Luxor (الأقصر‎‎) is a city in Upper Egypt, population 487,896 in 2010. As the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes, Luxor has frequently been characterized as the “world’s greatest open-air museum”, as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Across the Nile lie the monuments, temples, and tombs of the West Bank Necropolis, which includes the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens. Thousands of tourists arrive annually to visit these monuments, contributing greatly to the economy of the modern city.

Cities of Egypt

Cairo ( القاهرة‎ al-Qahirah)

Alexandria (اسكندرية al-Iskandariyya)

Giza (الجيزة el-Giza)

Shubra El-Kheima (شبرا الخيمة Sobra el-Kema)

Port Said (بورسعيد Borsa ‘id)

Suez (السويس‎ as-Suways)

El-Mahallah El-Kubra (المحلة الكبرى)

Luxor (الأقصر‎ al-Uqsur)

Mansoura (المنصورة al-mansura)

Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III, Luxor, Egypt

Also known as Medinet Habu, the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III (r. 1186–1155 BC), is an important New Kingdom structure on the West Bank of Luxor in Egypt. The temple is probably best known as the source of inscribed reliefs depicting the advent and defeat of the Sea Peoples during the reign of Ramesses III.

The temple, some 150 m long, is of orthodox design, and resembles closely the nearby Mortuary Temple of Ramesses II (the Ramesseum). Its walls are relatively well preserved and it is surrounded by a massive mudbrick enclosure, which may have been fortified.

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