthur U. Hooper Memorial Collection
Baltimore City Life Museum Collection
Maryland Historical Society
MC9070

flickr

A Bunch of Different E-units – 4 of Roger Puta Photos by Marty Bernard
Via Flickr:
C&O 4003 (E8A) with B&O Train 7 (at left) The Shenandoah, and B&O 1455 (E9A) with B&O Train 11, The Metropolitan, (at right) at Cumberland, MD on August 23, 1970.

4

THE BATTLE OF ANTIETAM, AMERICA’S BLOODIEST 12 HOURS

Re-enactors portraying Union troops participate in the 150th Anniversary Reenactment of the Civil War Battle of Antietam at Legacy Manor Farm

More than 23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing after the 12-hour Battle of Antietam, called the bloodiest one-day battle in American history.

It took place on September 17, 1862 across rural fields in western Maryland. 

Hellish fighting would persist until darkness: at the soon ravaged church and adjacent woods, at a stone bridge over Antietam Creek that became a shooting gallery, in a head-high cornfield where bullets and canister shot flew so thick that one survivor said it looked afterward as if the stalks had been cut to the ground with a knife.

The 12th Massachusetts regiment lost 67 per cent killed and wounded, the 1st Texas Infantry, 82 per cent. ‘Where is your division?’ someone asked Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood. 'Dead on the field,’ he replied.

A sunken wagon track, contested for three hours and in the end piled deep with bodies in dark blue or butternut uniforms, became known forever as Bloody Lane.

President Abraham Lincoln, speaking two days before the battle, gave the Union his blessing, saying: 'God bless you, and all with you. Destroy the rebel army if possible.’

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2203885/Civil-War-Robert-E-Lees-secret-Special-Orders-No-191-Union-soldiers-changed-fate-Antietam-Americas-bloodiest-day.html#ixzz2tUeqdeRJ 

Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824-1904)
“The Death of Caesar” (1867)
Oil on canvas
Academicism
Located in the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, Maryland, United States

Depicts the assassination of Julius Caesar in the Theatre of Pompey on the Ides of March.

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YMCA Camp Pawatinika
Anne Arundel County, Maryland
circa 1929
Unidentified photographer
4x5 inch glass negatives
A. Aubrey Bodine donation
Baltimore City Life Museum Collection
Maryland Historical Society
MC7913 .1
MC7913 .2
MC7913 .3

flickr

Penn Central GG1 4910 with Train 121, The Midday Congressional, at Landover, MD on December 15, 1968 by Marty Bernard
Via Flickr:
Second Photo A Roger Puta photo.