19th century postcard depicting Baltimore Harbor, with the steamboat Chester in the center of the image. Collections of the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum.
On this day, May 31, in 1872, a Chesapeake steamboat was the object of one of the earliest pre-Jim Crow cases in Maryland. Josephine Carr, an African-American school teacher from
Kent County, sued the steamboat Chester for an assault. The incident
had taken place on May 14, when Carr sat in the steamboat’s main cabin- a space reserved for white passengers. When Carr refused to
move, the captain and crew dragged her to the black-only forward cabin, where Carr declined to wait. Instead, she moved to the bow, where she stood until the Chester reached Chestertown and Carr disembarked. She would later file a libel suit against the Chester for her mistreatment.
Carr won her landmark case, and was awarded $25 damages. Carr’s case was one of several
in which 19th century courts ruled in favor of blacks on
transportation accommodations- a precursor to many such standoffs, which Rosa Parks would someday make famous.
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Mount Royal Station 1400 Cathedral Street, Baltimore, Maryland circa 1907 John Dubas (fl. 1905-1973) (Possibly 5x7 inch glass negative) Arthur U. Hooper Memorial Collection Baltimore City Life Museum Collection Maryland Historical Society MC9070
A Bunch of Different E-units – 4 of Roger Puta Photos by Marty Bernard Via Flickr: C&O 4003 (E8A) with B&O Train 7 (at left) The Shenandoah, and B&O 1455 (E9A) with B&O Train 11, The Metropolitan, (at right) at Cumberland, MD on August 23, 1970.
THE BATTLE OF ANTIETAM, AMERICA’S BLOODIEST 12 HOURS
Re-enactors portraying Union troops participate in the 150th Anniversary Reenactment of the Civil War Battle of Antietam at Legacy Manor Farm
More than 23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing after the 12-hour Battle of Antietam, called the bloodiest one-day battle in American history.
It took place on September 17, 1862 across rural fields in western Maryland.
Hellish fighting would persist until darkness: at the soon ravaged church and adjacent woods, at a stone bridge over Antietam Creek that became a shooting gallery, in a head-high cornfield where bullets and canister shot flew so thick that one survivor said it looked afterward as if the stalks had been cut to the ground with a knife.
The 12th Massachusetts regiment lost 67 per cent killed and wounded, the 1st Texas Infantry, 82 per cent. ‘Where is your division?’ someone asked Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood. 'Dead on the field,’ he replied.
A sunken wagon track, contested for three hours and in the end piled deep with bodies in dark blue or butternut uniforms, became known forever as Bloody Lane.
President Abraham Lincoln, speaking two days before the battle, gave the Union his blessing, saying: 'God bless you, and all with you. Destroy the rebel army if possible.’
YMCA Camp Pawatinika Anne Arundel County, Maryland circa 1929 Unidentified photographer 4x5 inch glass negatives A. Aubrey Bodine donation Baltimore City Life Museum Collection Maryland Historical Society MC7913 .1 MC7913 .2 MC7913 .3