Loyalists

Name: Gavin

Zodiac Sign: Aries | Taurus | Gemini | Cancer | Leo | Virgo | Libra | Scorpio | Sagittarius | Capricorn | Aquarius | Pisces |

Myers-Briggs: ESFP | ISFP | ESTP | ISTP | ESTJ | ISTJ | ESFJ | ISFJ | ENFJ | INFJ | ENFP | INFP | ENTP | INTP | ENTJ | INTJ |

Four Temperaments: Sanguine | Melancholic | Choleric | Phlegmatic

Enneagram: The Reformer (Type 1) | The Helper (Type 2) | The Achiever (Type 3) | The Individualist (Type 4) | The Thinker (Type 5) | The Loyalist (Type 6) | The Enthusiast (Type 7) | The Leader (Type 8) | The Peacemaker (Type 9) |

Celtic Zodiac: Birch (The Achiever) | Rowan (The Thinker) | Ash (The Enchanter) | Alder (The Trailblazer) | Willow (The Observer) | Hawthrone (The Illusionist) | Oak (The Stabilizer) | Holly (The Ruler) | Hazel (The Knower) | Vine (The Equalizer) | Ivy (The Survivor) | Reed (The Inquisitor) | Elder (The Seeker) |

Celtic Animal Sign: Stag/Deer | Cat | Cow/Bull | Horse | Butterfly | Adder/Snake | Seahorse | Fish/Salmon | Wolf/Hound | Fox | Wren | Swan | Falcon/Hawk |

Soul Type (one test): Hunter | Caregiver | Creator | Thinker | Helper | Educator | Performer | Leader | Spiritualist |

Soul Type (another test): Server | Priest | Artisan | Sage | Warrior | King | Scholar |

Hogwarts House: Gryffindor | Hufflepuff | Ravenclaw | Slytherin |

Alignment: Lawful Good | Neutral Good | Chaotic Good | Lawful Neutral |True Neutral | Chaotic Neutral| Lawful Evil | Neutral Evil | Chaotic Evil |

MOTIV: Materialist | Spartan | Offbeat | Conventional | Thinking | Erratic | Intimate | Withholding | Vital | Depressed |

Global 5: Social | Reserved | Limbic | Calm | Organized | Unstructured | Accommodating | Egocentric | Non-Curious | Inquisitive |

Holland Code: Investigative | Artistic | Conventional | Enterprising | Social | Realistic

R-Drive:Narcissism | Unconventionality | Empiricism | Identity | Othercentricism | Independence | Integrity | Intellect | Stoicism | Orderliness | Dynamism | Activity | Romanticism | Hedonism |

Dark Triad: Psychopathy | Machiavellianism | Narcissism |

Narcissism Scale: 1-3 | 4-7 | 8-11 | 12-15 | 16-19 | 20-23 | 24-27 | 28-31 | 32-35 | 36-39 | 40-43 |

Artistic Preference: Realism | Impressionism | Post-Impressionism | Classicism | Expressionism | Baroque | Rococo | Romanticism |

The Animal in You: Lion | Tiger | Dolphin | Bear | Wild Cat | Fox | Weasel | Badger | Dog | Otter | Wolf | Sea Lion | Wild Dog | Walrus | Gorilla | Deer | Rhinoceros | Hippo | Sable | Horse | Sheep | Mountain Goat | Warthog | Zebra | Baboon | Elephant | Bison | Giraffe | Cottontail | Mole | Bat | Porcupine | Beaver | Prairie Dog | Shrew | Mouse | Eagle | Rooster | Owl | Swan | Peacock | Vulture | Penguin | Crocodile |Snake |

Archetypes: Creative | Athlete | Rebel | Caregiver | Visionary | Royal | Performer | Spiritual | Tastemaker | Explorer | Advocate | Intellectual |

Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 |

Pokémon Type: Fire | Water | Grass | Electric | Flying | Fighting | Poison | Psychic | Dark | Steel | Rock | Ground | Ghost | Fairy | Bug | Dragon | Ice | Normal |

Multiple Intelligences Test: Kinaesthetic | Linguistic | Logical | Interpersonal | Intrapersonal | Musical |Visual/Spatial | Naturalistic |

Fallout 4 is official and here is the trailer to prove it!

Do you here that? It is the sound of millions of gamers rejoicing! Virtual streets are being flooded with the salty tears of joy from all of the Bethesda loyalists out there who have pleaded, begged on hand and knee, for a new Fallout game! Well grab your pip boy because Fallout 4 has emerged from the vault and it comes with a beautiful trailer. Do you hear those screams Valve? That is the what…

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African-Americans fought on both sides of the Revolutionary War. Some fought as free men, some were sent to fight for their masters, some fought for the promise of freedom (which was an offer made by both sides).

Most African-Americans who fought in the Revolutionary War did so on the side of the British, but there were African-Americans in the very first bloodshed. One African (Prince Estabrook or Easterbrook) was one of the wounded on April 19, 1775. Other African-Americans fought at Bunker Hill, and after the battle one of them (Salem Poor) had a letter of recommendation sent to Congress by several senior officers–no other man in the Revolutionary War had this happen. This led to some speculation that it was Poor who had killed Major Pitcairn, or perhaps Lt. Colonel Abercrombie.

Uniform of Loyalist Eli Dagworthy, Dagworthy served in the 44th Regiment of Foot. The uniform is kept at the Smithsonian Institute and the information there says that the uniform is that of the Loyalist Eli Dagworthy. 

While Eli Dagworthy may have been a Loyalist, this uniform is too early to have been a Revolutionary War uniform. It appears to be a French & Indian War era uniform and is closer to 1765 in style than 1775. 

It’s a fantastic example of a British uniform from that time period and in amazingly good condition considering it’s age.

So the loyalist flag protesters had a protest outside city hall today, which is where the international women’s day march stopped for speeches too. So Anna Lo (who is Cantonese-Chinese, but has lived in Ireland for a long time and been a prominent politician for years) got up to give a speech about the role of women in politics and society and was met by the flag protesters deciding to shout “go home” over and over again at her.

Can they actually get any lower, like?

2

The Queen’s Rangers stand alongside the British Legion as the two most distinguished Loyalist regiments of the American Revolution. Formed in 1775 by Robert Rogers, famous partisan leader from the French and Indian War, their initial conduct was inglorious - Rogers had lost his old guerrilla flair, and the outfit suffered heavy casualties in rebel ambushes. 

Things began to change at the battle of Brandywine in 1777, when they ferociously assaulted a number of rebel defensive positions. That year they received a new commander, John Graves Simcoe. He set about vigorously retraining his men in the latest light infantry and skirmishing tactics. 

They provided escort and patrol duty around Philadelphia (1777-8); fought in the Pennsylvania campaign; served as rearguard during the British retreat to New York (1778); fought the Stockbridge Militia in The Bronx (1778); fought at Perth Amboy, New Jersey, where Simcoe was captured but freed in a prisoner exchange three months later (1779–80); at Charlestown, South Carolina (1780); in the raid on Richmond, Virginia with Benedict Arnold and in other raids in Virginia (1780-1). The unit surrendered at Yorktown and its rank and file were imprisoned at Winchester, Virginia. Earlier on May 2, 1779 the regiment was taken into the American establishment as the 1st American Regiment and was later, on December 25, 1782, taken into the British establishment. In 1783, when the war was ended by the Treaty of Paris, the Queen’s Rangers left New York for Nova Scotia, where it was disbanded. Many of the men from the unit formed Queensbury, New Brunswick on land grants.

Retrained at around the same time that the British Legion was formed, the two units shared many similarities - uniforms, combat doctrine, and able commanders. Simcoe and Tarleton seem to have gotten on well while the two units were stationed together (each was complimentary of the other in their respective narratives of the war), but Simcoe became embroiled in a conflict over chain-of-command with the Legion’s then-commander, Lord Cathcart, (see Cathcart’s bio note), which resulted in Cathcart and the Legion infantry transferring to another area, and Tarleton and his cavalry continuing to work under Simcoe’s command until they had gained the experience and reputation to function on their own.

One common myth of the American Revolution is that the way was led by men like Samuel Adams, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, John Adams, and other political elites–the men who have been collectively called the “Founding Fathers”. 

There’s a plethora of evidence showing that all across the country the local people were making decisions and taking political power away from the elites. This letter is a piece of unpleasant business that shows how local people were taking power into their own hands.

Delivered on December 6, 1776 and addressed to Melchior Keener it’s from the Whig Club of Baltimore. Keener is being accused of being a Loyalist and ordered to depart the county within three days or risk his life. That night he met at Grant’s Tavern (where the Whig Club met) to plead his case and instead was forced to leave town that night, which he did.

He ended up writing to the state leadership in Annapolis to plead his case, and they eventually condemned the actions of the Whig Club. Keener returned to Baltimore in 1779 after the dissolution of the Whig Club.

What was remarkable about the Whig Club was that it’s members came from all walks of life. Some were merchants, one was a wheelwright (tradespeople were known as mechanics in the 18th century), one was a doctor, one was a teacher. Also the club was extra-legal, in that it had no official status. It was not called into existence by the state government, or even the town of Baltimore, though the majority of Baltimore residents seem to have been ok with the Club. 

Many of the Club fought with Smallwood’s Regiment during the New York & Long Island campaign and at least one of them was killed as a result of wounds suffered during the Battle of Brooklyn.

The Whig Club issued many such letters in 1775 and 1776 to those suspected of being Tories and even to those who weren’t active enough in “the Cause”. 

Such activities by committees were common during the Revolutionary War. Most counties and towns had at least one such committee, and many times they used threats of force and other intimidation tactics against those of suspect loyalties.

This is the text of the letter:

Dear Sir,

The Whig Club of Baltimore, associated for the Defence of their Country and the expulsion of such Tories as have Manifested their Enmity to the liberties of America have taken into Consideration your conduct, since the Commencement of the Present Struggles and being reminded of your want of Attachment to The Cause of your Country, they do command & order you to depart this Town in the space of three days from this Time and not to appear within Twenty Miles of the same under the Penalty of their Vengeance

Legion

To Mr. Melchior Keener 
Baltimore 5. Dec 1776

Delivered by James Cox this 6th Dec abt 9 in the Morning

The Siege of Londonderry

The siege of Londonderry was a defining moment in the history of Loyalists in Northern Ireland.  On the 18th of December 1688 the city was attacked by a Jacobite army under the command of King James the 2nd.  The Protestant garrison refused to accept the Catholic James as their rightful Monarch, instead siding with King William the 3rd, Prince of Orange. 

Initially the city’s governor, Robert Lundy, wanted to surrender to the numerically superior army under James’s command.  Thirteen of Londonderry’s citizens, apprentice boys by trade, decided to take matters into their own hands, slamming shut the city’s gates in the face of James’s demands that they surrender.  From the walltops the garrison shouted a battle cry remains the watchword of the Loyalists across the globe to this day – no surrender.   

James and his army spent one hundred and five days encamped around the city, their artillery bombarding it ever day whilst the people living within the walls slowly starved to death.  Famine, disease and relentless Jacobite assaults killed thousands, yet the will of Londonderry’s inhabitants to resist never wavered.  Every demand that they give in was met with the same reply – no surrender.

As the siege wore on people were reduced to eating candle wax, or sending their dogs out to eat rats, and then eating the dogs in turn. At long last, on the one hundredth and fifth day of siege help arrived in the form of three merchant ships laden with fresh supplies sent by King William.  In a heroic rescue operation they broke through the Jacobite blockade, rendering their efforts at starving Londonderry’s inhabitants futile.

The salvation of Londonderry remains a potent image to this day.  Around eight thousand men, women and children perished during the siege, and the victory secured the ascension of the current day Monarchy and, through it, the Bill of Rights which provides us with our most basic liberties and was used as the basis for both the French Revolution and the American Constitution.  The victory at Londonderry is still celebrated throughout Britain and a special society, the Apprentice Boys of Derry, exists to commemorate the thirteen original men who first closed the gates to the city.  It currently has around eighty thousand members worldwide.

LOYALIST PARAMILITARY GROUPS POST-1900

Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) - Formed 1966

(Protestant Action Group (PAG), Protestant Action Force (PAF))

The current incarnation was formed in May 1966 in response to the 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising and named after the Ulster Volunteers of 1912, although there is no direct link between the two. It declared a ceasefire in 1994, although sporadic attacks continued until it officially ended its armed campaign in May 2007.

Ulster Defence Association (UDA/UFF) - Formed 1971

(Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF))

The groups main aim was to “defend loyalist areas from attack”. However most of its victims were Catholic civilians.
Like the UVF the UDA declared a ceasefire in 1994, though it officially ended its armed campaign in November 2007.

Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) - Formed 1996

The LVF was a breakaway of the UVF which was formed in 1996 by Billy Wright and the mid-ulster brigade of the UVF which had been stood down by the leadership for carrying out killings during the ceasefire.

Ulster Resistance (UR) - Formed 1986

Ulster Resistance was a paramilitary movement established by unionists in Northern Ireland in response to the Anglo-Irish agreement which it claimed was a sell out to Republicans. The group gradually faded from existence after key members were arrested in the late 80’s and early 90’s.

Red Hand Commando (RHC) - Formed 1972

The group is noted for using an Irish language motto “Lámh Dearg Abú” (Victory to the Red Hand) as opposed to a Latin motto as is common with most other Loyalist groups. It is linked closely to the UVF and based in the Shankill area of Belfast.

Red Hand Defenders (RHD) - Formed 1998

The RHD is a fundamentalist Loyalist Protestant organisation which was formed in Belfast in 1998 by ex-members of the UDA and LVF.

Orange Volunteers (OV) - Fromed 1998

The Orange Volunteers is a Loyalist Paramilitary and Protestant Supremecist group which was founded during the 1998 Drumcree Crisis, when Orange Order members were prevented from marching down the nationalist Garvaghy Road by the British Army and the RUC.

Ulster Citizen Army (UCA) - Formed 1972

The UCA was a very small splinter group of the UDA which was formed in 1973. The group left in opposition to the overtly right-wing stance taken by the UDA leadership. The groups logo showed the Red Hand of Ulster and the Starry plough (normally associated with the INLA).

N then we have all the smaller groups, for which I’ll just list the name and dates of formation.

Ulster Resistance - Formed 2007

Red Branch Knights (RBD) - Formed 1992

Ulster Protestant Volunteers (UPV) - Formed 1966

Ulster Service Corps (USC) - Formed 1976

British Defence Organisation (BDO) - Formed 2008


info take from sniperatwork

Jacobites charge the British line at the Battle of Culloden. Interestingly enough, by the time of the American Revolution the Scots who had fought in the Jacobite wars were by and large supporters of the Crown in fighting against American independence.

Great numbers of Scots would join the British Army in the years following the defeat of the Jacobite uprising. Scots would play an important part in the French & Indian War, and Scots immigrants to America would be mostly Loyalist.